Animals and Disease

Author: Lise Wilkinson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521375738
Release Date: 1992-03-19
Genre: Medical

Man's attempts to learn about aspects of the human body and its functions by observation and study of animals are to be found throughout history, especially at times and in cultures where the human body was considered sacrosanct, even after death. This book describes the origins and later development, especially in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, of comparative medicine and its interrelationship with medicine and veterinary medicine and the efforts of its practitioners to understand and control outbreaks of infectious, epidemic diseases in humans and in domestic animals. In the nineteenth century their efforts and increasing professionalism led to the creation of specialised institutes devoted to the study of comparative medicine. Paradoxically the first such institute, the Brown Institution, opened in London in 1871, despite the fact that the study of this branch of medicine in Britain had always lagged behind that in France and Germany. The book discusses the rise and fall of this centre and describes how it was soon overtaken in importance by the great institutes in Paris and Berlin and then, from the turn of the century, by American institutes, funded by private fortunes. This book sheds much new light on the medical and veterinary history of this period and will provide a new perspective on the history of bacteriology.

Animals Disease and Human Society

Author: Joanna Swabe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134675401
Release Date: 2002-09-11
Genre: Social Science

This book explores the history and nature of our dependency on other animals and the implications of this for human and animal health. Writing from an historical and sociological perspective, Joanna Swabe's work discusses such issues as: * animal domestication * the consequences of human exploitation of other animals, including links between human and animal disease * the rise of a veterinary regime, designed to protect humans and animals alike * implications of intensive farming practices, pet-keeping and recent biotechnological developments. This account spans a period of some ten thousand years, and raises important questions about the increasing intensification of animal use for both animal and human health.

Essentials of Disease in Wild Animals

Author: Gary A. Wobeser
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118708873
Release Date: 2013-05-07
Genre: Medical

The interrelationship between wild animal, domestic animals andhuman health is appreciated now more than ever before. This isbecause of the recognition of the involvement of wild animals indiseases of humans and domestic animals, the impact of disease onwildlife management and conservation biology, recognition of newforms of environmental contamination, and academic interest indisease as an ecological factor. This is the first introductory level book about disease in wildanimals that deals with basic subjects such as the nature ofdisease, what causes disease, how disease is described andmeasured, how diseases spread and persist and the effects ofdisease on individual animals and populations. In contrast toauthors of many other veterinary books, Gary A. Wobeser takes amore general approach to health in wild animals, recognizing thatdisease is one ecological factor among many and that disease cannever be considered satisfactorily in isolation. Rather than focuson individual causative agents and their effect on the individualanimal, the emphasis is on why disease occurred, and on the complexinteractions that occur among disease agents, the environment andhost populations. Written by a leading researcher in wildlife diseases, this bookwill fill a knowledge gap for those called to work with disease inwild animals who lack experience or training in the generalfeatures of disease as they relate to wild animals. Veterinarians,ecologists, wildlife biologists, population biologists and publichealth workers will find this book invaluable.

Chronic Disease Management for Small Animals

Author: W. Dunbar Gram
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119200895
Release Date: 2017-12-04
Genre: Medical

Practical guidance on managing chronic illnesses in small animals Chronic Disease Management for Small Animals provides a complete resource for the long-term care and therapy of canine and feline patients with incurable conditions. Offering practical strategies for successful management of chronic disorders, the book presents expert guidance on handling these ailments and the animals that they afflict. Written by leading experts in their respective fields, Chronic Disease Management for Small Animals takes a multidisciplinary approach to the subject, covering chronic diseases across many categories, including mobility, dermatology, ophthalmology, internal medicine, and more. The book is not meant to replace existing textbooks, but rather is designed to be used as a practical guide that educates the reader about the many therapeutic options for chronic disease management. Coverage encompasses: The impact that chronic disease has on the quality of life for both the patient and its owner Specific chronic diseases, outlining diagnostics, therapeutics, and quality of life concerns Hospice care and end of life, including client and pet needs, quality of life, cultural sensitivities, dying naturally, euthanasia, and death Chronic Disease Management for Small Animals is an essential reference for recently qualified and seasoned practitioners alike, supporting clinicians in making decisions and communicating with clients regarding long-term care. It is an ideal book for all small animal practitioners and veterinary students.

Disease in Wild Animals

Author: Gary A. Wobeser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540489788
Release Date: 2007-04-03
Genre: Science

Gary Wobeser's successful book from 1994 has been completely updated and enlarged in a new second edition. An in-depth overview of the available techniques for the investigation and management of disease in free-ranging animals is provided. The subjects are illustrated with examples drawn from around the world, with emphasis on the special requirements involved in working with wild animals. The book draws on the author’s training as a wildlife biologist.

Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals Chlamydioses rickettsioses and viroses

Author: Pedro N. Acha
Publisher: Pan American Health Org
ISBN: 9789275119921
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: Medical

In recent years, zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals have gained increasing attention worldwide. Human diseases that have their origins in infected animals, such as AIDS or Creutzfeldt-Jakob, have highlighted the need for a better understanding of animal diseases in terms of their epidemiology, mechanism of transmission to man, diagnosis, prevention and control. Encroachment into formerly little known ecological areas has increased exposure to such diseases. Also, the speed of modern travel facilitates the spread of the diseases once confined to specific geographic areas. Animal migration and trade pose a similar threat. This new edition provides a detailed overview of the most important zoonotic diseases including: its first appearance, most important outbreaks, latest scientific knowledge, and causative agents. It includes etiology, geographic distribution, symptoms and occurrence in man and animals, source of infection, mode of transmission, role of animals in the epidemiology of the disease, diagnostic techniques and prevention and control measures; name and number according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD -10.). It also includes an index covering synonyms and etiologic agents' names.

Zoonoses and Communicable Diseases Common to Man and Animals Bacterioses and mycoses

Author: Pedro N. Acha
Publisher: Pan American Health Org
ISBN: 9789275115800
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Medical

This publication presents the latest information on zoonoses and zoonotic diseases in Latin America and the rest of the world. These are two groups of communicable diseases: those transmitted from vertebrate animals to humans; and those common to humans and animals. This volume focuses on bacterial infections and diseases caused by fungi. It contains tables and figures that help explain the transmission cycle and the geographic distribution and prevalence of many of these diseases.

Modeling Infectious Diseases in Humans and Animals

Author: Matt J. Keeling
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400841035
Release Date: 2011-09-19
Genre: Science

For epidemiologists, evolutionary biologists, and health-care professionals, real-time and predictive modeling of infectious disease is of growing importance. This book provides a timely and comprehensive introduction to the modeling of infectious diseases in humans and animals, focusing on recent developments as well as more traditional approaches. Matt Keeling and Pejman Rohani move from modeling with simple differential equations to more recent, complex models, where spatial structure, seasonal "forcing," or stochasticity influence the dynamics, and where computer simulation needs to be used to generate theory. In each of the eight chapters, they deal with a specific modeling approach or set of techniques designed to capture a particular biological factor. They illustrate the methodology used with examples from recent research literature on human and infectious disease modeling, showing how such techniques can be used in practice. Diseases considered include BSE, foot-and-mouth, HIV, measles, rubella, smallpox, and West Nile virus, among others. Particular attention is given throughout the book to the development of practical models, useful both as predictive tools and as a means to understand fundamental epidemiological processes. To emphasize this approach, the last chapter is dedicated to modeling and understanding the control of diseases through vaccination, quarantine, or culling. Comprehensive, practical introduction to infectious disease modeling Builds from simple to complex predictive models Models and methodology fully supported by examples drawn from research literature Practical models aid students' understanding of fundamental epidemiological processes For many of the models presented, the authors provide accompanying programs written in Java, C, Fortran, and MATLAB In-depth treatment of role of modeling in understanding disease control

The Fungal Spore and Disease Initiation in Plants and Animals

Author: G.T. Cole
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306434547
Release Date: 1991-02-28
Genre: Science

This treatise is focused on early aspects of fungal pathogenesis in plant and animal hosts. Our aim in choosing the topics and contributors was to demonstrate common approaches to studies of fungal-plant and fungal-animal interactions, particularly at the biochemical and molecular Ievels. For example, the initial events of adh«sion of fungal spores to the exposed surface tissues of the host are essential for subsequent invasion of the plant or animal and establishment of pathogenesis. A point of consensus among investigators who have directed their attention to such events in plants, insects, and vertebrates isthat spore adhesion to the host cuticle or epithelium is more than a simple binding event. lt is a complex and potentially pivotal process in fungal-plant interactions which "may involve the secretion of ftuids that prepare the infection court for the development of morphological stages of the germling" and subsequent invasion of the host (Nicholson and Epstein, Chapter 1). The attachment of the fungal propagule to the arthropod cuticle is also "mediated by the chemical components present on the outer layer of the spore wall and the epicuticle . . . . Initial attachment may be reinforced further by either the active secretion of adhesive materials or the modification of spore wall materiallocated at the [fungal spore arthropod] cuticle interface (Boucias and Pendland, Chapter 5).

Animals Diseases and Human Health Shaping Our Lives Now and in the Future

Author: Radford G. Davis D.V.M., M.P.H.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313385308
Release Date: 2011-10-20
Genre: Medical

This book explains how animals shape our lives and our health, providing evidence that a "One Health" approach is the only logical methodology for advancing human health in the future. • Contains illustrations and photographs to accompany the text • Includes a bibliography with most chapters • Features a sidebar in each chapter that presents interesting facts not found elsewhere in the chapter • Serves as a ready reference for pet owners as well as a text for high school and college students focused on animal science and health, public health, veterinary medicine, biology, microbiology, and virology

Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters

Author: Lila Miller
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119949459
Release Date: 2011-11-16
Genre: Medical

Infectious Disease Management in Animal Shelters is a comprehensive guide to preventing, managing, and treating disease outbreaks in shelters. Emphasizing strategies for the prevention of illness and mitigation of disease, this book provides detailed, practical information regarding fundamental principles of disease control and specific management of important diseases affecting dogs and cats in group living environments. Taking an in-depth, population health approach, the text presents information to aid in the fight against the most significant and costly health issues in shelter care facilities.

Animals and Medicine

Author: Jack Botting
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 9781783741175
Release Date: 2015-05-04
Genre: Medical

Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives—both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine—from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer.This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.