Author: Frances Talaska Fischbach
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2009
Now in its Eighth Edition, this leading comprehensive manual helps nurses deliver safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. The book covers a broad range of laboratory and diagnostic tests and studies that are delivered to varied patient populations in varied settings. Tests are grouped according to specimen and function/test type (e.g. blood, urine, stool, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.). Each test is described in detail, with step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tips for accurate interpretation, and instructions for patient preparation and aftercare. Clinical Alerts highlight critical safety information.
Author: Bonita Morrow Cavanaugh
Publisher: F. A. Davis Company
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Diagnosis, Laboratory
"This manual contains comprehensive information on laboratory and diagnostic tests in a quick-retrieval format with a strong focus on nursing care before, during, and after each test."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Author: Kathleen Deska Pagana
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2017-10-08
Writing care plans, understanding and performing tests, and interpreting test results is made easier with Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 6th Edition. This essential resource provides clear, concise overage of over 700 of the most commonly performed diagnostic and laboratory tests. Valuable in academic and clinical settings alike, it is beloved for its full-color design, user-friendly organization, and illustrations that help clarify keep concepts. Updated and streamlined content with new tests ensures you have the most relevant information. A new Diagnostic Testing for the Most Common Diseases section highlights the integration of medical testing as it relates to the top diseases or clinical syndromes. Tests are presented comprehensively and consistently, in a sequence that best simulates priorities in clinical practice. UNIQUE! Clinical Priorities boxes emphasize priorities and procedure considerations specific to understanding and performing tests. UNIQUE! Test Results and Clinical Significance sections describe the significance of the test findings and discuss the pathophysiology of the disease process and how it relates to the test result. UNIQUE! Home Care Responsibilities boxes focus on post-test factors for consideration. UNIQUE! Related Tests sections list additional tests related to the main test — including tests that provide similar information, confirmatory information, and other tests used to evaluate the same organ, disease process, or symptom complex. UNIQUE! Critical Values sections indicate test values of particular significance. UNIQUE! Icons indicate drugs that increase or decrease test values and patient teaching priorities. Age-Related Concerns boxes address pediatric and geriatric priorities. NEW and UPDATED! New tests have been added and outdated tests have been removed to reflect current best practices. NEW! A Diagnostic Testing for the Most Common Diseases section highlights the integration of medical testing as it relates to the top diseases or clinical syndromes.
Author: Louise M. Malarkey
Publisher: W B Saunders Company
Release Date: 2000
This comprehensive text and reference provides essential guidance on over 700 laboratory tests and diagnostic procedures used in nursing. It provides background information on each test; explains normal and abnormal test results; and emphasizes nursing care for the patient undergoing the test. Normal values for each test and procedure appear in both conventional and international units, and cover all phases of the life span. And, over 120 unique tables display complications at a glance.
Author: Anne M Van Leeuwen
Publisher: F.A. Davis
Release Date: 2017-01-15
The information nurses need…when, where, and how they need it! Nursing-focused and easy-to-read, this handbook delivers all of the information you need to understand how tests work, interpret their results, and provide quality patient care—pre-test, intra-test, and post-test. Tests and procedures are listed in alphabetical order by their complete name for quick reference. The integrated index allows fast searches by abbreviation, synonym, disease/disorder, specimen type, or test classification. Plus, a Body Systems Appendix includes a list of common laboratory and diagnostic tests for each body system as well as nutrition-related lab tests.
Author: Denise D. Wilson
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2007-10-29
Critical testing information and key clinical protocols in the palm of your hand McGraw-Hill's Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests focuses specifically on what you need to know to understand the test, educate the patient, and provide safe, effective care before, during, and after the test. In addition, this easy-to-use clinical companion is the only text to actively incorporate evidence-based practice features throughout, both in test monographs and appendices-a major advantage that enhances your ability to apply the book's content to your daily practice. Features: A cohesive 5-part organization covering the full range of laboratory tests, diagnostic tests, laboratory/diagnostic assessments of body function, education, and screening Time-saving alphabetical organization of tests with handy thumb tabs Full-color icons that highlight the organization of each test, and clearly identify important features throughout Skill-sharpening references to national guidelines, including JCAHO Full coverage of clinical interventions/implications Essential insights into the possible meanings of abnormal values and contraindications Key references that pertain to evidence-based practice Timely appendix on the increasing use of evidence-based practice Critical patient teaching information
Author: Rick Daniels
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Release Date: 2009-07-28
Organized by type of test. Now in its second edition, Delmar’s Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests adds over 50 new entries to its compilation of over 600 lab and diagnostic tests. Up-to-date information is provided in an easy-to-use, easy-to-find format ideal for both students and practitioners of nursing, medicine, and medical technology. The exceptionally straightforward and concise presentation of information allows you to focus on providing comprehensive care to your client having laboratory and diagnostic tests and procedures. Now for the first time 50 of the most used tests are included in PDA downloadable format on the accompanying CD-ROM, giving you free electronic access to the test and procedure information most needed. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Wolter Kluwer, Inc
Release Date: 2015-07-15
Preface PURPOSE The purpose of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, in this ninth edition, is to promote the delivery of safe, effective, and informed care for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures and also to provide clinicians and students, educators and researchers, and others with a unique resource. This comprehensive manual provides a foundation for understanding diagnostic tests, from the relatively simple to the most complex, that are delivered to varied populations in varied settings. It describes in depth the clinician’s role in providing effective diagnostic services by providing the information necessary for quality care planning, individualized patient assessment, analysis of patient needs, appropriate interventions, patient education, patient follow-up, and timely outcome evaluation. Potential risks and complications of diagnostic testing mandate that proper test protocols, interfering factors, follow-up testing, and collaboration among those involved in the testing process be a significant part of the information included in this text. ORGANIZATION This book is organized into 16 chapters and 5 appendices. Chapter 1 outlines the clinician’s role in diagnostic testing and includes interventions for safe, effective, informed pre-, intra-, and post-test care. This chapter includes a Patient’s Bill of Rights and Responsibilities, a model for the role of the clinical team in providing diagnostic care and services, descriptions of different test environments, and discussion of reimbursement for diagnostic services, and emphasizes the importance of communication as key to desired outcomes. The intratest section includes information about collaborative approaches facilitating family presence during invasive procedures; risk management; the collection, handling, and transport of specimens; infection control; controlling pain; comfort measures; administration of drugs and solutions; monitoring fluid intake and loss; using required equipment kits and supplies; properly positioning the patient for the procedure; managing the environment; and patient monitoring. The reader is referred back to Chapter 1, Diagnostic Testing, throughout the text for information about the clinician’s role and diagnostic services. Chapters 2 through 16 focus on specific categories of studies. CHAPTER CONTENT AND FEATURES Studies are organized in a similar way for ease of use and include: Introductory Information • Background rationale • Test purpose • Interfering factors • Description and method of the procedure and lab test completion • Evidence-based outcomes • Patient involvement x Preface Reference Values • Normal reference values • Conventional and SI units • Age-related values and critical values when applicable Procedures • Process of intratest care • Method of specimen collection and handling for lab tests • Method of diagnostic procedures Clinical Implications • Interpretation of abnormal findings • Unexpected outcomes • Disease patterns • Clinical considerations for newborn, infant, child, adolescent, and older adult groups when appropriate Interventions • Pre- and post-test patient care • Specific guidelines for each test phase Special Clinical Alerts , Procedural Alerts , and Notes NOTE appear frequently throughout to signal special cautions. A fully updated bibliography at the end of each chapter, representing a composite of selected references from various disciplines, directs the clinician to information available beyond the scope of this book, and extensive appendices provide additional data for everyday practice. REVISIONS AND ADDITIONS TO THE NINTH EDITION The newest concepts and technologies are included in this edition: • Effects of drugs on lab outcomes • Guidelines for Pap screening • Guidelines for cancer screening • Bioterrorism agent testing • Pulmonary function testing • Mother-baby screening All chapters have been reviewed by experts in the field. Current technologies have been incorporated throughout the text, maintaining emphasis on clinical and procedural alerts. CURRENT DEVELOPMENTS IN LABORATORY AND DIAGNOSTIC TESTING New technologies foster new scientific modalities for patient assessment and clinical interventions. Thus, the clinician is provided a greater understanding of the long chain of events from diagnosis through treatment and outcomes. In a brief span of years, new and improved technologies have led to developments in x-ray scanners, digital and enhanced imaging, magnetic resonance (MR), positron emission tomography (PET) scans of the heart and brain, enhanced ultrasound and nuclear medicine procedures, newly Preface xi discovered genetic mutation studies, new cancer markers for diagnosis and prognosis, technology for fetal testing before birth, and postmortem testing after death. Many new technologies are faster, more patient friendly, more comfortable, and provide an equivalent or higher degree of accuracy (i.e., HIV or hepatitis detection, monitoring for drug abuse or managing therapeutic drug levels). Saliva and breath testing is gaining ground as a mirror of body function; DNA; and emotional, hormonal, immune, and neurologic status, as well as providing clues about faulty metabolism. Noninvasive and minimally invasive testing (e.g., using a swab to collect saliva from the mouth, procedures that require only one drop of blood), which is better suited for testing in environments such as the workplace, private home, and other nontraditional health care settings such as churches, is made possible by better collection methods and standardized collection techniques. The newest diagnostic lab technologies include hand-held nucleic acid detectors for specific bacteria and viruses, handheld miniaturized chip-based DNA analyzers, reagentless diagnostics that introduce the sample (hand, finger, ear lobe, etc.) to magnetic fields, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Noninvasive and minimally invasive diagnostics include infrared light to estimate glucose, rapid oral screen for HIV, proteinomics, and functional and molecular techniques. A resurgence in the use of traditional, trusted diagnostic modalities, such as electroencephalogram (EEG), is being seen in certain areas. Diseases such as HIV, antibiotic-resistant strains of pathologic organisms (TB), and type 2 diabetes are becoming more prevalent. In the workplace, thorough diagnostic testing is more common as applications are made for employment and disability benefits. Also, requirements for periodic monitoring of exposures to potentially hazardous workplace substances (chemicals, heavy metals), breathing and hearing tests, and TB and latex allergy testing require skill in administering and procuring specimens. The number of forensic identity DNA tests being performed has increased tremendously. Concurrently, consumer perceptions have shifted from implicit faith in the health care system to concerns regarding less control over choices for health care and more distrust of the system in general. Managed care and its drive for control of costs for diagnostic services exert a tremendous effect on consumers’ ability to access testing services care. This results in mixed access to services, depending on approval or denial of coverage. These trends—combined with a shift in diagnostic care from acute care hospital settings to outpatient departments, physicians’ offices, clinics, community-based centers, nursing homes, and sometimes even churches, stores, and pharmacies—challenge clinicians to provide standards-based, safe, effective, and informed care. Because the health care system is becoming a community-based model, the clinician’s role is also changing. Updated knowledge and skills, flexibility, and a heightened awareness of the testing environment (point of care testing) are needed to provide diagnostic services in these settings. Clinicians must also adapt their practice to changes in other areas. This includes developing, coordinating, and following policies and standards set forth by institutions, governmental bodies, and regulatory agencies. Being informed regarding ethical and legal implications such as informed consent, privacy, patient safety, the right to refuse tests, the right to truthful diagnoses and prognoses, end-of-life decisions, standards for quarantine to control infection, and trends in diagnostic research procedures adds another dimension to the clinician’s accountability and responsibility. The consequences of certain types of testing (i.e., HIV and genetic) and the implications of confidential versus anonymous testing must also be kept in mind. For example, anonymous tests do not require the individual to give his or her name, whereas confidential tests do require a name. This difference has implications in the requirements and process of agency reporting for all patients as well as for select groups of infectious disease incidence such as HIV. Responding to these trends, the ninth edition of A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests is a comprehensive, up-to-date diagnostic reference source that includes information about newer technologies together with the time-honored, classic tests that continue to be an important component of diagnostic work. It meets the needs of clinicians, educators, researchers, students, and others whose work and study requires this type of resource or reference manual. Frances Talaska Fischbach Marshall B. Dunning III I acknowledge with sincere gratitude the contributions made by all of those individuals who participated in the extensive revisions for the ninth edition of this book. Special recognition is due to Marshall B. Dunning III for all work in relation to this text, especially this ninth edition. My thanks go to Mary Fischbach Johnson, Margaret Fischbach and Patricia Van Kampen for their research and administrative support. I especially thank the newest contributors, consultants, and research assistants for their diligence and hard work to ensure the quality, completeness, and most upto- date information contained herein. I would also like to acknowledge the valuable assistance of the Lippincott Williams & Wilkins reviewers. My gratitude is extended to the entire staff at Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, especially Roxanne Halpine Ward and Patrick Barbera. Special recognition is also due to the editors and staff who have worked on all prior editions of this work. Finally, I thank those special people, too numerous to mention, on whom we relied for support, dedication, encouragement, and patience. Thank you all for a job well done! Frances Talaska Fischbach Acknowledgments
Author: Joyce L. Kee
Release Date: 2017-03-13
This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For students in masters, baccalaureate, associate degree, diploma, and practical nursing programs – and for RNs and LPNs working in hospital settings. Everything students and practicing nurses need to know about laboratory and diagnostic testing, with an emphasis on nursing implications and patient education. Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests with Nursing Implications is designed to provide quick, pertinent information about laboratory and diagnostic testing, and the corresponding nursing implications. Author Joyce LeFever Kee discusses each test in the context of seven subsections: Reference Values/Normal Findings (for children and adults), Description, Purpose, Clinical Problems, Procedure, Factors Affecting Laboratory or Diagnostic Results, and Nursing Implications with Rationale and Client Teaching. In the 10th Edition, you’ll find new, rewritten, or updated coverage of dozens of tests; new Situational Study Questions; an updated section on Therapeutic Drug Monitoring that includes HIV drugs; and revised appendices addressing everything from abbreviations to test values.
The very first resource of its kind, written exclusively for Canada, Mosby's Canadian Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests provides clear, concise coverage of more than 700 of the most commonly performed tests, with Canadian lab values, SI units, Canadian cultural considerations, and more unique Canadian content. Its many user-friendly features include an easy-to-understand writing style, full-colour illustrations, and a logical organization. Each test entry is presented in a consistent format to provide quick access to information on specimen collection, normal findings, indications, test explanation, procedure and patient care, and test results and clinical significance, as well as any applicable contraindications, potential complications, interfering factors, and related tests. UNIQUE! Test Results and Clinical Significance sections explain pathophysiology and how test results may indicate certain disease processes. Critical values are emphasized to alert you to situations requiring immediate intervention. UNIQUE! Related Tests sections list tests that provide similar information or are used to evaluate the same body system, disease process, or symptom. UNIQUE! SI units in the Normal Findings section of appropriate tests offer quick and easy reference (conventional units also included). UNIQUE! Cultural Considerations boxes highlight important aspects of working with people from the diverse cultural and racial backgrounds of the Canadian population, such as First Nations communities. Includes Canadian generic and trade drug names to comply with Health Canada and the Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties (CPS). Addresses Canadian privacy laws and legislation (including PHIPA and PIPEDA), the Canadian Labour Code, and policies for DNA collection, reporting of infections such as Chlamydia, and much more. Provides information on Canadian test-tube colouring classifications and guidelines for the correct order and process of collecting blood samples in Canada. Follows Canadian standard precautions and procedures such as those set forth by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission, as well as Canadian screening protocols such as those set out in the Canadian Cancer Society Screening Guidelines. Canadian statistics are provided for topics such as STDs and C. difficile. New full-colour photographs and enhanced illustrations clarify key concepts and reflect the latest procedures, equipment, and techniques. Completely updated content covers 30 new tests, including ductoscopy, thyroglobulin, lactoferrin, and human papillomavirus.
Up-to-date and easy-to-navigate, A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 10th Edition is the perfect point-of-care guide for nurses and health professionals caring for patients undergoing diagnostic tests and procedures. Organized the way a nurse thinks--by specimen and function--this proven resource describes an extensive array of tests for diverse populations, providing step-by-step guidance on correct procedure, tps for accurate interpretation, and expert information on patient preparation and aftercare. Find the right test with ease, whether you know the name or not. Reference critical safety information at a glance with Clinical Alerts. Quickly access relevant abbreviations and units of measurements. Master key information with helpful tips, inclusion of both conventional and SI units, and coverage of clinical implications for increased and decreased values.
Author: Mary A. Williamson
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2014-07-07
Wallach's Interpretation of Diagnostic Tests, 10th Edition serves as a practical guide to the use of laboratory tests which aids physicians in using tests more effectively and efficiently by offering test outcomes, possible meanings, differential diagnosis, and summaries of tests available. The book is organized into 2 sections. The first section is devoted to disease states. Where appropriate, a patient’s chief complaint and/or physical findings are initially presented with subsequent discussions focused on discrete disease states as they relate to a patient’s chief complaint. The second section is devoted to an alphabetical listing of laboratory tests while stressing the integration of the clinical laboratory in the clinical decision making process. Test sensitivity, specific and possible and negative probabilities are included whenever appropriate. Microbiology tests are listed in a separate chapter.
Author: Louise M. Malarkey
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2011-11-01
Saunders Nursing Guide to Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 2nd Edition is the perfect guide to laboratory testing for both students and practicing nurses alike. Featuring the latest testing information organized alphabetically for quick reference, this resource offers test formats that emphasize the nurse's specific role in all aspects of the testing process. Basics the Nurse Needs to Know and Nursing Care sections for every laboratory test explain what the nurse is to do during the pre-, post- and actual test stages, and highlights the nursing responses to critical values, complications, patient teaching, and health promotion. A new companion Evolve website also offers a variety of learning resources and skills videos to help you master diagnostic procedures and perform accurate testing. Alphabetical organization of the laboratory tests (featuring alphabetical thumb tabs) makes every test easy to find. Also Called sections feature synonyms and abbreviations that help you identify specific tests. Purpose of the Test states the indications of each test. Basics the Nurse Needs to Know offers an explanation of each test in clear, simple language. Normal Values in standard and SI units include variations for gender and age, where relevant. How the Test is Done succinctly describes how each test is performed. Significance of Test Results list the diseases and disorders that are associated with abnormal findings. Interfering Factors list the factors, such as drugs, herbs, and improper specimen collection and handling, that inadvertently affect test results. Nursing Care is divided into Pretest, During the Test, and Posttest, listing in detail what the nurse does in the testing process. Nursing Response to Critical Values and Nursing Response to Complications detail what you should be alert for before, during, and after the test and how to manage dangerous situations. Explicit incorporation of nursing concerns related to lab tests can only be found in this lab book. Over 50 new and updated pieces of art highlight how results are interpreted, what equipment is used, and how various techniques are performed. Over 20 new tests prepare you for the types of tests you will encounter during your clinical experience. Patient Teaching icons make crucial nursing content easy to find. New Student Resources on Evolve feature a variety of supplemental learning tools. Skills materials, including skills checklists, PDFs of skills, and brief skills video clips, help you master specimen collection and basic diagnostic procedures. Patient handouts provide practical, useable materials to make your clinical experience easier. Audio pronunciations simplify the process of learning difficult terminology.