A Guide to Topology

Author: Steven G. Krantz
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853469
Release Date: 2009-09-24
Genre: Mathematics

This book is an outline of the core material in the standard graduate-level real analysis course. It is intended as a resource for students in such a course as well as others who wish to learn or review the subject. On the abstract level, it covers the theory of measure and integration and the basics of point set topology, functional analysis, and the most important types of function spaces. On the more concrete level, it also deals with the applications of these general theories to analysis on Euclidean space: the Lebesgue integral, Hausdorff measure, convolutions, Fourier series and transforms, and distributions. The relevant definitions and major theorems are stated in detail. Proofs, however, are generally presented only as sketches, in such a way that the key ideas are explained but the technical details are omitted. In this way a large amount of material is presented in a concise and readable form.

A Guide to Plane Algebraic Curves

Author: Keith Kendig
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853535
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

This Guide is a friendly introduction to plane algebraic curves. It emphasizes geometry and intuition, and the presentation is kept concrete. You'll find an abundance of pictures and examples to help develop your intuition about the subject, which is so basic to understanding and asking fruitful questions. Highlights of the elementary theory are covered, which for some could be an end in itself, and for others an invitation to investigate further. Proofs, when given, are mostly sketched, some in more detail, but typically with less. References to texts that provide further discussion are often included. Computer algebra software has made getting around in algebraic geometry much easier. Algebraic curves and geometry are now being applied to areas such as cryptography, complexity and coding theory, robotics, biological networks, and coupled dynamical systems. Algebraic curves were used in Andrew Wiles' proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, and to understand string theory, you need to know some algebraic geometry. There are other areas on the horizon for which the concepts and tools of algebraic curves and geometry hold tantalizing promise. This introduction to algebraic curves will be appropriate for a wide segment of scientists and engineers wanting an entrance to this burgeoning subject.

A Guide to Advanced Linear Algebra

Author: Steven H. Weintraub
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853511
Release Date: 2011-07-07
Genre: Mathematics

Linear algebra occupies a central place in modern mathematics. This book provides a rigorous and thorough development of linear algebra at an advanced level, and is directed at graduate students and professional mathematicians. It approaches linear algebra from an algebraic point of view, but its selection of topics is governed not only for their importance in linear algebra itself, but also for their applications throughout mathematics. Students in algebra, analysis, and topology will find much of interest and use to them, and the careful treatment and breadth of subject matter will make this book a valuable reference for mathematicians throughout their professional lives.Topics treated in this book include: vector spaces and linear transformations; dimension counting and applications; representation of linear transformations by matrices; duality; determinants and their uses; rational and especially Jordan canonical form; bilinear forms; inner product spaces; normal linear transformations and the spectral theorem; and an introduction to matrix groups as Lie groups.The book treats vector spaces in full generality, though it concentrates on the finite dimensional case. Also, it treats vector spaces over arbitrary fields, specializing to algebraically closed fields or to the fields of real and complex numbers as necessary.

A Guide to Topology

Author: Steven G. Krantz
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853469
Release Date: 2009-09-24
Genre: Mathematics

This book is an outline of the core material in the standard graduate-level real analysis course. It is intended as a resource for students in such a course as well as others who wish to learn or review the subject. On the abstract level, it covers the theory of measure and integration and the basics of point set topology, functional analysis, and the most important types of function spaces. On the more concrete level, it also deals with the applications of these general theories to analysis on Euclidean space: the Lebesgue integral, Hausdorff measure, convolutions, Fourier series and transforms, and distributions. The relevant definitions and major theorems are stated in detail. Proofs, however, are generally presented only as sketches, in such a way that the key ideas are explained but the technical details are omitted. In this way a large amount of material is presented in a concise and readable form.

A Guide to Functional Analysis

Author: Steven G. Krantz
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853573
Release Date: 2013-06-06
Genre: Mathematics

This book is a quick but precise and careful introduction to the subject of functional analysis. It covers the basic topics that can be found in a basic graduate analysis text. But it also covers more sophisticated topics such as spectral theory, convexity, and fixed-point theorems. A special feature of the book is that it contains a great many examples and even some applications. It concludes with a statement and proof of Lomonosov's dramatic result about invariant subspaces.

A Guide to Advanced Real Analysis

Author: G. B. Folland
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853434
Release Date: 2009-11-30
Genre: Mathematics

A concise guide to the core material in a graduate level real analysis course.

A Guide to Groups Rings and Fields

Author: Fernando Q. Gouvêa
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 9780883853559
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

This Guide offers a concise overview of the theory of groups, rings, and fields at the graduate level, emphasizing those aspects that are useful in other parts of mathematics. It focuses on the main ideas and how they hang together. It will be useful to both students and professionals.In addition to the standard material on groups, rings, modules, fields, and Galois theory, the book includes discussions of other important topics that are often omitted in the standard graduate course, including linear groups, group representations, the structure of Artinian rings, projective, injective and flat modules, Dedekind domains, and central simple algebras. All of the important theorems are discussed, without proofs but often with a discussion of the intuitive ideas behind those proofs.Those looking for a way to review and refresh their basic algebra will benefit from reading this Guide, and it will also serve as a ready reference for mathematicians who make use of algebra in their work.

Essentials of Topology with Applications

Author: Steven G. Krantz
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420089757
Release Date: 2009-07-28
Genre: Mathematics

Brings Readers Up to Speed in This Important and Rapidly Growing Area Supported by many examples in mathematics, physics, economics, engineering, and other disciplines, Essentials of Topology with Applications provides a clear, insightful, and thorough introduction to the basics of modern topology. It presents the traditional concepts of topological space, open and closed sets, separation axioms, and more, along with applications of the ideas in Morse, manifold, homotopy, and homology theories. After discussing the key ideas of topology, the author examines the more advanced topics of algebraic topology and manifold theory. He also explores meaningful applications in a number of areas, including the traveling salesman problem, digital imaging, mathematical economics, and dynamical systems. The appendices offer background material on logic, set theory, the properties of real numbers, the axiom of choice, and basic algebraic structures. Taking a fresh and accessible approach to a venerable subject, this text provides excellent representations of topological ideas. It forms the foundation for further mathematical study in real analysis, abstract algebra, and beyond.

Linear Algebra Problem Book

Author: Paul R. Halmos
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853221
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Mathematics

Takes the student step by step from basic axioms to advanced concepts. 164 problems, each with hints and full solutions.

Euler

Author: William Dunham
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853280
Release Date: 1999-03-04
Genre: Mathematics

Leonhard Euler was one of the most prolific mathematicians that have ever lived. This book examines the huge scope of mathematical areas explored and developed by Euler, which includes number theory, combinatorics, geometry, complex variables and many more. The information known to Euler over 300 years ago is discussed, and many of his advances are reconstructed. Readers will be left in no doubt about the brilliance and pervasive influence of Euler's work.

A Guide to the Classification Theorem for Compact Surfaces

Author: Jean Gallier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642343643
Release Date: 2013-02-05
Genre: Mathematics

This welcome boon for students of algebraic topology cuts a much-needed central path between other texts whose treatment of the classification theorem for compact surfaces is either too formalized and complex for those without detailed background knowledge, or too informal to afford students a comprehensive insight into the subject. Its dedicated, student-centred approach details a near-complete proof of this theorem, widely admired for its efficacy and formal beauty. The authors present the technical tools needed to deploy the method effectively as well as demonstrating their use in a clearly structured, worked example. Ideal for students whose mastery of algebraic topology may be a work-in-progress, the text introduces key notions such as fundamental groups, homology groups, and the Euler-Poincaré characteristic. These prerequisites are the subject of detailed appendices that enable focused, discrete learning where it is required, without interrupting the carefully planned structure of the core exposition. Gently guiding readers through the principles, theory, and applications of the classification theorem, the authors aim to foster genuine confidence in its use and in so doing encourage readers to move on to a deeper exploration of the versatile and valuable techniques available in algebraic topology.

A Guide to Elementary Number Theory

Author: Underwood Dudley
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853477
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

"A Guide to Elementary Number Theory is a 140-page exposition of the topics considered in a first course in number theory. It is intended for those who may have seen the material before but have half-forgotten it, and also for those who may have misspent their youth by not having a course in number theory and who want to see what it is about without having to wade through traditional texts, some of which approach 500 pages in length. It will be especially useful to graduate students preparing for qualifying exams. Though Plato did not quite say, "He is unworthy of the name of man who does not know which integers are the sums of two squares," he came close. This guide can make everyone more worthy."--P. [4] of cover.

Undergraduate Topology

Author: Aisling McCluskey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198702337
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook offers an accessible, modern introduction at undergraduate level to an area known variously as general topology, point-set topology or analytic topology with a particular focus on helping students to build theory for themselves. It is the result of several years of the authors' combined university teaching experience stimulated by sustained interest in advanced mathematical thinking and learning, alongside established research careers in analytic topology. Point-set topology is a discipline that needs relatively little background knowledge, but sufficient determination to grasp ideas precisely and to argue with straight and careful logic. Research and long experience in undergraduate mathematics education suggests that an optimal way to learn such a subject is to teach it to yourself, pro-actively, by guided reading of brief skeleton notes and by doing your own spadework to fill in the details and to flesh out the examples. This text will facilitate such an approach for those learners who opt to do it this way and for those instructors who would like to encourage this so-called 'Moore approach', even for a modest segment of the teaching term or for part of the class. In reality, most students simply do not have the combination of time, background and motivation needed to implement such a plan fully. The accessibility, flexibility and completeness of this text enable it to be used equally effectively for more conventional instructor-led courses. Critically, it furnishes a rich variety of exercises and examples, many of which have specimen solutions, through which to gain in confidence and competence.

Euler s Gem

Author: David S. Richeson
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691154572
Release Date: 2008-09-08
Genre: Mathematics

Leonhard Euler's polyhedron formula describes the structure of many objects--from soccer balls and gemstones to Buckminster Fuller's buildings and giant all-carbon molecules. Yet Euler's formula is so simple it can be explained to a child. Euler's Gem tells the illuminating story of this indispensable mathematical idea. From ancient Greek geometry to today's cutting-edge research, Euler's Gem celebrates the discovery of Euler's beloved polyhedron formula and its far-reaching impact on topology, the study of shapes. In 1750, Euler observed that any polyhedron composed of V vertices, E edges, and F faces satisfies the equation V-E+F=2. David Richeson tells how the Greeks missed the formula entirely; how Descartes almost discovered it but fell short; how nineteenth-century mathematicians widened the formula's scope in ways that Euler never envisioned by adapting it for use with doughnut shapes, smooth surfaces, and higher dimensional shapes; and how twentieth-century mathematicians discovered that every shape has its own Euler's formula. Using wonderful examples and numerous illustrations, Richeson presents the formula's many elegant and unexpected applications, such as showing why there is always some windless spot on earth, how to measure the acreage of a tree farm by counting trees, and how many crayons are needed to color any map. Filled with a who's who of brilliant mathematicians who questioned, refined, and contributed to a remarkable theorem's development, Euler's Gem will fascinate every mathematics enthusiast.

Biscuits of Number Theory

Author: Arthur T. Benjamin
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 088385340X
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

An anthology of articles designed to supplement a first course in number theory.