A History of Capitalism 1500 1980

Author: Michel Beaud
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9781583670408
Release Date: 2001-06
Genre: Business & Economics

The conquest of the Americas inaugurated the slow accumulation of resources and the imperceptible structural transformations that culminated in the Industrial Revolution. From that moment on, capitalism grew and expanded with a dynamism and adaptability that are now all too familiar, profiting from wars and even managing to rebound after a series of devastating economic crises. In this highly-anticipated revised edition of the 1981 classic, Beaud extends one of the major strengths of the original: the interweaving of social, political, and economic factors in the context of history. At the same time, Beaud's analysis provides a realistic and thorough examination of the developments of capitalism in the last twenty years, including globalization, the accelerating speed of capital transfer, and the collapse of the Soviet empire and the subsequent absorption of its population into the world market. This new edition also offers a completely revised format that integrates diagrams and flow-charts not previously available in the English-language edition.

Capitalism

Author: Victor D. Lippit
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415273943
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Business & Economics

This imaginative and ambitious book rethinks the nature of capitalism. Lippit, a leading heterodox economist in the USA, here delivers a comparative study of different forms of capitalism. He first critically examines the three main capitalist prototypes: * the Anglo-American, market-driven version * the welfare-state capitalism of continental Europe * the state-led capitalism of East Asia. After investigating their various intricacies, he then goes on to analyze the common weaknesses of each different strand. A provocative and stimulating read, this book will be welcomed by postgraduates and professionals in the fields of economics and political economy.

Global Capitalist Crisis and the Second Great Depression

Author: Armando Navarro
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739170168
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Business & Economics

This book provides a comprehensive political, economic, and historical analysis of the events and circumstances from the 1920s to 2010 that impacted the rise of today's “Global Capitalist Crises,” Global Economic Crises, and the U.S.'s “Second Great Depression.” It argues that liberal capitalism is a “failed” political and economic system in dire need of “systemic change” into either social democracy or democratic socialism via the creation of a New Movement.

Classical Sociological Theory

Author: Bert N. Adams
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781452264486
Release Date: 2002-01-29
Genre: Social Science

A concise, yet surprisingly comprehensive theory text, given the range of ideas, historical context, and theorists discussed. Unlike other books of the type, Classical Sociological Theory focuses on how the pivotal theories contributed not only to the development of the field, but also to the evolution of ideas concerning social life.

Determinations

Author: Neil Larsen
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 1859843298
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Literary Criticism

Determinations employs a Marxist approach to examine postcolonial theory and provides critical readings of a range of postcolonial narratives, mainly Latin American. It argues that the national question remains an unresolved problem in this field, particularly in light of the confusions engendered by concepts of globalization, and that the cultural link between the ideas of nation and narrative remains a fruitful avenue of study. Taking issue with the approaches of theorists such as Homi Bhabha and Gayatri Spivak, Larsen takes the reader through the work of writers such as Cortazar, Carpentier, Garcia Marquez, Rulfo and Vargas Llosa. He concludes with a pungent reassessment of Benedict Anderson's classic work, Imagined Communities.

Readings from Reading

Author: Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe
Publisher: African Books Collective
ISBN: 9780955205019
Release Date: 2011
Genre: History

The essays here underscore Herbert Ekwe-Ekwe's continuing optimism about the possibilities of Africans constructing post-"Berlin-states" as the launch pad to transform the topography of the African renaissance. Readings from Reading is a timely publication, coming on the eve of the historic January 2011 referendum in south Sudan in which the people of the region will choose to vote to restore their national independence or get stuck hopelessly in the Sudan, the first of the "Berlin-states" that Africans tragically "inherited" in January 1956. Ekwe-Ekwe insists that the contemporary Africa state, imposed on Africans by a band of European conqueror states and currently run by what the author describes as a "shard of disreputable African regimes to exploit and despoil the continent's human and material resources," cannot serve African interests. The legacy, as this study demonstrates, has indeed been catastrophic: "The [African] overseers pushed the states into even deeper depths of genocidal and kakistocratic notoriety in the past 54 years as the grim examples of particularly Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Sudan ... depressingly underscore. 15 million Africans have been murdered by African-led regimes in these states and elsewhere in Africa since the Igbo genocide of 1977-1970." This is an engaging, incisive, wide-ranging and multidisciplinary discourse, salient features that have come to define Ekwe-Ekwe's groundbreaking scholarship of the past three decades. The author covers an assemblage of diverse topics and themes which include the Igbo genocide, the Jos massacres in central Nigeria, Umar Farouk Abdul Mutallab's failed attempt to blow up an incoming aircraft over Detroit on Christmas Day 2009, African presence in Britain, Robert Mugabe, Muammar Gaddafi, Obafemi Awolowo, Omar al-Bashir, Charles Taylor, Olusegun Obasanjo, Ali Mazrui, Andrew Young, the G8 and Africa, Africa "debt," African emigres' remittances to Africa, "sub-Sahara Africa," reparations to Africans, African representation on the UN Security Council, African choices for the Nobel Peace Prize, Africa and the International Criminal Court, Nigeria, Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya, the Sudan and the Congo, arms to Africa, arms-ban on Africa. Finally, on the subject of the restoration-of-independence, the key connecting thread that links all the visitations, Ekwe-Ekwe critically examines the contributions made variously on this cord by an impressive line up of some of the very best and brightest of African intellectuals: Achebe, Adichie, Cesaire, Damas, Coltrane, Diop, Equiano, Ngugu, Okigbo, Senghor."

Forgeries of Memory and Meaning

Author: Cedric J. Robinson
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9781469606750
Release Date: 2012-09-01
Genre: Social Science

Cedric J. Robinson offers a new understanding of race in America through his analysis of theater and film of the early twentieth century. He argues that economic, political, and cultural forces present in the eras of silent film and the early "talkies" firmly entrenched limited representations of African Americans. Robinson grounds his study in contexts that illuminate the parallel growth of racial beliefs and capitalism, beginning with Shakespearean England and the development of international trade. He demonstrates how the needs of American commerce determined the construction of successive racial regimes that were publicized in the theater and in motion pictures, particularly through plantation and jungle films. In addition to providing new depth and complexity to the history of black representation, Robinson examines black resistance to these practices. Whereas D. W. Griffith appropriated black minstrelsy and romanticized a national myth of origins, Robinson argues that Oscar Micheaux transcended uplift films to create explicitly political critiques of the American national myth. Robinson's analysis marks a new way of approaching the intellectual, political, and media racism present in the beginnings of American narrative cinema.

The African Diaspora

Author: Patrick Manning
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231144711
Release Date: 2010-03-05
Genre: History

Patrick Manning follows the multiple routes that brought Africans and people of African descent into contact with one another and with Europe, Asia, and the Americas. In joining these stories, he shows how the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean fueled dynamic interactions among black communities and cultures and how these patterns resembled those of a number of connected diasporas concurrently taking shaping across the globe. Manning begins in 1400 and traces the connections that enabled Africans to mutually identify and hold together as a global community. He tracks discourses on race, changes in economic circumstance, the evolving character of family life, and the growth of popular culture. He underscores the profound influence that the African diaspora had on world history and demonstrates the inextricable link between black migration and the rise of modernity. Inclusive and far-reaching, The African Diaspora proves that the advent of modernity cannot be fully understood without taking the African peoples and the African continent into account.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Macrosociology

Author: Stephen K. Sanderson
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
ISBN: 0060457147
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Macrosociology