Author: Peter J. Eccles
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1997-12-11
This book eases students into the rigors of university mathematics. The emphasis is on understanding and constructing proofs and writing clear mathematics. The author achieves this by exploring set theory, combinatorics, and number theory, topics that include many fundamental ideas and may not be a part of a young mathematician's toolkit. This material illustrates how familiar ideas can be formulated rigorously, provides examples demonstrating a wide range of basic methods of proof, and includes some of the all-time-great classic proofs. The book presents mathematics as a continually developing subject. Material meeting the needs of readers from a wide range of backgrounds is included. The over 250 problems include questions to interest and challenge the most able student but also plenty of routine exercises to help familiarize the reader with the basic ideas.
Author: Tamara J. Lakins
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
Release Date: 2016-09-08
Genre: General -- Instructional exposition (textbooks, tutorial papers, etc.)
This accessible textbook gives beginning undergraduate mathematics students a first exposure to introductory logic, proofs, sets, functions, number theory, relations, finite and infinite sets, and the foundations of analysis. The book provides students with a quick path to writing proofs and a practical collection of tools that they can use in later mathematics courses such as abstract algebra and analysis. The importance of the logical structure of a mathematical statement as a framework for finding a proof of that statement, and the proper use of variables, is an early and consistent theme used throughout the book.
Author: Hermann Schichl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-03-21
Mathematikunterricht an höheren Schulen unterscheidet sich radikal von der Art, wie Mathematik an Universitäten gelehrt wird. Kaum ein Fach, bei dem ein tieferer Graben beim Übergang an die Hochschule zu überwinden ist. Die Autoren schlagen eine Brücke, indem sie Sprache, Prinzipien und Konventionen der Mathematik im Zusammenhang mit den Inhalten erklären: grundlegende Ideen und Schreibweisen, Aussagenlogik, naive Mengenlehre, algebraische Strukturen, Zahlenmengen und analytische Geometrie. Übungsaufgaben und Beispiele sind in den Text integriert.
Die elegantesten mathematischen Beweise, spannend und für jeden Interessierten verständlich. "Der Beweis selbst, seine Ästhetik, seine Pointe geht ins Geschichtsbuch der Königin der Wissenschaften ein. Ihre Anmut offenbart sich in dem gelungenen und geschickt illustrierten Buch." Die Zeit
The Nuts and Bolts of Proof instructs students on the basic logic of mathematical proofs, showing how and why proofs of mathematical statements work. It provides them with techniques they can use to gain an inside view of the subject, reach other results, remember results more easily, or rederive them if the results are forgotten.A flow chart graphically demonstrates the basic steps in the construction of any proof and numerous examples illustrate the method and detail necessary to prove various kinds of theorems. * The "List of Symbols" has been extended. * Set Theory section has been strengthened with more examples and exercises. * Addition of "A Collection of Proofs"
Susanna Epp's DISCRETE MATHEMATICS: AN INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL REASONING, provides the same clear introduction to discrete mathematics and mathematical reasoning as her highly acclaimed DISCRETE MATHEMATICS WITH APPLICATIONS, but in a compact form that focuses on core topics and omits certain applications usually taught in other courses. The book is appropriate for use in a discrete mathematics course that emphasizes essential topics or in a mathematics major or minor course that serves as a transition to abstract mathematical thinking. The ideas of discrete mathematics underlie and are essential to the science and technology of the computer age. This book offers a synergistic union of the major themes of discrete mathematics together with the reasoning that underlies mathematical thought. Renowned for her lucid, accessible prose, Epp explains complex, abstract concepts with clarity and precision, helping students develop the ability to think abstractly as they study each topic. In doing so, the book provides students with a strong foundation both for computer science and for other upper-level mathematics courses. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Michael L. O'Leary
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-09-08
Rather than teach mathematics and the structure of proofssimultaneously, this book first introduces logic as the foundationof proofs and then demonstrates how logic applies to mathematicaltopics. This method ensures that readers gain a firmunderstanding of how logic interacts with mathematics and empowersthem to solve more complex problems. The study of logic andapplications is used throughout to prepare readers for further workin proof writing. Readers are first introduced tomathematical proof-writing, and then the book provides anoverview of symbolic logic that includes two-column logicproofs. Readers are then transitioned to set theory andinduction, and applications of number theory, relations, functions,groups, and topology are provided to further aid incomprehension. Topical coverage includes propositional logic,predicate logic, set theory, mathematical induction, number theory,relations, functions, group theory, and topology.
Author: P. T. Johnstone
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1987-10-08
A succinct introduction to mathematical logic and set theory, which together form the foundations for the rigorous development of mathematics. Suitable for all introductory mathematics undergraduates, Notes on Logic and Set Theory covers the basic concepts of logic: first-order logic, consistency, and the completeness theorem, before introducing the reader to the fundamentals of axiomatic set theory. Successive chapters examine the recursive functions, the axiom of choice, ordinal and cardinal arithmetic, and the incompleteness theorems. Dr. Johnstone has included numerous exercises designed to illustrate the key elements of the theory and to provide applications of basic logical concepts to other areas of mathematics.