Amenability

Author: Alan L. T. Paterson
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821809853
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Mathematics

The subject of amenability has its roots in the work of Lebesgue at the turn of the century. In the 1940s, the subject began to shift from finitely additive measures to means. This shift is of fundamental importance, for it makes the substantial resources of functional analysis and abstract harmonic analysis available to the study of amenability. The ubiquity of amenability ideas and the depth of the mathematics involved points to the fundamental importance of the subject. This book presents a comprehensive and coherent account of amenability as it has been developed in the large and varied literature during this century. The book has a broad appeal, for it presents an account of the subject based on harmonic and functional analysis. In addition, the analytic techniques should be of considerable interest to analysts in all areas.In addition, the book contains applications of amenability to a number of areas: combinatorial group theory, semigroup theory, statistics, differential geometry, Lie groups, ergodic theory, cohomology, and operator algebras. The main objectives of the book are to provide an introduction to the subject as a whole and to go into many of its topics in some depth. The book begins with an informal, nontechnical account of amenability from its origins in the work of Lebesgue.The initial chapters establish the basic theory of amenability and provide a detailed treatment of invariant, finitely additive measures (i.e., invariant means) on locally compact groups. The author then discusses amenability for Lie groups, 'almost invariant' properties of certain subsets of an amenable group, amenability and ergodic theorems, polynomial growth, and invariant mean cardinalities. Also included are detailed discussions of the two most important achievements in amenability in the 1980s: the solutions to von Neumann's conjecture and the Banach-Ruziewicz Problem. The main prerequisites for this book are a sound understanding of undergraduate-level mathematics and a knowledge of abstract harmonic analysis and functional analysis. The book is suitable for use in graduate courses, and the lists of problems in each chapter may be useful as student exercises.

Ergodic Theory

Author: David Kerr
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319498478
Release Date: 2017-03-10
Genre: Mathematics

This book provides an introduction to the ergodic theory and topological dynamics of actions of countable groups. It is organized around the theme of probabilistic and combinatorial independence, and highlights the complementary roles of the asymptotic and the perturbative in its comprehensive treatment of the core concepts of weak mixing, compactness, entropy, and amenability. The more advanced material includes Popa's cocycle superrigidity, the Furstenberg-Zimmer structure theorem, and sofic entropy. The structure of the book is designed to be flexible enough to serve a variety of readers. The discussion of dynamics is developed from scratch assuming some rudimentary functional analysis, measure theory, and topology, and parts of the text can be used as an introductory course. Researchers in ergodic theory and related areas will also find the book valuable as a reference.

Fractal Geometry and Stochastics IV

Author: Christoph Bandt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3034600305
Release Date: 2010-01-08
Genre: Mathematics

Over the last fifteen years fractal geometry has established itself as a substantial mathematical theory in its own right. The interplay between fractal geometry, analysis and stochastics has highly influenced recent developments in mathematical modeling of complicated structures. This process has been forced by problems in these areas related to applications in statistical physics, biomathematics and finance. This book is a collection of survey articles covering many of the most recent developments, like Schramm-Loewner evolution, fractal scaling limits, exceptional sets for percolation, and heat kernels on fractals. The authors were the keynote speakers at the conference "Fractal Geometry and Stochastics IV" at Greifswald in September 2008.

Ramsey Theory for Product Spaces

Author: Pandelis Dodos
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470428082
Release Date: 2016-05-16
Genre: Combinatorial analysis

Ramsey theory is a dynamic area of combinatorics that has various applications in analysis, ergodic theory, logic, number theory, probability theory, theoretical computer science, and topological dynamics. This book is devoted to one of the most important areas of Ramsey theory—the Ramsey theory of product spaces. It is a culmination of a series of recent breakthroughs by the two authors and their students who were able to lift this theory to the infinite-dimensional case. The book presents many major results and methods in the area, such as Szemerédi's regularity method, the hypergraph removal lemma, and the density Hales–Jewett theorem. This book addresses researchers in combinatorics but also working mathematicians and advanced graduate students who are interested in Ramsey theory. The prerequisites for reading this book are rather minimal: it only requires familiarity, at the graduate level, with probability theory and real analysis. Some familiarity with the basics of Ramsey theory would be beneficial, though not necessary.

First European Congress of Mathematics Paris July 6 10 1992

Author: Anthony Joseph
Publisher: Nelson Thornes
ISBN: 3764327995
Release Date: 1994-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

Table of Contents: D. Duffie: Martingales, Arbitrage, and Portfolio Choice • J. Fröhlich: Mathematical Aspects of the Quantum Hall Effect • M. Giaquinta: Analytic and Geometric Aspects of Variational Problems for Vector Valued Mappings • U. Hamenstädt: Harmonic Measures for Leafwise Elliptic Operators Along Foliations • M. Kontsevich: Feynman Diagrams and Low-Dimensional Topology • S.B. Kuksin: KAM-Theory for Partial Differential Equations • M. Laczkovich: Paradoxical Decompositions: A Survey of Recent Results • J.-F. Le Gall: A Path-Valued Markov Process and its Connections with Partial Differential Equations • I. Madsen: The Cyclotomic Trace in Algebraic K-Theory • A.S. Merkurjev: Algebraic K-Theory and Galois Cohomology • J. Nekovár: Values of L-Functions and p-Adic Cohomology • Y.A. Neretin: Mantles, Trains and Representations of Infinite Dimensional Groups • M.A. Nowak: The Evolutionary Dynamics of HIV Infections • R. Piene: On the Enumeration of Algebraic Curves - from Circles to Instantons • A. Quarteroni: Mathematical Aspects of Domain Decomposition Methods • A. Schrijver: Paths in Graphs and Curves on Surfaces • B. Silverman: Function Estimation and Functional Data Analysis • V. Strassen: Algebra and Complexity • P. Tukia: Generalizations of Fuchsian and Kleinian Groups • C. Viterbo: Properties of Embedded Lagrange Manifolds • D. Voiculescu: Alternative Entropies in Operator Algebras • M. Wodzicki : Algebraic K-Theory and Functional Analysis • D. Zagier: Values of Zeta Functions and Their Applications

Dynamical Systems

Author: Albert Fathi
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521860680
Release Date: 2006-02-02
Genre: Mathematics

A collection of up-to-date research and classic papers reflecting the work of Michael Herman.

Banach Algebras and Their Applications

Author: Anthony To-Ming Lau
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821834718
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Mathematics

This proceedings volume is from the international conference on Banach algebras and their applications held at the University of Alberta (Edmonton). It contains a collection of refereed research papers and high-level expository articles that offer a panorama of Banach algebra theory and its manifold applications. Topics in the book range from $K$-theory to abstract harmonic analysis to operator theory. It is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in Banach algebras.

Crossed Products of C algebras

Author: Dana P. Williams
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821842423
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Mathematics

The theory of crossed products is extremely rich and intriguing. There are applications not only to operator algebras, but to subjects as varied as noncommutative geometry and mathematical physics. This book provides a detailed introduction to this vast subject suitable for graduate students and others whose research has contact with crossed product $C*$-algebras. In addition to providing the basic definitions and results, the main focus of this book is the fine ideal structure of crossed products as revealed by the study of induced representations via the Green-Mackey-Rieffel machine. In particular, there is an in-depth analysis of the imprimitivity theorems on which Rieffel's theory of induced representations and Morita equivalence of $C*$-algebras are based. There is also a detailed treatment of the generalized Effros-Hahn conjecture and its proof due to Gootman, Rosenberg, and Sauvageot. This book is meant to be self-contained and accessible to any graduate student coming out of a first course on operator algebras. There are appendices that deal with ancillary subjects, which while not central to the subject, are nevertheless crucial for a complete understanding of the material. Some of the appendices will be of independent interest. To view another book by this author, please visit Morita Equivalence and Continuous-Trace $C*$-Algebras.

Partial Dynamical Systems Fell Bundles and Applications

Author: Ruy Exel
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470437855
Release Date: 2017-09-20
Genre: Banach spaces

Partial dynamical systems, originally developed as a tool to study algebras of operators in Hilbert spaces, has recently become an important branch of algebra. Its most powerful results allow for understanding structural properties of algebras, both in the purely algebraic and in the C*-contexts, in terms of the dynamical properties of certain systems which are often hiding behind algebraic structures. The first indication that the study of an algebra using partial dynamical systems may be helpful is the presence of a grading. While the usual theory of graded algebras often requires gradings to be saturated, the theory of partial dynamical systems is especially well suited to treat nonsaturated graded algebras which are in fact the source of the notion of “partiality”. One of the main results of the book states that every graded algebra satisfying suitable conditions may be reconstructed from a partial dynamical system via a process called the partial crossed product. Running in parallel with partial dynamical systems, partial representations of groups are also presented and studied in depth. In addition to presenting main theoretical results, several specific examples are analyzed, including Wiener–Hopf algebras and graph C*-algebras.

Ergodic Theory via Joinings

Author: Eli Glasner
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9781470419516
Release Date: 2015-01-09
Genre:

This book introduces modern ergodic theory. It emphasizes a new approach that relies on the technique of joining two (or more) dynamical systems. This approach has proved to be fruitful in many recent works, and this is the first time that the entire theory is presented from a joining perspective. Another new feature of the book is the presentation of basic definitions of ergodic theory in terms of the Koopman unitary representation associated with a dynamical system and the invariant mean on matrix coefficients, which exists for any acting groups, amenable or not. Accordingly, the first part of the book treats the ergodic theory for an action of an arbitrary countable group. The second part, which deals with entropy theory, is confined (for the sake of simplicity) to the classical case of a single measure-preserving transformation on a Lebesgue probability space.

Groups St Andrews 2005

Author: C. M. Campbell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521694698
Release Date: 2007-01-04
Genre: Mathematics

Selected papers from 'Groups St Andrews 2005' cover a wide spectrum of modern group theory.