Author: Dougal Drysdale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-08-24
Genre: Technology & Engineering
"Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about everything you need to know about fire science." (Review of An Introduction to Fire Dynamics, 2nd Edition) After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate and postgraduate students to practising fire safety engineers and fire prevention officers, An Introduction to Fire Dynamics is unique in that it addresses the fundamentals of fire science and fire dynamics, thus providing the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. An Introduction to Fire Dynamics Includes experimental data relevant to the understanding of fire behaviour of materials; Features numerical problems with answers illustrating the quantitative applications of the concepts presented; Extensively course-tested at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of Edinburgh, and widely adopted throughout the world; Will appeal to all those working in fire safety engineering and related disciplines.
The increasing complexity of technological solutions to both fire safety design issues and fire safety regulations demand higher levels of training and continuing education for fire protection engineers. Historical precedents on how to deal with fire hazards in new or unusual buildings are seldom available, and new performance-based building codes often require mathematical or computer fire modeling. Until now, however, there has been no current, truly comprehensive engineering book that builds an in-depth understanding of the scientific aspects of enclosure fires. Enclosure Fire Dynamics fills this void with a complete description of enclosure fires and how the outbreak of a fire in a compartment causes changes in the environment. The authors-both internationally renowned experts in fire safety and protection engineering-offer a clear presentation of the dominant mechanisms controlling enclosure fires and develop simple analytical relationships useful in designing buildings for fire safety. They show readers how to derive engineering equations from first principles, stating the assumptions clearly and showing how the resulting equations compare to experimental data. The details and the approach offered by this text provide readers with a confidence in-and the applicability of-a wide range of commonly used engineering equations and models. Enclosure Fire Dynamics will enhance the knowledge of professional fire protection engineers, researchers, and investigators and help build a strong foundation for engineering students.
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2016-09-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Der "Brandschutz-Wegweiser" richtet sich an Brandschutzplaner, Bauleiter, Feuerwehren, Facility Manager und Brandschutzbeauftragte. Sowohl Neueinsteigern, als auch erfahrenen Fachleuten und Experten bietet er einen ?berblick ?ber die wesentlichen rechtlichen, technischen und organisatorischen Aspekte des technischen Brandschutzes und er unterst?tzt sie bei der Auswahl und nachhaltigen Auslegung der Brandschutzsysteme. Das Buch beginnt mit einer Einf?hrung in das Konzept des integralen Brandschutzes. Es folgt eine umfassende Darstellung der Grundlagen der Brandmeldetechnik, einschlie?lich der Funktionsweise von Meldern und Brandmelderzentralen. Weitere Kapitel thematisieren Rauchschutzanlagen, Alarmierung und Evakuierung, automatische L?schsysteme sowie Informations- und Gefahrenmanagement. Der "Brandschutz-Wegweiser" bietet zudem eine Zusammenfassung der f?r den Brandschutz relevanten Normen und Richtlinien (EN 54, DIN VDE 0833, VdS 2095), Symbole und Fachbegriffe sowie Tabellen mit Stoffwerten und Brennstoffklassen. F?r die 3. Auflage wurde das Buch deutlich aktualisiert und erweitert. Unter anderem enth?lt es neue Abschnitte oder Aktualisierungen zum Wirksamkeitsnachweis von Brandschutzma?nahmen, zum Rauchabzug und zur Sprachalarmierung, zu Brandschutzmanagement, Building Information Modeling, der Feuerwehrperipherie und der IT-Sicherheit. Auch die Hinweise zu Normen und Richtlinien wurden auf den aktuellen Stand gebracht.
Author: Dougal Drysdale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc
Release Date: 1985-06
This book is unique in that it identifies fire science and fire dynamics and provides the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline. It is essential reading for all those involved in this wide ranging field, from Fire Prevention Officers to Consulting Engineers, whether involved in problems of fire risk assessment, fire safety design, or fire investigation. It will also be of considerable interest and value to research scientists working in building design, fire physics and chemistry.
Author: John J. Lentini
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2012-10-02
Knowledge of the science behind fires is critical to understanding a fire’s cause and successfully presenting that determination to the authorities or in litigation. Now in its second edition, Scientific Protocols for Fire Investigation focuses on the practical application of scientific principles to determine the causes of fires. Uniquely qualified with years of experience in on-site investigations, lab analyses, and courtroom presentation, the author provides a resource that is unparalleled in depth and focus. The book explores: The history of fire investigation and the basic chemistry and physics of fire The science of fire dynamics—how things burn and how they interact with their surroundings while doing so Practical procedures for conducting fire scene inspections Laboratory examination of fire debris to test for the presence of ignitable liquid residues and for potential ignition sources Relevant scientific principles as applied to 30 actual fires The evolution of the mythology of arson investigation The common root causes of errors in fire investigation The final chapter discusses the professional practice of fire investigation. It examines quality assurance, business practices, and the fundamentals of being an expert witness, with advice for giving testimony in depositions and at trial. Other highlights of the second edition include new and expanded discussions on novel training methods, first assumptions, computer fire modeling, low voltage ignition sources, the questionable validity of some origin determinations, and recent changes in NFPA 921. Thorough and accessible, this volume not only provides the practical information necessary to conduct an effective inquiry but also offers insight into the science, history, and theory behind what makes fire investigation a multi-faceted profession. John Lentini discusses the book in a video on the CRC Press YouTube Channel.
Fire and combustion presents a significant engineering challenge to mechanical, civil and dedicated fire engineers, as well as specialists in the process and chemical, safety, buildings and structural fields. We are reminded of the tragic outcomes of ‘untenable’ fire disasters such as at King’s Cross underground station or Switzerland’s St Gotthard tunnel. In these and many other cases, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is at the forefront of active research into unravelling the probable causes of fires and helping to design structures and systems to ensure that they are less likely in the future. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is routinely used as an analysis tool in fire and combustion engineering as it possesses the ability to handle the complex geometries and characteristics of combustion and fire. This book shows engineering students and professionals how to understand and use this powerful tool in the study of combustion processes, and in the engineering of safer or more fire resistant (or conversely, more fire-efficient) structures. No other book is dedicated to computer-based fire dynamics tools and systems. It is supported by a rigorous pedagogy, including worked examples to illustrate the capabilities of different models, an introduction to the essential aspects of fire physics, examination and self-test exercises, fully worked solutions and a suite of accompanying software for use in industry standard modeling systems. · Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is widely used in engineering analysis; this is the only book dedicated to CFD modeling analysis in fire and combustion engineering · Strong pedagogic features mean this book can be used as a text for graduate level mechanical, civil, structural and fire engineering courses, while its coverage of the latest techniques and industry standard software make it an important reference for researchers and professional engineers in the mechanical and structural sectors, and by fire engineers, safety consultants and regulators · Strong author team (CUHK is a recognized centre of excellence in fire eng) deliver an expert package for students and professionals, showing both theory and applications. Accompanied by CFD modeling code and ready to use simulations to run in industry-standard ANSYS-CFX and Fluent software.
This book covers a wide range of issues in fire safety engineering in tunnels, describes the phenomena related to tunnel fire dynamics, presents state-of-the-art research, and gives detailed solutions to these major issues. Examples for calculations are provided. The aim is to significantly improve the understanding of fire safety engineering in tunnels. Chapters on fuel and ventilation control, combustion products, gas temperatures, heat fluxes, smoke stratification, visibility, tenability, design fire curves, heat release, fire suppression and detection, CFD modeling, and scaling techniques all equip readers to create their own fire safety plans for tunnels. This book should be purchased by any engineer or public official with responsibility for tunnels. It would also be of interest to many fire protection engineers as an application of evolving technical principles of fire safety.
Author: Stephen J. Pyne
Publisher: University of Washington Press
Release Date: 2011-07-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering
"The fate of humanity, like the fate of the earth, is tied to the fires that have made the world as we know it�the fires whose history is told as well in this book as it has ever been told before. If one wants to understand just how completely the story of the human past is also the story of fire on earth, there is no better place to start than this small book."�William Cronon Here, in one concise book, is the essential story of fire. Noted environmental historian Stephen J. Pyne describes the evolution of fire through prehistoric and historic times down to the present, examining contemporary attitudes from a long-range, informed perspective. Fire: A Brief History surveys the principles behind aboriginal and agricultural fire practices, the characteristics of urban fire, and the relationship between controlled combustion and technology. Pyne describes how fire�s role in cities, suburbs, exurbs, and wildlands has been shaped by an industrialized, urban way of thinking. Fire: A Brief History will be of value to readers interested in the environment from the standpoint of anthropology, geography, forestry, science and technology, history, or the humanities.
Author: Xavier Silvani
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-06-22
Natural fires can be considered as scale-dependant, non-linear processes of mass, momentum and heat transport, resulting from a turbulent reactive and radiative fluid medium flowing over a complex medium, the vegetal fuel. In natural outdoor conditions, the experimental study of natural fires at real scale needs the development of an original metrology, one able to capture the large range of time and length scales involved in its dynamic nature and also able to resist the thermal, mechanical and chemical aggression of flames on devices. Robust, accurate and poorly intrusive tools must be carefully set-up and used for gaining very fluctuating data over long periods. These signals also need the development of original post-processing tools that take into account the non-steady nature of their stochastic components. Metrology for Fire Experiments in Outdoor Conditions closely analyzes these features, and also describes measurements techniques, the thermal insulation of fragile electronic systems, data acquisition, measurement errors and optimal post-processing algorithms. This book is intended for practitioners as a reference guide for optimizing measurements techniques in an outdoor environment. Advanced-level students and researchers will also find the book invaluable.
Author: Henrikus Steen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2012-03-14
Der Schutz gegen Explosionen von brennbaren Gasen, D?mpfen, St?uben und Nebeln in Gegenwart von Luft oder anderen oxidierenden Gasen ist ein wichtiger Bestandteil von industriellen Prozessen und wird durch detaillierte Vorschriften, Normen und Regeln vorgegeben. Zum Thema dieses Buches geh?ren die Ma?nahmen, die insbesondere die Ausl?sung und die entsprechenden Sch?den solcher Explosionen verhindern oder einschr?nken. Herausgeber und Autoren dieses Buches verf?gen ?ber langj?hrige Berufserfahrung und beschreiben die Schutzverfahren und den einschl?gigen Stand der Technik, verbunden mit experimentell gesicherten Daten. Betriebs-, Planungs-, Konstruktions- und Sicherheitsingenieure aus Industrie, Genehmigungsbeh?rden und Berufsgenossenschaften lernen in diesem Handbuch durch ein tiefergehendes Verst?ndnis der naturwissenschaftlichen und technischen Grundlagen, einen den jeweiligen Verh?ltnissen angepassten Explosionsschutz anzuwenden.
Author: Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date: 1995-08-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This book describes the Conference on Fire and Smoke-Resistant Materials held at the National Academy of Sciences on November 8-10, 1994. The purpose of this conference was to identify trends in aircraft fire safety and promising research directions for the Federal Aviation Administration's program in smoke and fire resistant materials. This proceedings contains 15 papers presented by distinguished speakers and summaries of the workshop sessions concerning toxicity issues, fire performance parameters, drivers for materials development, and new materials technology.
Author: Paul S. Auerbach
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date: 2011-10-31
Quickly and decisively manage any medical emergency you encounter in the great outdoors with Wilderness Medicine! World-renowned authority and author, Dr. Paul Auerbach, and a team of experts offer proven, practical, visual guidance for effectively diagnosing and treating the full range of emergencies and health problems encountered in situations where time and resources are scarce. Every day, more and more people are venturing into the wilderness and extreme environments, or are victims of horrific natural disasters...and many are unprepared for the dangers and aftermath that come with these episodes. Whether these victims are stranded on mountaintops, lost in the desert, injured on a remote bike path, or ill far out at sea, this indispensable resource--now with online access at www.expertconsult.com for greater accessibility and portability-- equips rescuers and health care professionals to effectively address and prevent injury and illness in the wilderness! This textbook is widely referred to as "The Bible of Wilderness Medicine." Be able to practice emergency medicine outside of the traditional hospital/clinical setting whether you are in remote environments, underdeveloped but highly populated areas, or disaster areas, are part of search and rescue operations, or dealing with casualties from episodes of extreme sports and active lifestyle activities. Face any medical challenge in the wilderness with expert guidance: Dr. Auerbach is a noted author and the world's leading authority on wilderness medicine. He is a founder and Past President of the Wilderness Medical Society, consultant to the Divers Alert Network and many other agencies and organizations, and a member of the National Medical Committee for the National Ski Patrol System. Handle everything from frostbite to infection by marine microbes, not to mention other diverse injuries, bites, stings, poisonous plant exposures, animal attacks, and natural disasters. Grasp the essential aspects of search and rescue. Respond quickly and effectively by improvising with available materials. Improve your competency and readiness with the latest guidance on volcanic eruptions, extreme sports, splints and slings, wilderness cardiology, living off the land, aerospace medicine, mental health in the wilderness, tactical combat casualty care, and much more. Meet the needs and special considerations of specific patient populations such as children, women, elders, persons with chronic medical conditions, and the disabled. Make smart decisions about gear, navigation, nutrition, and survival. Be prepared for everything with expanded coverage on topics such as high altitude, cold water immersion, and poisonous and venomous plants and animals. Get the skills you need now with new information on global humanitarian relief and expedition medicine, plus expanded coverage of injury prevention and environmental preservation. Get guidance on the go with fully searchable online text, plus bonus images, tables and video clips - all available on ExpertConsult.com.
Author: U.S. Government
Publisher: Books LLC
Release Date: 2011-10
Original publisher: [Gaithersburg, Md.]: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Institute of Standards and Technology,  OCLC Number: (OCoLC)62052043 Subject: Fire -- Mathematical models. Excerpt: ...Chapter 1 Introduction Fire Dynamics Simulator ( FDS ) is a computational uid dynamics ( CFD ) model of re-driven uid ow. The software described in this document solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appro-priate for low-speed, thermally-driven ow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from res. The formulation of the equations and the numerical algorithm are contained in a companion document, called Fire Dynamics Simulator ( Version 4 ) - Technical Reference Guide [ 1 ]. Smokeview is a visualization program that is used to display the results of an FDS simulation. Some examples of Smokeview are shown in this document. A detailed description can be found in a companion document, called User's Guide for Smokeview Version 4 [ 2 ]. 1.1 Features of FDS Version 1 of FDS was publicly released in February 2000. Version 2 was publicly released in December 2001. To date, about half of the applications of the model have been for design of smoke handling systems and sprinkler / detector activation studies. The other half consist of residential and industrial re reconstruc-tions. Throughout its development, FDS has been aimed at solving practical re problems in re protection engineering, while at the same time providing a tool to study fundamental re dynamics and combustion. Hydrodynamic Model FDS solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven ow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from res. The core algorithm is an explicit predictor-corrector scheme, second order accurate in space and time. Turbu-lence is treated by means of the Smagorinsky form of Large Eddy Simulation ( LES ). It is possible to perform a Direct Numerical Simulation ( DNS ) if the...
Author: Pete Draper
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2015-04-24
Get the most realistic effects from 3ds Max without having to spend more on plug-ins! Boost your effects skill-set with this 3ds Max workshop. Tutorial lessons give you hands-on experience in creating realistic fire, earth, air and water effects. Updated to demonstrate production techniques suitable for any version of 3ds Max, this new edition is co-published by Autodesk Media and Entertainment, and includes new tutorials on entering the Earth's atmosphere, glaciers, lava eruptions and a Badlands landscape. Inspirational color images cover every page of the book as the author shares his professional techniques and workflow processes. The companion DVD contains all of the required tutorial media as well as over 6 hours of video tutorials. User level: Intermediate and advanced