This book, based on lectures presented in courses on algebraic geometry taught by the author at Purdue University, is intended for engineers and scientists (especially computer scientists), as well as graduate students and advanced undergraduates in mathematics. In addition to providing a concrete or algorithmic approach to algebraic geometry, the author also attempts to motivate and explain its link to more modern algebraic geometry based on abstract algebra.The book covers various topics in the theory of algebraic curves and surfaces, such as rational and polynomial parametrization, functions and differentials on a curve, branches and valuations, and resolution of singularities. The emphasis is on presenting heuristic ideas and suggestive arguments rather than formal proofs. Readers will gain new insight into the subject of algebraic geometry in a way that should increase appreciation of modern treatments of the subject, as well as enhance its utility in applications in science and industry.
Author: Steven Dale Cutkosky
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date: 2018-06-01
Genre: Geometry, Algebraic
This book presents a readable and accessible introductory course in algebraic geometry, with most of the fundamental classical results presented with complete proofs. An emphasis is placed on developing connections between geometric and algebraic aspects of the theory. Differences between the theory in characteristic and positive characteristic are emphasized. The basic tools of classical and modern algebraic geometry are introduced, including varieties, schemes, singularities, sheaves, sheaf cohomology, and intersection theory. Basic classical results on curves and surfaces are proved. More advanced topics such as ramification theory, Zariski's main theorem, and Bertini's theorems for general linear systems are presented, with proofs, in the final chapters. With more than 200 exercises, the book is an excellent resource for teaching and learning introductory algebraic geometry.
Author: Wolmer Vasconcelos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2004-05-18
This ACM volume deals with tackling problems that can be represented by data structures which are essentially matrices with polynomial entries, mediated by the disciplines of commutative algebra and algebraic geometry. The discoveries stem from an interdisciplinary branch of research which has been growing steadily over the past decade. The author covers a wide range, from showing how to obtain deep heuristics in a computation of a ring, a module or a morphism, to developing means of solving nonlinear systems of equations - highlighting the use of advanced techniques to bring down the cost of computation. Although intended for advanced students and researchers with interests both in algebra and computation, many parts may be read by anyone with a basic abstract algebra course.
Author: Valla Giuseppe
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 1994-08-19
In a relatively short time, commutative algebra has grown in many directions. Over a period of nearly fifty years starting from the so-called homological period till today, the area has developed into a rich laboratory of methods, structures and problem-solving tools.One could say a distinct modern trend of commutative algebra is a strong interaction with various aspects of Combinatorics and Computer Algebra. This has resulted in a new sense of measuring for old assumptions, and a better understanding of old results.At the same time, Invariant Theory and Algebraic Geometry remain constituents of an everlasting classical source, responsible for important themes that have been developed in Commutative Algebra — such as deformation, linkage, algebraic tori and determinantal rings, etc.This volume of proceedings is well-entrenched on the lines of development outlined above. As such, it aims to keep researchers and mathematicians well-informed of the developments in the field.
Author: J. W.P. Hirschfeld
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release Date: 2013-03-25
This book provides an accessible and self-contained introduction to the theory of algebraic curves over a finite field, a subject that has been of fundamental importance to mathematics for many years and that has essential applications in areas such as finite geometry, number theory, error-correcting codes, and cryptology. Unlike other books, this one emphasizes the algebraic geometry rather than the function field approach to algebraic curves. The authors begin by developing the general theory of curves over any field, highlighting peculiarities occurring for positive characteristic and requiring of the reader only basic knowledge of algebra and geometry. The special properties that a curve over a finite field can have are then discussed. The geometrical theory of linear series is used to find estimates for the number of rational points on a curve, following the theory of Stöhr and Voloch. The approach of Hasse and Weil via zeta functions is explained, and then attention turns to more advanced results: a state-of-the-art introduction to maximal curves over finite fields is provided; a comprehensive account is given of the automorphism group of a curve; and some applications to coding theory and finite geometry are described. The book includes many examples and exercises. It is an indispensable resource for researchers and the ideal textbook for graduate students.
Author: Peter G. Casazza
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-09-13
Hilbert space frames have long served as a valuable tool for signal and image processing due to their resilience to additive noise, quantization, and erasures, as well as their ability to capture valuable signal characteristics. More recently, finite frame theory has grown into an important research topic in its own right, with a myriad of applications to pure and applied mathematics, engineering, computer science, and other areas. The number of research publications, conferences, and workshops on this topic has increased dramatically over the past few years, but no survey paper or monograph has yet appeared on the subject. Edited by two of the leading experts in the field, Finite Frames aims to fill this void in the literature by providing a comprehensive, systematic study of finite frame theory and applications. With carefully selected contributions written by highly experienced researchers, it covers topics including: * Finite Frame Constructions; * Optimal Erasure Resilient Frames; * Quantization of Finite Frames; * Finite Frames and Compressed Sensing; * Group and Gabor Frames; * Fusion Frames. Despite the variety of its chapters' source and content, the book's notation and terminology are unified throughout and provide a definitive picture of the current state of frame theory. With a broad range of applications and a clear, full presentation, this book is a highly valuable resource for graduate students and researchers across disciplines such as applied harmonic analysis, electrical engineering, quantum computing, medicine, and more. It is designed to be used as a supplemental textbook, self-study guide, or reference book.
Author: André Weil
Release Date: 2013-09-03
Mein Leben, oder zumindest das, was diesen Namen verdient -ein außer gewöhnlich glückliches Leben mit einigen Schicksalsschlägen -erstreckte sich auf die Zeit zwischen dem 6. Mai 1906, dem Tag meiner Geburt, und dem 24. Mai 1986, dem Todestag meiner Frau und Gefährtin Eveline. Wenn auf diesen Seiten, die ihr gewidmet sind, von meiner Frau recht wenig die Rede sein wird, heißt das nicht, daß sie in meinem Leben und in meinen Gedanken einen geringen Platz eingenommen hätte. Sie war im Gegenteil, beinahe vom Tag unserer ersten Begegnung an, so eng damit verwoben, daß von mir oder von ihr zu sprechen ein und dasselbe ist. Ihre Anwesenheit beziehungsweise ihre Abwesenheit bestimmte die Textur meines ganzen Lebens. Was könnte ich anderes dazu sagen, als daß unsere Ehe eine von jenen war, die La Rochefoucauld Lügen strafen? »Fulsere vere candidi mihi soles . . . . « Ebenso wird meine Schwester kaum erwähnt werden. Es ist schon lange her, daß ich meine Erinnerungen an sie Simone Petrement mitgeteilt habe, die sie in ihre gute Biographie La vie de Simone Weil einfließen ließ, wo man viele Einzelheiten über unsere gemeinsame Kindheit erfahren kann, und es wäre unnötig, dies hier zu wiederholen. Als Kinder waren wir unzertrennlich, aber ich war der große Bruder und sie die kleine Schwester. Später waren wir selten zusammen, und meist sprachen wir in scherzhaftem Ton miteinander, denn sie hatte ein fröhliches und humorvolles Naturell, wie alle, die sie kannten, bestätigt haben.
Author: J.M. Selig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-12-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering
* Provides an elegant introduction to the geometric concepts that are important to applications in robotics * Includes significant state-of-the art material that reflects important advances, connecting robotics back to mathematical fundamentals in group theory and geometry * An invaluable reference that serves a wide audience of grad students and researchers in mechanical engineering, computer science, and applied mathematics