Advanced Calculus

Author: Patrick Fitzpatrick
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847910
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Mathematics

Advanced Calculus is intended as a text for courses that furnish the backbone of the student's undergraduate education in mathematical analysis. The goal is to rigorously present the fundamental concepts within the context of illuminating examples and stimulating exercises. This book is self-contained and starts with the creation of basic tools using the completeness axiom. The continuity, differentiability, integrability, and power series representation properties of functions of a single variable are established. The next few chapters describe the topological and metric properties of Euclidean space. These are the basis of a rigorous treatment of differential calculus (including the Implicit Function Theorem and Lagrange Multipliers) for mappings between Euclidean spaces and integration for functions of several real variables. Special attention has been paid to the motivation for proofs. Selected topics, such as the Picard Existence Theorem for differential equations, have been included in such a way that selections may be made while preserving a fluid presentation of the essential material. Supplemented with numerous exercises, Advanced Calculus is a perfect book for undergraduate students of analysis.

Invitation to Classical Analysis

Author: Peter L. Duren
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821869321
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

This book gives a rigorous treatment of selected topics in classical analysis, with many applications and examples. The exposition is at the undergraduate level, building on basic principles of advanced calculus without appeal to more sophisticated techniques of complex analysis and Lebesgue integration. Among the topics covered are Fourier series and integrals, approximation theory, Stirling's formula, the gamma function, Bernoulli numbers and polynomials, the Riemann zeta function, Tauberian theorems, elliptic integrals, ramifications of the Cantor set, and a theoretical discussion of differential equations including power series solutions at regular singular points, Bessel functions, hypergeometric functions, and Sturm comparison theory. Preliminary chapters offer rapid reviews of basic principles and further background material such as infinite products and commonly applied inequalities. This book is designed for individual study but can also serve as a text for second-semester courses in advanced calculus. Each chapter concludes with an abundance of exercises. Historical notes discuss the evolution of mathematical ideas and their relevance to physical applications. Special features are capsule scientific biographies of the major players and a gallery of portraits. Although this book is designed for undergraduate students, others may find it an accessible source of information on classical topics that underlie modern developments in pure and applied mathematics.

Several Real Variables

Author: Shmuel Kantorovitz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319279565
Release Date: 2016-02-09
Genre: Mathematics

This undergraduate textbook is based on lectures given by the author on the differential and integral calculus of functions of several real variables. The book has a modern approach and includes topics such as: •The p-norms on vector space and their equivalence •The Weierstrass and Stone-Weierstrass approximation theorems •The differential as a linear functional; Jacobians, Hessians, and Taylor's theorem in several variables •The Implicit Function Theorem for a system of equations, proved via Banach’s Fixed Point Theorem •Applications to Ordinary Differential Equations •Line integrals and an introduction to surface integrals This book features numerous examples, detailed proofs, as well as exercises at the end of sections. Many of the exercises have detailed solutions, making the book suitable for self-study. Several Real Variables will be useful for undergraduate students in mathematics who have completed first courses in linear algebra and analysis of one real variable.

Advanced Calculus

Author: Voxman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351468671
Release Date: 2017-10-19
Genre: Mathematics

Advanced Calculus: An Introduction to Modem Analysis, an advanced undergraduate textbook,provides mathematics majors, as well as students who need mathematics in their field of study,with an introduction to the theory and applications of elementary analysis. The text presents, inan accessible form, a carefully maintained balance between abstract concepts and applied results ofsignificance that serves to bridge the gap between the two- or three-cemester calculus sequence andsenior/graduate level courses in the theory and appplications of ordinary and partial differentialequations, complex variables, numerical methods, and measure and integration theory.The book focuses on topological concepts, such as compactness, connectedness, and metric spaces,and topics from analysis including Fourier series, numerical analysis, complex integration, generalizedfunctions, and Fourier and Laplace transforms. Applications from genetics, spring systems,enzyme transfer, and a thorough introduction to the classical vibrating string, heat transfer, andbrachistochrone problems illustrate this book's usefulness to the non-mathematics major. Extensiveproblem sets found throughout the book test the student's understanding of the topics andhelp develop the student's ability to handle more abstract mathematical ideas.Advanced Calculus: An Introduction to Modem Analysis is intended for junior- and senior-levelundergraduate students in mathematics, biology, engineering, physics, and other related disciplines.An excellent textbook for a one-year course in advanced calculus, the methods employed in thistext will increase students' mathematical maturity and prepare them solidly for senior/graduatelevel topics. The wealth of materials in the text allows the instructor to select topics that are ofspecial interest to the student. A two- or three?ll?lester calculus sequence is required for successfuluse of this book.

Foundations of Applied Mathematics Volume I

Author: Jeffrey Humpherys
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9781611974898
Release Date: 2017-07-07
Genre: Mathematics

This book provides the essential foundations of both linear and nonlinear analysis necessary for understanding and working in twenty-first century applied and computational mathematics. In addition to the standard topics, this text includes several key concepts of modern applied mathematical analysis that should be, but are not typically, included in advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate mathematics curricula. This material is the introductory foundation upon which algorithm analysis, optimization, probability, statistics, differential equations, machine learning, and control theory are built. When used in concert with the free supplemental lab materials, this text teaches students both the theory and the computational practice of modern mathematical analysis. Foundations of Applied Mathematics, Volume 1: Mathematical Analysis includes several key topics not usually treated in courses at this level, such as uniform contraction mappings, the continuous linear extension theorem, Daniell–Lebesgue integration, resolvents, spectral resolution theory, and pseudospectra. Ideas are developed in a mathematically rigorous way and students are provided with powerful tools and beautiful ideas that yield a number of nice proofs, all of which contribute to a deep understanding of advanced analysis and linear algebra. Carefully thought out exercises and examples are built on each other to reinforce and retain concepts and ideas and to achieve greater depth. Associated lab materials are available that expose students to applications and numerical computation and reinforce the theoretical ideas taught in the text. The text and labs combine to make students technically proficient and to answer the age-old question, "When am I going to use this?

A Problems Based Course in Advanced Calculus

Author: John M. Erdman
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470442460
Release Date: 2018-07-09
Genre: Calculus

This textbook is suitable for a course in advanced calculus that promotes active learning through problem solving. It can be used as a base for a Moore method or inquiry based class, or as a guide in a traditional classroom setting where lectures are organized around the presentation of problems and solutions. This book is appropriate for any student who has taken (or is concurrently taking) an introductory course in calculus. The book includes sixteen appendices that review some indispensable prerequisites on techniques of proof writing with special attention to the notation used the course.

Introduction to Analysis

Author: Edward Gaughan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847872
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Mathematics

Introduction to Analysis is designed to bridge the gap between the intuitive calculus usually offered at the undergraduate level and the sophisticated analysis courses the student encounters at the graduate level. In this book the student is given the vocabulary and facts necessary for further study in analysis. The course for which it is designed is usually offered at the junior level, and it is assumed that the student has little or no previous experience with proofs in analysis. A considerable amount of time is spent motivating the theorems and proofs and developing the reader's intuition. Of course, that intuition must be tempered with the realization that rigorous proofs are required for theorems. The topics are quite standard: convergence of sequences, limits of functions, continuity, differentiation, the Riemann integral, infinite series, power series, and convergence of sequences of functions. Many examples are given to illustrate the theory, and exercises at the end of each chapter are keyed to each section. Also, at the end of each section, one finds several Projects. The purpose of a Project is to give the reader a substantial mathematical problem and the necessary guidance to solve that problem. A Project is distinguished from an exercise in that the solution of a Project is a multi-step process requiring assistance for the beginner student.

Angewandte Mathematik Body and Soul

Author: Kenneth Eriksson
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540269502
Release Date: 2010-04-30
Genre: Mathematics

"Angewandte Mathematik: Body & Soul" ist ein neuer Grundkurs in der Mathematikausbildung für Studienanfänger in den Naturwissenschaften, der Technik, und der Mathematik, der an der Chalmers Tekniska Högskola in Göteborg entwickelt wurde. Er besteht aus drei Bänden sowie Computer-Software. Das Projekt ist begründet in der Computerrevolution, die ihrerseits völlig neue Möglichkeiten des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens in der Mathematik, den Naturwissenschaften und im Ingenieurwesen eröffnet hat. Es besteht aus einer Synthese der mathematischen Analysis (Soul) mit der numerischen Berechnung (Body) sowie den Anwendungen. Die Bände I-III geben eine moderne Version der Analysis und der linearen Algebra wieder, einschließlich konstruktiver numerischer Techniken und Anwendungen, zugeschnitten auf Anfängerprogramme im Maschinenbau und den Naturwissenschaften. Weitere Bände behandeln Themen wie z.B. dynamische Systeme, Strömungsdynamik, Festkörpermechanik und Elektromagnetismus. Dieser Band entwickelt das Riemann-Integral, um eine Funktion zu einer gegebenen Ableitung zu bestimmen. Darauf aufbauend werden Differentialgleichungen und Anfangswertprobleme mit einer Vielzahl anschaulicher Anwendungen behandelt. Die lineare Algebra wird auf n-dimensionale Räume verallgemeinert, wobei wiederum dem praktischen Umgang und numerischen Lösungstechniken besonderer Platz eingeräumt wird. Die Autoren sind führende Experten im Gebiet des wissenschaftlichen Rechnens und haben schon mehrere erfolgreiche Bücher geschrieben. "[......] Oh, by the way, I suggest immediate purchase of all three volumes!" The Mathematical Association of America Online, 7.7.04

Mathematik und Technologie

Author: Christiane Rousseau
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642300929
Release Date: 2012-07-30
Genre: Mathematics

Zusammen mit der Abstraktion ist die Mathematik das entscheidende Werkzeug für technologische Innovationen. Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in zahlreiche Anwendungen der Mathematik auf dem Gebiet der Technologie. Meist werden moderne Anwendungen dargestellt, die heute zum Alltag gehören. Die mathematischen Grundlagen für technologische Anwendungen sind dabei relativ elementar, was die Leistungsstärke der mathematischen Modellbildung und der mathematischen Hilfsmittel beweist. Mit zahlreichen originellen Übungen am Ende eines jeden Kapitels.

Diskrete Mathematik

Author: Martin Aigner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322854964
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Mathematics

Vor 50 Jahren gab es den Begriff "Diskrete Mathematik" nicht, und er ist auch heute im deutschen Sprachraum keineswegs gebrauchlich. Vorlesungen dazu werden nicht iiberall und schon gar nicht mit einem einheitlichen Themenkatalog angeboten (im Gegensatz zum Beispiel zu den USA, wo sie seit langem einen festen Platz haben). Die Mathematiker verstehen unter Diskreter Mathematik meist Kombinatorik oder Graphentheorie, die Informatiker Diskrete Strukturen oder Boolesche Algebren. Das Hauptanliegen dieses Buches ist daher, solch einen Themenkatalog zu prasentieren, der alle Grundlagen fiir ein weiterfiihrendes Studium enthalt. Die Diskrete Mathematik beschaftigt sich vor allem mit endlichen Mengen. Was kann man in endlichen Mengen studieren? Ais allererstes kann man sie abzahlen, dies ist das klassische Thema der Kombinatorik - in Teil I werden wir die wich tigsten Ideen und Methoden zur Abzahlung kennenlernen. Auf endlichen Mengen ist je nach Aufgabenstellung meist eine einfache Struktur in Form von Relationen gegeben, von denen die anwendungsreichsten die Graphen sind. Diese Aspekte fas sen wir in Teil II unter dem Titel Graphen uncl Algorithmen zusammen. Und schlieBlich existiert auf endlichen Mengen oft eine algebraische Struktur (oder man kann eine solche auf natiirliche Weise erklaren). Algebraische Systeme sind der Inhalt von Teil III. Diese drei Gesichtspunkte bilden den roten Faden des Buches. Ein weiterer Aspekt, der die Darstellung durchgehend pragt, betrifft den Begriff der Optimierung.

Algebra f r Einsteiger

Author: Jörg Bewersdorff
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658022624
Release Date: 2013-12-12
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Buch ist eine leicht verständliche Einführung in die Algebra, die den historischen und konkreten Aspekt in den Vordergrund rückt. Der rote Faden ist eines der klassischen und fundamentalen Probleme der Algebra: Nachdem im 16. Jahrhundert allgemeine Lösungsformeln für Gleichungen dritten und vierten Grades gefunden wurden, schlugen entsprechende Bemühungen für Gleichungen fünften Grades fehl. Nach fast dreihundertjähriger Suche führte dies schließlich zur Begründung der so genannten Galois-Theorie: Mit ihrer Hilfe kann festgestellt werden, ob eine Gleichung mittels geschachtelter Wurzelausdrücke lösbar ist. Das Buch liefert eine gute Motivation für die moderne Galois-Theorie, die den Studierenden oft so abstrakt und schwer erscheint. In dieser Auflage wurde ein Kapitel ergänzt, in dem ein alternativer, auf Emil Artin zurückgehender Beweis des Hauptsatzes der Galois-Theorie wiedergegeben wird. Dieses Kapitel kann fast unabhängig von den anderen Kapiteln gelesen werden.

Collected works

Author: Johann Radon
Publisher:
ISBN: OSU:32435027718451
Release Date: 1987
Genre: Mathematics


Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Fl chen

Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322850720
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

Geometry for College Students

Author: I. Martin Isaacs
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847945
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Mathematics

One of the challenges many mathematics students face occurs after they complete their study of basic calculus and linear algebra, and they start taking courses where they are expected to write proofs. Historically, students have been learning to think mathematically and to write proofs by studying Euclidean geometry. In the author's opinion, geometry is still the best way to make the transition from elementary to advanced mathematics. The book begins with a thorough review of high school geometry, then goes on to discuss special points associated with triangles, circles and certain associated lines, Ceva's theorem, vector techniques of proof, and compass-and-straightedge constructions. There is also some emphasis on proving numerical formulas like the laws of sines, cosines, and tangents, Stewart's theorem, Ptolemy's theorem, and the area formula of Heron. An important difference of this book from the majority of modern college geometry texts is that it avoids axiomatics. The students using this book have had very little experience with formal mathematics. Instead, the focus of the course and the book is on interesting theorems and on the techniques that can be used to prove them. This makes the book suitable to second- or third-year mathematics majors and also to secondary mathematics education majors, allowing the students to learn how to write proofs of mathematical results and, at the end, showing them what mathematics is really all about.

Differential Calculus and Its Applications

Author: Michael J. Field
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486298849
Release Date: 2013-04-10
Genre: Mathematics

Based on undergraduate courses in advanced calculus, the treatment covers a wide range of topics, from soft functional analysis and finite-dimensional linear algebra to differential equations on submanifolds of Euclidean space. 1976 edition.