A Better Politics

Author: Danny Dorling
Publisher: London Publishing Partnership
ISBN: 9781907994555
Release Date: 2016-03-20
Genre: Political Science

The aim of this book is to inspire a better politics: one that will enable future generations to be happier. Greater well-being and better health should be the goals, rather than wealth maximization. We need to value healthcare more than hedge funds, caring above careers, relationships more than real estate. The book is about what makes most of us happier, but it is also about the collective good. We cannot truly be happy if those around us are not happy. The evidence for a successful politics that would promote happiness and health is examined, and policies that take account of this evidence are suggested. Government can and should work to make us happier.

Bad Habits Hard Choices

Author: David Fell
Publisher: London Publishing Partnership
ISBN: 9781907994524
Release Date: 2016-03-02
Genre: Business & Economics

Consumers in Britain face a curious mix of taxes and duties that are messy, opaque and out of date. They are also unfair: the poorer you are, the more of your income goes on paying these taxes. At the same time, we are ceaselessly bombarded by marketing information that is very one-sided. The foods that make us fat, for example, are promoted a great deal more than the foods that could keep us healthy – and again it is mainly the poor who bear the brunt. This book draws on insights from behavioural economics, participative decision-making and the author’s twenty-five-year research career to take a fresh look at these issues. It concludes that there is a fair, inclusive, adaptable, affordable and resilient way of enabling us to eat healthily and to tackle the obesity crisis. The author proposes that negative VAT should be charged on healthy foods and high VAT should be charged on unhealthy foods. The book sets out a four-step process to actually implement this new regime, each step of which depends on mechanisms that have already been used by government. It is a bold yet practical proposition for tackling one of the most costly and damaging challenges we face.

Legitimacy and Force State Papers and Current Perspectives

Author: Jeane J. Kirkpatrick
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351317948
Release Date: 2018-01-16
Genre: Political Science

Legitimacy and Force, Volumes One and Two are the state papers of Jeane J. Kirkpatrick as the United States Permanent Representative to the United Nations. The volumes feature all of the ambassador's UN and congressional testimonies, addresses, speeches and statements and a broad selection of speeches on international affairs and human rights. Together they present a lucid and comprehensive account of the position of one of America's most controversial UN representatives. Volume One is oriented around themes of democratic societies and undemocratic systems, human rights and political obligations. Kirkpatrick examines the nature and legitimacy of democracy and the illegitimate nature of undemocratic nations. She also offers poignant commentary on the presidential election of 1980 and what the "Reagan phenomenon" has meant to the United States and the West. Volume Two offers Kirkpatrick's formal remarks on nations and nation-building. She focuses on Grenada, Poland, Afghanistan, Nicaragua, and the Soviet Union. She provides a particularly trenchant analysis of Israel: the Camp David accords, the assault on Israel inside the United Nations, and on the Middle East in general. Essential reading for everyone interested in the policymaking arena, these volumes exemplify Kirkpatrick's articulate conceptual underpinning of present-day American foreign policy. These volumes, far from the usual government position papers, range widely and personally over the major international issues of our times. They are amplified in essays and articles written by Dr. Kirkpatrick for special occasions not related to specific UN work. In addition, the volumes contain crucial papers that were written after her resignation from the UN ambassadorship-and hence reflect Kirkpatrick's current interests and persuasions.

The Weaponization of Trade

Author: Rebecca Harding
Publisher: London Publishing Partnership
ISBN: 9781907994739
Release Date: 2017-10-25
Genre: Political Science

Trade is being weaponized – and this is not good. As politicians on both sides of the Atlantic raise the stakes, trade is increasingly a tool of coercion to achieve strategic influence. This book looks at the risks for us all as trade becomes an instrument of foreign policy, and it shows how politicians could turn things around.

Before Babylon Beyond Bitcoin

Author: David Birch
Publisher: London Publishing Partnership
ISBN: 9781907994678
Release Date: 2017-06-15
Genre: Business & Economics

Technology is changing money: it has been transformed from physical objects to intangible information. With the arrival of smart cards, mobile phones and Bitcoin it has become easier than ever to create new forms of money. Crucially, money is also inextricably connected with our identities. Your card or phone is a security device that can identify you – and link information about you to your money. To see where these developments might be taking us, David Birch looks back over the history of money, spanning thousands of years. He sees in the past, both recent and ancient, evidence for several possible futures. Looking further back to a world before cash and central banks, there were multiple ‘currencies’ operating at the level of communities, and the use of barter for transactions. Perhaps technology will take us back to the future, a future that began back in 1971, when money became a claim backed by reputation rather than by physical commodities of any kind. Since then, money has been bits. The author shows that these phenomena are not only possible in the future, but already upon us. We may well want to make transactions in Tesco points, Air Miles, Manchester United pounds, Microsoft dollars, Islamic e-gold or Cornish e-tin. The use of cash is already in decline, and is certain to vanish from polite society. The newest technologies will take money back to its origins: a substitute for memory, a record of mutual debt obligations within multiple overlapping communities. This time though, money will be smart. It will be money that reflects the values of the communities that produced it. Future money will know where it has been, who has been using it and what they have been using it for.

Making Sense of Political Ideology

Author: Bernard L. Brock
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0742536718
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Political positions in the United States today are ideologically chaotic, and there are significant prices to pay for that chaos. The nation has not reached a crisis yet in her modern political gridlock, but predicting the time when the current generation will face the difficulties of earlier times of crisis such as the Civil War, the Great Depression, or World War II is a difficult task. When that time comes, leaders who can communicate effectively to foster understanding and political unity and who can respond to a crisis with skilled direction will be a vital concern. Making Sense of Political Ideology explores the erosion of ties among ideology, language, and political action. Analyzing political language strategies, it shows how to dissect language so we can better understand a speaker's ideology. The authors define four political positions radical, liberal, conservative, reactionary and apply their techniques to contemporary issues such as the war on terrorism. They emphasize the dangers of staying trapped in political gridlock with no consensus for governmental direction and propose that the ability to identify and bridge positions can help political communicators toward constructing coalitions and building support for political action."

100 Years of Happiness Insights and Findings from the Experts

Author: Nathan S. Carlin
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781440803635
Release Date: 2012-07-03
Genre: Psychology

This book sums up 100 of years of research into the study of happiness—from 19th century scientific insights on the subject to the pop psychology perspectives of modern-day America. • Concise summaries of classic debates on the meaning of happiness • An examination of cultural and individual belief systems regarding happiness

New Perspectives in Public Health

Author: Siân Griffiths
Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing
ISBN: 1857757912
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Medical

This new edition presents a review of the current policy and practice of public health. It draws together the viewpoints of a variety of leading practitioners to provide diverse perspectives on the range of key issues facing public health today.

Principles of International Politics

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781452202983
Release Date: 2013-01
Genre: Political Science

Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Bueno de Mesquita's commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, "Foundations" offers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North Korea's nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the student's how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, "War," next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesn't. Chapters in Part III, "Peace," build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do "what is right" even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. Part IV, "World Order" emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselves-thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.

Debating the Presidency Conflicting Perspectives on the American Executive 2nd Edition

Author: Richard Ellis
Publisher: CQ Press
ISBN: 9781604265651
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Political Science

The study of the presidency&BAD:—the power of the office, the evolution of the executive as an institution, the men who have served&BAD:—has generated a great body of research and scholarship.What better way to get students to grapple with the ideas of the literature than through conflicting perspectives on some of the most pivotal issues facing the modern presidency? Richard Ellis and Michael Nelson have once again assembled a cadre of top scholars to offer a series of pro/con essays that will inspire spirited debate beyond the pages of the book. Each essay&BAD:—written in the form of a debate resolution&BAD:— offers a compelling yet concise view on the American executive. In essays that are new to this edition, contributors debate the repeal of the 22nd Amendment, the abolition of the vice presidency, the extent to which presidential signing statements threaten the separation of powers, and whether the fighting of the war on terror should require relaxing checks on presidential power. Ellis and Nelson introduce each pair of essays, giving students context and preparing them to read each argument critically, so they can decide for themselves which side of the debate they find most persuasive.

Perspectives on American Politics

Author: William Lasser
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division
ISBN: 0395961025
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Political Science

Comprehensive and thematically rich, the Fourth Edition is designed for instructors who want an American politics reader that can supplement any text. This comprehensive volume includes up-to-date readings that correspond to the most frequently assigned chapters of American government texts and expand students understanding and knowledge of how the American system works. Selections fall into four categories classical/constitutional, historical, comparative, and contemporary providing a range of perspectives that expand student understanding and knowledge of the U.S. governmental system.

What s It Take to Make a Man

Author: R. O. Bloch
Publisher: Untreed Reads
ISBN: 9781611872699
Release Date: 2012-02-16
Genre: Family & Relationships

Written as a handbook for new or aspiring parents, What's It Take To Make A Man? proposes a bold, even visionary approach to solving the twin problems of boys with little purpose and families with little connection. The book provides a practical, comprehensive road map for the rebirth of real Manhood and Family-hood. Just as the Women's Movement forever dispelled the notion of women as second class, What's It Take To Make A Man? will lead the simmering parent revolt against pop culture's degradation of young men and their character. With engaging chapter titles like "The Hole In The Soul Generation" and "Raising vs. Nurturing," What's It Take To Make A Man? gets right to the point, in a common sense style that is inclusive of all boys, no matter what their sexual preference, or even their parents' gender or relationship.Over 132,000 American teens attempted suicide in a recent year. Boys were five times more likely to try than girls. Boys are seven times more likely to drop out of school before age 18, and are joining gangs at alarming rates. By any measure, our boys are timed out, disengaged, and failing fast. Most have no idea of their obligation, or even their option, to become Men of character."

Managing Decision Making by Applying Biblical Perspective

Author: Damian Iwuala
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 9781452040349
Release Date: 2010-07
Genre: Religion

Decision making begins with a willingness to submit your intentions to God's perfect will and humbly follow His direction and understanding the impact of consequences in your decision making! The daily decisions that you make today will determine what kind of impact you will make tomorrow. The key to making better decisions is to educate yourself, make adjustments necessary, let your decisions be based on a solid foundation and take proper precaution. This book can help you understand decision making process and help you develop in moving forward in your journey of life and also makes the principles in the Bible relevant to everyday living.