A Primer on the Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Theory

Author: Mike Mesterton-Gibbons
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821847725
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

The calculus of variations is used to find functions that optimize quantities expressed in terms of integrals. Optimal control theory seeks to find functions that minimize cost integrals for systems described by differential equations. This book is an introduction to both the classical theory of the calculus of variations and the more modern developments of optimal control theory from the perspective of an applied mathematician. It focuses on understanding concepts and how to apply them. The range of potential applications is broad: the calculus of variations and optimal control theory have been widely used in numerous ways in biology, criminology, economics, engineering, finance, management science, and physics. Applications described in this book include cancer chemotherapy, navigational control, and renewable resource harvesting. The prerequisites for the book are modest: the standard calculus sequence, a first course on ordinary differential equations, and some facility with the use of mathematical software. It is suitable for an undergraduate or beginning graduate course, or for self study. It provides excellent preparation for more advanced books and courses on the calculus of variations and optimal control theory.

Classical Mechanics with Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control

Author: Mark Levi
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821891384
Release Date: 2014-03-07
Genre: Mathematics

This is an intuitively motivated presentation of many topics in classical mechanics and related areas of control theory and calculus of variations. All topics throughout the book are treated with zero tolerance for unrevealing definitions and for proofs which leave the reader in the dark. Some areas of particular interest are: an extremely short derivation of the ellipticity of planetary orbits; a statement and an explanation of the "tennis racket paradox"; a heuristic explanation (and a rigorous treatment) of the gyroscopic effect; a revealing equivalence between the dynamics of a particle and statics of a spring; a short geometrical explanation of Pontryagin's Maximum Principle, and more. In the last chapter, aimed at more advanced readers, the Hamiltonian and the momentum are compared to forces in a certain static problem. This gives a palpable physical meaning to some seemingly abstract concepts and theorems. With minimal prerequisites consisting of basic calculus and basic undergraduate physics, this book is suitable for courses from an undergraduate to a beginning graduate level, and for a mixed audience of mathematics, physics and engineering students. Much of the enjoyment of the subject lies in solving almost 200 problems in this book.

Introduction to Optimal Control Theory

Author: Jack Macki
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461256717
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

This monograph is an introduction to optimal control theory for systems governed by vector ordinary differential equations. It is not intended as a state-of-the-art handbook for researchers. We have tried to keep two types of reader in mind: (1) mathematicians, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates in mathematics who want a concise introduction to a field which contains nontrivial interesting applications of mathematics (for example, weak convergence, convexity, and the theory of ordinary differential equations); (2) economists, applied scientists, and engineers who want to understand some of the mathematical foundations. of optimal control theory. In general, we have emphasized motivation and explanation, avoiding the "definition-axiom-theorem-proof" approach. We make use of a large number of examples, especially one simple canonical example which we carry through the entire book. In proving theorems, we often just prove the simplest case, then state the more general results which can be proved. Many of the more difficult topics are discussed in the "Notes" sections at the end of chapters and several major proofs are in the Appendices. We feel that a solid understanding of basic facts is best attained by at first avoiding excessive generality. We have not tried to give an exhaustive list of references, preferring to refer the reader to existing books or papers with extensive bibliographies. References are given by author's name and the year of publication, e.g., Waltman [1974].

Functional Analysis Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control

Author: Francis Clarke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447148203
Release Date: 2013-02-06
Genre: Mathematics

Functional analysis owes much of its early impetus to problems that arise in the calculus of variations. In turn, the methods developed there have been applied to optimal control, an area that also requires new tools, such as nonsmooth analysis. This self-contained textbook gives a complete course on all these topics. It is written by a leading specialist who is also a noted expositor. This book provides a thorough introduction to functional analysis and includes many novel elements as well as the standard topics. A short course on nonsmooth analysis and geometry completes the first half of the book whilst the second half concerns the calculus of variations and optimal control. The author provides a comprehensive course on these subjects, from their inception through to the present. A notable feature is the inclusion of recent, unifying developments on regularity, multiplier rules, and the Pontryagin maximum principle, which appear here for the first time in a textbook. Other major themes include existence and Hamilton-Jacobi methods. The many substantial examples, and the more than three hundred exercises, treat such topics as viscosity solutions, nonsmooth Lagrangians, the logarithmic Sobolev inequality, periodic trajectories, and systems theory. They also touch lightly upon several fields of application: mechanics, economics, resources, finance, control engineering. Functional Analysis, Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control is intended to support several different courses at the first-year or second-year graduate level, on functional analysis, on the calculus of variations and optimal control, or on some combination. For this reason, it has been organized with customization in mind. The text also has considerable value as a reference. Besides its advanced results in the calculus of variations and optimal control, its polished presentation of certain other topics (for example convex analysis, measurable selections, metric regularity, and nonsmooth analysis) will be appreciated by researchers in these and related fields.

Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Theory

Author: Daniel Liberzon
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691151878
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook offers a concise yet rigorous introduction to calculus of variations and optimal control theory, and is a self-contained resource for graduate students in engineering, applied mathematics, and related subjects. Designed specifically for a one-semester course, the book begins with calculus of variations, preparing the ground for optimal control. It then gives a complete proof of the maximum principle and covers key topics such as the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman theory of dynamic programming and linear-quadratic optimal control. Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control Theory also traces the historical development of the subject and features numerous exercises, notes and references at the end of each chapter, and suggestions for further study. Offers a concise yet rigorous introduction Requires limited background in control theory or advanced mathematics Provides a complete proof of the maximum principle Uses consistent notation in the exposition of classical and modern topics Traces the historical development of the subject Solutions manual (available only to teachers) Leading universities that have adopted this book include: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ECE 553: Optimum Control Systems Georgia Institute of Technology ECE 6553: Optimal Control and Optimization University of Pennsylvania ESE 680: Optimal Control Theory University of Notre Dame EE 60565: Optimal Control

Optimal Control and the Calculus of Variations

Author: Enid R. Pinch
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198514893
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Literary Criticism

Optimal control is a modern development of the calculus of variations and classical optimization theory. For that reason, this introduction to the theory of optimal control starts by considering the problem of minimizing a function of many variables. It moves through an exposition of the calculus of variations, to the optimal control of systems governed by ordinary differential equations. This approach should enable students to see the essential unity of important areas of mathematics, and also allow optimal control and the Pontryagin maximum principle to be placed in a proper context. A good knowledge of analysis, algebra, and methods is assumed. All the theorems are carefully proved, and there are many worked examples and exercises. Although this book is written for the advanced undergraduate mathematician, engineers and scientists who regularly rely on mathematics will also find it a useful text.

Variational Calculus and Optimal Control

Author: John L. Troutman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461207375
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

An introduction to the variational methods used to formulate and solve mathematical and physical problems, allowing the reader an insight into the systematic use of elementary (partial) convexity of differentiable functions in Euclidian space. By helping students directly characterize the solutions for many minimization problems, the text serves as a prelude to the field theory for sufficiency, laying as it does the groundwork for further explorations in mathematics, physics, mechanical and electrical engineering, as well as computer science.

A First Course in the Calculus of Variations

Author: Mark Kot
Publisher: American Mathematical Society
ISBN: 9781470414955
Release Date: 2014-10-06
Genre: Mathematics

This book is intended for a first course in the calculus of variations, at the senior or beginning graduate level. The reader will learn methods for finding functions that maximize or minimize integrals. The text lays out important necessary and sufficient conditions for extrema in historical order, and it illustrates these conditions with numerous worked-out examples from mechanics, optics, geometry, and other fields. The exposition starts with simple integrals containing a single independent variable, a single dependent variable, and a single derivative, subject to weak variations, but steadily moves on to more advanced topics, including multivariate problems, constrained extrema, homogeneous problems, problems with variable endpoints, broken extremals, strong variations, and sufficiency conditions. Numerous line drawings clarify the mathematics. Each chapter ends with recommended readings that introduce the student to the relevant scientific literature and with exercises that consolidate understanding.

The Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control

Author: George Leitmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781489903334
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Mathematics

When the Tyrian princess Dido landed on the North African shore of the Mediterranean sea she was welcomed by a local chieftain. He offered her all the land that she could enclose between the shoreline and a rope of knotted cowhide. While the legend does not tell us, we may assume that Princess Dido arrived at the correct solution by stretching the rope into the shape of a circular arc and thereby maximized the area of the land upon which she was to found Carthage. This story of the founding of Carthage is apocryphal. Nonetheless it is probably the first account of a problem of the kind that inspired an entire mathematical discipline, the calculus of variations and its extensions such as the theory of optimal control. This book is intended to present an introductory treatment of the calculus of variations in Part I and of optimal control theory in Part II. The discussion in Part I is restricted to the simplest problem of the calculus of variations. The topic is entirely classical; all of the basic theory had been developed before the turn of the century. Consequently the material comes from many sources; however, those most useful to me have been the books of Oskar Bolza and of George M. Ewing. Part II is devoted to the elementary aspects of the modern extension of the calculus of variations, the theory of optimal control of dynamical systems.

A Primer on Pontryagin s Principle in Optimal Control

Author: I. Michael Ross
Publisher:
ISBN: 0984357114
Release Date: 2015-03-03
Genre: Mathematics

EDITORIAL REVIEW: This book provides a guided tour in introducing optimal control theory from a practitioner's point of view. As in the first edition, Ross takes the contrarian view that it is not necessary to prove Pontryagin's Principle before using it. Using the same philosophy, the second edition expands the ideas over four chapters: In Chapter 1, basic principles related to problem formulation via a structured approach are introduced: What is a state variable? What is a control variable? What is state space? And so on. In Chapter 2, Pontryagin's Principle is introduced using intuitive ideas from everyday life: Like the process of "measuring" a sandwich and how it relates to costates. A vast number of illustrations are used to explain the concepts without going into the minutia of obscure mathematics. Mnemonics are introduced to help a beginner remember the collection of conditions that constitute Pontryagin's Principle. In Chapter 3, several examples are worked out in detail to illustrate a step-by-step process in applying Pontryagin's Principle. Included in this example is Kalman's linear-quadratic optimal control problem. In Chapter 4, a large number of problems from applied mathematics to management science are solved to illustrate how Pontryagin's Principle is used across the disciplines. Included in this chapter are test problems and solutions. The style of the book is easygoing and engaging. The classical calculus of variations is an unnecessary prerequisite for understanding optimal control theory. Ross uses original references to weave an entertaining historical account of various events. Students, particularly beginners, will embark on a minimum-time trajectory to applying Pontryagin's Principle.

An Introduction to Game theoretic Modelling

Author: Mike Mesterton-Gibbons
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821819296
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Mathematics

This is an introduction to game theory and applications with an emphasis on self-discovery from the perspective of a mathematical modeller. The book deals in a unified manner with the central concepts of both classical and evolutionary game theory. The key ideas are illustrated throughout by a wide variety of well-chosen examples of both human and non-human behavior, including car pooling, price fixing, food sharing, sex allocation and competition for territories or oviposition sites. There are numerous exercises with solutions.

Primer on Optimal Control Theory

Author: Jason L. Speyer
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9780898718560
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Control theory

The performance of a process -- for example, how an aircraft consumes fuel -- can be enhanced when the most effective controls and operating points for the process are determined. This holds true for many physical, economic, biomedical, manufacturing, and engineering processes whose behavior can often be influenced by altering certain parameters or controls to optimize some desired property or output.

Optimal Control Systems

Author: D. Subbaram Naidu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0849308925
Release Date: 2002-08-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The theory of optimal control systems has grown and flourished since the 1960's. Many texts, written on varying levels of sophistication, have been published on the subject. Yet even those purportedly designed for beginners in the field are often riddled with complex theorems, and many treatments fail to include topics that are essential to a thorough grounding in the various aspects of and approaches to optimal control. Optimal Control Systems provides a comprehensive but accessible treatment of the subject with just the right degree of mathematical rigor to be complete but practical. It provides a solid bridge between "traditional" optimization using the calculus of variations and what is called "modern" optimal control. It also treats both continuous-time and discrete-time optimal control systems, giving students a firm grasp on both methods. Among this book's most outstanding features is a summary table that accompanies each topic or problem and includes a statement of the problem with a step-by-step solution. Students will also gain valuable experience in using industry-standard MATLAB and SIMULINK software, including the Control System and Symbolic Math Toolboxes. Diverse applications across fields from power engineering to medicine make a foundation in optimal control systems an essential part of an engineer's background. This clear, streamlined presentation is ideal for a graduate level course on control systems and as a quick reference for working engineers.

Optimization in Function Spaces

Author: Amol Sasane
Publisher: Courier Dover Publications
ISBN: 9780486789453
Release Date: 2016-03-15
Genre: Mathematics

Classroom-tested at the London School of Economics, this original, highly readable text offers numerous examples and exercises as well as detailed solutions. Prerequisites are multivariable calculus and basic linear algebra. 2015 edition.