Principles of Animal Nutrition

Author: Guoyao Wu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781351646376
Release Date: 2017-11-22
Genre: Medical

Animals are biological transformers of dietary matter and energy to produce high-quality foods and wools for human consumption and use. Mammals, birds, fish, and shrimp require nutrients to survive, grow, develop, and reproduce. As an interesting, dynamic, and challenging discipline in biological sciences, animal nutrition spans an immense range from chemistry, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology to reproduction, immunology, pathology, and cell biology. Thus, nutrition is a foundational subject in livestock, poultry and fish production, as well as the rearing and health of companion animals. This book entitled Principles of Animal Nutrition consists of 13 chapters. Recent advances in biochemistry, physiology and anatomy provide the foundation to understand how nutrients are utilized by ruminants and non-ruminants. The text begins with an overview of the physiological and biochemical bases of animal nutrition, followed by a detailed description of chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids, protein, and amino acids. It advances to the coverage of the digestion, absorption, transport, and metabolism of macronutrients, energy, vitamins, and minerals in animals. To integrate the basic knowledge of nutrition with practical animal feeding, the book continues with discussion on nutritional requirements of animals for maintenance and production, as well as the regulation of food intake by animals. Finally, the book closes with feed additives, including those used to enhance animal growth and survival, improve feed efficiency for protein production, and replace feed antibiotics. While the classical and modern concepts of animal nutrition are emphasized throughout the book, every effort has been made to include the most recent progress in this ever-expanding field, so that readers in various biological disciplines can integrate biochemistry and physiology with nutrition, health, and disease in mammals, birds, and other animal species (e.g., fish and shrimp). All chapters clearly provide the essential literature related to the principles of animal nutrition, which should be useful for academic researchers, practitioners, beginners, and government policy makers. This book is an excellent reference for professionals and a comprehensive textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate students in animal science, biochemistry, biomedicine, biology, food science, nutrition, veterinary medicine, and related fields. ?

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition

Author: D.J.A. Cole,
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483100203
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition — 1987 focuses on the advancement of techniques, procedures, and processes in animal nutrition. The selection first discusses techniques for identifying the metabolizable energy (ME) content of poultry feeds and the impact of declaration of ME value of poultry feeds. Methods for determining the ME of feeds; formulation of products and declaration of energy; species and ages of birds; and analytical problems are considered. The book also discusses the effects of diarrhea and wet litter in meat poultry; the inclusion of phosphorus in the diet of laying hens; natural products for egg yolk pigmentation; and the addition of enzymes to enhance the utilization of pig and poultry diets. The text also examines the nutrition of goats and cattle; immunity, nutrition, and performance in animal production; and methods of identifying the amino acid requirement of pigs. The book highlights as well the reactions of consumers to meat quality. Consumption trends; changes in eating patterns, retailing, and consumer purchasing patterns; and fatness and eating quality are considered. The book is a good source of information for readers wanting to study animal nutrition.

Animal Nutrition

Author: Peter McDonald
Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed
ISBN: 9781408204276
Release Date: 2011-07-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The latest edition of this classic text has been reorganised to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the science and practice of animal nutrition. Animal Nutrition is split into six main sections covering: The components of food; The digestion and metabolism of nutrients; Quantifying the nutrient content of foods: digestibility, energy and protein values; The nutrient requirements of animals; The nutritional characteristics of foods; and Animal products and human nutrition. The Appendices provides comprehensive tables on the composition of foods and feeding standards for dairy and beef cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry, and horses. The text is supported by key experimental evidence throughout. Quantitative aspects of the subject are clearly explained and illustrated by worked examples. Problems and solutions have now been added to all chapters to aid student learning.

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition

Author: E Underwood
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323162180
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Science

Trace Elements in Human and Animal Nutrition, Fourth Edition, explores the physiological roles of trace elements in human and animal nutrition. It looks at the needs, tolerances, and interactions of trace elements with each other and with other nutrients and compounds, and it explores how deficient, toxic, or imbalanced intakes of such elements lead to biochemical and pathological changes. It also describes ways of diagnosing and addressing such aberrant intakes of trace elements, along with their principal sources. Organized into 20 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the nature of trace elements and their mode of action, including iron, copper, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc, cadmium, chromium, iodine, selenium, fluorine, mercury, vanadium, silicon, lead, and arsenic. It then discusses the presence of these elements in animal tissues and fluids, along with their metabolism, functions, and toxicity. It also considers other elements, such as aluminum, antimony, barium, boron, bromine, germanium, lithium, rubidium, silver, strontium, tin, titanium, and zirconium. The book concludes with an analysis of the interrelationships among soil, plants, and animals. This book should be a valuable resource for students and chemists.

Rationale for Animal Nutrition

Author: Randy L. Wysong
Publisher: Wysong Institute
ISBN: 9780918112057
Release Date: 1993-01-01
Genre:

Although nutrition is thought to be a completed science, it is not, neither in theory or practice. Rationale for Animal Nutrition addresses the incorrect ideas and unsettled issues, and far beyond the standard, protein builds muscle and vitamin A is good for the eyes, nutritional pabulum. Dr. Wysong?s experience in veterinary surgery and medicine, nutritional and food science research, and building and running food manufacturing facilities gives him the 'in the trenches? insight to take issue with a wide variety of common nutritional givens. These are some of the myths he challenges:? Processed packaged pet food are "100% complete and balanced"? Synthetic nutrients are the same as natural? Better digestibility equals better food? Supplementing commercial pet foods is dangerous? NRC requirements are well founded in fact? A food's merit can be determined by its list of ingredients or analyses? Foods in paper bags can have a six month or greater shelf-life? Modern nutrition is better than that of our ancestors? More technology and more medicine will mean less disease? Science knows what nutrients we requireDr. Wysong gives readers fundamental, philosophic understandings of their place - and that of their companion animals - in the natural order of things. This empowers people with the insight needed to make independent, healthful decisions when confronting the confusing and dangerous commercial marketplace.

The Encyclopedia of Farm Animal Nutrition

Author: M. F. Fuller
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9780851993690
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Embracing a wide range of disciplines, including physiology, biochemistry, veterinary medicine and feed technology, this book covers every type of farm animal found in both developing and developed countries, including cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens, goats, horses, fish, deer, buffaloes, rabbits and camelids, as well as ducks, turkeys, ostriches and other birds. The encyclopedia contains approximately 2000 entries from 90 contributors. These entries range from short definitions to more discursive articles, all entries are fully cross-referenced to aid further research.

Fats in Animal Nutrition

Author: J. Wiseman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483100357
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Fats in Animal Nutrition provides a useful text containing information from many diverse disciplines that discuss the nutritional utilization of lipids of domesticated animals. The book is divided into seven parts. Part I covers the chemistry and biochemistry of animal and plant fats and their nutritional importance; Part II discusses the general principles involved in the transport and absorption of fats and how this process is facilitated in ruminant and non-ruminant animals. The book also deals with the role of essential fats in the nutrition of different animals, as well as the protective functions of fat-soluble vitamins . Part IV discusses the use of fats as an energy source for animals; Part V deals with the inclusion of fats in animal feeds and their uses. The deposition of fat in different meats and the practical applications of fat utilization in animals are covered as well. The text is recommended for agriculturists, veterinarians, and zoologists who would like to know more about the importance of the inclusion of fats in animal diets.

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition

Author: Lee Russell McDowell
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323139045
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Vitamins in Animal Nutrition presents concise, up-to-date information on vitamin nutrition for livestock and poultry; comparisons with vitamin use in human nutrition are also presented. This book describes the basic chemical, metabolic, and functional role of vitamins and vitamin supplementation. A wealth of photographs illustrate the nutritional aspects of vitamin deficiencies and excesses in livestock, along with their concomitant conditions. This authoritative reference is of interest to professionals in animal nutrition and the livestock industry and is suitable as a graduate-level text on vitamin nutrition in animals. First book of its kind Offers practical and broad coverage of nutrition as it relates to farm livestock, humans, and laboratory animals Clinically identifies and outlines the effects of vitamin excesses and deficiencies in animals and humans Emphasizes vitamin supplementation, and vitamin metabolism and function Illustrated with numerous photographs

Applied Animal Nutrition

Author: Peter R. Cheeke
Publisher: Prentice Hall
ISBN: WISC:89083370833
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Medical

Bridging the gap between animal science and agronomy, "Applied Animal Nutrition: Feeds and Feeding, " third edition, enables the reader to learn and master the steps necessary to providing proper nutrition of all types. Feeds are discussed in their agronomic features, nutritive value, special properties, processing needs, suitability for particular kinds of livestock, the presence of deleterious or toxic factors, and any other considerations that relate to their utility as feeds. Features: The latest information on BSE or Mad Cow disease Completely revised to offer the most up-to-date research findings available New material written by experts in specific nutrition fields, such as dairy cattle nutrition, swine nutrition, as well as companion animal nutrition and wild and exotic animal nutrition

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition

Author: P. C. Garnsworthy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483100258
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition: 1992 is an annual review of the changes and updates in the field of animal nutrition, especially progresses in the study of feeds. The book is divided into four parts. Part I discusses topics related to nutrition in non-ruminant animals, while Part II covers ruminant nutrition. Part III tackles studies about general nutrition such as the use of growth promoters in animal feeds and predicting the response to variation and diet, and Part IV deals with feed compounding and its effects. The text is recommended for agriculturists, zoologists, and those involved in the development and manufacture of feeds who would like to know more about the nutrition of agriculturally important animals.

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition

Author: Carlos Simões Nunes
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128094266
Release Date: 2018-03-15
Genre: Medical

Enzymes in Human and Animal Nutrition is a detailed reference on enzymes covering detailed information on all relevant aspects fundamental for final use of enzymes in human and animal nutrition. Topics explored include selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes, effects of probiotics on enzymes in the digestive tract, potential new sources of enzymes, valorization of plant biomass by food and feed enzymes. Economics and intellectual property issues are also examined. Examines the role of enzymes in nutrition and in the production of food and animal feed so that food industry and academic researchers can understand applications of enzymes in the health of humans and animals Begins with a thorough overview of selection, engineering and expression of microbial enzymes Examines extremophile organisms as a potential new source of enzymes Includes discussion of analytics, economics and intellectual property to increase applicability of the rest of the book outside of the lab

Animal nutrition

Author: Aron A. Bondi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471903752
Release Date: 1987-05
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Small Animal Nutrition

Author: Sandie Agar
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann Medical
ISBN: 075064575X
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Medical

* covers the essentials of nutrition in an impartial and lighthearted way * user-friendly layout makes animal nutrition interesting and fun, helping students easily understand the principles of nutrition * includes excellent section on the nutritional needs of small furries with previously unpublished material * essential reading for every veterinary undergraduate and veterinary nurse * deals with all areas covered in the City & Guilds Small Animal Nutrition Certificate

Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism

Author: Peter R. Cheeke
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 9781845936310
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Nutrition is a very broad discipline, encompassing biochemistry, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, microbiology and pathology. Presenting the major principles of nutrition of both domestic and wild animals, this book takes a comparative approach, recognising that there are considerable differences in nutrient digestion, metabolism and requirements among various mammalian and avian species. Explaining species differences in food selection, food-seeking and digestive strategies and their significance to nutritional needs, chapters cover a broad range of topics including digestive physiology, metabolic disorders and specific nutrients such as carbohydrates proteins and lipids, with particular attention being paid to nutritional and metabolic idiosyncrasies. It is an essential text for students of animal and veterinary sciences.