A History of Knowledge

Author: Charles Lincoln Van Doren
Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.
ISBN: 9780345373168
Release Date: 1992
Genre: History

Covers every aspect of knowledge--scientific, intellectual, and historical--from the beginning of the human experience into the twenty-first century and beyond

Geschichte des Wissens

Author: Charles Van Doren
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783034860093
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction


What is the History of Knowledge

Author: Peter Burke
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781509503063
Release Date: 2015-12-29
Genre: History

What is the history of knowledge? This engaging and accessible introduction explains what is distinctive about the new field of the history of knowledge (or, as some scholars say, ‘knowledges in the plural’) and how it differs from the history of science, intellectual history, the sociology of knowledge or from cultural history. Leading cultural historian, Peter Burke, draws upon examples of this new kind of history from different periods and from the history of India, East Asia and the Islamic world as well as from Europe and the Americas. He discusses some of the main concepts used by scholars working in the field, among them ‘order of knowledge’, ‘situated knowledge’ and ‘knowledge society’. This book tells the story of the transformation of relatively raw ‘information’ into knowledge via processes of classification, verification and so on, the dissemination of this knowledge and finally its employment for different purposes, by governments, corporations or private individuals. A concluding chapter identifies central problems in the history of knowledge, from triumphalism to relativism, together with attempts to solve them. The only book of its kind yet to be published, What is the History of Knowledge? will be essential reading for all students of history and the humanities in general, as well as the interested general reader.

A History of Science in World Cultures

Author: Scott L. Montgomery
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317439059
Release Date: 2015-06-12
Genre: History

To understand modern science, it is essential to recognize that many of the most fundamental scientific principles are drawn from the knowledge of ancient civilizations. Taking a global yet comprehensive approach to this complex topic, A History of Science in World Cultures uses a broad range of case studies and examples to demonstrate that the scientific thought and method of the present day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural past. Covering ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the New World, this volume discusses the scope of scientific and technological achievements in each civilization and how the knowledge it developed came to impact the European Renaissance. Themes covered include the influence these scientific cultures had upon one another, the power of writing and its technologies, visions of mathematical order in the universe and how it can be represented, and what elements of the distant scientific past we continue to depend upon today. Topics often left unexamined in histories of science are treated in fascinating detail, such as the chemistry of mummification and the Great Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewellery and urban planning of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgery of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam. This book shows that scientific thought has never been confined to any one era, culture, or geographic region. Clearly presented and highly illustrated, A History of Science in World Cultures is the perfect text for all students and others interested in the development of science throughout history.

The Birth of the Archive

Author: Markus Friedrich
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
ISBN: 9780472130689
Release Date: 2018-02-26
Genre: History

The dynamic but little-known story of how archives came to shape and be shaped by European culture and society

American Nursing

Author: Patricia D'Antonio
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421401041
Release Date: 2010-09-01
Genre: Medical

Scholars in the history of medicine, nursing, and public policy, those interested in the intersections of identity, work, gender, education, and race, and nurses will find this a provocative book.

A History of the Modern Fact

Author: Mary Poovey
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226675254
Release Date: 1998-12
Genre: Science

How did the fact become modernity's most favored unit of knowledge? How did description come to seem separable from theory in the precursors of economics and the social sciences? Mary Poovey explores these questions in A History of the Modern Fact, ranging across an astonishing array of texts and ideas from the publication of the first British manual on double-entry bookkeeping in 1588 to the institutionalization of statistics in the 1830s. She shows how the production of systematic knowledge from descriptions of observed particulars influenced government, how numerical representation became the privileged vehicle for generating useful facts, and how belief—whether figured as credit, credibility, or credulity—remained essential to the production of knowledge. Illuminating the epistemological conditions that have made modern social and economic knowledge possible, A History of the Modern Fact provides important contributions to the history of political thought, economics, science, and philosophy, as well as to literary and cultural criticism.

A Brief History of Knowledge

Author: Piero Scaruffi
Publisher: CreateSpace
ISBN: 1500526657
Release Date: 2014-07-14
Genre: History

This is a history of the main ideas that shaped human civilization, from prehistory to the 21st century across the continents: science, religion, art, philosophy, etc.

Die Geburt des Archivs

Author: Markus Friedrich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783486780949
Release Date: 2013-09-24
Genre: History

Ein Archiv ist, was Menschen sich als Archiv denken: eine Schachtel mit der Aufschrift „Archiv“, eine Schatzkammer mit goldenen Kladden. Markus Friedrich schreibt erstmals die Geschichte des Archivs als eine Geschichte unserer Wissenskultur. An der Wende vom Mittelalter zur Frühen Neuzeit wuchs europaweit die Idee, Dokumente an einem festen Ort aufzuheben. Hatte man zuvor die wichtigsten Papierstücke auf Reisen mit sich geführt, gründeten nun viele Fürsten, aber auch Kirchen und Klöster ihre eigenen Archive. Die Geschichte der Archive ist aber nicht nur eine des Bewahrens: Archive sind auch Orte des Vergessens und der Zerstörung. Feuer richteten verheerende Schäden an, ebenso Wasser und Feuchtigkeit. Und je mehr Dokumente aufbewahrt wurden, desto größer wurden die Probleme bei der Ordnung, Verwaltung und Benutzung der Dokumente, bis schließlich nicht nur das Archiv, sondern auch die Figur des Archivars geboren war.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 9783641104986
Release Date: 2013-09-02
Genre: History

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Circulation of Knowledge

Author: Johan Östling
Publisher: Nordic Academic Press
ISBN: 9789188661296
Release Date: 2018-01-01
Genre:

Historians have long been interested in knowledge—its nature and origin, and the circumstances under which it was created—but it has only been in recent years that the history of knowledge has emerged as an academic field in its own right. In Circulation of Knowledge, a group of Nordic scholars explore a range of theoretical and methodological approaches to this new and exciting area of historical research. The question of knowledge in motion is central to their investigations, and especially how knowledge is transformed when it circulates between different societal arenas, literary genres, or forms of media. Reflecting on twelve empirical studies, from sixteenth-century cartography to sexology in the 1970s, the authors make a significant contribution to the growing international research on the history of knowledge. newhistoryofknowledge.com

Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan

Author: Kenneth E. Wilkening
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262265095
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Social Science

Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan is a pioneering work in environmental and Asian history as well as an in-depth analysis of the influence of science on domestic and international environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's study also illuminates the global struggle to create sustainable societies.The Meiji Restoration of 1868 ended Japan's era of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. The opening of the country to Western ideas and technology not only brought pollution problems associated with industrialization (including acid rain) but also scientific techniques for understanding and combating them. Wilkening identifies three pollution-related "sustainability crises" in modern Japanese history: copper mining in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain research and policy initiatives; horrendous post-World War II domestic industrial pollution, which resulted in a "hidden" acid rain problem; and the present-day global problem of transboundary pollution, in which Japan is a victim of imported acid rain. He traces the country's scientific and policy responses to these crises through six distinct periods related to acid rain problems and argues that Japan's leadership role in East Asian acid rain science and policy today can be explained in large part by the "historical scientific momentum" generated by efforts to confront the issue since 1868, reinforced by Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening provides an overview of nature, culture, and the acid rain problem in Japan to complement the general set of concepts he develops to analyze the interface of science and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a discussion of lessons from Japan's experience that can be applied to the creation of sustainable societies worldwide.

The Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Werner Stark
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415175194
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Inescapable Ecologies

Author: Linda Nash
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520248878
Release Date: 2006
Genre: History

"A breath-taking first book. Nash does a terrific job."—Vicki Ruiz, author of From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth-Century America "An excellent book that treats environmental history in a fresh new way."—Elliott West, author of The Contested Plains: Indians, Goldseekers and the Rush to Colorado "This book brilliantly fits human bodies into environmental history and finds a place for landscape in the history of medicine."—Warwick Anderson, author of Colonial Pathologies: American Tropical Medicine, Race, and Hygiene in the Philippines