Advanced Distillation Technologies

Author: Anton A. Kiss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118544815
Release Date: 2013-02-26
Genre: Science

Distillation has historically been the main method forseparating mixtures in the chemical process industry. However,despite the flexibility and widespread use of distillationprocesses, they still remain extremely energy inefficient.Increased optimization and novel distillation concepts can deliversubstantial benefits, not just in terms of significantly lowerenergy use, but also in reducing capital investment and improvingeco-efficiency. While likely to remain the separation technology ofchoice for the next few decades, there is no doubt thatdistillation technologies need to make radical changes in order tomeet the demands of the energy-conscious society. Advanced Distillation Technologies: Design, Control andApplications gives a deep and broad insight into integratedseparations using non-conventional arrangements, including bothcurrent and upcoming process intensification technologies. It includes: Key concepts in distillation technology Principles of design, control, sizing and economics ofdistillation Dividing-wall column (DWC) – design, configurations,optimal operation and energy efficient and advanced control DWC applications in ternary separations, azeotropic, extractiveand reactive distillation Heat integrated distillation column (HIDiC) – design,equipment and configurations Heat-pump assisted applications (MVR, TVR, AHP, CHRP, TAHP andothers) Cyclic distillation technology – concepts, modelingapproach, design and control issues Reactive distillation – fundamentals, equipment,applications, feasibility scheme Results of rigorous simulations in Mathworks Matlab &Simulink, Aspen Plus, Dynamics and Custom Modeler Containing abundant examples and industrial case studies, thisis a unique resource that tackles the most advanced distillationtechnologies – all the way from the conceptual design topractical implementation. The author of Advanced Distillation Technologies, Dr. Ir.Anton A. Kiss, has been awarded the Hoogewerff Jongerenprijs2013. ahref=""Findout more (website in Dutch).../a

Advanced Process Engineering Control

Author: Paul Serban Agachi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110306637
Release Date: 2017-01-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

As a mature topic in chemical engineering, the book provides methods, problems and tools used in process control engineering. It discusses: process knowledge, sensor system technology, actuators, communication technology, and logistics, design and construction of control systems and their operation. The knowledge goes beyond the traditional process engineering field by applying the same principles, to biomedical processes, energy production and management of environmental issues. The book explains all the determinations in the "chemical systems" or "process systems", starting from the beginning of the processes, going through the intricate interdependency of the process stages, analyzing the hardware components of a control system and ending with the design of an appropriate control system for a process parameter or a whole process. The book is first addressed to the students and graduates of the departments of Chemical or Process Engineering. Second, to the chemical or process engineers in all industries or research and development centers, because they will notice the resemblance in approach from the system and control point of view, between different fields which might seem far from each other, but share the same control philosophy.

Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes

Author: Alexandre C. Dimian
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444627087
Release Date: 2014-09-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This comprehensive work shows how to design and develop innovative, optimal and sustainable chemical processes by applying the principles of process systems engineering, leading to integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes. Generic systematic methods are employed, supported by intensive use of computer simulation as a powerful tool for mastering the complexity of physical models. New to the second edition are chapters on product design and batch processes with applications in specialty chemicals, process intensification methods for designing compact equipment with high energetic efficiency, plantwide control for managing the key factors affecting the plant dynamics and operation, health, safety and environment issues, as well as sustainability analysis for achieving high environmental performance. All chapters are completely rewritten or have been revised. This new edition is suitable as teaching material for Chemical Process and Product Design courses for graduate MSc students, being compatible with academic requirements world-wide. The inclusion of the newest design methods will be of great value to professional chemical engineers. Systematic approach to developing innovative and sustainable chemical processes Presents generic principles of process simulation for analysis, creation and assessment Emphasis on sustainable development for the future of process industries

Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel Production

Author: Anton Alexandru Kiss
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783319035543
Release Date: 2014-03-15
Genre: Science

This book is among the first to address the novel process intensification technologies for biodiesel production, in particular the integrated reactive separations. It provides a comprehensive overview illustrated with many industrially relevant examples of novel reactive separation processes used in the production of biodiesel (e.g. fatty acid alkyl esters): reactive distillation, reactive absorption, reactive extraction, membrane reactors, and centrifugal contact separators. Readers will also learn about the working principles, design and control of integrated processes, while also getting a relevant and modern overview of the process intensification opportunities for biodiesel synthesis. Biodiesel is a biodegradable and renewable fuel that currently enjoys much attention. In spite of the recent advances, the existing biodiesel processes still suffer from problems associated with the use of homogeneous catalysts (e.g. salt waste streams) and the key limitations imposed by the chemical reaction equilibrium, thus leading to severe economic and environmental penalties. The integration of reaction and separation into one operating unit overcomes equilibrium limitations and provides key benefits such as low capital investment and operating costs. Many of these processes can be further enhanced by heat-integration and powered by heterogeneous catalysts, to eliminate all conventional catalyst related operations, using the raw materials efficiently and the reaction volume, while offering high conversion and selectivity, and significant energy savings. The targeted audience of this book includes both academia (students and researchers) and industry (project leaders, technology managers, researchers, biodiesel producers, and equipment suppliers).

Advances in Distillation Retrofit

Author: Nguyen Van Duc Long
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811059018
Release Date: 2017-09-18
Genre: Science

This book describes the current state of the art in the retrofit of existing distillation processes using advanced distillation techniques. Highlighting concept and practical application rather than theory, it emphasizes the use of advanced process integration and intensification techniques, such as multi-effect distillation, heat pump assisted distillation, thermally coupled distillation, dividing wall column, reactive distillation, and innovative hybrid systems. As a thermal separation method, distillation is one of the most important and widely used technologies in the chemical process industry. While it has many advantages, one major drawback is its large energy requirement, which can significantly influence overall plant profitability. The increasing cost of energy has forced industry to reduce its energy requirement, but simultaneously there has been a need to increase capacity and output due to heightened demand. To accomplish this, the retrofit of distillation processes to increase efficiency and output has become a crucial issue. This book describes the use of advanced process integration and process intensification techniques to carry out effective distillation retrofit. Written by leading researchers in distillation process, process integration, process intensification, and process retrofit, the book presents a comprehensive review of contemporary advanced distillation techniques which can be employed in grass-root systems and retrofit. It is a valuable source of information for undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemical engineering, practicing process designers and chemical engineers.

Dynamics and Control of Chemical Reactors Distillation Columns and Batch Processes DYCORD 95

Author: J.B. Rawlings
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483296883
Release Date: 2014-05-23
Genre: Science

Three important areas of process dynamics and control: chemical reactors, distillation columns and batch processes are the main topics of discussion and evaluation at the IFAC Symposium on Dynamics and Control of Chemical Reactors, Distillation Columns and Batch Processes (DYCORD '95). This valuable publication was produced from the latest in the series, providing a detailed assessment of developments of key technologies within the field of process dynamics and control.

System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing

Author: Han-Xiong Li
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118822333
Release Date: 2014-10-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Most existing robust design books address design for static systems, or achieve robust design from experimental data via the Taguchi method. Little work considers model information for robust design particularly for the dynamic system. This book covers robust design for both static and dynamic systems using the nominal model information or the hybrid model/data information, and also integrates design with control under a large operating region. This design can handle strong nonlinearity and more uncertainties from model and parameters.

Process Design and Advanced Control Strategies for Model based Reactive Distillation Columns

Author: Budi Husodo Bisowarno
ISBN: OCLC:224454934
Release Date: 2003

The results indicate that a proper control scheme (cascade two-point control scheme) with an appropriate controller tuning can offer an alternative of model-based nonlinear controller for reactive distillation. Operability and optimisation of the existing reactive distillation column were investigated using set-point optimisation method. Despite a fixed column configuration (number of stages and feed point) and a fixed control configuration (pairing of controlled and manipulated variables), the operating conditions were optimised to maximise profitability while a set of safety, operating and product quality constraints and specifications are satisfied. The set-point optimisation framework was then used to provide a basis for a supervisory control system.

Chemical Process Control

Author: James Blake Rawlings
ISBN: 0816908699
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Chemical process control

Electronic version of the proceedings and papers of the conference along with an ISO9660 file system with Rock Ridge attributes.

AIChE Symposium Series

ISBN: 0816908699
Release Date: 1971
Genre: Chemical engineering

Electronic version of the proceedings and papers of the conference along with an ISO9660 file system with Rock Ridge attributes.

Applied Control Systems Design

Author: Magdi S. Mahmoud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447128793
Release Date: 2012-04-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Applied Control System Design examines several methods for building up systems models based on real experimental data from typical industrial processes and incorporating system identification techniques. The text takes a comparative approach to the models derived in this way judging their suitability for use in different systems and under different operational circumstances. A broad spectrum of control methods including various forms of filtering, feedback and feedforward control is applied to the models and the guidelines derived from the closed-loop responses are then composed into a concrete self-tested recipe to serve as a check-list for industrial engineers or control designers. System identification and control design are given equal weight in model derivation and testing to reflect their equality of importance in the proper design and optimization of high-performance control systems. Readers’ assimilation of the material discussed is assisted by the provision of problems and examples. Most of these exercises use MATLAB® to make computation and visualization more straightforward. Applied Control System Design will be of interest to academic researchers for its comparison of different systems models and their response to different control methods and will assist graduate students in learning the practical necessities of advanced control system design. The consistent reference to real systems coupled with self-learning tools will assist control practitioners who wish to keep up to date with the latest control design ideas.

Control applications in post harvest and processing technology 1998

Author: I. Farkas
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN: 0080430465
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The aim of the CAPPT'98 workshop was to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of recent advances on control applications in post-harvest and processing technology.The sponsors were International Society of Horticultural Sciences (ISHS), International Commission of Agricultural Engineering (CIGR), European Society of Agricultural Engineers (EurAgEng), Gouml;douml;llodblac; University of Agricultural Sciences and Hungarian Academy of Sciences, National Committee for Technological Development, Hungary. The venue of the workshop was the Hotel Eacute;ben in Budapest and also the Campus of the Gouml;douml;llodblac; University of Agricultural Sciences.

Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies

Author: Suvendu Bhattacharya
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118406304
Release Date: 2014-09-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Food processing technologies are an essential link in the food chain. These technologies are many and varied, changing in popularity with changing consumption patterns and product popularity. Newer process technologies are also being evolved to provide the added advantages. Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies fuses the practical (application, machinery), theoretical (model, equation) and cutting-edge (recent trends), making it ideal for industrial, academic and reference use. It consists of two sections, one covering conventional or well-established existing processes and the other covering emerging or novel process technologies that are expected to be employed in the near future for the processing of foods in the commercial sector. All are examined in great detail, considering their current and future applications with added examples and the very latest data. Conventional and Advanced Food Processing Technologies is a comprehensive treatment of the current state of knowledge on food processing technology. In its extensive coverage, and the selection of reputed research scientists who have contributed to each topic, this book will be a definitive text in this field for students, food professionals and researchers.

Control applications and ergonomics in agriculture

Author: Nick Sigrimis
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN: 0080432298
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Technology & Engineering

In this workshop an attempt was made to fuse the disciplines involved in the requirements, specification, design and implementation of control systems for the automation of agricultural systems. The need to meet the demanding specifications for increasingly complex agricultural systems is being addressed by using increasingly sophisticated models and control algorithms. In parallel, the ever-decreasing profit margins in the agricultural sector no longer permit agriculture to operate in the traditional manner, but are forcing it to transform into a contemporary business with all the complexities that this implies. The work environment is changing rapidly and humans are moving to positions of supervision and management while automation and robotics are taking over many of the menial and tedious tasks. Modern technological developments in industrial management and control are entering agriculture and transforming it rapidly into an industry. Smaller agricultural systems are being linked to produce hierarchical large-scale agricultural systems, whose management and control demands high level intelligent decision support mechanisms. Local and wide area networks provide the relevant agricultural and economic data and facts to central production management systems where decisions are made and subsequently transferred to remote locations for execution. Agriculture, which is a highly distributed operation, is taking advantage of modern communications networks, unifying remote locations into a virtual world. Agriculture has been making significant steps in producing food and fibers of improved quality in a highly constrained economic environment. Robust control of such a largely uncertain system demands that application domain experts work closely with systems analysts and control engineers to produce systems of higher autonomy and efficiency to meet todays global challenge.

Mathematical and Control Applications in Agriculture and Horticulture

Author: A. Munack
Publisher: Pergamon
ISBN: CORNELL:31924073953352
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Mathematics

A wide ranging programme was planned, covering the principal areas where mathematical models or control engineering can have a major impact on agricultural and horticultural processes and their management. Emphasis was placed on applications of models and control in agriculture. Focal areas for the meeting included: models and control of post-harvest processing and grading, climate control in plant production and animal houses, mathematical models relating to the environmental impacts of agriculture, sensing and control methodologies appropriate to agricultural systems, information technology, impact of uncertainty and forecasting in models, demonstration of novel developments in software for agriculture and horticulture, and practical implementations of models and control. The meeting was structured to maintain maximum interaction between participants in the focal areas of the programme - and to permit presentations across a wide range, from control methodologies to practical implementation of models.