This volume provides an overview of social science research approaches, methodologies and theories in the area of AIDS research. Topics covered include: the shaping of social representations of AIDS; public attitudes towards AIDS; theoretical problems specific to AIDS management; the organization of self-help services; changes in sexual behaviour and research into sexuality. AIDS: A Problem for Sociological Research will be essential reading for anyone concerned with the social, cultural and political analysis of AIDS.
Author: Cristiana Bastos
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Release Date: 1999
Global Responses to AIDSanalyses the response to AIDS from various groups involved in developing knowledge of and about a health crisis that (a) had unique public scrutiny and media coverage; (b) generated an organised social response from the homosexual communities of the United States; (c) was subject to special programs of the World Health Organisation for global action and intervention; (d) was portrayed by health agencies and the media as having different epidemic patterns from the developed and developing world; (e) coincided with a moment of intensification of trans-national connections, flows of funding, and new communication systems. Rio de Janeiro serves as an observation point for the study of the intersecting worlds of activism, clinical, and biomedical research. Why Rio de Janeiro and not New York City, or other centres of major research laboratories, activist groups, and hospitals? Because in a semi-peripheral setting like Rio, the contrast of the central and peripheral conditions in the production of knowledge readily emerge. This variable has rarely been taken into account in the social study of science, and it became of utmost importance in the response to AIDS. If the 'global approach' to AIDS promoted by WHO was also interactive, it might mean that peripheral knowledge in medicine, such as the developments in infectious diseases that remained a Third World problem, might be relevant to the understanding of many aspects of AIDS. Global Responses to AIDS pursues this issue, examining the different agendas of the groups involved in studying the crisis, the actors, their interacting networks, their power relationships, their practices, and reproduction of knowledge. Cristiana Bastos is a Senior Research Fellow at the Social Sciences Institute, University of Lisbon and is the author of Montes do Nordeste Algarvio and several articles on Algarve and Alentejo.
This interdisciplinary volume of thirty original essays engages with four key concerns of queer theoretical work - identity, discourse, normativity and relationality. The terms ’queer’ and ’theory’ are put under interrogation by a combination of distinguished and emerging scholars from a wide range of international locations, in an effort to map the relations and disjunctions between them. These contributors are especially attendant to the many theoretical discourses intersecting with queer theory, including feminist theory, LGBT studies, postcolonial theory, psychoanalysis, disability studies, Marxism, poststructuralism, critical race studies and posthumanism, to name a few. This Companion provides an up to the minute snapshot of queer scholarship from the past two decades and identifies many current directions queer theorizing is taking, while also signposting several fruitful avenues for future research. This book is both an invaluable and authoritative resource for scholars and an indispensable teaching tool for use in the classroom.
Author: Chloe E. Bird
Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press
Release Date: 2010-11-29
Genre: Social Science
Composed entirely of specially commissioned chapters by some of the outstanding scholars in medical sociology, this edition reflects important changes in the study of health and illness. In addition to updated and reconceived chapters on the impacts of gender, race, and inequality on health, this volume has new chapters on topics that include: --social networks, neighborhoods, and social capital --disability --dying and "the right to die" --health disparities --the growing influence of the pharmaceutical industry --the internet --evidence-based medicine and quality of care --health social movements --genetics --religion, spirituality, and health
Aging Men, Masculinities and Modern Medicine explores the multiple socio-historical contexts surrounding men’s aging bodies in modern medicine from a global perspective. The first of its kind, it investigates the interrelated aspects of aging, masculinities and biomedicine, allowing for a timely reconsideration of the conceptualisation of aging men within the recent explosion of social science studies on men’s health and biotechnologies including anti-aging perspectives. This book discusses both healthy and diseased states of aging men in medical practices, bringing together theoretical and empirical conceptualisations. Divided into four parts it covers: Historical epistemology of aging, bodies and masculinity and the way in which the social sciences have theorised the aging body and gender. Material practices and processes by which biotechnology, medical assemblages and men’s aging bodies relate to concepts of health and illness. Aging experience and its impact upon male sexuality and identity. The importance of men’s roles and identities in care-giving situations and medical practices. Highlighting how aging men’s bodies serve as trajectories for understanding wider issues of masculinity, and the way in which men’s social status and men’s roles are made in medical cultures, this innovative volume offers a multidisciplinary dialogue between sociology of health and illness, anthropology of the body and gender studies.
Author: Jennifer Hillman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-03-27
Despite continuing ageist beliefs that sexuality is a privilege designed only for the young and physically healthy, research continues to indicate that the majority of older adults maintain interest in sexuality and may engage in fulfilling sexual behavior well into their last decade of life. Unfortunately, many professionals remain unaware of general knowledge of elderly sexuality, including the expected and normal physiological changes that can occur within the context of both male and female aging. The presence of chronic illness and other medical problems certainly can influence the expression of an aging adult’s sexuality, and emergent research suggests that there are effective ways to cope with menopause, heart disease, arthritis, incontinence, diabetes, sleep disorders, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and erectile dysfunction (ED), among others. Dramatic changes have taken place within the last decade alone in terms of non-surgical treatment for incontinence and ED, with forms of sex therapy, biofeedback, and PDE-5 inhibitors. Regrettably, many aging adults and their care providers remain unaware of their increased risk factors for STDs, including HIV infection via lack of knowledge, changes in the vaginal lining, and typical declines in immune function. Estimates suggest that by the year 2020, more than half of all individuals living with HIV will be over the age of 50. Although some high quality professional books are available for clinicians, they tend to be disjointed research bibliographies, edited volumes on a narrowly focused aspect of elderly sexuality, or texts that are more than 10 years old. With the extent of new information available regarding sexuality and aging, an up to date, empirically based text is necessary.
Author: Joan Huber
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Health & Fitness
Theoretical models for understanding AIDS in relation to society and the general question of high risk sexual practice, often the means of transmission of the virus, are among the issues discussed in this volume. It also explores the social context of policy and programme development in fighting AIDS - organizing drug users, forced blood-testing and family support groups, for example. Versions of these articles were originally delivered as papers in thematic sessions of the 1989 American Sociological Association annual meeting. Collectively, they represent the cutting edge of sociological work on the AIDS crisis.
Dimensions of Social Exclusion focuses largely on social exclusion in the context of communities and social groups who have or have not been considered in discussing the benefits of mainstream inclusive society or development. Contemporary understanding of social exclusion has revived great interest among academics, researchers and policy makers in understanding problems from the perspectives of social exclusion. The decision to adopt the perspective of social exclusion has not been universal; rather the nature of this is very heterogeneous. In addition, the concept of social exclusion is not static; in reality, it is a process. The process is seen in the marginalization and discrimination of people in their everyday lives and interactions. The term ‘exclusion’ has become a part of the vocabulary in Europe and other developing societies like ‘poverty’ or ‘unemployment’; it is one of those words which seem to have both an everyday meaning and an underlying sense. It emphasizes the social aspects of concerns such as housing, health, employment, education, participation in social activities and festivities, social interaction and social intercourse. It excludes certain communities and groups from interaction and access to social resources through social arrangements, normative value systems and customs. Exclusion based on caste is one example and patriarchy is another, which is a form of systemic or constitutive exclusion. Having social, cultural, political and economic ramifications, it is also a complex and multi-dimensional concept. These dimensions are interwoven and are addressed in the different papers of the volume. This book revolves around the societal interventions and institutions that exclude, discriminate, isolate and deprive some groups on the basis of group identities such as caste or ethnicity. It covers a wide spectrum of societies and communities living in various cultural environments. The multidisciplinary nature of the book will render it helpful to students and researchers of sociology, anthropology, historical and political studies, demography, social work and gender studies in particular and the humanities in general.