Archaeological Theory in Practice

Author: PatriciaA Urban
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351576192
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Genre: Social Science

In this concise, friendly textbook, Patricia Urban and Edward Schortman teach the basics of archaeological theory, making explicit the crucial link between theory and the actual conduct of archaeological research. The first half of the text addresses the general nature of theory, as well as how it is used in the social sciences and in archaeology in particular. To demonstrate the usefulness of theory, the authors draw from research at Stonehenge, Mesopotamia, and their own long-term research project in the Naco Valley of Honduras. They show how theory becomes meaningful when it is used by very real individuals to interpret equally real materials. These extended narratives exemplify the creative interaction between data and theory that shape our understanding of the past. Ideal for introductory courses in archaeological theory.

Archaeological Theory and Scientific Practice

Author: Andrew Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139432044
Release Date: 2001-12-06
Genre: Social Science

Is archaeology an art or a science? This question has been hotly debated over the last few decades with the rise of archaeological science. At the same time, archaeologists have seen a change in the intellectual character of their discipline, as many writers have adopted approaches influenced by social theory. The discipline now encompasses both archaeological scientists and archaeological theorists, and discussion regarding the status of archaeology remains polarised. In this 2001 book, Andrew Jones argues that we need to analyse the practice of archaeology. Through an analysis of archaeological practice, influenced by recent developments in the field of science studies, and with the aid of extensive case studies, he develops a new framework which allows the interpretative and methodological components of the discipline to work in tandem. His reassessment of the status and character of archaeology will be of interest to students, scholars and professionals.

Indigenous Archaeologies

Author: Claire Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134391554
Release Date: 2004-11-10
Genre: Social Science

With case studies from North America to Australia and South Africa and covering topics from archaeological ethics to the repatriation of human remains, this book charts the development of a new form of archaeology that is informed by indigenous values and agendas. This involves fundamental changes in archaeological theory and practice as well as substantive changes in the power relations between archaeologists and indigenous peoples. Questions concerning the development of ethical archaeological practices are at the heart of this process.

Mesoamerican Archaeology

Author: Julia A. Hendon
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 0631230521
Release Date: 2003-11-07
Genre: Social Science

Offering an alternative to traditional textbooks, Mesoamerican Archaeology: Theory and Practice places the reader in the middle of contemporary debates by top archaeologists actively exploring the major prehispanic societies of Central America. Offers a comprehensive introduction to the archaeology of Mesoamerica by focusing on key time periods, sites, and the issues these times and places require us to confront. Examines key moments in the Mesoamerican historical tradition, from the earliest villages where Olmec art flourished, to the Aztec and Maya City-states that Spanish invaders described in the 16th century. Engages the chronological benchmarks of precolumbian social development in Mesoamerica, such as the transition to village life, emergence of political stratification, and formation of Mesoamerican urban centers. Includes an extensive introduction by the editors that situates contemporary Mesoamerican archaeology in the broader terms of the social politics of archaeology. For further resources to use with this book - including study questions, maps and photographs - visit the website at

Theory and Practice in Archaeology

Author: Ian Hodder
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134797332
Release Date: 2004-08-02
Genre: Social Science

In this latest collection of his articles, of which seven are written especially for this volume, Ian Hodder captures and continues the lively controversy of the 1980s over symbolic and structural approaches to archaeology. The book acts as an overview of the developments in the discipline over the last decade; yet Hodder's brief is far wider. His aim is to break down the division between the intellectual and the "dirt" archaeologist to demonstrate that in this discipline more than any other, theory must be related to practice to save effectively our rapidly diminishing heritage.

Archaeological Theory in Practice

Author: Patricia A Urban
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781000021172
Release Date: 2019-03-04
Genre: Social Science

Many students view archaeological theory as a subject distinct from field research. This division is reinforced by the way theory is taught, often in stand-alone courses that focus more on logic and reasoning than on the application of ideas to fieldwork. Divorcing thought from action does not convey how archaeologists go about understanding the past. This book bridges the gap between theory and practice by looking in detail at how the authors and their colleagues used theory to interpret what they found while conducting research in northwest Honduras. This is not a linear narrative. Rather, the book highlights the open-ended nature of archaeological investigations in which theories guide research whose findings may challenge these initial interpretations and lead in unexpected directions. Pursuing those novel investigations requires new theories that are themselves subject to refutation by newly gathered data. The central case study is the writers’ work in Honduras. The interrelations of fieldwork, data, theory, and interpretation are also illustrated with two long-running archaeological debates, the emergence of inequality in southern Mesopotamia and inferring the ancient meanings of Stonehenge. The book is of special interest to undergraduate Anthropology/Archaeology majors and first- and second-year graduate students, along with anyone interested in how archaeologists convert the static materials we find into dynamic histories of long-vanished people.

Theory in Archaeology

Author: Peter J. Ucko
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134843473
Release Date: 2005-08-10
Genre: Social Science

Theory in Archaeology tackles important questions about the diversity in archaeological theory and practice which face the discipline in the 1990s. What is the relationship between theory and practice? How does `World' archaeological theory differ from `European'? Can one be a good practitioner without theory? This unique book brings together contributors from many different countries and continents to provide the first truly global perspective on archaeological theory. They examine the nature of material culture studies and look at problems of ethnicity, regionalism, and nationality. They consider, too, another fundamental of archaeological inquiry: can our research be objective, or must `the past' always be a relativistic construction? Theory in Archaeology is an important book whose authors bring together very different perceptions of the past. Its wide scope and interest will attract an international readership among students and academics alike.

Confronting Scale in Archaeology

Author: Gary Lock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387757015
Release Date: 2007-11-15
Genre: Social Science

Without realizing, most archaeologists shift within a scale of interpretation of material culture. Material data is interpreted from the scale of an individual in a specific place and time, then shifted to the complex dynamics of cultural groups spread over time and place. This book discusses the cultural, social and spatial aspects of scale and its impact on archaeology, and shows how an improved awareness of scale offers new and exciting interpretations.

Handbook of Archaeological Theories

Author: R. Alexander Bentley
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 0759100330
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Social Science

This handbook, a companion to the authoritative Handbook of Archaeological Methods, gathers original, authoritative articles from leading archaeologists on all aspects of the latest thinking about archaeological theory. It is the definitive resource for understanding how to think about archaeology.

E learning Archaeology

Author: Heleen van Londen
Publisher: Amsterdams Archeologisch Centrum
ISBN: IND:30000127703795
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Social Science

This book is a contribution to a growing body of e-learning applications in archaeology and archaeological heritage. Its main aim is to discuss various facets of the Leonardo da Vinci project 'E-learning as a tool of knowledge transfer in the field of protection and management of archaeological heritage, ' completed in the years 2007-2009 by six European partners in the context of other undertakings in distance learning solutions in archaeology over the last few years. The project's explicit objective was to exchange the best practices and innovative solutions in the field of the archaeological heritage of northern Europe. In particular, its major purpose was to design, develop, test, assess and implement web based training solutions in developing and upgrading vocational skills in this sector by preparing and conducting a multimedia e-learning course composed of fifteen interrelated modules. Furthermore, the project developed and implemented new methodology including the transfer of knowledge from the conventional to the e-learning format and the elaborated training methodology. The book is composed of an introduction and eleven chapters. Seven of them refer directly to various facets of the project such as its design, methodology, implementation, and evaluation. The remaining four contributions discuss current initiatives in implementing different distance and e-learning solutions in archaeology. The introductory chapter written by Mark Pluciennik debates extensively the benefits and failures of distance learning and e-learning as well as pressures for convergence between them as well as between e-learning and traditional learning. For the author e-learning is a complement mode of content delivery, which in places proves to be the most efficient one. However, it is clear that not all learning can be done through digital presentation, video or the manipulation of processed data. This is especially so in the discipline such as archaeology where one has to learn a range of practical and embodied skills. If we choose to implement e-learning solutions, however, it is necessary to provide a serious structural, resource and staff support being a prerequisite for supplying and maintaining high-quality and up-to-date education. The following seven papers cover various aspect of the project itself. They discuss the training content as well as methodology of the course production and training. In particular, they refer to the models and methods of distance training and their applicability for the sector of archaeological heritage and tools used in the distance learning process, use of multimedia, learning management systems supporting conducting distance learning, in particular the LMS/LCMS system's functionality as well as details of the course's preparation and implementation and the training process. An important part of the book is aimed at evaluating the course content and training process. It is based upon careful and systematic questionnaires that were collected among trainees in all participating countries after the completion of the course. This section contains also personal accounts of both trainers and trainees. The last two papers present two ongoing e-learning programme in archaeology implemented. These comprise project Arkeonet conducted by the Aranzadi Science Society (Spain) and a Leonardo da Vinci project Archaeology and Construction Engineering Skills (ACES)

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond

Author: Francesco Menotti
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199571017
Release Date: 2012-03-15
Genre: History

Wetland Archaeology and Beyond offers an appreciative study of the people, and their artefacts, who occupied a large variety of worldwide wetland archaeological sites. The volume also includes a comprehensive explanation of the processes involved in archaeological practice and theory.

Basiswissen Arch ologie

Author: Colin Renfrew
Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh
ISBN: 3805339488
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)