Get past the myths of testing in agile environments - and implement agile testing the RIGHT way. * * For everyone concerned with agile testing: developers, testers, managers, customers, and other stakeholders. * Covers every key issue: Values, practices, organizational and cultural challenges, collaboration, metrics, infrastructure, documentation, tools, and more. * By two of the world's most experienced agile testing practitioners and consultants. Software testing has always been crucial, but it may be even more crucial in agile environments that rely heavily on repeated iterations of software capable of passing tests. There are, however, many myths associated with testing in agile environments. This book helps agile team members overcome those myths -- and implement testing that truly maximizes software quality and value. Long-time agile testers Lisa Crispin and Janet Gregory offer powerful insights for three large, diverse groups of readers: experienced testers who are new to agile; members of newly-created agile teams who aren't sure how to perform testing or work with testers; and test/QA managers whose development teams are implementing agile. Readers will learn specific agile testing practices and techniques that can mean the difference between success and failure; discover how to transition 'traditional' test teams to agile; and learn how to integrate testers smoothly into agile teams. Drawing on extensive experience, the authors illuminate topics ranging from culture to test planning to automated tools. They cover every form of testing: business-facing tests, technology-facing tests, exploratory tests, context-driven and scenario tests, load, stability, and endurance tests, and more. Using this book's techniques, readers can improve the effectiveness and reduce the risks of any agile project or initiative.
A Comprehensive Collection of Agile Testing Best Practices: Two Definitive Guides from Leading Pioneers Janet Gregory and Lisa Crispin haven’t just pioneered agile testing, they have also written two of the field’s most valuable guidebooks. Now, you can get both guides in one indispensable eBook collection: today’s must-have resource for all agile testers, teams, managers, and customers. Combining comprehensive best practices and wisdom contained in these two titles, The Agile Testing Collection will help you adapt agile testing to your environment, systematically improve your skills and processes, and strengthen engagement across your entire development team. The first title, Agile Testing: A Practical Guide for Testers and Agile Teams, defines the agile testing discipline and roles, and helps you choose, organize, and use the tools that will help you the most. Writing from the tester’s viewpoint, Gregory and Crispin chronicle an entire agile software development iteration, and identify and explain seven key success factors of agile testing. The second title, More Agile Testing: Learning Journeys for the Whole Team, addresses crucial emerging issues, shares evolved practices, and covers key issues that delivery teams want to learn more about. It offers powerful new insights into continuous improvement, scaling agile testing across teams and the enterprise, overcoming pitfalls of automation, testing in regulated environments, integrating DevOps practices, and testing mobile/embedded and business intelligence systems. The Agile Testing Collection will help you do all this and much more. Customize agile testing processes to your needs, and successfully transition to them Organize agile teams, clarify roles, hire new testers, and quickly bring them up to speed Engage testers in agile development, and help agile team members improve their testing skills Use tests and collaborate with business experts to plan features and guide development Design automated tests for superior reliability and easier maintenance Plan “just enough,” balancing small increments with larger feature sets and the entire system Test to identify and mitigate risks, and prevent future defects Perform exploratory testing using personas, tours, and test charters with session- and thread-based techniques Help testers, developers, and operations experts collaborate on shortening feedback cycles with continuous integration and delivery Both guides in this collection are thoroughly grounded in the authors’ extensive experience, and supported by examples from actual projects. Now, with both books integrated into a single, easily searchable, and cross-linked eBook, you can learn from their experience even more easily.
Janet Gregory and Lisa Crispin pioneered the agile testing discipline with their previous work, Agile Testing. Now, in More Agile Testing, they reflect on all they’ve learned since. They address crucial emerging issues, share evolved agile practices, and cover key issues agile testers have asked to learn more about. Packed with new examples from real teams, this insightful guide offers detailed information about adapting agile testing for your environment; learning from experience and continually improving your test processes; scaling agile testing across teams; and overcoming the pitfalls of automated testing. You’ll find brand-new coverage of agile testing for the enterprise, distributed teams, mobile/embedded systems, regulated environments, data warehouse/BI systems, and DevOps practices. You’ll come away understanding • How to clarify testing activities within the team • Ways to collaborate with business experts to identify valuable features and deliver the right capabilities • How to design automated tests for superior reliability and easier maintenance • How agile team members can improve and expand their testing skills • How to plan “just enough,” balancing small increments with larger feature sets and the entire system • How to use testing to identify and mitigate risks associated with your current agile processes and to prevent defects • How to address challenges within your product or organizational context • How to perform exploratory testing using “personas” and “tours” • Exploratory testing approaches that engage the whole team, using test charters with session- and thread-based techniques • How to bring new agile testers up to speed quickly–without overwhelming them The eBook edition of More Agile Testing also is available as part of a two-eBook collection, The Agile Testing Collection (9780134190624).
Uncover surprises, risks, and potentially serious bugs with exploratory testing. Rather than designing all tests in advance, explorers design and execute small, rapid experiments, using what they learned from the last little experiment to inform the next. Learn essential skills of a master explorer, including how to analyze software to discover key points of vulnerability, how to design experiments on the fly, how to hone your observation skills, and how to focus your efforts. Software is full of surprises. No matter how careful or skilled you are, when you create software it can behave differently than you intended. Exploratory testing mitigates those risks. Part 1 introduces the core, essential skills of a master explorer. You'll learn to craft charters to guide your exploration, to observe what's really happening (hint: it's harder than it sounds), to identify interesting variations, and to determine what expected behavior should be when exercising software in unexpected ways. Part 2 builds on that foundation. You'll learn how to explore by varying interactions, sequences, data, timing, and configurations. Along the way you'll see how to incorporate analysis techniques like state modeling, data modeling, and defining context diagrams into your explorer's arsenal. Part 3 brings the techniques back into the context of a software project. You'll apply the skills and techniques in a variety of contexts and integrate exploration into the development cycle from the very beginning. You can apply the techniques in this book to any kind of software. Whether you work on embedded systems, Web applications, desktop applications, APIs, or something else, you'll find this book contains a wealth of concrete and practical advice about exploring your software to discover its capabilities, limitations, and risks.
Author: Lisa Crispin
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
Release Date: 2003
Testing is a cornerstone of XP, as tests are written for every piece of code before it is programmed. This workbook helps testers learn XP, and XP devotees learn testing. This new book defines how an XP tester can optimally contribute to a project, including what testers should do, when they should do it, and how they should do it.
Author: John Watkins
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2009-07-27
In an IT world in which there are differently sized projects, with different applications, differently skilled practitioners, and on-site, off-site, and off-shored development teams, it is impossible for there to be a one-size-fits-all agile development and testing approach. This book provides practical guidance for professionals, practitioners, and researchers faced with creating and rolling out their own agile testing processes. In addition to descriptions of the prominent agile methods, the book provides twenty real-world case studies of practitioners using agile methods and draws upon their experiences to propose your own agile method; whether yours is a small, medium, large, off-site, or even off-shore project, this book provides personalized guidance on the agile best practices from which to choose to create your own effective and efficient agile method.
Author: James A. Whittaker
Release Date: 2012-03-21
2012 Jolt Award finalist! Pioneering the Future of Software Test Do you need to get it right, too? Then, learn from Google. Legendary testing expert James Whittaker, until recently a Google testing leader, and two top Google experts reveal exactly how Google tests software, offering brand-new best practices you can use even if you’re not quite Google’s size…yet! Breakthrough Techniques You Can Actually Use Discover 100% practical, amazingly scalable techniques for analyzing risk and planning tests…thinking like real users…implementing exploratory, black box, white box, and acceptance testing…getting usable feedback…tracking issues…choosing and creating tools…testing “Docs & Mocks,” interfaces, classes, modules, libraries, binaries, services, and infrastructure…reviewing code and refactoring…using test hooks, presubmit scripts, queues, continuous builds, and more. With these techniques, you can transform testing from a bottleneck into an accelerator–and make your whole organization more productive!
Author: Dorothy Graham
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
Release Date: 2012
A unique book that consists entirely of test automation case studies from a variety of domains - from the top names in the field * *Proven advice to empower development organizations to save time by mirroring others' experiences and save money by avoiding others' mistakes. *Insightful case studies from a wide variety of domains, including aerospace, pharmaceuticals, insurance, technology, and telecommunications. *Focuses on the basic issues, rather then technology trends, to give the book a long shelf life. The practice of test automation is becoming more and more popular, but many organizations are not yet experiencing success with it. This book unveils the secrets of how automation has been made to work in reality. The knowledge gained by reading this book can save months or years of effort in automating software testing by helping organizations avoid expensive mistakes and take advantage of proven ideas. By its nature, this book shows the current state of software test automation practice. The authors aim to keep the contributions focused on those things that are more universal (e.g. people issues, return on investment, etc.) and to minimize detailed technical content where this does not impede the process of learning valuable lessons, in order to give the book as long a shelf life as possible. Software practitioners always enjoy reading about what happened to others. For example, at conferences, case study presentations are usually very well attended. The authors/editors have gathered together a collection of experiences from a cross-section of industries and countries, both success stories and failures, in both agile and traditional development. In addition to the case studies, the authors/editors comment on issues raised in these stories, and also include a chapter summarizing good practices and common pitfalls.
Author: Paul M. Duvall
Publisher: Pearson Education
Release Date: 2007-06-29
For any software developer who has spent days in “integration hell,” cobbling together myriad software components, Continuous Integration: Improving Software Quality and Reducing Risk illustrates how to transform integration from a necessary evil into an everyday part of the development process. The key, as the authors show, is to integrate regularly and often using continuous integration (CI) practices and techniques. The authors first examine the concept of CI and its practices from the ground up and then move on to explore other effective processes performed by CI systems, such as database integration, testing, inspection, deployment, and feedback. Through more than forty CI-related practices using application examples in different languages, readers learn that CI leads to more rapid software development, produces deployable software at every step in the development lifecycle, and reduces the time between defect introduction and detection, saving time and lowering costs. With successful implementation of CI, developers reduce risks and repetitive manual processes, and teams receive better project visibility. The book covers How to make integration a “non-event” on your software development projects How to reduce the amount of repetitive processes you perform when building your software Practices and techniques for using CI effectively with your teams Reducing the risks of late defect discovery, low-quality software, lack of visibility, and lack of deployable software Assessments of different CI servers and related tools on the market The book’s companion Web site, www.integratebutton.com, provides updates and code examples.
Author: Alan Page
Publisher: Microsoft Press
Release Date: 2008-12-10
It may surprise you to learn that Microsoft employs as many software testers as developers. Less surprising is the emphasis the company places on the testing discipline—and its role in managing quality across a diverse, 150+ product portfolio. This book—written by three of Microsoft’s most prominent test professionals—shares the best practices, tools, and systems used by the company’s 9,000-strong corps of testers. Learn how your colleagues at Microsoft design and manage testing, their approach to training and career development, and what challenges they see ahead. Most important, you’ll get practical insights you can apply for better results in your organization. Discover how to: Design effective tests and run them throughout the product lifecycle Minimize cost and risk with functional tests, and know when to apply structural techniques Measure code complexity to identify bugs and potential maintenance issues Use models to generate test cases, surface unexpected application behavior, and manage risk Know when to employ automated tests, design them for long-term use, and plug into an automation infrastructure Review the hallmarks of great testers—and the tools they use to run tests, probe systems, and track progress efficiently Explore the challenges of testing services vs. shrink-wrapped software
Author: Mike Cohn
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
Release Date: 2004-03-01
Thoroughly reviewed and eagerly anticipated by the agile community, User Stories Applied offers a requirements process that saves time, eliminates rework, and leads directly to better software. The best way to build software that meets users' needs is to begin with "user stories": simple, clear, brief descriptions of functionality that will be valuable to real users. In User Stories Applied, Mike Cohn provides you with a front-to-back blueprint for writing these user stories and weaving them into your development lifecycle. You'll learn what makes a great user story, and what makes a bad one. You'll discover practical ways to gather user stories, even when you can't speak with your users. Then, once you've compiled your user stories, Cohn shows how to organize them, prioritize them, and use them for planning, management, and testing. User role modeling: understanding what users have in common, and where they differ Gathering stories: user interviewing, questionnaires, observation, and workshops Working with managers, trainers, salespeople and other "proxies" Writing user stories for acceptance testing Using stories to prioritize, set schedules, and estimate release costs Includes end-of-chapter practice questions and exercises User Stories Applied will be invaluable to every software developer, tester, analyst, and manager working with any agile method: XP, Scrum... or even your own home-grown approach.
These days, more and more software development projects are being carried out using agile methods like Scrum. Agile software development promises higher software quality, a shorter time to market, and improved focus on customer needs. However, the transition to working within an agile methodology is not easy. Familiar processes and procedures change drastically. Software testing and software quality assurance have a crucial role in ensuring that a software development team, department, or company successfully implements long-term agile development methods and benefits from this framework. This book discusses agile methodology from the perspective of software testing and software quality assurance management. Software development managers, project managers, and quality assurance managers will obtain tips and tricks on how to organize testing and assure quality so that agile projects maintain their impact. Professional certified testers and software quality assurance experts will learn how to work successfully within agile software teams and how best to integrate their expertise. Topics include: Agile methodology and classic process models How to plan an agile project Unit tests and test first approach Integration testing and continuous integration System testing and test nonstop Quality management and quality assurance Also included are five case studies from the manufacturing, online-trade, and software industry as well as test exercises for self-assessment. This book covers the new ISTQB Syllabus for Agile Software Testing and is a relevant resource for all students and trainees worldwide who plan to undertake this ISTQB certification.
Author: Cem Kaner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-08-02
Decades of software testing experience condensed into the most important lessons learned. The world's leading software testing experts lend you their wisdom and years of experience to help you avoid the most common mistakes in testing software. Each lesson is an assertion related to software testing, followed by an explanation or example that shows you the how, when, and why of the testing lesson. More than just tips, tricks, and pitfalls to avoid, Lessons Learned in Software Testing speeds you through the critical testing phase of the software development project without the extensive trial and error it normally takes to do so. The ultimate resource for software testers and developers at every level of expertise, this guidebook features: * Over 200 lessons gleaned from over 30 years of combined testing experience * Tips, tricks, and common pitfalls to avoid by simply reading the book rather than finding out the hard way * Lessons for all key topic areas, including test design, test management, testing strategies, and bug reporting * Explanations and examples of each testing trouble spot help illustrate each lesson's assertion
Author: Matthew Heusser
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2016-04-19
Genre: Business & Economics
Plenty of software testing books tell you how to test well; this one tells you how to do it while decreasing your testing budget. A series of essays written by some of the leading minds in software testing, How to Reduce the Cost of Software Testing provides tips, tactics, and techniques to help readers accelerate the testing process, improve the performance of the test teams, and lower costs. The distinguished team of contributors—that includes corporate test leaders, best paper authors, and keynote speakers from leading software testing conferences—supply concrete suggestions on how to find cost savings without sacrificing outcome. Detailing strategies that testers can immediately put to use to reduce costs, the book explains how to make testing nimble, how to remove bottlenecks in the testing process, and how to locate and track defects efficiently and effectively. Written in language accessible to non-technical executives, as well as those doing the testing, the book considers the latest advances in test automation, ideology, and technology. Rather than present the perspective of one or two experts in software testing, it supplies the wide-ranging perspectives of a team of experts to help ensure your team can deliver a completed test cycle in less time, with more confidence, and reduced costs.
With the urgent demand for rapid turnaround on new software releases--without compromising quality--the testing element of software development must keep pace, requiring a major shift from slow, labor-intensive testing methods to a faster and more thorough automated testing approach. Automated Software Testing is a comprehensive, step-by-step guide to the most effective tools, techniques, and methods for automated testing. Using numerous case studies of successful industry implementations, this book presents everything you need to know to successfully incorporate automated testing into the development process. In particular, this book focuses on the Automated Test Life Cycle Methodology (ATLM), a structured process for designing and executing testing that parallels the Rapid Application Development methodology commonly used today. Automated Software Testing is designed to lead you through each step of this structured program, from the initial decision to implement automated software testing through test planning, execution, and reporting. Included are test automation and test management guidance for: Acquiring management support Test tool evaluation and selection The automated testing introduction process Test effort and test team sizing Test team composition, recruiting, and management Test planning and preparation Test procedure development guidelines Automation reuse analysis and reuse library Best practices for test automation