Andean Cocaine

Author: Paul Gootenberg
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 080788779X
Release Date: 2009-06-01
Genre: History

Illuminating a hidden and fascinating chapter in the history of globalization, Paul Gootenberg chronicles the rise of one of the most spectacular and now illegal Latin American exports: cocaine. Gootenberg traces cocaine's history from its origins as a medical commodity in the nineteenth century to its repression during the early twentieth century and its dramatic reemergence as an illicit good after World War II. Connecting the story of the drug's transformations is a host of people, products, and processes: Sigmund Freud, Coca-Cola, and Pablo Escobar all make appearances, exemplifying the global influences that have shaped the history of cocaine. But Gootenberg decenters the familiar story to uncover the roles played by hitherto obscure but vital Andean actors as well--for example, the Peruvian pharmacist who developed the techniques for refining cocaine on an industrial scale and the creators of the original drug-smuggling networks that decades later would be taken over by Colombian traffickers. Andean Cocaine proves indispensable to understanding one of the most vexing social dilemmas of the late twentieth-century Americas: the American cocaine epidemic of the 1980s and, in its wake, the seemingly endless U.S. drug war in the Andes.

Narconomics

Author: Tom Wainwright
Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag
ISBN: 9783641161743
Release Date: 2016-09-19
Genre: Business & Economics

Was haben Coca-Cola, McDonald’s und der internationale Drogenhandel gemeinsam? Der Drogenhandel ist ein globalisiertes, vernetztes und hoch professionalisiertes Geschäftsfeld mit einem Jahresumsatz von 300 Milliarden Dollar, Tendenz steigend. Wie man sich als aufstrebendes Kartell ein Stück vom Kuchen sichert? Indem man von den Besten des Big Business lernt. Denn die Strategien, die für Konzerne wie H&M, Coca-Cola und McDonald’s funktionieren, haben sich längst auch international erfolgreiche Drogenbarone angeeignet – von der richtigen PR über Offshoring, Assessment-Center und E-Commerce. In Narconomics vollzieht Wirtschaftsjournalist Wainwright die Wertschöpfungskette von Drogen wie Kokain nach, von der Koka-Ernte in den Anden bis zum Verkauf an unseren Straßenecken. Jahrelange Recherchen, gefahrenreiche Reisen zu den Brennpunkten des Drogenhandels und Interviews mit Beteiligten, ob minderjähriger Profikiller in den Straßen von Mexico City oder Polizist, Ganglord oder Staatspräsident, haben Wainwright tiefe Einblicke in eine einzigartig einträgliche und tödliche Branche beschert.

Reue

Author: Susan Choi
Publisher:
ISBN: 374662603X
Release Date: 2010
Genre:


ber Coca

Author: Sigmund Freud
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSF:31378008332192
Release Date: 1885
Genre: Coca


Globalgeschichten

Author: Boris Barth
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593501710
Release Date: 2014-11-06
Genre: History

San Francisco 1906: Ein verheerendes Erdbeben, ein geografisch auf Kalifornien begrenztes Ereignis, löste finanzielle Schockwellen aus, die sehr schnell auch Europa erreichten. Denn für die Schäden mussten Versicherungen in der ganzen Welt aufkommen. Anhand solcher Fallbeispiele verfolgt dieses Buch den methodisch und inhaltlich innovativen Ansatz, das Postulat einer globalen Geschichtsschreibung praktisch umzusetzen. So ergibt sich eine präzisere Sichtweise als bisher auf Prozesse der Globalisierung seit dem 18. Jahrhundert.

Killing Pablo

Author: Mark Bowden
Publisher: eBook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 9783827078902
Release Date: 2016-01-14
Genre: Social Science

1992 rief der Präsident Kolumbiens die Amerikaner gegen den mächtigsten Staatsfeind des Landes zu Hilfe: Pablo Escobar hatte mit seinen Kokainmilliarden und seinen Killerkommandos das Land an den Rand des Chaos gebracht. Mark Bowden schildert in seinem atemberaubenden Bericht die Jagd einer Spezialeinheit des amerikanischen Militärs auf einen der »größten Verbrecher der Welt«. Dabei stützt er sich auf Interviews mit Beteiligten und auf Hunderte von Seiten geheimdienstlicher Dokumente, darunter die Mitschriften von Escobars abgehörten Telefongesprächen.

Dual Markets

Author: Ernesto U. Savona
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319653617
Release Date: 2017-11-14
Genre: Social Science

This comprehensive volume analyzes dual markets for regulated substances and services, and aims to provide a framework for their effective regulation. A “dual market” refers to the existence of both a legal and an illegal market for a regulated product or service (for example, prescription drugs). These regulations exist in various countries for a mix of public health, historical, political and cultural reasons. Allowing the legal market to thrive, while trying to eliminate the illegal market, provides a unique challenge for governments and law enforcement. Broken down into nine main sections, the book studies comparative international policies for regulating these “dual markets” from a historical, legal, and cultural perspective. It includes an analysis of the markets for psychoactive substances that are illegal in most countries (such as marijuana, cocaine, opiods and amphetimines), psychoactive substances which are legal in most countries and where consumption is widespread (such as alcohol and tobacco), and services that are generally regulated or illegal (such as sports betting, the sex trade, and gambling). For each of these nine types of markets, contributions focus on the relationship between regulation, the emerging illegal market, and the resulting overall access to these services. This work aims to provide a comprehensive framework from a historical, cultural, and comparative international perspective. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in organized crime, as well as related fields such as sociology, public policy, international relations, and public health.

Borderland Battles

Author: Annette Idler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190849160
Release Date: 2019-01-24
Genre: Political Science

The post-cold war era has seen an unmistakable trend toward the proliferation of violent non-state groups-variously labeled terrorists, rebels, paramilitaries, gangs, and criminals-near borders in unstable regions especially. In Borderland Battles, Annette Idler examines the micro-dynamics among violent non-state groups and finds striking patterns: borderland spaces consistently intensify the security impacts of how these groups compete for territorial control, cooperate in illicit cross-border activities, and replace the state in exerting governance functions. Drawing on extensive fieldwork with more than 600 interviews in and on the shared borderlands of Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela, where conflict is ripe and crime thriving, Idler reveals how dynamic interactions among violent non-state groups produce a complex security landscape with ramifications for order and governance, both locally and beyond. A deep examination of how violent non-state groups actually operate with and against one another on the ground, Borderland Battles will be essential reading for anyone involved in reducing organized crime and armed conflict-some of our era's most pressing and seemingly intractable problems.

El Narco

Author: Ioan Grillo
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN: 9781608195046
Release Date: 2011-11-01
Genre: History

A gripping, sobering account of how Mexican drug gangs have transformed into a criminal insurgency that threatens the nation's democracy and reaches across to the United States. "Essential reading."-Steve Coll, NewYorker.com The world has watched stunned at the bloodshed in Mexico. Thirty thousand murdered since 2006; police chiefs shot within hours of taking office; mass graves comparable to those of civil wars; car bombs shattering storefronts; headless corpses heaped in town squares. And it is all because a few Americans are getting high. Or is it? The United States throws Black Hawk helicopters and drug agents at the problem. But in secret, Washington is confused and divided about what to do. Who are these mysterious figures tearing Mexico apart? they wonder. What is El Narco? El Narco draws the first definitive portrait of Mexico's drug cartels and how they have radically transformed. El Narco is not a gang; it is a movement and an industry drawing in hundreds of thousands from bullet-ridden barrios to marijuana-growing mountains. And it has created paramilitary death squads with tens of thousands of men-at-arms from Guatemala to the Texas border. Journalist Ioan Grillo has spent a decade in Mexico reporting on the drug wars from the front lines. This piercing book joins testimonies from inside the cartels with firsthand dispatches and unsparing analysis. The devastation may be south of the Rio Grande, El Narco shows, but America is knee-deep in this conflict

Die wahre Geschichte der Schokolade

Author: Sophie D. Coe
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 9783105616147
Release Date: 2017-02-24
Genre: History

Dieses Buch entführt uns in die uralte, wechselhafte und überaus spannende Geschichte der Schokolade, die vor dreitausend Jahren in den Hochkulturen der Maya und Azteken begann. Unser »Schokoladenriegel für zwischendurch« verrät nur noch wenig von dieser atemberaubenden und wahren Geschichte, die hier wie in einem Roman nachzulesen ist und Aufschluß gibt über Mentalitäten und Alltagsleben von den mittelamerikanischen Hochkulturen bis heute. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

ZeroZeroZero

Author: Roberto Saviano
Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
ISBN: 9783446245785
Release Date: 2014-02-03
Genre: Political Science

Sieben Jahre nach dem Welterfolg von "Gomorrha" legt Roberto Saviano nun eine bahnbrechende Reportage über Kokain vor. Millionen Menschen sind abhängig von der Droge, weltweit und quer durch alle Gesellschaftsschichten. Allein in Deutschland liegen die Zahlen bei knapp einer Million. Die geheimen Geldströme, die das "weiße Erdöl" entfesselt, destabilisieren mittlerweile ganze Wirtschaftssysteme. Saviano, der Zugang zu den brisantesten Quellen hat, lässt die unterschiedlichsten Betroffenen zu Wort kommen: den Pusher, den infiltrierten Agenten, die Schönheitskönigin, den Broker. Ein alarmierendes Buch von grandioser Wucht, das zum ersten Mal das Phänomen in seiner ganzen Breite aufzeigt und einen Appell an die Öffentlichkeit richtet – weil Kokain uns alle angeht.

The Oxford Handbook of Environmental History

Author: Andrew C. Isenberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199394470
Release Date: 2014-09-18
Genre: History

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

From Development to Dictatorship

Author: Thomas C. Field, Jr.
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801470448
Release Date: 2014-05-09
Genre: History

During the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, Washington’s modernization programs in early 1960s' Bolivia ended up on a collision course with important sectors of the country’s civil society, including radical workers, rebellious students, and a plethora of rightwing and leftwing political parties. In From Development to Dictatorship, Thomas C. Field Jr. reconstructs the untold story of USAID’s first years in Bolivia, including the country’s 1964 military coup d’état. Field draws heavily on local sources to demonstrate that Bolivia’s turn toward anticommunist, development-oriented dictatorship was the logical and practical culmination of the military-led modernization paradigm that provided the liberal underpinnings of Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress. In the process, he explores several underappreciated aspects of Cold War liberal internationalism: the tendency of “development” to encourage authoritarian solutions to political unrest, the connection between modernization theories and the rise of Third World armed forces, and the intimacy between USAID and CIA covert operations. Challenging the conventional dichotomy between ideology and strategy in international politics, From Development to Dictatorship engages with a growing literature on development as a key rubric for understanding the interconnected processes of decolonization and the Cold War.

Hotel Bolivia

Author: Leo Spitzer
Publisher:
ISBN: 3854524730
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Bolivia

Born of Austrian Jewish refugees in Boliva, the author tells of his childhood and his parents' flight from Austria and their new lives in Bolivia. He also examines the effects of displacement of Jewish refugees in a foreign country.