A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing

Author: Francisco Urbina
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107175068
Release Date: 2017-01-26
Genre: Law

This book offers a comprehensive critique of the principle of proportionality and balancing as applied to human and constitutional rights.

A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing Introduction Part I 2 The maximisation account of proportionality 3 The incommensurability objection 4 Why proportionality 5 Proportionality rights and legitimate interests Part II 6 Proportionality as unconstrained moral reasoning 7 The need for legal direction in adjudication 8 Proportionality and the problems of legally unaided adjudication Part III 9 Legal human rights

Author: Francisco Javier Urbina Molfino
Publisher:
ISBN: 1316809528
Release Date: 2017
Genre: LAW

"The principle of proportionality, which has become the standard test for adjudicating human and constitutional rights disputes in jurisdictions worldwide has had few critics. Proportionality is generally taken for granted or enthusiastically promoted or accepted with minor qualifications. A Critique of Proportionality and Balancing presents a frontal challenge to this orthodoxy. It provides a comprehensive critique of the proportionality principle, and particularly of its most characteristic component, balancing. Divided into three parts, the book presents arguments against the proportionality test, critiques the view of rights entailed by it, and proposes an alternative understanding of fundamental rights and their limits"--

Verh ltnism igkeit im V lkerrecht

Author: Björnstjern Baade
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161542436
Release Date: 2015-11-01
Genre:

English summary: Proportionality has taken root in many fields of public international law. This volume approaches proportionality on an abstract as well as more tangible level. Not only is its theoretical and philosophical background analysed, but also its effect in specific fields of investment, the European Union, humanitarian law and human rights. Proportionality's increased popularity is critically reflected on in each contribution. German description: Das Prinzip der Verhaltnismassigkeit erhalt in verschiedenen Bereichen des Volkerrechts Aufmerksamkeit und Relevanz. Dies war Anlass fur den Arbeitskreis junger Volkerrechtswissenschaftler und die Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Internationales Recht, gemeinsam einen Blick auf dieses Prinzip zu werfen. Der daraus entstandene Tagungsband liefert Einsichten aus diversen Blickwinkeln: Er stellt allgemeine gebietsubergreifende Fragen, etwa ob Verhaltnismassigkeit als globales Verfassungsprinzip verstanden und als Mittel zur Harmonisierung und Defragmentierung nutzbar gemacht werden kann. Daruber hinaus enthalt der Band philosophische Grunduberlegungen. Es werden die Relevanz und Wirkungsweise in verschiedenen konkreten Teilgebieten wie dem humanitaren Volkerrecht und dem Menschenrechtsschutz untersucht. Auch aktuelle Fragen internationaler Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit werden kritisch aufgegriffen. Nicht zuletzt setzen sich die Beitrage mit der aktuellen Rechtsprechung des Europaischen Gerichtshofes zur Verhaltnismassigkeit als Kompetenzregulativ auf Unionsebene auseinander. Mit Beitragen von: Frederik Becker, Michael Goldhammer, Sue Gonzalez Hauck, Thomas Muller, Anne Peters, Lars Schonwald, Rike Sinder, Sebastian Wuschka

The Constitutional Structure of Proportionality

Author: Matthias Klatt
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199662463
Release Date: 2012-07-19
Genre: Law

Proportionality is one of the most important principles in constitutional law, relevant throughout the law and in jurisdictions worldwide. Setting out the 'state of the art' in proportionality doctrine, this book combines theoretical reconstruction with case-law examples, defending and developing the dominant model of proportionality.

Die Tyrannei der Werte

Author: Carl Schmitt
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
ISBN: 9783428534579
Release Date: 2011-01-01
Genre: Political Science

Carl Schmitt war ein Mann des polemischen Traktats, der Streitschrift, des Pamphlets. Zu seiner eigentlichen literarischen Form fand er in dem, was die Franzosen einen brûlot nennen: ein entflammbarer Text, ein Boot mit hochentzündlicher Fracht, dazu bestimmt, das Schiff des Gegners in Brand zu setzen. Ein solcher brûlot ist die Schrift über die »Tyrannei der Werte«. Der Titel enthält bereits die ganze These. Werte können dem Gemeinwesen und seinem Recht keinen festen Grund bieten, sie verschärfen vielmehr dessen Probleme. Gerade wenn man von ihnen erwartet, sie sollen Gemeinsamkeit stiften, wirken sie zerstörerisch. [...] Der jungen Bundesrepublik, in der man sich nach der tiefen Verunsicherung durch Nationalsozialismus und Krieg gern und viel auf Werte berief, liest Carl Schmitt auf diese Weise die Leviten. So scheinbar klar seine zentrale These daherkommt, so rasch drängen sich dem Leser freilich grundsätzliche Fragen auf. Auf welcher Ebene bewegt sich Schmitts Argumentation eigentlich? Geht es um politische Philosophie, um allgemeine Ethik oder um Verfassungsrecht und Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit? Schmitt selbst gibt einen Hinweis, wenn er »Überlegungen eines Juristen zur Wert-Philosophie« ankündigt. [...] Sein Text wählt von vornherein eine schwierige Zwischenlage zwischen Philosophie und Jurisprudenz. Der Autor will Philosophen und Juristen etwas sagen, geht damit freilich auch das Risiko ein, beide zu enttäuschen.Aus dem Nachwort von Christoph Schönberger

Public Policy in International Economic Law

Author: Diane Desierto
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191026485
Release Date: 2015-02-19
Genre: Law

States reject inequality when they choose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States' international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR, particularly in the context of States' decisions within international trade, finance, and investment. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional functional mandates in the international trade, finance, and investment systems, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfil economic, social and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. It approaches the problem of harmonizing social protection objectives under the ICESCR with a State's international economic treaty obligations, from the designing and interpreting international treaty texts, up to the institutional monitoring and empirical analysis of ICESCR compliance. In examining public policy options, the book takes into account around five decades of States' implementation of social protection commitments under the ICESCR; its normative evolution through the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Committee's expanded fact-finding and adjudicative competences under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; as well as the critical, dialectical, and deliberative roles of diverse functional interpretive communities within international trade, finance, and investment law. Ultimately, the book shoes how States' ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

Law Rights and Discourse

Author: George Pavlakos
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781847313683
Release Date: 2007-07-11
Genre: Law

A philosophical system is not what one would expect to find in the work of a contemporary legal thinker. Robert Alexy's work counts as a striking exception. Over the past 28 years Alexy has been developing, with remarkable clarity and consistency, a systematic philosophy covering most of the key areas of legal philosophy. Kantian in its inspiration, his work admirably combines the rigour of analytical philosophy with a repertoire of humanitarian ideals reflecting the tradition of the Geisteswissenschaften, rendering it one of the most far-reaching and influential legal philosophies in our time. This volume has been designed with two foci in mind: the first is to reflect the breadth of Alexy's philosophical system, as well as the varieties of jurisprudential and philosophical scholarship in the last three decades on which his work has had an impact. The second objective is to provide for a critical exchange between Alexy and a number of specialists in the field, with an eye to identifying new areas of inquiry and offering a new impetus to the discourse theory of law. To that extent, it was thought that a critical exchange such as the one undertaken here would most appropriately reflect the discursive and critical character of Robert Alexy's work. The volume is divided into four parts, each dealing with a key area of Alexy's contribution. A final section brings together concise answers by Robert Alexy. In composing these, Alexy has tried to focus on points and criticisms that address new aspects of discourse theory or otherwise point the way to future developments and applications. With its range of topics of coverage, the number of specialists it engages and the originality of the answers it provides, this collection will become a standard work of reference for anyone working in legal theory in general and the discourse theory of law in particular.

Denken vom Staat her

Author: Frieder Günther
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783486596281
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Genre: History

Die bundesdeutsche Staatsrechtslehre vollzog in den 1960er Jahren einen tief greifenden Bruch mit ihrer Vergangenheit. Zunächst waren im Rahmen des neuen Verfassungskonsenses vor allem etatistische Traditionen wieder belebt worden. Anders als etwa die Staatsrechtslehrer aus dem Umkreis von Carl Schmitt hatten jedoch die Schüler von Rudolf Smend schon bald begonnen, das traditionelle Denken vom Staat her durch eine entschieden pluralistische Grundhaltung zu ersetzen. Seit Ende der fünfziger Jahre übernahmen sie Professuren und forderten nunmehr auch ihre Kollegen zu einem radikalen Umdenken auf. Am Ende der damit angestoßenen Entwicklung steht eine Staatsrechtslehre, die auf den Begriff des Staates kaum mehr zurückgreift und die versucht, auf den politischen Prozess direkten Einfluss auszuüben.

Transnational Constitutionalism

Author: Nicholas Tsagourias
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139464680
Release Date: 2007-07-19
Genre: Law

An interdisciplinary perspective is adopted to examine international and European models of constitutionalism. In particular the book reflects critically on a number of constitutional themes, such as the nature of European and international constitutional models and their underlying principles; the telos behind international and European constitutionalism; the role of the state and of central courts; and the relationships between composite orders. Transnational Constitutionalism brings together a group of European and international law scholars, whose thought-provoking contributions provide the necessary intellectual insight that will assist the reader in understanding the political and legal phenomena that take place beyond the state. This edited collection represents an original and pioneering contribution to the international and European constitutional discourse.

The Politics of International Law

Author: Martti Koskenniemi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781847316554
Release Date: 2011-06-10
Genre: Law

Today international law is everywhere. Wars are fought and opposed in its name. It is invoked to claim rights and to challenge them, to indict or support political leaders, to distribute resources and to expand or limit the powers of domestic and international institutions. International law is part of the way political (and economic) power is used, critiqued, and sometimes limited. Despite its claim for neutrality and impartiality, it is implicit in what is just, as well as what is unjust in the world. To understand its operation requires shedding its ideological spell and examining it with a cold eye. Who are its winners, and who are its losers? How - if at all - can it be used to make a better or a less unjust world? In this collection of essays Professor Martti Koskenniemi, a well-known practitioner and a leading theorist and historian of international law, examines the recent debates on humanitarian intervention, collective security, protection of human rights and the 'fight against impunity' and reflects on the use of the professional techniques of international law to intervene politically. The essays both illustrate and expand his influential theory of the role of international law in international politics. The book is prefaced with an introduction by Professor Emmanuelle Jouannet (Sorbonne Law School), which locates the texts in the overall thought and work of Martti Koskenniemi.

Balancing Constitutional Rights

Author: Jacco Bomhoff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107662063
Release Date: 2013-12-19
Genre: Law

The language of balancing is pervasive in constitutional rights jurisprudence around the world. In this book, Jacco Bomhoff offers a comparative and historical account of the origins and meanings of this talismanic form of language, and of the legal discourse to which it is central. Contemporary discussion has tended to see the increasing use of balancing as the manifestation of a globalization of constitutional law. This book is the first to argue that 'balancing' has always meant radically different things in different settings. Bomhoff uses detailed case studies of early post-war US and German constitutional jurisprudence to show that the same unique language expresses both biting scepticism and profound faith in law and adjudication, and both deep pessimism and high aspirations for constitutional rights. An understanding of these radically different meanings is essential for any evaluation of the work of constitutional courts today.