This book is especially prepared for the students of B.Sc. and M.Sc. of different Indian Universities as per UGC Model Curriculum. Students, preparing for Medical Entrance Examination, IAS, IFS, and PCS etc. will also be benefited by this book. At the end of some chapters of Genetic Engineering may enlighten the target readers. Entirely new information on Quantitative Genetics and Immunogenetics may enthral the readers. MCQ's ans answers will also be helpful for the students to strngthen their self confidence. By the help of numerous figures, many tables, boxes and coloured photographs, this book has tried to serve a balanced account of Classical Genetics and Modern Molecular Genetics. • This book is for Graduate, P.G. students of Biophysics, Microbiology& Biological Sciences.
Author: Jan J. Ginkel
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
Release Date: 2005
Cultural interaction in the Middle East since the Rise of Islam" - such was the title of a combined research project of the Universities of Leiden and Groningen aimed at describing the various ways in which the Christian communities of the Middle East expressed their distinct cultural identity in Muslim societies. As part of the project the symposium "Redefining Christian Identity, Christian cultural strategies since the rise of Islam" took place at Groningen University on April 7-10, 1999. This book contains the proceedings of this conference. From the articles it becomes clear that a number of distinct "cultural strategies" can be identified, some of which were used very frequently, others only in certain groups or at particular periods of time. The three main strategies that are represented in the papers of this volume are: (i) reinterpretation of the pre-Islamic Christian heritage; (ii) inculturation of elements from the new Islamic context; (iii) isolation from the Islamic context. Viewed in time, it is clear that the reinterpretation of older Christian heritage was particularly important in the first two centuries after the rise of Islam, the seventh and eighth centuries, that inculturation was the dominant theme of the Abbasid period, in the ninth to twelfth centuries, whereas from the Mongol period onwards, from the thirteenth to the eighteenth centuries, isolation more and more often occurs, although inculturation of elements from the predominantly Muslim environment never came to a complete standstill.
Since the occurrence of earthquakes and their properties are very uncertain even with the present knowledge, it is too difficult to define reasonable design ground motions especially for important buildings. In the seismic resistant design of building structures, the concept of ‘performance-based design’ has become a new paradigm guaranteeing the maximum satisfaction of building owners. The quality and reliability of the performance-based design certainly depend on the scientific rationality of design ground motions. In order to overcome this problem, a new paradigm has to be posed. To the author’s knowledge, the concept of 'critical excitation' and the structural design based upon this concept can become one of such new paradigms. This book introduces a new probabilistic and energy-based critical excitation approach to overcome several problems in the scientific and rational modelling of ground motions. The author hopes that this book will help the development of new seismic-resistant design methods of buildings for such unpredicted or unpredictable ground motions. First comprehensive book for critical excitation methods Including updated, cutting-edge research Applicable to other worst-case analysis problems Including comprehensive review of critical excitation methods Including verification by comprehensive recorded ground motions
Author: Matjaž Dolšek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2011-08-16
Current knowledge and state-of-the-art developments in topics related to the seismic performance and risk assessment of different types of structures and building stock are addressed in the book, with emphasis on probabilistic methods. The first part addresses the global risk components, as well as seismic hazard and ground motions, whereas the second, more extensive part presents recent advances in methods and tools for the seismic performance and risk assessment of structures. The book contains examples of steel, masonry and reinforced concrete buildings, as well as some examples related to various types of infrastructure, such as bridges and concrete gravity dams. The book's aim is to make a contribution towards the mitigation of seismic risk by presenting advanced methods and tools which can be used to achieve well-informed decision-making, this being the key element for the future protection of the built environment against earthquakes. Audience: This book will be of interest to researchers, postgraduate students and practicing engineers working in the fields of natural hazards, earthquake, structural and geotechnical engineering, and computational mechanics, but it may also be attractive to other experts working in the fields related to social and economic impact of earthquakes.
Composite materials have grown rapidly both in their applications and their economic importance, and they will no doubt continue to do so. With this growth has come increased attention in engineering curricula, but most coursework tends to focus on laminate theory and the analysis of composites, not on the practical design aspects most important to engineers. Composite Materials: Design and Applications fills that gap. Updated and translated from the successful French text Materiaux Composites, it offers comprehensive coverage of composites and their use in a broad range of applications. Part I provides a detailed introduction to composite materials, including fabrication processes, properties, design concepts, assembly, and applications. This section could also be used by itself in a course on advanced materials. Part II discusses elastic anisotopic properties, the directional dependence of different properties, and the mechanical properties of thin laminates. Alone, this section is suitable for a course on the mechanics of composite materials. Part III addresses the orthotropic coefficients needed for design activities, the Hill-Tsai failure criterion, the bending and torsion of composite beams, and the bending of thick composite plates. While somewhat more theoretical than the preceding chapters, it helps students better understand the behavior of composite parts. Part IV contains 41 detailed, numerical examples illustrating the design and use of composites. These are presented on three levels and cover the mechanical properties of composite structures in different forms, thermoelastic properties and failure analysis and the bonding of cylinders, sandwich beam buckling and flexure shear, and vibrations in composite plates. Clearly written and filled with more than 500 illustrations, Composite Materials: Design and Applications forms an outstanding textbook for senior undergraduate and beginning graduate-level course work-one that can make a significant contribution to the training of future engineers.