Author: Gerardo Aldana y V.
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Release Date: 2014-05-30
Genre: Social Science
Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.
Author: Giulio Magli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-04-09
The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky. A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes. Finally, having formulated his hypothesis, Professor Magli returns to visit one specific place in detail, searching for proof. This in-depth examination studies the most compelling, the most intensively studied, the most famous and, until recently, the most misunderstood sacred landscape on the planet - Giza, in Egypt. The archaeoastronomical analysis of the orientation of the Giza pyramids leads to the hypothesis that the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren belong to the same construction project.
This book provides the first complete, easy to read, up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The fundamentals of archaeoastronomy are then addressed in detail, with coverage of the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, a set of exercises is provided that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth or Stellarium, and will equip readers to conduct their own research. Readers will find the book an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.
Author: Hugh Thurston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1996-08-29
Many civilizations produced astronomical texts, and many cultures that left no written records, left monuments ranging from rock paintings to Stonehenge, that show a clear interest in astronomy. This text is the history of such cultures along with the disc
Author: Susan Milbrath
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Release Date: 2010-01-01
Genre: Social Science
Observations of the sun, moon, planets, and stars played a central role in ancient Maya lifeways, as they do today among contemporary Maya who maintain the traditional ways. This pathfinding book reconstructs ancient Maya astronomy and cosmology through the astronomical information encoded in Precolumbian Maya art and confirmed by the current practices of living Maya peoples. Susan Milbrath opens the book with a discussion of modern Maya beliefs about astronomy, along with essential information on naked-eye observation. She devotes subsequent chapters to Precolumbian astronomical imagery, which she traces back through time, starting from the Colonial and Postclassic eras. She delves into many aspects of the Maya astronomical images, including the major astronomical gods and their associated glyphs, astronomical almanacs in the Maya codices [painted books], and changes in the imagery of the heavens over time. This investigation yields new data and a new synthesis of information about the specific astronomical events and cycles recorded in Maya art and architecture. Indeed, it constitutes the first major study of the relationship between art and astronomy in ancient Maya culture.
Author: A. Aveni
Publisher: American Philosophical Society
Release Date: 2007-12-01
Why do people orient buildings the way they do? That the depiction of the cardinal directions of space had something to do with events taking place in the sky is suggested by cosmological diagrams derived from the civilizations of ancient Mexico. Contents: The Orientation Problem & Categories of Explan.; The Orientation of Ceremonial Architecture in Ancient Mesoamerica; Alignment of Maya Sites; Puuc Building Alignments; Discussion of Individual Site Plans: Uxmal, Sayil, Kabah, Labna & Outliers, Oxkintok & Outliers, Chacmultun, Kiuic, & Xcalumkin, Xculoc, & the Puuc Sites in Campeche; The Question of Site Chronology; Calendrical Implications of Astronomical Orientation Hypotheses; & The Orientation Calendar in a Cultural Context. Tables. Illus.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Ancient Maya. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Author: Source Wikipedia
Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series
Release Date: 2010-09
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 94. Chapters: Zodiac, Archaeoastronomy, Flat Earth, Antikythera mechanism, Metonic cycle, Maya calendar, Counter-Earth, Almagest, Biblical Magi, Spherical Earth, Indian astronomy, Planetary objects proposed in religion, astrology and ufology, Greek astronomy, Hebrew astronomy, Classical planet, On Sizes and Distances, Egyptian astronomy, Australian Aboriginal astronomy, Astrology and astronomy, Lost lands, Lunar standstill, Firmament, Myth of Er, Dendera zodiac, Astronomical complex, Decans, Christian O'Brien, Leper Stone, List of archaeoastronomical sites by country, Aristarchus On the Sizes and Distances, Apocalypse of John - dated astronomically, Out of the Ordinary Festival, Catasterismi, Wandlebury Enigma, Assyrian eclipse, Somnium Scipionis, Portingbury Hills, Fifth planet, El Caracol, Chichen Itza, Trepidation, Bora, Equant, Pretelescopic astronomy, Star lore, Tibetan astronomy, Tianquiztli, Sublunary sphere, Australian Aboriginal Astronomy Project, The Indestructibles, Gods in the Sky. Excerpt: Archaeoastronomy (also spelled archeoastronomy) is the study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky how they used phenomena in the sky and what role the sky played in their cultures." Clive Ruggles argues it is misleading to consider archaeoastronomy to be the study of ancient astronomy, as modern astronomy is a scientific discipline, while archaeoastronomy considers other cultures' symbolically rich cultural interpretations of phenomena in the sky. It is often twinned with ethnoastronomy, the anthropological study of skywatching in contemporary societies. Archaeoastronomy is also closely associated with historical astronomy, the use of historical records of heavenly events to answer astronomical problems and the history of astronomy, which uses written records to evaluate past astronomical practice. Ar...