Conquest of Mind

Author: David de Giustino
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317237754
Release Date: 2016-06-17
Genre: History

First published in 1975. This study examines one of the popular scientific philosophies of the nineteenth-century. The first part deals with the reception and diffusion of phrenology in Britain, its usefulness to various professions, and its challenge to traditional religion. The second part considers the application of phrenology in two separate social movements: prison reform and national education. This title will be of interest to students of history and philosophy.

Head Masters

Author: Stephen Tomlinson
Publisher: University Alabama Press
ISBN: UOM:39015060626671
Release Date: 2005-02-13
Genre: Social Science

Contributes to a better understanding of Horace Mann and the educational reform movement he advanced. Head Masters challenges the assumption that phrenology—the study of the conformation of the skull as it relates to mental faculties and character—played only a minor and somewhat anecdotal role in the development of education. Stephen Tomlinson asserts instead that phrenology was a scientifically respectable theory of human nature, perhaps the first solid physiological psychology. He shows that the first phrenologists were among the most prominent scientists and intellectuals of their day, and that the concept was eagerly embraced by leading members of the New England medical community. Following its progression from European theorists Franz-Joseph Gall, Johan Gasper Spurzheim, and George Combe to Americans Horace Mann and Samuel Gridley Howe, Tomlinson traces the origins of phrenological theory and examines how its basic principles of human classification, inheritance, and development provided a foundation for the progressive practices advocated by middle-class reformers such as Combe and Mann. He also elucidates the ways in which class, race, and gender stereotypes permeated 19th century thought and how popular views of nature, mind, and society supported a secular curriculum favoring the use of disciplinary practices based on physiology. This study ultimately offers a reconsideration of the ideas and theories that motivated education reformers such as Mann and Howe, and a reassessment of Combe, who, though hardly known by contemporary scholars, emerges as one of the most important and influential educators of the 19th century.

Portable Utopia

Author: Bernard Aspinwall
Publisher: [Aberdeen] : Aberdeen University Press
ISBN: UOM:39015024848312
Release Date: 1984
Genre: Political Science

The New Moral World

Author: Robert Owen
ISBN: UCI:31970026956257
Release Date: 1969
Genre: English periodicals

A London weekly publication, developing the principles of the rational system of society. Conducted by Robert Owen and his disciples.