Point of View Perspective and Focalization

Author: Peter Hühn
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110218909
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Literary Criticism

Stories do not actually exist in the (fictional or factual) world but are constituted, structured and endowed with meaning through the process of mediation, i.e. they are represented and transmitted through systems of verbal, visual or audio-visual signs. The terms usually proposed to describe aspects of mediation, especially perspective, point of view, and focalization, have yet to bring clarity to this field, which is of central importance, not only for narratology but also for literary and media studies. One crucial problem about mediation concerns the dimensions of its modeling effect, particularly the precise status and constellation of the mediating agents, i.e. author, narrator or presenter and characters. The question is how are the structure and the meaning of the story conditioned by these different positions in relation to the mediated happenings perceived from outside and/or inside the storyworld? In this volume, fourteen articles by international scholars from seven different countries address these problems anew from various angles, reviewing the sub-categorization of mediation and re-specifying its dimensions both in literary texts and other media such as drama and theater, film, and computer games

A Point of View

Author: Clive James
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 9781447204169
Release Date: 2011-11-04
Genre: Literary Collections

21st century Britain: a point of view from our fiercest and funniest critic The BBC Radio 4 series A Point of View has been on the air since 2007. Clive James was one of the most popular presenters, and now, for the first time, his original pieces – sixty in total – and previously unpublished postscripts are collected together in one volume. Read along with Clive James as he offers his informative, thought-provoking and entertaining insights into everything from wheelie bins to plastic surgery, Elizabeth Hurley to the Olympics, Britain’s Got Talent to Damien Hirst, Harry Potter to giving up smoking – and plenty more besides.

A Point of View

Author: Bradley Kirkland
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9780966859102
Release Date: 1996-01-01
Genre: Fiction

A Point of View is the first novel by author Bradley Kirkland—partly autobiographical, partly fiction. It is the story of Phyl Brown, the Texas-born, irreverent army-brat who tells you his own brand ‘coming-of-age’ story. A Point of View includes all the usual coming-of-age fare, adding a modern twist to the insights of growing up in America. As Phyl enters his twenties, he takes a look back on his teenage years in the hopes that his past experiences will give him some insight into the future ahead of him. While he struggles to understand love, love-lost, strange relatives, faulty school systems, and the apathetic society around him, Phyl cannot help but post that age-old question: what the hell are we all here for, anyway? This is not your parents’ Catcher In The Rye.

Point of View in Plays

Author: Dan McIntyre
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9789027233356
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Literary Criticism

This is the first book-length study of how point of view is manifested linguistically in dramatic texts. It examines such issues as how readers process the shifts in viewpoint that can occur within such texts. Using insights from cognitive linguistics, the book aims to explain how the analysis of point of view in drama can be undertaken, and how this is fruitful for understanding textual and discoursal effects in this genre. Following on from a consideration of existing frameworks for the analysis of point of view, a cognitive approach to deixis is suggested as being particularly profitable for explaining the viewpoint effects that can arise in dramatic texts. To expand on the large number of examples discussed throughout the book, the penultimate chapter consists of an extended analysis of a single play. This book is relevant to scholars in a range of areas, including linguistics, literary studies and cognitive science.

When Did Ignorance Become a Point of View

Author: Scott Adams
Publisher: Andrews McMeel Publishing
ISBN: 9781449424381
Release Date: 2012-06-19
Genre: Humor

Scott Adams still has the corporate world guffawing about the adventures of nerdy Dilbert and his power-hungry companion, Dogbert, plus Ratbert and the pointy-haired boss, as they make their way through the travails of modern work life. Only a cartoonist with been-there-endured-that experience could make us laugh so hard. When Did Ignorance Become a Point of View? captures it all, even those Sunday strips that make it into the office each Monday morning.

Initializing a Point of View in Poetry

Author: Sarah Rose
Publisher: Chipmunkapublishing ltd
ISBN: 9781847470935
Release Date: 2011-06-01

DescriptionThis large and purposeful collection of works by Sarah Rose contains poems, pieces and short stories - personal modern poetry, irony reflections, memory including poetic themes drawn from family history, and sadder themes from life, tragedy, suicide, wasted lives and many other things. The culmination of many years work this immensely well written and intelligent book is Sarah's attempt to understand the complex and diverse World around her. This is a strong and important book, one which will provide entertainment and enlightenment in equal measure. About the AuthorComing soon.

A Different Point of View

Author: Misao Dean
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773507922
Release Date: 1991

Misao Dean argues convincingly that Duncan's "point of view" was largely informed by nineteenth-century Canadian idealism. Making excellent use of the latest insights of feminist criticism and post-colonial literary theory, Dean explores the "double marginalisation" of Duncan as both a colonial and a woman. She establishes gender as an important element in the form and content of Duncan's novels and feminism as a significant influence on Duncan's point of view.

Point of View and Grammar

Author: Joanne Scheibman
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027226210
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Conversation

This book proposes that subjective expression shapes grammatical and lexical patterning in American English conversation. Analyses of structural and functional properties of English conversational utterances indicate that the most frequent combinations of subject, tense, and verb type are those that are used by speakers to personalize their contributions, not to present unmediated descriptions of the world. These findings are informed by current research and practices in linguistics which argue that the emergence, or conventionalization, of linguistic structure is related to the frequency with which speakers use expressions in discourse. The use of conversational data in grammatical analysis illustrates the local and contingent nature of grammar in use and also raises theoretical questions concerning the coherence of linguistic categories, the viability of maintaining a distinction between semantic and pragmatic meaning in analytical practice, and the structural and social interplay of speaker point of view and participant interaction in discourse.

New Perspectives on Narrative Perspective

Author: Willie van Peer
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791447871
Release Date: 2001-03-29
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

Offers an interdisciplinary approach to narrative perspective, with essays by leading scholars of literary studies, cognitive psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and film and media criticism.

From an Ontological Point of View

Author: John Heil
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199259748
Release Date: 2003-05-01
Genre: Philosophy

Is the world hierarchically arranged, incorporating 'levels' of reality? What is the nature of objects and properties? What does 'realism' about ordinary objects or states of mind demand? When an assertion is true, what makes it true? Are natural properties best regarded as qualities or powers or some combination of these? What are colours? What explains the 'projective' character of intentionality? What is the nature of consciousness, and what relation do conscious experiences bearto material states and processes?From an Ontological Point of View endeavours to provide answers to such questions through an examination of ground-floor issues in ontology. The result is an account of the fundamental constituents of the world around us and an application of this account to problems dominating recent work in the philosophy of mind and metaphysics.The book, written in an accessible, non-technical style, is intended for non-specialists as well as seasoned metaphysicians.

The Point of View of the Universe

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191022432
Release Date: 2014-05-22
Genre: Philosophy

What does the idea of taking 'the point of view of the universe' tell us about ethics? The great nineteenth-century utilitarian Henry Sidgwick used this metaphor to present what he took to be a self-evident moral truth: the good of one individual is of no more importance than the good of any other. Ethical judgments, he held, are objective truths that we can know by reason. The ethical axioms he took to be self-evident provide a foundation for utilitarianism. He supplements this foundation with an argument that nothing except states of consciousness have ultimate value, which led him to hold that pleasure is the only thing that is intrinsically good. Are these claims defensible? Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer test them against a variety of views held by contemporary writers in ethics, and conclude that they are. This book is therefore a defence of objectivism in ethics, and of hedonistic utilitarianism. The authors also explore, and in most cases support, Sidgwick's views on many other key questions in ethics: how to justify an ethical theory, the significance of an evolutionary explanation of our moral judgments, the choice between preference-utilitarianism and hedonistic utilitarianism, the conflict between self-interest and universal benevolence, whether something that it would be wrong to do openly can be right if kept secret, how demanding utilitarianism is, whether we should discount the future, or favor those who are worse off, the moral status of animals, and what is an optimum population.

Point of View

Author: Saxon Holt
Publisher: PhotoBotanic Press
Release Date: 2015-02-07
Genre: Photography

Where will you set up the camera to take the picture you think you see? The exact point of view—slightly to one side of your subject or perhaps down low—is critical to a good composition. Point of View is the fourth lesson in THINK LIKE A CAMERA, the second series of the PhotoBotanic Garden Photography Workshop with garden photographer Saxon Holt. The camera is an artistic tool that frames a composition in two dimensions. Learn techniques of lines, shape, and focal points found in all good gardens to fill the frame with strong compositions. "Whether you have a big megapixel SLR camera or just a smart phone, your pictures will improve as soon as you think about what the camera is seeing—versus what you are seeing. Use the camera frame to fill your photograph with only those elements that tell your story."

Locke and the Legislative Point of View

Author: Alex Tuckness
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400825393
Release Date: 2009-02-09
Genre: Political Science

Determining which moral principles should guide political action is a vexing question in political theory. This is especially true when faced with the "toleration paradox": believing that something is morally wrong but also believing that it is wrong to suppress it. In this book, Alex Tuckness argues that John Locke's potential contribution to this debate--what Tuckness terms the "legislative point of view"--has long been obscured by overemphasis on his doctrine of consent. Building on a line of reasoning Locke made explicit in his later writings on religious toleration, Tuckness explores the idea that we should act politically only on those moral principles that a reasonable legislator would endorse; someone, that is, who would avoid enacting measures that could be self-defeating when applied by fallible human beings. Tuckness argues that the legislative point of view has implications that go far beyond the question of religious toleration. Locke suggests an approach to political justification that is a provocative alternative to the utilitarian, contractualist, and perfectionist approaches dominating contemporary liberalism. The legislative point of view is relevant to our thinking about many types of disputed principles, Tuckness writes. He examines claims of moral wrong, invocations of the public good, and contested political roles with emphasis on the roles of legislators and judges. This book is must reading not only for students and scholars of Locke but all those interested in liberalism, toleration, and constitutional theory.

From a Geometrical Point of View

Author: Jean-Pierre Marquis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402093845
Release Date: 2008-11-20
Genre: Science

From a Geometrical Point of View explores historical and philosophical aspects of category theory, trying therewith to expose its significance in the mathematical landscape. The main thesis is that Klein’s Erlangen program in geometry is in fact a particular instance of a general and broad phenomenon revealed by category theory. The volume starts with Eilenberg and Mac Lane’s work in the early 1940’s and follows the major developments of the theory from this perspective. Particular attention is paid to the philosophical elements involved in this development. The book ends with a presentation of categorical logic, some of its results and its significance in the foundations of mathematics. From a Geometrical Point of View aims to provide its readers with a conceptual perspective on category theory and categorical logic, in order to gain insight into their role and nature in contemporary mathematics. It should be of interest to mathematicians, logicians, philosophers of mathematics and science in general, historians of contemporary mathematics, physicists and computer scientists.