Analysis I

Author: Terence Tao
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811017896
Release Date: 2016-08-29
Genre: Mathematics

This is part one of a two-volume book on real analysis and is intended for senior undergraduate students of mathematics who have already been exposed to calculus. The emphasis is on rigour and foundations of analysis. Beginning with the construction of the number systems and set theory, the book discusses the basics of analysis (limits, series, continuity, differentiation, Riemann integration), through to power series, several variable calculus and Fourier analysis, and then finally the Lebesgue integral. These are almost entirely set in the concrete setting of the real line and Euclidean spaces, although there is some material on abstract metric and topological spaces. The book also has appendices on mathematical logic and the decimal system. The entire text (omitting some less central topics) can be taught in two quarters of 25–30 lectures each. The course material is deeply intertwined with the exercises, as it is intended that the student actively learn the material (and practice thinking and writing rigorously) by proving several of the key results in the theory.

Solving Mathematical Problems

Author: Terence Tao
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780199205615
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Mathematics

Authored by a leading name in mathematics, this engaging and clearly presented text leads the reader through the tactics involved in solving mathematical problems at the Mathematical Olympiad level. With numerous exercises and assuming only basic mathematics, this text is ideal for students of14 years and above in pure mathematics.

Fourier Analysis and Its Applications

Author: G. B. Folland
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821847902
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Mathematics

This book presents the theory and applications of Fourier series and integrals, eigenfunction expansions, and related topics, on a level suitable for advanced undergraduates. It includes material on Bessel functions, orthogonal polynomials, and Laplace transforms, and it concludes with chapters on generalized functions and Green's functions for ordinary and partial differential equations. The book deals almost exclusively with aspects of these subjects that are useful in physics and engineering, and includes a wide variety of applications. On the theoretical side, it uses ideas from modern analysis to develop the concepts and reasoning behind the techniques without getting bogged down in the technicalities of rigorous proofs.

Topics in the Theory of Numbers

Author: Janos Suranyi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461300151
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

Number theory, the branch of mathematics that studies the properties of the integers, is a repository of interesting and quite varied problems, sometimes impossibly difficult ones. In this book, the authors have gathered together a collection of problems from various topics in number theory that they find beautiful, intriguing, and from a certain point of view instructive.

Introductory Real Analysis

Author: A. N. Kolmogorov
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486134741
Release Date: 2012-04-25
Genre: Mathematics

Comprehensive, elementary introduction to real and functional analysis covers basic concepts and introductory principles in set theory, metric spaces, topological and linear spaces, linear functionals and linear operators, more. 1970 edition.

Mathematical Logic

Author: J.D. Monk
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781468494525
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

From the Introduction: "We shall base our discussion on a set-theoretical foundation like that used in developing analysis, or algebra, or topology. We may consider our task as that of giving a mathematical analysis of the basic concepts of logic and mathematics themselves. Thus we treat mathematical and logical practice as given empirical data and attempt to develop a purely mathematical theory of logic abstracted from these data." There are 31 chapters in 5 parts and approximately 320 exercises marked by difficulty and whether or not they are necessary for further work in the book.

Numerical Mathematics

Author: Alfio Maria Quarteroni
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780387227504
Release Date: 2006-04-06
Genre: Mathematics

The purpose of this book is to provide the mathematical foundations of numerical methods, to analyze their basic theoretical properties and to demonstrate their performances on examples and counterexamples. Within any specific class of problems, the most appropriate scientific computing algorithms are reviewed, their theoretical analyses are carried out and the expected results are verified using the MATLAB software environment. Each chapter contains examples, exercises and applications of the theory discussed to the solution of real-life problems. While addressed to senior undergraduates and graduates in engineering, mathematics, physics and computer sciences, this text is also valuable for researchers and users of scientific computing in a large variety of professional fields.

An Introduction to Harmonic Analysis

Author: Yitzhak Katznelson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521543592
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Mathematics

First published in 1968, An Introduction to Harmonic Analysis has firmly established itself as a classic text and a favorite for students and experts alike. Professor Katznelson starts the book with an exposition of classical Fourier series. The aim is to demonstrate the central ideas of harmonic analysis in a concrete setting, and to provide a stock of examples to foster a clear understanding of the theory. Once these ideas are established, the author goes on to show that the scope of harmonic analysis extends far beyond the setting of the circle group, and he opens the door to other contexts by considering Fourier transforms on the real line as well as a brief look at Fourier analysis on locally compact abelian groups. This new edition has been revised by the author, to include several new sections and a new appendix.

Mathematics for the Analysis of Algorithms

Author: Daniel H. Greene
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817647292
Release Date: 2009-05-21
Genre: Computers

This monograph collects some fundamental mathematical techniques that are required for the analysis of algorithms. It builds on the fundamentals of combinatorial analysis and complex variable theory to present many of the major paradigms used in the precise analysis of algorithms, emphasizing the more difficult notions. The authors cover recurrence relations, operator methods, and asymptotic analysis in a format that is concise enough for easy reference yet detailed enough for those with little background with the material.

Modular Functions and Dirichlet Series in Number Theory

Author: Tom M. Apostol
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461209997
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

A new edition of a classical treatment of elliptic and modular functions with some of their number-theoretic applications, this text offers an updated bibliography and an alternative treatment of the transformation formula for the Dedekind eta function. It covers many topics, such as Hecke’s theory of entire forms with multiplicative Fourier coefficients, and the last chapter recounts Bohr’s theory of equivalence of general Dirichlet series.

Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781441960528
Release Date: 2010-08-02
Genre: Mathematics

From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.

Elementary Analysis

Author: Kenneth A. Ross
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461462712
Release Date: 2013-04-16
Genre: Mathematics

For over three decades, this best-selling classic has been used by thousands of students in the United States and abroad as a must-have textbook for a transitional course from calculus to analysis. It has proven to be very useful for mathematics majors who have no previous experience with rigorous proofs. Its friendly style unlocks the mystery of writing proofs, while carefully examining the theoretical basis for calculus. Proofs are given in full, and the large number of well-chosen examples and exercises range from routine to challenging. The second edition preserves the book’s clear and concise style, illuminating discussions, and simple, well-motivated proofs. New topics include material on the irrationality of pi, the Baire category theorem, Newton's method and the secant method, and continuous nowhere-differentiable functions.

Complex Analysis

Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642592737
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Mathematics

The present book is meant as a text for a course on complex analysis at the advanced undergraduate level, or first-year graduate level. The first half, more or less, can be used for a one-semester course addressed to undergraduates. The second half can be used for a second semester, at either level. Somewhat more material has been included than can be covered at leisure in one or two terms, to give opportunities for the instructor to exercise individual taste, and to lead the course in whatever directions strikes the instructor's fancy at the time as well as extra read ing material for students on their own. A large number of routine exer cises are included for the more standard portions, and a few harder exercises of striking theoretical interest are also included, but may be omitted in courses addressed to less advanced students. In some sense, I think the classical German prewar texts were the best (Hurwitz-Courant, Knopp, Bieberbach, etc. ) and I would recommend to anyone to look through them. More recent texts have emphasized connections with real analysis, which is important, but at the cost of exhibiting succinctly and clearly what is peculiar about complex analysis: the power series expansion, the uniqueness of analytic continuation, and the calculus of residues.

Understanding Analysis

Author: Stephen Abbott
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493927128
Release Date: 2015-05-19
Genre: Mathematics

This lively introductory text exposes the student to the rewards of a rigorous study of functions of a real variable. In each chapter, informal discussions of questions that give analysis its inherent fascination are followed by precise, but not overly formal, developments of the techniques needed to make sense of them. By focusing on the unifying themes of approximation and the resolution of paradoxes that arise in the transition from the finite to the infinite, the text turns what could be a daunting cascade of definitions and theorems into a coherent and engaging progression of ideas. Acutely aware of the need for rigor, the student is much better prepared to understand what constitutes a proper mathematical proof and how to write one. Fifteen years of classroom experience with the first edition of Understanding Analysis have solidified and refined the central narrative of the second edition. Roughly 150 new exercises join a selection of the best exercises from the first edition, and three more project-style sections have been added. Investigations of Euler’s computation of ζ(2), the Weierstrass Approximation Theorem, and the gamma function are now among the book’s cohort of seminal results serving as motivation and payoff for the beginning student to master the methods of analysis.

Probability 1

Author: Albert N. Shiryaev
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780387722061
Release Date: 2016-07-08
Genre: Mathematics

Advanced maths students have been waiting for this, the third edition of a text that deals with one of the fundamentals of their field. This book contains a systematic treatment of probability from the ground up, starting with intuitive ideas and gradually developing more sophisticated subjects, such as random walks and the Kalman-Bucy filter. Examples are discussed in detail, and there are a large number of exercises. This third edition contains new problems and exercises, new proofs, expanded material on financial mathematics, financial engineering, and mathematical statistics, and a final chapter on the history of probability theory.