Applications of Point Set Theory in Real Analysis

Author: A.B. Kharazishvili
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401707503
Release Date: 2013-03-09
Genre: Mathematics

This book is devoted to some results from the classical Point Set Theory and their applications to certain problems in mathematical analysis of the real line. Notice that various topics from this theory are presented in several books and surveys. From among the most important works devoted to Point Set Theory, let us first of all mention the excellent book by Oxtoby [83] in which a deep analogy between measure and category is discussed in detail. Further, an interesting general approach to problems concerning measure and category is developed in the well-known monograph by Morgan [79] where a fundamental concept of a category base is introduced and investigated. We also wish to mention that the monograph by Cichon, W«;glorz and the author [19] has recently been published. In that book, certain classes of subsets of the real line are studied and various cardinal valued functions (characteristics) closely connected with those classes are investigated. Obviously, the IT-ideal of all Lebesgue measure zero subsets of the real line and the IT-ideal of all first category subsets of the same line are extensively studied in [19], and several relatively new results concerning this topic are presented. Finally, it is reasonable to notice here that some special sets of points, the so-called singular spaces, are considered in the classi

Real Analysis with Economic Applications

Author: Efe A. Ok
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400840892
Release Date: 2011-09-05
Genre: Business & Economics

There are many mathematics textbooks on real analysis, but they focus on topics not readily helpful for studying economic theory or they are inaccessible to most graduate students of economics. Real Analysis with Economic Applications aims to fill this gap by providing an ideal textbook and reference on real analysis tailored specifically to the concerns of such students. The emphasis throughout is on topics directly relevant to economic theory. In addition to addressing the usual topics of real analysis, this book discusses the elements of order theory, convex analysis, optimization, correspondences, linear and nonlinear functional analysis, fixed-point theory, dynamic programming, and calculus of variations. Efe Ok complements the mathematical development with applications that provide concise introductions to various topics from economic theory, including individual decision theory and games, welfare economics, information theory, general equilibrium and finance, and intertemporal economics. Moreover, apart from direct applications to economic theory, his book includes numerous fixed point theorems and applications to functional equations and optimization theory. The book is rigorous, but accessible to those who are relatively new to the ways of real analysis. The formal exposition is accompanied by discussions that describe the basic ideas in relatively heuristic terms, and by more than 1,000 exercises of varying difficulty. This book will be an indispensable resource in courses on mathematics for economists and as a reference for graduate students working on economic theory.

Computability Theory and Its Applications

Author: Peter Cholak
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821819227
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Mathematics

This collection of articles presents a snapshot of the status of computability theory at the end of the millennium and a list of fruitful directions for future research. The papers represent the works of experts in the field who were invited speakers at the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Conference on Computability Theory and Applications held at the University of Colorado (Boulder). The conference focused on open problems in computability theory and on some related areas in which the ideas, methods, and/or results of computability theory play a role.Some presentations are narrowly focused; others cover a wider area. Topics included from 'pure' computability theory are the computably enumerable degrees (M. Lerman), the computably enumerable sets (P. Cholak, R. Soare), definability issues in the c.e. and Turing degrees (A. Nies, R. Shore) and other degree structures (M. Arslanov, S. Badaev and S. Goncharov, P. Odifreddi, A. Sorbi). The topics involving relations between computability and other areas of logic and mathematics are reverse mathematics and proof theory (D. Cenzer and C. Jockusch, C. Chong and Y. Yang, H. Friedman and S. Simpson), set theory (R. Dougherty and A. Kechris, M. Groszek, T. Slaman) and computable mathematics and model theory (K. Ambos-Spies and A. Kucera, R. Downey and J. Remmel, S. Goncharov and B. Khoussainov, J. Knight, M. Peretyat'kin, A. Shlapentokh).

Real Analysis

Author: Gerald B. Folland
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118626399
Release Date: 2013-06-11
Genre: Mathematics

An in-depth look at real analysis and its applications-now expandedand revised. This new edition of the widely used analysis book continues tocover real analysis in greater detail and at a more advanced levelthan most books on the subject. Encompassing several subjects thatunderlie much of modern analysis, the book focuses on measure andintegration theory, point set topology, and the basics offunctional analysis. It illustrates the use of the general theoriesand introduces readers to other branches of analysis such asFourier analysis, distribution theory, and probabilitytheory. This edition is bolstered in content as well as in scope-extendingits usefulness to students outside of pure analysis as well asthose interested in dynamical systems. The numerous exercises,extensive bibliography, and review chapter on sets and metricspaces make Real Analysis: Modern Techniques and TheirApplications, Second Edition invaluable for students ingraduate-level analysis courses. New features include: * Revised material on the n-dimensional Lebesgue integral. * An improved proof of Tychonoff's theorem. * Expanded material on Fourier analysis. * A newly written chapter devoted to distributions and differentialequations. * Updated material on Hausdorff dimension and fractal dimension.

Group Theory and Its Application to Physical Problems

Author: Morton Hamermesh
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486661814
Release Date: 1962
Genre: Science

"A remarkably intelligible survey . . . well organized, well written and very clear throughout." — Mathematical Reviews This excellent text, long considered one of the best-written, most skillful expositions of group theory and its physical applications, is directed primarily to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in physics, especially quantum physics. No knowledge of group theory is assumed, but the reader is expected to be familiar with quantum mechanics. And while much of the book concerns theory, readers will nevertheless find a large number of physical applications in the fields of crystallography, molecular theory, and atomic and nuclear physics. The first seven chapters of the book are concerned with finite groups, focusing on the central role of the symmetric group. This section concludes with a chapter dealing with the problem of determining group characters, as it discusses Young tableaux, Yamanouchi symbols, and the method of Hund. The remaining five chapters discuss continuous groups, particularly Lie groups, with the final chapter devoted to the ray representation of Lie groups. The author, Professor Emeritus of Physics at the University of Minnesota, has included a generous selection of problems. They are inserted throughout the text at the place where they naturally arise, making the book ideal for self-study as well as for classroom assignment. 77 illustrations. "A very welcome addition to [the] literature. . . . I would warmly recommend the book to all serious students of Group Theory as applied to Physics." — Contemporary Physics. Index. Bibliography. Problems. Tables.

Foundations of Abstract Analysis

Author: Jewgeni H. Dshalalow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461459620
Release Date: 2012-11-09
Genre: Mathematics

Foundations of Abstract Analysis is the first of a two book series offered as the second (expanded) edition to the previously published text Real Analysis. It is written for a graduate-level course on real analysis and presented in a self-contained way suitable both for classroom use and for self-study. While this book carries the rigor of advanced modern analysis texts, it elaborates the material in much greater details and therefore fills a gap between introductory level texts (with topics developed in Euclidean spaces) and advanced level texts (exclusively dealing with abstract spaces) making it accessible for a much wider interested audience. To relieve the reader of the potential overload of new words, definitions, and concepts, the book (in its unique feature) provides lists of new terms at the end of each section, in a chronological order. Difficult to understand abstract notions are preceded by informal discussions and blueprints followed by thorough details and supported by examples and figures. To further reinforce the text, hints and solutions to almost a half of more than 580 problems are provided at the end of the book, still leaving ample exercises for assignments. This volume covers topics in point-set topology and measure and integration. Prerequisites include advanced calculus, linear algebra, complex variables, and calculus based probability.

Functional Analysis and its Applications

Author: Vladimir Kadets
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 008047280X
Release Date: 2004-07-31
Genre: Mathematics

The conference took place in Lviv, Ukraine and was dedicated to a famous Polish mathematician Stefan Banach ƒ{ the most outstanding representative of the Lviv mathematical school. Banach spaces, introduced by Stefan Banach at the beginning of twentieth century, are familiar now to every mathematician. The book contains a short historical article and scientific contributions of the conference participants, mostly in the areas of functional analysis, general topology, operator theory and related topics.

A Guide to Advanced Real Analysis

Author: G. B. Folland
Publisher: MAA
ISBN: 0883853434
Release Date: 2009-11-30
Genre: Mathematics

A concise guide to the core material in a graduate level real analysis course.

Real Analysis and Applications

Author: Kenneth R. Davidson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387980980
Release Date: 2009-10-13
Genre: Mathematics

This new approach to real analysis stresses the use of the subject with respect to applications, i.e., how the principles and theory of real analysis can be applied in a variety of settings in subjects ranging from Fourier series and polynomial approximation to discrete dynamical systems and nonlinear optimization. Users will be prepared for more intensive work in each topic through these applications and their accompanying exercises. This book is appropriate for math enthusiasts with a prior knowledge of both calculus and linear algebra.

Real Analysis

Author: Jewgeni H. Dshalalow
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420036893
Release Date: 2000-09-28
Genre: Mathematics

Designed for use in a two-semester course on abstract analysis, REAL ANALYSIS: An Introduction to the Theory of Real Functions and Integration illuminates the principle topics that constitute real analysis. Self-contained, with coverage of topology, measure theory, and integration, it offers a thorough elaboration of major theorems, notions, and constructions needed not only by mathematics students but also by students of statistics and probability, operations research, physics, and engineering. Structured logically and flexibly through the author's many years of teaching experience, the material is presented in three main sections: Part 1, chapters 1through 3, covers the preliminaries of set theory and the fundamentals of metric spaces and topology. This section can also serves as a text for first courses in topology. Part II, chapter 4 through 7, details the basics of measure and integration and stands independently for use in a separate measure theory course. Part III addresses more advanced topics, including elaborated and abstract versions of measure and integration along with their applications to functional analysis, probability theory, and conventional analysis on the real line. Analysis lies at the core of all mathematical disciplines, and as such, students need and deserve a careful, rigorous presentation of the material. REAL ANALYSIS: An Introduction to the Theory of Real Functions and Integration offers the perfect vehicle for building the foundation students need for more advanced studies.

Real analysis

Author: G. B. Folland
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: UOM:49015000929258
Release Date: 1984-09
Genre: Mathematics

This book covers the subject matter that is central to mathematical analysis: measure & integration theory, some point set topology, & rudiments of functional analysis. Also, a number of other topics are developed to illustrate the uses of this core material in important areas of mathematics & to introduce readers to more advanced techniques. Some of the material presented has never appeared outside of advanced monographs & research papers, or been readily available in comparative texts. About 460 exercises, at varying levels of difficulty, give readers practice in working with the ideas presented here.

Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing

Author: Petros Maragos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792397339
Release Date: 1996-05-31
Genre: Computers

Mathematical morphology (MM) is a powerful methodology for the quantitative analysis of geometrical structures. It consists of a broad and coherent collection of theoretical concepts, nonlinear signal operators, and algorithms aiming at extracting, from images or other geometrical objects, information related to their shape and size. Its mathematical origins stem from set theory, lattice algebra, and integral and stochastic geometry. MM was initiated in the late 1960s by G. Matheron and J. Serra at the Fontainebleau School of Mines in France. Originally it was applied to analyzing images from geological or biological specimens. However, its rich theoretical framework, algorithmic efficiency, easy implementability on special hardware, and suitability for many shape- oriented problems have propelled its widespread diffusion and adoption by many academic and industry groups in many countries as one among the dominant image analysis methodologies. The purpose of Mathematical Morphology and its Applications to Image and Signal Processing is to provide the image analysis community with a sampling from the current developments in the theoretical (deterministic and stochastic) and computational aspects of MM and its applications to image and signal processing. The book consists of the papers presented at the ISMM'96 grouped into the following themes: Theory Connectivity Filtering Nonlinear System Related to Morphology Algorithms/Architectures Granulometries, Texture Segmentation Image Sequence Analysis Learning Document Analysis Applications

Set Theoretical Aspects of Real Analysis

Author: Alexander B. Kharazishvili
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781482242010
Release Date: 2014-08-26
Genre: Mathematics

Set Theoretical Aspects of Real Analysis is built around a number of questions in real analysis and classical measure theory, which are of a set theoretic flavor. Accessible to graduate students, and researchers the beginning of the book presents introductory topics on real analysis and Lebesgue measure theory. These topics highlight the boundary between fundamental concepts of measurability and nonmeasurability for point sets and functions. The remainder of the book deals with more specialized material on set theoretical real analysis. The book focuses on certain logical and set theoretical aspects of real analysis. It is expected that the first eleven chapters can be used in a course on Lebesque measure theory that highlights the fundamental concepts of measurability and non-measurability for point sets and functions. Provided in the book are problems of varying difficulty that range from simple observations to advanced results. Relatively difficult exercises are marked by asterisks and hints are included with additional explanation. Five appendices are included to supply additional background information that can be read alongside, before, or after the chapters. Dealing with classical concepts, the book highlights material not often found in analysis courses. It lays out, in a logical, systematic manner, the foundations of set theory providing a readable treatment accessible to graduate students and researchers.

Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Kendall Atkinson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118164525
Release Date: 2011-10-24
Genre: Mathematics

A concise introduction to numerical methodsand the mathematicalframework neededto understand their performance Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equationspresents a complete and easy-to-follow introduction to classicaltopics in the numerical solution of ordinary differentialequations. The book's approach not only explains the presentedmathematics, but also helps readers understand how these numericalmethods are used to solve real-world problems. Unifying perspectives are provided throughout the text, bringingtogether and categorizing different types of problems in order tohelp readers comprehend the applications of ordinary differentialequations. In addition, the authors' collective academic experienceensures a coherent and accessible discussion of key topics,including: Euler's method Taylor and Runge-Kutta methods General error analysis for multi-step methods Stiff differential equations Differential algebraic equations Two-point boundary value problems Volterra integral equations Each chapter features problem sets that enable readers to testand build their knowledge of the presented methods, and a relatedWeb site features MATLAB® programs that facilitate theexploration of numerical methods in greater depth. Detailedreferences outline additional literature on both analytical andnumerical aspects of ordinary differential equations for furtherexploration of individual topics. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations isan excellent textbook for courses on the numerical solution ofdifferential equations at the upper-undergraduate and beginninggraduate levels. It also serves as a valuable reference forresearchers in the fields of mathematics and engineering.