An Introduction to Error Analysis

Author: John Robert Taylor
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company
ISBN: 093570275X
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Mathematics

The need for error analysis is captured in the book's arresting cover shot - of the 1895 Paris train disaster. The early chapters teach elementary techniques of error propagation and statistical analysis to enable students to produce successful lab reports. Later chapters treat a number of more advanced mathematical topics, with many examples from mechanics and optics. End-of-chapter problems include many that call for use of calculators or computers, and numerous figures help readers visualise uncertainties using error bars.

Data Reduction and Error Analysis for the Physical Sciences

Author: Philip R. Bevington
Publisher:
ISBN: 0071199268
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Data reduction

The purpose of this book is to provide an introduction to the concepts of statistical analysis of data for students at the undergraduate and graduate level, and to provide tools for data reduction and error analysis commonly required in the physical sciences. The presentation is developed from a practical point of view, including enough derivation to justify the results, but emphasizing methods of handling data more than theory. The text provides a variety of numerical and graphical techniques. Computer programs that support these techniques will be available on an accompanying website in both Fortran and C++.

Measurements and Their Uncertainties

Author: Ifan Hughes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199566327
Release Date: 2010-07-01
Genre: Mathematics

This short book is primarily intended to be used in undergraduate laboratories in the physical sciences. No prior knowledge of statistics is assumed, with the necessary concepts introduced where needed, and illustrated graphically. In contrast to traditional treatments a combination of spreadsheet and calculus-based approaches is used. Error analysis is introduced at a level accessible to school leavers, and carried through to research level. The emphasisthroughout is on practical strategies to be adopted in the laboratory. Error calculation and propagation is presented though a series of rules-of-thumb, look-up tables and approaches amenable to computeranalysis.

200 Puzzling Physics Problems

Author: P. Gnädig
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521774802
Release Date: 2001-08-13
Genre: Science

This book contains instructive, challenging and fun physics problems for students at all levels.

A Student s Guide to Data and Error Analysis

Author: Herman J. C. Berendsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139497855
Release Date: 2011-04-07
Genre: Technology & Engineering

All students taking laboratory courses within the physical sciences and engineering will benefit from this book, whilst researchers will find it an invaluable reference. This concise, practical guide brings the reader up-to-speed on the proper handling and presentation of scientific data and its inaccuracies. It covers all the vital topics with practical guidelines, computer programs (in Python), and recipes for handling experimental errors and reporting experimental data. In addition to the essentials, it also provides further background material for advanced readers who want to understand how the methods work. Plenty of examples, exercises and solutions are provided to aid and test understanding, whilst useful data, tables and formulas are compiled in a handy section for easy reference.

Dealing with Uncertainties

Author: Manfred Drosg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642013843
Release Date: 2009-07-30
Genre: Science

Dealing with Uncertainties is an innovative monograph that lays special emphasis on the deductive approach to uncertainties and on the shape of uncertainty distributions. This perspective has the potential for dealing with the uncertainty of a single data point and with sets of data that have different weights. It is shown that the inductive approach that is commonly used to estimate uncertainties is in fact not suitable for these two cases. The approach that is used to understand the nature of uncertainties is novel in that it is completely decoupled from measurements. Uncertainties which are the consequence of modern science provide a measure of confidence both in scientific data and in information in everyday life. Uncorrelated uncertainties and correlated uncertainties are fully covered and the weakness of using statistical weights in regression analysis is discussed. The text is abundantly illustrated with examples and includes more than 150 problems to help the reader master the subject.

Building Scientific Apparatus

Author: John H. Moore
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521878586
Release Date: 2009-06-25
Genre: Mathematics

Unrivalled in its coverage and unique in its hands-on approach, this guide to the design and construction of scientific apparatus is essential reading for every scientist and student of engineering, and physical, chemical, and biological sciences. Covering the physical principles governing the operation of the mechanical, optical and electronic parts of an instrument, new sections on detectors, low-temperature measurements, high-pressure apparatus, and updated engineering specifications, as well as 400 figures and tables, have been added to this edition. Data on the properties of materials and components used by manufacturers are included. Mechanical, optical, and electronic construction techniques carried out in the lab, as well as those let out to specialized shops, are also described. Step-by-step instruction supported by many detailed figures, is given for laboratory skills such as soldering electrical components, glassblowing, brazing, and polishing.

Classical Mechanics

Author: John Robert Taylor
Publisher: University Science Books
ISBN: 189138922X
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Science

'Classical Mechanics' is intended for students who have studied some mechanics in an introductory physics course. A particular highlight is the chapter on chaos, which focuses on a few simple systems to give truly comprehensible coverage.

The Uncertainty in Physical Measurements

Author: Paolo Fornasini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387786503
Release Date: 2008-09-18
Genre: Science

The scienti c method is based on the measurement of di erent physical qu- tities and the search for relations between their values. All measured values of physical quantities are, however, a ected by uncertainty. Understanding the origin of uncertainty, evaluating its extent, and suitably taking it into account in data analysis, are fundamental steps for assessing the global accuracy of physical laws and the degree of reliability of their technological applications. The introduction to uncertainty evaluation and data analysis procedures is generally made in laboratory courses for freshmen. During my long-lasting teaching experience, I had the feeling of some sort of gap between the ava- able tutorial textbooks, and the specialized monographs. The present work aims at lling this gap, and has been tested and modi ed through a feedback interaction with my students for several years. I have tried to maintain as much as possible a tutorial approach, that, starting from a phenomenolo- cal introduction, progressively leads to an accurate de nition of uncertainty and to some of the most common procedures of data analysis, facilitating the access to advanced monographs. This book is mainly addressed to - dergraduate students, but can be a useful reference for researchers and for secondary school teachers. The book is divided into three parts and a series of appendices. Part I is devoted to a phenomenological introduction to measurement and uncertainty. In Chap.

Physics of the Life Sciences

Author: Jay Newman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387772592
Release Date: 2010-03-23
Genre: Science

Each chapter has three types of learning aides for students: open-ended questions, multiple-choice questions, and quantitative problems. There is an average of about 50 per chapter. There are also a number of worked examples in the chapters, averaging over 5 per chapter, and almost 600 photos and line drawings.

The Mental Corpus

Author: John R. Taylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199290802
Release Date: 2012-05-03
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

John Taylor argues that an individual's knowledge of a language is a repository of memories. Similarities between items lead to generalizations then used to generate new expressions. He makes a compelling contribution to understanding language and the operations of the mind. The book will appeal to linguists, philosophers, and cognitive scientists.

Statistics for Nuclear and Particle Physicists

Author: Louis Lyons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316101636
Release Date: 1989-04-06
Genre: Science

This book, written by a non-statistician for non-statisticians, emphasises the practical approach to those problems in statistics which arise regularly in data analysis situations in nuclear and high-energy physics experiments. Rather than concentrating on formal proofs of theorems, an abundant use of simple examples illustrates the general ideas which are presented, showing the reader how to obtain the maximum information from the data in the simplest manner. Possible difficulties with the various techniques, and pitfalls to be avoided, are also discussed. Based on a series of lectures given by the author to both students and staff at Oxford, this common-sense approach to statistics will enable nuclear physicists to understand better how to do justice to their data in both analysis and interpretation.

Modern Physics for Scientists and Engineers

Author: John R. Taylor
Publisher: Univ Science Books
ISBN: 1938787757
Release Date: 2014-12-15
Genre: Science

With more than 100 years of combined teaching experience and PhDs in particle, nuclear, and condensed-matter physics, these three authors could hardly be better qualified to write this introduction to modern physics. They have combined their award-winning teaching skills with their experience writing best-selling textbooks to produce a readable and comprehensive account of the physics that has developed over the last hundred years and led to today's ubiquitous technology. Assuming the knowledge of a typical freshman course in classical physics, they lead the reader through relativity, quantum mechanics, and the most important applications of both of these fascinating theories.For Adopting Professors, a detailed Instructors Manual is also available.