Animal Behavior

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 0878939660
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

This title offers a treatment of the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary bases of behaviour with a focus on the importance of evolutionary theory for the unification of the different behavioural disciplines.

Animal Behavior

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
ISBN: 1605355488
Release Date: 2018-01-14
Genre: Animal behavior

Revised edition of: Animal behavior: an evolutionary approach / John Alcock. 10th ed. c2013.

Animal Behavior

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 0878932259
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Science

This title offers a treatment of the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary bases of behaviour with a focus on the importance of evolutionary theory for the unification of the different behavioural disciplines.

Exploring Animal Behavior

Author: Paul W. Sherman
Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated
ISBN: 1605351954
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Science

This anthology contains 37 articles published since 1974 in American Scientist, the journal of the scientific society Sigma Xi. While sequenced particularly to complement John Alcock's Animal Behavior, this readily comprehensible and richly illustrated reader can stand alone as a sampler of the excitement and diversity of research approaches and organisms that constitute the modern study of animal behavior.

Principles of Animal Behavior

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393922332
Release Date: 2013-03-28
Genre: Science

Principles of Animal Behavior has long been considered the most current and engaging introduction to animal behavior. The Third Edition is now also the most comprehensive and balanced in its approach to the theoretical framework behind how biologists study behavior.

In a Desert Garden

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: University of Arizona Press
ISBN: 9780816519705
Release Date: 1999-04-01
Genre: Nature

When John Alcock replaced the Bermuda grass in his suburban Arizona lawn with gravel, cacti, and fairy dusters, he was doing more than creating desert landscaping. He seeded his property with flowers to entice certain insects and even added a few cowpies to attract termites, creating a personal laboratory for ecological studies. His observations of life in his own front yard provided him with the fieldnotes for this unusual book. In a Desert Garden draws readers into the strange and fascinating world of plants and animals native to Arizona's Sonoran Desert. As Alcock studies the plants in his yard, he shares thoughts on planting, weeding, and pruning that any gardener will appreciate. And when commenting on the mating rituals of spiders and beetles or marveling at the camouflage of grasshoppers and caterpillars, he uses humor and insight to detail the lives of the insects that live in his patch of desert. Celebrating the virtues of even aphids and mosquitoes, Alcock draws the reader into the intricacies of desert life to reveal the complex interactions found in this unique ecosystem. In a Desert Garden combines meticulous science with contemplations of nature and reminds us that a world of wonder lies just outside our own doors.

Cognition Evolution and Behavior

Author: Sara J. Shettleworth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199717818
Release Date: 2010-04-10
Genre: Psychology

How do animals perceive the world, learn, remember, search for food or mates, communicate, and find their way around? Do any nonhuman animals count, imitate one another, use a language, or have a culture? What are the uses of cognition in nature and how might it have evolved? What is the current status of Darwin's claim that other species share the same "mental powers" as humans, but to different degrees? In this completely revised second edition of Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior, Sara Shettleworth addresses these questions, among others, by integrating findings from psychology, behavioral ecology, and ethology in a unique and wide-ranging synthesis of theory and research on animal cognition, in the broadest sense--from species-specific adaptations of vision in fish and associative learning in rats to discussions of theory of mind in chimpanzees, dogs, and ravens. She reviews the latest research on topics such as episodic memory, metacognition, and cooperation and other-regarding behavior in animals, as well as recent theories about what makes human cognition unique. In every part of this new edition, Shettleworth incorporates findings and theoretical approaches that have emerged since the first edition was published in 1998. The chapters are now organized into three sections: Fundamental Mechanisms (perception, learning, categorization, memory), Physical Cognition (space, time, number, physical causation), and Social Cognition (social knowledge, social learning, communication). Shettleworth has also added new chapters on evolution and the brain and on numerical cognition, and a new chapter on physical causation that integrates theories of instrumental behavior with discussions of foraging, planning, and tool using.

Animal Behavior

Author: Shawn Nordell
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190276789
Release Date: 2017-05-30
Genre: Nature

EMPHASIZES CONCEPTS. Animal Behavior: Concepts, Methods, and Applications, Second Edition, takes a conceptual approach that highlights the process of science and the real-world applications of animal behavior research. In an engaging, question-driven style, Shawn E. Nordell and Thomas J. Valone offer readers a clear learning progression for understanding and evaluating empirical research examples. FOCUSES ON METHODOLOGY AND THE PROCESS OF SCIENCE. Featured studies illustrate each concept and emphasize research methods, immersing students in the process of animal behavior research. The authors clearly identify the research question, hypothesis, and prediction for each featured study and then demonstrate how the methods allow the prediction to be tested. HIGHLIGHTS REAL-WORLD APPLICATIONS. To help students understand the broader significance of animal behavior research, each chapter contains examples of how various people and groups are applying the concepts to societal problems and issues. DISTINCTIVE FEATURES Bolded key terms, a running glossary, chapter summaries, and thought-provoking discussion questions provide additional support for students "Scientific Process" boxes clearly and concisely lay out each step of the research process "Toolboxes" explain essential skills or complex terms in the science of animal behavior "Applying the Concepts" boxes provide examples of how animal behavior research is being applied to real-life problems Diverse research examples represent all major taxa and highlight both classic and contemporary research Beautiful illustrations and photos help readers visualize complex processes and connect with the natural world

The Triumph of Sociobiology

Author: John Alcock
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198032897
Release Date: 2001-06-28
Genre: Science

In The Triumph of Sociobiology, John Alcock reviews the controversy that has surrounded evolutionary studies of human social behavior following the 1975 publication of E.O. Wilson's classic, Sociobiology, The New Synthesis. Denounced vehemently as an "ideology" that has justified social evils and inequalities, sociobiology has survived the assault. Twenty-five years after the field was named by Wilson, the approach he championed has successfully demonstrated its value in the study of animal behavior, including the behavior of our own species. Yet, misconceptions remain--to our disadvantage. In this straight-forward, objective approach to the sociobiology debate, noted animal behaviorist John Alcock illuminates how sociobiologists study behavior in all species. He confronts the chief scientific and ideological objections head on, with a compelling analysis of case histories that involve such topics as sexual jealousy, beauty, gender difference, parent-offspring relations, and rape. In so doing, he shows that sociobiology provides the most satisfactory scientific analysis of social behavior available today. Alcock challenges the notion that sociobiology depends on genetic determinism while showing the shortcoming of competing approaches that rely on cultural or environmental determinism. He also presents the practical applications of sociobiology and the progress sociobiological research has made in the search for a more complete understanding of human activities. His reminder that "natural" behavior is not "moral" behavior should quiet opponents fearing misapplication of evolutionary theory to our species. The key misconceptions about this evolutionary field are dissected one by one as the author shows why sociobiologists have had so much success in explaining the puzzling and fascinating social behavior of nonhuman animals and humans alike.

Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation

Author: Marco Festa-Bianchet
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 1597268372
Release Date: 2013-04-09
Genre: Nature

Efforts to conserve wildlife populations and preserve biological diversity are often hampered by an inadequate understanding of animal behavior. How do animals react to gaps in forested lands, or to sport hunters? Do individual differences--in age, sex, size, past experience--affect how an animal reacts to a given situation? Differences in individual behavior may determine the success or failure of a conservation initiative, yet they are rarely considered when strategies and policies are developed. Animal Behavior and Wildlife Conservation explores how knowledge of animal behavior may help increase the effectiveness of conservation programs. The book brings together conservation biologists, wildlife managers, and academics from around the world to examine the importance of general principles, the role played by specific characteristics of different species, and the importance of considering the behavior of individuals and the strategies they adopt to maximize fitness.Each chapter begins by looking at the theoretical foundations of a topic, and follows with an exploration of its practical implications. A concluding chapter considers possible future contributions of research in animal behavior to wildlife conservation.

Marine Mammals

Author: Annalisa Berta
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123972576
Release Date: 2015-03-20
Genre: Science

Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology, Third Edition is a succinct, yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, physiology, and behavior of marine mammals. Earlier editions of this valuable work are considered required reading for all marine biologists concerned with marine mammals, and this text continues that tradition of excellence with updated citations and an expansion of nearly every chapter that includes full color photographs and distribution maps. Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the biology of all marine mammals Provides a phylogenetic framework that integrates phylogeny with behavior and ecology Features chapter summaries, further readings, an appendix, glossary and an extensive bibliography Exciting new color photographs and additional distribution maps

Invertebrates

Author: Richard C. Brusca
Publisher: Sinauer Associates
ISBN: 1605353752
Release Date: 2016-01
Genre: Invertebrates

"For each of 32 currently recognized phyla, Invertebrates, Third Edition presents detailed classifications, taxonomic synopses, updated information on general biology and anatomy, and current phylogenetic hypotheses. Chapters are organized around the "new animal phylogeny," along with basic background on invertebrates. Illustrated with abundant line drawings, color photos, boxes, and tables"--

Biology

Author: Gerald Audesirk
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 9780134226453
Release Date: 2016-01-15
Genre: Science

For non-majors/mixed biology courses. An Inquiry Approach that engages readers in critical thinking through the use of relatable case studies and more. With a proven and effective tradition of engaging readers with real-world applications, high-interest case studies, and inquiry-based pedagogy, Biology: Life on Earth fosters a lifetime of discovery and scientific understanding. Maintaining the conversational, question-and-answer presentation style that has made the text a best-seller, the Eleventh Edition continues to incorporate true and relevant Case Studies throughout each chapter, along with new, more extensive guidance for developing critical thinking skills and scientific literacy. Also available with MasteringBiology™ MasteringBiology is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product proven to improve results by helping readers quickly master concepts. Readers benefit from self-paced tutorials that feature personalized wrong-answer feedback and hints that emulate the office-hour experience and help keep students on track. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, readers are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts. NOTE: You are purchasing a standalone product; MasteringBiology does not come packaged with this content. If you would like to purchase both the physical text and MasteringBiology search for: 0133910601 / 9780133910605 Biology: Life on Earth with Physiology Plus MasteringBiology with eText -- Access Card Package, 11/e Package consists of: 0134254732 / 9780134254739 MasteringBiology with Pearson eText -- ValuePack Access Card -- for Biology: Life on Earth with Physiology 0133923002 / 9780133923001 Biology: Life on Earth with Physiology

Stem Cell Dialogues

Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231539401
Release Date: 2015-06-23
Genre: Philosophy

"Stem cells" have become linked with both new frontiers in medical science and political and ethical controversy. The field, along with the emerging area of regenerative medicine, is creating the conditions for a time when damaged tissue and organs might be repaired through personalized cell therapy as easily as the body repairs itself, therefore revolutionizing the treatment of numerous diseases. Yet to obtain human embryonic stem cells, scientists must destroy human embryos -- a prospect that has provoked intense reactions among the American public. Addressing the moral and ethical issues of stem cell research while also educating readers about the biological function and medical applications of these cells, this book features fictional characters engaging in compelling inquiry and debate. Participants investigate the scientific, political, and socio-ethical dimensions of stem cell science using actual language, analysis, and arguments taken from scientific, philosophical, and popular literature. Each dialogue centers on a specific, recognizable topic, such as the policies implemented by the George W. Bush administration restricting the use of embryonic stem cells; the potential role of stem cells in personalized medicine; the ethics of cloning; and the sale of eggs and embryos. Additionally, speakers debate the use of stem cells to treat paralysis, diabetes, stroke effects, macular degeneration, and cancer. Educational, entertaining, and rigorously researched (with 300 references to scientific literature), Stem Cell Dialogues should be included in any effort to help the public understand the science, ethics, and policy concerns of this promising field.

Animal Behavior Desk Reference

Author: Edward M. Barrows
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439836514
Release Date: 2011-04-26
Genre: Nature

"Words are our tools, and, as a minimum, we should use clean tools. We should know what we mean and what we do not, and we must forearm ourselves against the traps that language sets us." -- The Need for Precise Terminology, Austin (1957, 7–8) It follows that, for effective and efficient communication, people should have, or at least understand, the same precise terminology. Such terminology is crucial for the advancement of basic, theoretical, and applied science, yet too often there is ambiguity between scientific and common definitions and even discrepancies in the scientific literature. Providing a common ground and platform for precise scientific communication in animal behavior, ecology, evolution, and related branches of biology, Animal Behavior Desk Reference, A Dictionary of Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Third Edition contains more than 800 new terms and definitions, 48 new figures, and thousands of additions and improvements. Using a dictionary format to present definitions in a standard, easily accessible manner, the book’s main body emphasizes conceptual terms, rather than anatomical parts or taxonomic terms, and focuses on nouns, rather than verbs or adjectives. Term hierarchies are handled with bulleted entries and terms with multiple definitions are included as superscripted entries. All sources are cited and most are paraphrased to conform to uniform style and length. The dictionary also includes nontechnical and obsolete terms, synonyms, pronunciations, and notes and comments, as well as etymologies, term originators, and related facts. Appendices address organism names, organizations, and databases. Devoted to the precise and correct use of scientific language, this third edition of a bestselling standard enables students and scientists alike to communicate their findings and promote the efficient advancement of science.