Archaeological Chemistry

Author: A Mark Pollard
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781782626114
Release Date: 2015-11-09
Genre: Science

The application of chemistry within archaeology is an important and fascinating area. It allows the archaeologist to answer such questions as "what is this artefact made of?", "where did it come from?" and "how has it been changed through burial in the ground?", providing pointers to the earliest history of mankind. Archaeological Chemistry begins with a brief description of the goals and history of archaeological science, and the place of chemistry within it. It sets out the most widely used analytical techniques in archaeology and compares them in the light of relevant applications. The book includes an analysis of several specific archaeological investigations in which chemistry has been employed in tracing the origins of or in preserving artefacts. The choice of these investigations conforms to themes based on analytical techniques, and includes chapters on obsidian, ceramics, glass, metals and resins. Finally, it suggests a future role for chemical and biochemical applications in archaeology. Archaeological Chemistry enables scientists to tackle the fundamental issues of chemical change in the archaeological materials, in order to advance the study of the past. It will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists, and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.

Archaeological Chemistry

Author: Zvi Goffer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471915157
Release Date: 2006-08-04
Genre: Science

The chemical study of archaeological materials Archaeological Chemistry, Second Edition is about the applicationof the chemical sciences to the study of ancient man and hismaterial activities. The text of the book centers on the use ofchemical methods, but also refers to the contributions of physics,biology, and genetics to archaeological research. Subjects discussed in the book include the determination of thenature of ancient materials, their provenance and age, thetechnologies used for the production of man-made materials, and theanalysis of ancient human and animal remains (such as bone, driedblood, and coprolites), which yields information on ancient diets,kinship, habitancy, and migratory patterns. New developments in analytical chemistry and in relateddisciplines, which have contributed to archaeological researchsince the first edition of the book was published, are dealt within this edition, which also includes: * Updated information on the study of the nature, age, and provenanceof ancient materials * New sections on organic, biological and genetic studies * Glossary * Extensive bibliography The book is intended primarily for archaeologists, physicalanthropologists and students of archaeology and physicalanthropology, but will also be of use to conservators, curators,and art historians. Natural scientists reading it will becomeacquainted with advances in archaeological research which were madepossible only by the application of chemical, physical, andbiological methods and techniques.

Archaeological Chemistry 3rd Edition

Author: A Mark Pollard
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781782624264
Release Date: 2017-01-16
Genre: Archaeological chemistry

Third edition of a comprehensive textbook, ideal for students in archaeological science and chemistry, archaeologists, and those involved in conserving human artefacts.

Archaeological Chemistry

Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 0854045236
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Education

The application of chemistry within archaeology is an important and fascinating area. It allows the archaeologist to answer such questions as "what is this artefact made of?", "where did it come from?" and "how has it been changed through burial in the ground?", providing pointers to the earliest history of mankind. Archaeological Chemistry begins with a brief description of the goals and history of archaeological science, and the place of chemistry within it. It sets out the most widely used analytical techniques in archaeology and compares them in the light of relevant applications. The book includes an analysis of several specific archaeological investigations in which chemistry has been employed in tracing the origins of or in preserving artefacts. The choice of these investigations conforms to themes based on analytical techniques, and includes chapters on obsidian, ceramics, glass, metals and resins. Finally, it suggests a future role for chemical and biochemical applications in archaeology. Archaeological Chemistry enables scientists to tackle the fundamental issues of chemical change in the archaeological materials, in order to advance the study of the past. It will prove an essential companion to students in archaeological science and chemistry, field and museum archaeologists, and all those involved in conserving human artefacts.

An Introduction to Archaeological Chemistry

Author: T. Douglas Price
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441963766
Release Date: 2010-10-17
Genre: Social Science

Archaeological chemistry is a subject of great importance to the study and methodology of archaeology. This comprehensive text covers the subject with a full range of case studies, materials, and research methods. With twenty years of experience teaching the subject, the authors offer straightforward coverage of archaeological chemistry, a subject that can be intimidating for many archaeologists who do not already have a background in the hard sciences. With clear explanations and informative illustrations, the authors have created a highly approachable text, which will help readers overcome that intimidation. Topics covered included: Materials (rock, pottery, bone, charcoal, soils, metals, and others), Instruments (microscopes, NAA, spectrometers, mass spectrometers, GC/MS, XRF & XRD, Case Studies (Provinience, Sediments, Diet Reconstruction, Past Human Movement, Organic Residues). The detailed coverage and clear language will make this useful as an introduction to the study of archaeological chemistry, as well as a useful resource for years after that introduction.

Archaeological Chemistry

Author: Kathryn A. Jakes
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 0841238103
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Science

This book provides examples of analytical methods in a variety of archaeological materials. It presents analytical techniques that incur no visible destruction of the artifact under examination. Using patterns in the analytical data derived from a wide variety of analytical methods, different components of past human behaviour are inferred, including diet, technology of manufacture, source of raw materials, trade routes, and determination of age.

Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology

Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521655722
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Science

This book is an introductory manual that explains the basic concepts of chemistry behind scientific analytical techniques and that reviews their application to archaeology. It explains key terminology, outlines the procedures to be followed in order to produce good data, and describes the function of the basic instrumentation required to carry out those procedures. The manual contains chapters on the basic chemistry and physics necessary to understand the techniques used in analytical chemistry, with more detailed chapters on Atomic Absorption, Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy, Neutron Activation Analysis, X-ray Flourescence, Electron Microscopy, Infra-red and Raman Spectroscopy, and Mass Spectrometry. Each chapter describes the operation of the instruments, some hints on the practicalities, and a review of the application of the technique to archaeology, including some case studies. With guides to further reading on the topic, it is an essential tool for practitioners, researchers and advanced students alike.

Archaeological Chemistry

Author: Martin Levey
Publisher:
ISBN: 1512803898
Release Date: 2017-02-28
Genre:

Papers in English, French, and German. Sponsored by the Division of History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society. Includes bibliographical references. This collection of studies in archeological chemistry is the most important ever devoted to this field. In these pages its difficult experimental problems are treated by an impressive group of experts from all over the globe. Nearly all archeological chemistry's investigative methods are described: infrared spectra, emission spectroscopy, chemical analysis, X-ray fluorescent spectroscopy, petrographic examination, probing by electronic sound and micrography, C 14 dating, and others. These papers were first presented at the Third Symposium on Archeological Chemistry in September 1962 under the auspices of the American Chemical Society. The symposium was to bring together the knowledge and techniques so that more and better investigation might be encouraged and receive the proper recognition. The studies in this book possess not only great qualitative interest in their own areas but have a collective value in their portrayal of the state of affairs in the chemistry of ancient artifacts.

Archaeological Chemistry VIII

Author: Ruth Ann Armitage
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 0841229244
Release Date: 2014-03-27
Genre: Science

The 12th Archaeological Chemistry Symposium was held as part of the Spring ACS National Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 7-11, 2013. This volume is a compilation of presentations from the Symposium, the latest in a long tradition that began at the ACS National Meeting in Philadelphia in 1950. The papers herein show that archaeological chemistry today is more than the usual studies of trace elements in pottery and lithics, which continue to contribute to our understanding of human behavior in the past. New areas of research include more focus on portability to analyze pigments in situ and artifacts in museums, nascent developments in non- and minimally destructive chemical characterization, new applications of isotopic analyses, and an increasing interest in archaeological biomolecules. This volume is divided into sections that roughly follow those of the Symposium: Pigments, Residues and Material Analysis, X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy, and Isotopes in Archaeology. The first section, Pigments and Dyes, begins with a review of manuscript pigments by Dr. Mary Virginia Orna, the organizer of the 9th Archaeological Chemistry Symposium and Editor of Archaeological Chemistry: Organic, Inorganic, and Biochemical Analysis (2). Each of the following sections begins with a review paper from one of the invited speakers. Dr. Valerie Steele, now at the University of Bradford in the Department of Archaeological Science, provides an overview of the state - for better and for worse - of analyses of archaeological residues. Portable X-ray fluorescence instruments are becoming extremely common in archaeological chemistry investigations; Dr. Aaron Shugar of Buffalo State University provides in his chapter some perspectives and warnings against the indiscriminate use of this technology. Finally, Dr. Matthew Sponheimer gives an overview of the contributions of stable carbon isotope and trace metal studies in understanding early hominin diets. The final chapter of the book provides a perspective on the earliest work in archaeological chemistry in the 18th century and brings us up to today's challenges.