An Introduction to Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Stanley I. Sandler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470913475
Release Date: 2010-11-15
Genre: Science

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Statistical Mechanics

Author: B. Widom
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521009669
Release Date: 2002-04-18
Genre: Science

This is a 2002 introduction to statistical mechanics, intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students.

Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Bimalendu N. Roy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470843160
Release Date: 2002-03-01
Genre: Science

Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics provides a comprehensive introduction to this pivotal subject. Starting from basics, the book begins with a thorough introduction to the field, providing concise definitions and an overview of thermodynamics and its applications. The book discusses the fundamentals of classical equilibrium thermodynamics, thermal physics, kinetic theory and statistical mechanics. This comprehensive coverage enables the reader to understand not only the interrelationships between these subjects but also encourages an ability to interpret the thermodynamic quantities and laws in terms of statistical mechanics. Beginning with a detailed discussion of the four laws of thermodynamics the text introduces more advanced topics in later chapters, such as applications of the first and second laws, free energy and chemical equilibria, and equilibrium statististical mechanics and applications. Uniquely, this text includes a large number of worked examples throughout, with a range of problems at the end of each chapter and their solutions all at the end of the book. The most fundamental concepts of the subject are emphasised throughout and new derivations of many of the standard formulae have been developed to avoid excessive mathematical rigour. Fundamentals of Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics: * Provides a comprehensive introduction to the field, covering both classical and statistical thermodynamics. * Includes numerous worked examples and end of chapter problems with answers provided at the back of the book. * Covers the essentials of the subject combined with cutting-edge material such as non-linear chemical physics, critical phenomena and transport theory. * Ensures the necessary mathematics are limited to simple derivatives and integrals. Suitable for all undergraduate students of physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. Will also be an ideal reference book for those working within science and engineering.

Non equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Xavier de Hemptinne
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9810209266
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Science

This book stresses the role of uncorrelated exchange of properties between macroscopic systems and their surroundings as the only source of dynamic irreversibility. To that end, fundamentals of statistical thermodynamics extended to the non-equilibrium are worked out carefully. The principles are then applied to selected problems in classical fluid dynamics. Transport coefficients are first derived from basic laws. This is followed by a full discussion of transitions to dissipative structures in selected systems far removed from equilibrium (B‚nard and Taylor vortices, calculation of the critical Reynolds number for transition to turbulence in Poiseuille flow). The final part focuses on interaction of matter with light. Fundamentals are extended towards quantum-mechanical systems. Applied to coherent radiation and its interaction with matter, the proposed thermodynamic treatment introduces an original discussion into the quantum nature of micro-physics.The book questions and reconsiders a deeply rooted paradigm in macroscopic dynamics concerning the cause of irreversibility. The new proposal is illustrated by application to a couple of well documented non-equilibrium domains, namely fluid dynamics and laser physics.

Applied Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Klaus Lucas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783662016480
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Science

The book guides the reader from the foundations of statisti- cal thermodynamics including the theory of intermolecular forces to modern computer-aided applications in chemical en- gineering and physical chemistry. The approach is new. The foundations of quantum and statistical mechanics are presen- ted in a simple way and their applications to the prediction of fluid phase behavior of real systems are demonstrated. A particular effort is made to introduce the reader to expli- cit formulations of intermolecular interaction models and to show how these models influence the properties of fluid sy- stems. The established methods of statistical mechanics - computer simulation, perturbation theory, and numerical in- tegration - are discussed in a style appropriate for newcom- ers and are extensively applied. Numerous worked examples illustrate how practical calculations should be carried out.

Quantenphysik in der Nanowelt

Author: Hans Lüth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540710431
Release Date: 2008-10-20
Genre: Science

Das Buch behandelt die wesentlichen Aspekte der nichtrelativistischen Quantenphysik bis hin zur Quantisierung von Feldern. Der Autor stellt modernste Experimente, vor allem auf dem Gebiet der Nanoelektronik vor und zeigt den Bezug zu anderen wichtigen Feldern wie Elementarteilchenphysik und Kernspintomographie auf. Wegen der geringen Voraussetzungen, die auf dem Gebiet der komplexen Mathematik verlangt werden, eignet sich das Buch als Einführung in das Gebiet der Quantenphysik – ob für Naturwissenschaftler, Ingenieure, Informatiker oder Philosophen.

An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Author: Keith Stowe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139462853
Release Date: 2007-05-10
Genre: Science

This introductory textbook for standard undergraduate courses in thermodynamics has been completely rewritten to explore a greater number of topics, more clearly and concisely. Starting with an overview of important quantum behaviours, the book teaches students how to calculate probabilities in order to provide a firm foundation for later chapters. It introduces the ideas of classical thermodynamics and explores them both in general and as they are applied to specific processes and interactions. The remainder of the book deals with statistical mechanics. Each topic ends with a boxed summary of ideas and results, and every chapter contains numerous homework problems, covering a broad range of difficulties. Answers are given to odd-numbered problems, and solutions to even-numbered problems are available to instructors at www.cambridge.org/9781107694927.

Perspectives on Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Yoshitsugu Oono
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107154018
Release Date: 2017-11-30
Genre: Science

This original text develops a deep, conceptual understanding of thermal physics and highlights the important links between statistical physics and classical thermodynamics. It examines how thermal physics fits within physics as a whole, and is perfect for undergraduate and graduate students, and researchers interested in a fresh approach to the subject.

Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Equilibria

Author: John M. Prausnitz
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9780132440509
Release Date: 1998-10-22
Genre: Science

The classic guide to mixtures, completely updated with new models, theories, examples, and data. Efficient separation operations and many other chemical processes depend upon a thorough understanding of the properties of gaseous and liquid mixtures. Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria, Third Edition is a systematic, practical guide to interpreting, correlating, and predicting thermodynamic properties used in mixture-related phase-equilibrium calculations. Completely updated, this edition reflects the growing maturity of techniques grounded in applied statistical thermodynamics and molecular simulation, while relying on classical thermodynamics, molecular physics, and physical chemistry wherever these fields offer superior solutions. Detailed new coverage includes: Techniques for improving separation processes and making them more environmentally friendly. Theoretical concepts enabling the description and interpretation of solution properties. New models, notably the lattice-fluid and statistical associated-fluid theories. Polymer solutions, including gas-polymer equilibria, polymer blends, membranes, and gels. Electrolyte solutions, including semi-empirical models for solutions containing salts or volatile electrolytes. Coverage also includes: fundamentals of classical thermodynamics of phase equilibria; thermodynamic properties from volumetric data; intermolecular forces; fugacities in gas and liquid mixtures; solubilities of gases and solids in liquids; high-pressure phase equilibria; virial coefficients for quantum gases; and much more. Throughout, Molecular Thermodynamics of Fluid-Phase Equilibria strikes a perfect balance between empirical techniques and theory, and is replete with useful examples and experimental data. More than ever, it is the essential resource for engineers, chemists, and other professionals working with mixtures and related processes.

Fundamentals of Classical Statistical Thermodynamics

Author: Denis James Evans
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527410736
Release Date: 2016-07-12
Genre: Science

Both a comprehensive overview and a treatment at the appropriate level of detail, this textbook explains thermodynamics and generalizes the subject so it can be applied to small nano- or biosystems, arbitrarily far from or close to equilibrium. In addition, nonequilibrium free energy theorems are covered with a rigorous exposition of each one. Throughout, the authors stress the physical concepts along with the mathematical derivations. For researchers and students in physics, chemistry, materials science and molecular biology, this is a useful text for postgraduate courses in statistical mechanics, thermodynamics and molecular simulations, while equally serving as a reference for university teachers and researchers in these fields.

A Farewell to Entropy

Author: Arieh Ben-Naim
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812707062
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Science

The principal message of this book is that thermodynamics and statistical mechanics will benefit from replacing the unfortunate, misleading and mysterious term ?entropy? with a more familiar, meaningful and appropriate term such as information, missing information or uncertainty. This replacement would facilitate the interpretation of the ?driving force? of many processes in terms of informational changes and dispel the mystery that has always enshrouded entropy.It has been 140 years since Clausius coined the term ?entropy?; almost 50 years since Shannon developed the mathematical theory of ?information? ? subsequently renamed ?entropy.? In this book, the author advocates replacing ?entropy? by ?information,? a term that has become widely used in many branches of science.The author also takes a new and bold approach to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. Information is used not only as a tool for predicting distributions but as the fundamental cornerstone concept of thermodynamics, held until now by the term ?entropy.? The topics covered include the fundamentals of probability and information theory; the general concept of information as well as the particular concept of information as applied in thermodynamics; the re-derivation of the Sackur?Tetrode equation for the entropy of an ideal gas from purely informational arguments; the fundamental formalism of statistical mechanics; and many examples of simple processes the ?driving force? for which is analyzed in terms of information.