Applied Underwater Acoustics

Author: Thomas Neighbors
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780128112472
Release Date: 2017-01-19
Genre: Science

Applied Underwater Acoustics meets the needs of scientists and engineers working in underwater acoustics and graduate students solving problems in, and preparing theses on, topics in underwater acoustics. The book is structured to provide the basis for rapidly assimilating the essential underwater acoustic knowledge base for practical application to daily research and analysis. Each chapter of the book is self-supporting and focuses on a single topic and its relation to underwater acoustics. The chapters start with a brief description of the topic’s physical background, necessary definitions, and a short description of the applications, along with a roadmap to the chapter. The subtopics covered within individual subchapters include most frequently used equations that describe the topic. Equations are not derived, rather, assumptions behind equations and limitations on the applications of each equation are emphasized. Figures, tables, and illustrations related to the sub-topic are presented in an easy-to-use manner, and examples on the use of the equations, including appropriate figures and tables are also included. Provides a complete and up-to-date treatment of all major subjects of underwater acoustics Presents chapters written by recognized experts in their individual field Covers the fundamental knowledge scientists and engineers need to solve problems in underwater acoustics Illuminates, in shorter sub-chapters, the modern applications of underwater acoustics that are described in worked examples Demands no prior knowledge of underwater acoustics, and the physical principles and mathematics are designed to be readily understood by scientists, engineers, and graduate students of underwater acoustics Includes a comprehensive list of literature references for each chapter

Physics of Tsunamis

Author: Boris W. Levin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319240374
Release Date: 2015-10-22
Genre: Nature

This second edition reflects significant progress in tsunami research, monitoring and mitigation within the last decade. Primarily meant to summarize the state-of-the-art knowledge on physics of tsunamis, it describes up-to-date models of tsunamis generated by a submarine earthquake, landslide, volcanic eruption, meteorite impact, and moving atmospheric pressure inhomogeneities. Models of tsunami propagation and run-up are also discussed. The book investigates methods of tsunami monitoring including coastal mareographs, deep-water pressure gauges, GPS buoys, satellite altimetry, the study of ionospheric disturbances caused by tsunamis and the study of paleotsunamis. Non-linear phenomena in tsunami source and manifestations of water compressibility are discussed in the context of their contribution to the wave amplitude and energy. The practical method of calculating the initial elevation on a water surface at a seismotectonic tsunami source is expounded. Potential and eddy traces of a tsunamigenic earthquake in the ocean are examined in terms of their applicability to tsunami warning. The first edition of this book was published in 2009. Since then, a few catastrophic events occurred, including the 2011 Tohoku tsunami, which is well known all over the world. The book is intended for researchers, students and specialists in oceanography, geophysics, seismology, hydro-acoustics, geology, and geomorphology, including the engineering and insurance industries.

Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography

Author: Herman Medwin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080532160
Release Date: 1997-11-05
Genre: Science

The developments in the field of ocean acoustics over recent years make this book an important reference for specialists in acoustics, oceanography, marine biology, and related fields. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography also encourages a new generation of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to apply the modern methods of acoustical physics to probe the unknown sea. The book is an authoritative, modern text with examples and exercises. It contains techniques to solve the direct problems, solutions of inverse problems, and an extensive bibliography from the earliest use of sound in the sea to present references. Written by internationally recognized scientists, the book provides background to measure ocean parameters and processes, find life and objects in the sea, communicate underwater, and survey the boundaries of the sea. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography explains principles of underwater sound propagation, and describes how both actively probing sonars and passively listening hydrophones can reveal what the eye cannot see over vast ranges of the turbid ocean. This book demonstrates how to use acoustical remote sensing, variations in sound transmission, in situ acoustical measurements, and computer and laboratory models to identify the physical and biological parameters and processes in the sea. * Offers an integrated, modern approach to passive and active underwater acoustics * Contains many examples of laboratory scale models of ocean-acoustic environments, as well as descriptions of experiments at sea * Covers remote sensing of marine life and the seafloor * Includes signal processing of ocean sounds, physical and biological noises at sea, and inversions * resents sound sources, receivers, and calibration * Explains high intensities; explosive waves, parametric sources, cavitation, shock waves, and streaming * Covers microbubbles from breaking waves, rainfall, dispersion, and attenuation * Describes sound propagation along ray paths and caustics * Presents sound transmissions and normal mode methods in ocean waveguides

Deep Listening

Author: Pauline Oliveros
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9780595343652
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Music

Deep Listening: A Composer's Sound Practice offers an exciting guide to ways of listening and sounding. This book provides unique insights and perspectives for artists, students, teachers, mediators and anyone interested in how consciousness may be effected by profound attention to the sonic environment. Deep Listeningr is a practice created by composer Pauline Oliveros in order to enhance her own as well as other's listening skills. She teaches this practice worldwide in workshops, retreats and in her ground breaking Deep Listening classes at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and Mills College. Deep Listening practice is accessible to anyone with an interest in listening. Undergraduates with no musical training benefit from the practices and successfully engage in creative sound projects. Many report life changing effects from participating in the Deep Listening classes and retreats. Oliveros is recognized as a pioneer in electronic music and a leader in contemporary music as composer, performer, educator and author. Her works are performed internationally and her improvisational performances are documented extensively on recordings, in the literature and on the worldwide web.

Acoustics and Audio Technology

Author: Mendel Kleiner
Publisher: J. Ross Publishing
ISBN: 9781604270525
Release Date: 2011-10-15
Genre: Science

Acoustics and Audio Technology, Third Edition, is an introductory text for students of sound and vibration as well as electrical and electronic engineering, civil and mechanical engineering, computer science, signals and systems, and engineering physics. A basic knowledge of basic engineering mathematics and physics is assumed. Problems are included at the end of the chapters and a solutions manual is available to instructors. This classroom-tested book covers the physical background to and mathematical treatment of sound propagation, the properties of human hearing, the generation and radiation of sound as well as noise control, and the technologies used for pickup, recording, and reproduction of sound in various environments, and much more. Key Features: --Presents a basic short course on acoustics, fundamental equations, and sound propagation --Discusses the principles of architectural acoustics, techniques for adjusting room acoustics, and various types of sound absorbers --Offers an overview of the acoustical, mechanical, and electrical properties of loudspeakers and microphones, which are important transducers --Provides an overview of the properties of hearing and voice --Includes end-of-chapter problems and solutions available to instructors as WAV material

Oilfield Processing of Petroleum Crude oil

Author: Francis S. Manning
Publisher: PennWell Books
ISBN: 0878143548
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This second volume from Manning and Thompson covers process descriptions, designs methods, operating procedures, and troubleshooting in great detail. Nearly every chapter is concluded with review questions and practical numerical problems. Like Volume One, this new text is the definitive source on its topic and contains numerous diagrams and appendices, as well as case histories. Following the format set forth in their first volume, the authors have included a glossary of terms and list of abbreviations as well as conversion units. Volume Two covers phase separation, firetube heaters, energy conservation, instrumentation and process control as well as pressure relief and flaring. Contents: Introduction and scope; Characterization of crude oil; Phase behavior of crude oil; Water-in-crude-oil emulsions; Field processing of crude oil; Separation of gas, oil and water; Dehydration of crude oil; Desalting of crude oil; Crude sweeting & stabilization; Pumps; Measurement of crude oil; Fire heaters; Pipeline transportation; Energy conservation; Instrumentation and process control; Pressure relief and flaring; Case histories; Appendices.

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Author: Sergio Sismondo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444358889
Release Date: 2011-08-17
Genre: Science

An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies, Second Edition reflects the latest advances in the field while continuing to provide students with a road map to the complex interdisciplinary terrain of science and technology studies. Distinctive in its attention to both the underlying philosophical and sociological aspects of science and technology Explores core topics such as realism and social construction, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the public understanding of science Includes numerous empirical studies and illustrative examples to elucidate the topics discussed Now includes new material on political economies of scientific and technological knowledge, and democratizing technical decisions Other features of the new edition include improved readability, updated references, chapter reorganization, and more material on medicine and technology

Women in the Geosciences

Author: Mary Anne Holmes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119067597
Release Date: 2015-04-16
Genre: Science

Read an interview with the author: "Working Toward Gender Parity in the Geosciences" The geoscience workforce has a lower proportion of women compared to the general population of the United States and compared to many other STEM fields. This volume explores issues pertaining to gender parity in the geosciences, and sheds light on some of the best practices that increase participation by women and promote parity. Volume highlights include: • Lessons learned from NSF-ADVANCE • Data on gender composition of faculty at top earth science institutions in the US • Implicit bias and gender as a social structure • Strategies for institutional change • Dual career couples • Family friendly policies • Role of mentoring • Career advancement for women • Recruiting diverse faculty • Models of institutional transformation Women in the Geosciences is a valuable contribution to the existing literature on gender issues in STEM disciplines. It focuses specifically on the geosciences, with a goal to spreading awareness on the best practices for gender parity in academic geoscience departments. Geoscientists, policymakers, educators and administrators could all greatly benefit from the contents of this volume.

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing

Author: George Joseph
Publisher: Universities Press
ISBN: 8173715351
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Remote sensing

This book presents the fundamental concepts covering various stages of remote sensing from data collection to end utilization, so that it can be appreciated irrespective of the discipline in which the reader has graduated. The physical principles on which remote sensing are based has been explained without getting into complicated mathematical equations.