Author: Gerardo Aldana y V.
Publisher: Oxbow Books
Release Date: 2014-05-30
Genre: Social Science
Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.
Author: Giulio Magli
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2009-04-09
The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky. A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes. Finally, having formulated his hypothesis, Professor Magli returns to visit one specific place in detail, searching for proof. This in-depth examination studies the most compelling, the most intensively studied, the most famous and, until recently, the most misunderstood sacred landscape on the planet - Giza, in Egypt. The archaeoastronomical analysis of the orientation of the Giza pyramids leads to the hypothesis that the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren belong to the same construction project.
Author: A. Aveni
Publisher: American Philosophical Society
Release Date: 2007-12-01
Why do people orient buildings the way they do? That the depiction of the cardinal directions of space had something to do with events taking place in the sky is suggested by cosmological diagrams derived from the civilizations of ancient Mexico. Contents: The Orientation Problem & Categories of Explan.; The Orientation of Ceremonial Architecture in Ancient Mesoamerica; Alignment of Maya Sites; Puuc Building Alignments; Discussion of Individual Site Plans: Uxmal, Sayil, Kabah, Labna & Outliers, Oxkintok & Outliers, Chacmultun, Kiuic, & Xcalumkin, Xculoc, & the Puuc Sites in Campeche; The Question of Site Chronology; Calendrical Implications of Astronomical Orientation Hypotheses; & The Orientation Calendar in a Cultural Context. Tables. Illus.
Author: Hugh Thurston
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1996-08-29
Many civilizations produced astronomical texts, and many cultures that left no written records, left monuments ranging from rock paintings to Stonehenge, that show a clear interest in astronomy. This text is the history of such cultures along with the disc
This book provides the first complete, easy to read, up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The fundamentals of archaeoastronomy are then addressed in detail, with coverage of the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, a set of exercises is provided that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth or Stellarium, and will equip readers to conduct their own research. Readers will find the book an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 94. Chapters: Zodiac, Archaeoastronomy, Flat Earth, Antikythera mechanism, Metonic cycle, Maya calendar, Counter-Earth, Almagest, Biblical Magi, Spherical Earth, Indian astronomy, Planetary objects proposed in religion, astrology and ufology, Greek astronomy, Hebrew astronomy, Classical planet, On Sizes and Distances, Egyptian astronomy, Australian Aboriginal astronomy, Astrology and astronomy, Lost lands, Lunar standstill, Firmament, Myth of Er, Dendera zodiac, Astronomical complex, Decans, Christian O'Brien, Leper Stone, List of archaeoastronomical sites by country, Aristarchus On the Sizes and Distances, Apocalypse of John - dated astronomically, Out of the Ordinary Festival, Catasterismi, Wandlebury Enigma, Assyrian eclipse, Somnium Scipionis, Portingbury Hills, Fifth planet, El Caracol, Chichen Itza, Trepidation, Bora, Equant, Pretelescopic astronomy, Star lore, Tibetan astronomy, Tianquiztli, Sublunary sphere, Australian Aboriginal Astronomy Project, The Indestructibles, Gods in the Sky.
Facts101 is your complete guide to Ancient Maya. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Author: Gerardo Aldana y Villalobos
Release Date: 2007
Takes up anew the riddles within a number of Maya hieroglyphic inscriptions first recognised by Floyd Lounsbury. Gerardo Aldana unpacks these mathematical riddles using an approach grounded in a reading of the texts made possible by recent advances in decipherment. Using a history of science methodology, he expands upon (and sometimes questions) the foundational work of archaeoastronomers. Aldana follows three lines of investigation: a reading of the hieroglyphic inscriptions of the Classic period (ad250-900), mathematical analysis to recover Classic Maya astronomical practice, and a historiography of Maya astronomy. During troubled times in Palenque, Aldana contends, Kan Balam II devised a means to preserve the legitimacy of his ruling dynasty. He celebrated a re-creation of the city as a contemporary analogue of a mythical Creation on three levels: monumental construction for a public audience, artistic patronage for an elite audience, and a secret mathematical astronomical language only for rulers-elect. Discussing all of these efforts, Aldana focuses on the recovery of the secret language and its historical context.