Aqueous Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: István T. Horváth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401103558
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Debrecen, Hungary, August 29--September 1, 1994

New Promising Electrochemical Systems for Rechargeable Batteries

Author: V. Barsukov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0792339487
Release Date: 1996-02-29
Genre: Science

Electricity is the most important secondary energy source, the present production rate, mainly from thermal electric power stations, being of the order of 1.3 TW. However, the total capacity of primary and rechargeable batteries currently in use is the same as the output of the world's power stations. But present battery systems will not meet future needs for the economical storage of large amounts of electrical energy for vehicles, public transport, road levelling, solar energy utilisation, civil video and audio, terrestrial and space communications, etc. Current accumulators based on aqueous acid or alkali systems do not have sufficient output and, moreover, the materials employed (Pb, Cd, Ni) are environmental pollutants that require safe recycling. Further, stocks of these strategic metals are being rapidly depleted. This book discusses actual field results with novel systems, such as rechargeable lithium batteries, zinc/air cells, metal-free accumulators, graphite/carbon devices and others, including fuel cells. The book stresses that a universal electrochemical system is not feasible: the choice of any system must depend on the concrete field of application and must be taken in consideration of a large number of technical, economic and environmental circumstances.

Effluents from Alternative Demilitarization Technologies

Author: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 079235253X
Release Date: 1998-08-31
Genre: Nature

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Prague, Czech Republic, October 13-15, 1997

Fine Particles Science and Technology

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400902596
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

Fine Particles Science and Technology deals with the preparation, characterization and technological applications of monodisperse particles in the micro to nano size range. A broad view of this frontier field is given, covering understanding the mechanisms by which uniform fine particles are formed and the search for new processes; the mechanism of the precipitation technique, requiring knowledge of the relationship between the complex solution chemistry and the products formed; the sequence of events leading to the formation of monodisperse colloids. The following topics are presented: microparticles, nanoparticles, applications in the preparation of materials, synthesis and properties, environmental applications, and many others.

Scientific Advances in Alternative Demilitarization Technologies

Author: F.W. Holm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400916838
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering

FRANCIS W. HOLM Science Applications International Corporation 7102 Meadow Lane, Chevy Chase, MD 20815 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) sponsored an Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) in Warsaw, Poland on April 24-25, 1995, to collect and study information on alternative and supplemental demilitarization technologies. The conference included experienced scientists and engineers, who delivered presentations and provided written reports oftheir findings. Countries describing their technologies included: Poland (pre-processing, thermal oxidation, and instrumentation), Russia (molten salt oxidation, plasma, catalytic oxidation, supertoxicants, molten metal, fluid bed reactions, and hydrogenation), Germany (supercritical water oxidation and detoxification), the United Kingdom (electrochemical oxidation), the United States (wet air oxidation, detoxification and biodegradation), and the Czech Republic (biodegradation). The technologies identified for assessment at the workshop are alternatives to incineration technology for chemical warfare agent destruction. Treatment of metal parts and explosive or energetic material were considered as a secondary issue. The treatment of dunnage and problems associated with decontamination, while recognized as an element of demilitarization, received only limited discussion. The alternative technologies are grouped into three categories based on process bulk operating temperature: low (O-200°C), medium (200-600°C), and high (600-3,500°C). Reaction types considered include hydrolysis, oxidation, electrochemical, hydrogenation, and pyrolysis. These categories represent a broad spectrum of processes, some of which have been studied only in the laboratory and some of which are in commercial use for destruction of hazardous and toxic wastes. Some technologies have been developed and used for specific commercial applications.


Author: Leopold Gmelin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: STANFORD:36105004195991
Release Date: 1956
Genre: Science