An Introduction to Statistical Modeling of Extreme Values

Author: Stuart Coles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447136750
Release Date: 2013-11-27
Genre: Mathematics

Directly oriented towards real practical application, this book develops both the basic theoretical framework of extreme value models and the statistical inferential techniques for using these models in practice. Intended for statisticians and non-statisticians alike, the theoretical treatment is elementary, with heuristics often replacing detailed mathematical proof. Most aspects of extreme modeling techniques are covered, including historical techniques (still widely used) and contemporary techniques based on point process models. A wide range of worked examples, using genuine datasets, illustrate the various modeling procedures and a concluding chapter provides a brief introduction to a number of more advanced topics, including Bayesian inference and spatial extremes. All the computations are carried out using S-PLUS, and the corresponding datasets and functions are available via the Internet for readers to recreate examples for themselves. An essential reference for students and researchers in statistics and disciplines such as engineering, finance and environmental science, this book will also appeal to practitioners looking for practical help in solving real problems. Stuart Coles is Reader in Statistics at the University of Bristol, UK, having previously lectured at the universities of Nottingham and Lancaster. In 1992 he was the first recipient of the Royal Statistical Society's research prize. He has published widely in the statistical literature, principally in the area of extreme value modeling.

An Introduction to Statistical Modelling

Author: W. J. Krzanowski
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0470711019
Release Date: 2010-06-28
Genre: Mathematics

Statisticians rely heavily on making models of 'causal situations' in order to fully explain and predict events. Modelling therefore plays a vital part in all applications of statistics and is a component of most undergraduate programmes. 'An Introduction to Statistical Modelling' provides a single reference with an applied slant that caters for all three years of a degree course. The book concentrates on core issues and only the most essential mathematical justifications are given in detail. Attention is firmly focused on the statistical aspects of the techniques, in this lively, practical approach.

Introduction to Statistical Modelling

Author: Annette J. Dobson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781489931740
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

This book is about generalized linear models as described by NeIder and Wedderburn (1972). This approach provides a unified theoretical and computational framework for the most commonly used statistical methods: regression, analysis of variance and covariance, logistic regression, log-linear models for contingency tables and several more specialized techniques. More advanced expositions of the subject are given by McCullagh and NeIder (1983) and Andersen (1980). The emphasis is on the use of statistical models to investigate substantive questions rather than to produce mathematical descriptions of the data. Therefore parameter estimation and hypothesis testing are stressed. I have assumed that the reader is familiar with the most commonly used statistical concepts and methods and has some basic knowledge of calculus and matrix algebra. Short numerical examples are used to illustrate the main points. In writing this book I have been helped greatly by the comments and criticism of my students and colleagues, especially Anne Young. However, the choice of material, and the obscurities and errors are my responsibility and I apologize to the reader for any irritation caused by them. For typing the manuscript under difficult conditions I am grateful to Anne McKim, Jan Garnsey, Cath Claydon and Julie Latimer.

An Introduction to Statistics with Python

Author: Thomas Haslwanter
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319283166
Release Date: 2016-07-20
Genre: Computers

This textbook provides an introduction to the free software Python and its use for statistical data analysis. It covers common statistical tests for continuous, discrete and categorical data, as well as linear regression analysis and topics from survival analysis and Bayesian statistics. Working code and data for Python solutions for each test, together with easy-to-follow Python examples, can be reproduced by the reader and reinforce their immediate understanding of the topic. With recent advances in the Python ecosystem, Python has become a popular language for scientific computing, offering a powerful environment for statistical data analysis and an interesting alternative to R. The book is intended for master and PhD students, mainly from the life and medical sciences, with a basic knowledge of statistics. As it also provides some statistics background, the book can be used by anyone who wants to perform a statistical data analysis.

An Introduction to Statistical Learning

Author: Gareth James
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461471387
Release Date: 2013-06-24
Genre: Mathematics

An Introduction to Statistical Learning provides an accessible overview of the field of statistical learning, an essential toolset for making sense of the vast and complex data sets that have emerged in fields ranging from biology to finance to marketing to astrophysics in the past twenty years. This book presents some of the most important modeling and prediction techniques, along with relevant applications. Topics include linear regression, classification, resampling methods, shrinkage approaches, tree-based methods, support vector machines, clustering, and more. Color graphics and real-world examples are used to illustrate the methods presented. Since the goal of this textbook is to facilitate the use of these statistical learning techniques by practitioners in science, industry, and other fields, each chapter contains a tutorial on implementing the analyses and methods presented in R, an extremely popular open source statistical software platform. Two of the authors co-wrote The Elements of Statistical Learning (Hastie, Tibshirani and Friedman, 2nd edition 2009), a popular reference book for statistics and machine learning researchers. An Introduction to Statistical Learning covers many of the same topics, but at a level accessible to a much broader audience. This book is targeted at statisticians and non-statisticians alike who wish to use cutting-edge statistical learning techniques to analyze their data. The text assumes only a previous course in linear regression and no knowledge of matrix algebra.

Statistics

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470022981
Release Date: 2005-05-06
Genre: Mathematics

Computer software is an essential tool for many statistical modelling and data analysis techniques, aiding in the implementation of large data sets in order to obtain useful results. R is one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages available, and enables the user to apply a wide variety of statistical methods ranging from simple regression to generalized linear modelling. Statistics: An Introduction using R is a clear and concise introductory textbook to statistical analysis using this powerful and free software, and follows on from the success of the author's previous best-selling title Statistical Computing. * Features step-by-step instructions that assume no mathematics, statistics or programming background, helping the non-statistician to fully understand the methodology. * Uses a series of realistic examples, developing step-wise from the simplest cases, with the emphasis on checking the assumptions (e.g. constancy of variance and normality of errors) and the adequacy of the model chosen to fit the data. * The emphasis throughout is on estimation of effect sizes and confidence intervals, rather than on hypothesis testing. * Covers the full range of statistical techniques likely to be need to analyse the data from research projects, including elementary material like t-tests and chi-squared tests, intermediate methods like regression and analysis of variance, and more advanced techniques like generalized linear modelling. * Includes numerous worked examples and exercises within each chapter. * Accompanied by a website featuring worked examples, data sets, exercises and solutions: http://www.imperial.ac.uk/bio/research/crawley/statistics Statistics: An Introduction using R is the first text to offer such a concise introduction to a broad array of statistical methods, at a level that is elementary enough to appeal to a broad range of disciplines. It is primarily aimed at undergraduate students in medicine, engineering, economics and biology - but will also appeal to postgraduates who have not previously covered this area, or wish to switch to using R.

Statistik Workshop f r Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 9783868993431
Release Date: 2012-05-31
Genre: Computers

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.

Statistical Modeling and Computation

Author: Dirk P. Kroese
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461487753
Release Date: 2013-11-18
Genre: Computers

This textbook on statistical modeling and statistical inference will assist advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Statistical Modeling and Computation provides a unique introduction to modern Statistics from both classical and Bayesian perspectives. It also offers an integrated treatment of Mathematical Statistics and modern statistical computation, emphasizing statistical modeling, computational techniques, and applications. Each of the three parts will cover topics essential to university courses. Part I covers the fundamentals of probability theory. In Part II, the authors introduce a wide variety of classical models that include, among others, linear regression and ANOVA models. In Part III, the authors address the statistical analysis and computation of various advanced models, such as generalized linear, state-space and Gaussian models. Particular attention is paid to fast Monte Carlo techniques for Bayesian inference on these models. Throughout the book the authors include a large number of illustrative examples and solved problems. The book also features a section with solutions, an appendix that serves as a MATLAB primer, and a mathematical supplement.​

konometrie f r Dummies

Author: Roberto Pedace
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527801527
Release Date: 2015-10-09
Genre: Business & Economics

Theorien verstehen und Techniken anwenden Was haben die Gehälter von Spitzensportlern und der Mindestlohn gemeinsam? Richtig, man kann sie mit Ökonometrie erforschen. Im Buch steht, wie es geht. Und nicht nur dafür, sondern für viele weitere Gebiete lohnt es sich, der zunächst etwas trocken und sperrig anmutenden Materie eine Chance zu geben. Lernen Sie von den Autoren, wie Sie spannende Fragen formulieren, passende Variablen festlegen, treffsichere Modelle entwerfen und Ihre Aussagen auf Herz und Nieren prüfen. Werden Sie sicher im Umgang mit Hypothesentests, Regressionsmodellen, Logit- & Probit-Modellen und allen weiteren gängigen Methoden der Ökonometrie. So begleitet Ökonometrie für Dummies Sie Schritt für Schritt und mit vielen Beispielen samt R Output durch dieses spannende Thema.

Statistical Computing

Author: Michael J. Crawley
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0471560405
Release Date: 2002-05-22
Genre: Computers

Many statistical modelling and data analysis techniques can be difficult to grasp and apply, and it is often necessary to use computer software to aid the implementation of large data sets and to obtain useful results. S-Plus is recognised as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, and it enables the user to apply a number of statistical methods, ranging from simple regression to time series or multivariate analysis. This text offers extensive coverage of many basic and more advanced statistical methods, concentrating on graphical inspection, and features step-by-step instructions to help the non-statistician to understand fully the methodology. * Extensive coverage of basic, intermediate and advanced statistical methods * Uses S-Plus, which is recognised globally as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages * Emphasis is on graphical data inspection, parameter estimation and model criticism * Features hundreds of worked examples to illustrate the techniques described * Accessible to scientists from a large number of disciplines with minimal statistical knowledge * Written by a leading figure in the field, who runs a number of successful international short courses * Accompanied by a Web site featuring worked examples, data sets, exercises and solutions A valuable reference resource for researchers, professionals, lecturers and students from statistics, the life sciences, medicine, engineering, economics and the social sciences.

Introduction to Statistical Relational Learning

Author: Lise Getoor
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262072885
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Computers

Advanced statistical modeling and knowledge representation techniques for a newly emerging area of machine learning and probabilistic reasoning; includes introductory material, tutorials for different proposed approaches, and applications. Handling inherent uncertainty and exploiting compositional structure are fundamental to understanding and designing large-scale systems. Statistical relational learning builds on ideas from probability theory and statistics to address uncertainty while incorporating tools from logic, databases and programming languages to represent structure. In Introduction to Statistical Relational Learning, leading researchers in this emerging area of machine learning describe current formalisms, models, and algorithms that enable effective and robust reasoning about richly structured systems and data. The early chapters provide tutorials for material used in later chapters, offering introductions to representation, inference and learning in graphical models, and logic. The book then describes object-oriented approaches, including probabilistic relational models, relational Markov networks, and probabilistic entity-relationship models as well as logic-based formalisms including Bayesian logic programs, Markov logic, and stochastic logic programs. Later chapters discuss such topics as probabilistic models with unknown objects, relational dependency networks, reinforcement learning in relational domains, and information extraction. By presenting a variety of approaches, the book highlights commonalities and clarifies important differences among proposed approaches and, along the way, identifies important representational and algorithmic issues. Numerous applications are provided throughout.

Statistical Modeling for Biomedical Researchers

Author: William D. Dupont
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521849524
Release Date: 2009-02-12
Genre: Medical

A second edition of the easy-to-use standard text guiding biomedical researchers in the use of advanced statistical methods.

Python Crashkurs

Author: Eric Matthes
Publisher: dpunkt.verlag
ISBN: 9783960881469
Release Date: 2017-04-19
Genre: Computers

"Python Crashkurs" ist eine kompakte und gründliche Einführung, die es Ihnen nach kurzer Zeit ermöglicht, Python-Programme zu schreiben, die für Sie Probleme lösen oder Ihnen erlauben, Aufgaben mit dem Computer zu erledigen. In der ersten Hälfte des Buches werden Sie mit grundlegenden Programmierkonzepten wie Listen, Wörterbücher, Klassen und Schleifen vertraut gemacht. Sie erlernen das Schreiben von sauberem und lesbarem Code mit Übungen zu jedem Thema. Sie erfahren auch, wie Sie Ihre Programme interaktiv machen und Ihren Code testen, bevor Sie ihn einem Projekt hinzufügen. Danach werden Sie Ihr neues Wissen in drei komplexen Projekten in die Praxis umsetzen: ein durch "Space Invaders" inspiriertes Arcade-Spiel, eine Datenvisualisierung mit Pythons superpraktischen Bibliotheken und eine einfache Web-App, die Sie online bereitstellen können. Während der Arbeit mit dem "Python Crashkurs" lernen Sie, wie Sie: - leistungsstarke Python-Bibliotheken und Tools richtig einsetzen – einschließlich matplotlib, NumPy und Pygal - 2D-Spiele programmieren, die auf Tastendrücke und Mausklicks reagieren, und die schwieriger werden, je weiter das Spiel fortschreitet - mit Daten arbeiten, um interaktive Visualisierungen zu generieren - Web-Apps erstellen und anpassen können, um diese sicher online zu deployen - mit Fehlern umgehen, die häufig beim Programmieren auftreten Dieses Buch wird Ihnen effektiv helfen, Python zu erlernen und eigene Programme damit zu entwickeln. Warum länger warten? Fangen Sie an!

R f r Dummies

Author: Andrie de Vries
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527812523
Release Date: 2017-11-07
Genre: Computers

Wollen Sie auch die umfangreichen Möglichkeiten von R nutzen, um Ihre Daten zu analysieren, sind sich aber nicht sicher, ob Sie mit der Programmiersprache wirklich zurechtkommen? Keine Sorge - dieses Buch zeigt Ihnen, wie es geht - selbst wenn Sie keine Vorkenntnisse in der Programmierung oder Statistik haben. Andrie de Vries und Joris Meys zeigen Ihnen Schritt für Schritt und anhand zahlreicher Beispiele, was Sie alles mit R machen können und vor allem wie Sie es machen können. Von den Grundlagen und den ersten Skripten bis hin zu komplexen statistischen Analysen und der Erstellung aussagekräftiger Grafiken. Auch fortgeschrittenere Nutzer finden in diesem Buch viele Tipps und Tricks, die Ihnen die Datenauswertung erleichtern.