Archaeology of the Mid Holocene Southeast

Author: Kenneth E. Sassaman
ISBN: 0813018552
Release Date: 1996-10-01
Genre: Social Science

This volume summarizes our archeological knowledge of natives who inhabited the American Southeast from 8,000 to 3,000 years ago and examines evidence of many of the native cultural expressions observed by early European explorers, including long-distance exchange, plant domestication, mound building, social ranking, and warfare. (Archaeology/Anthropology)

TVA Archaeology

Author: Erin E. Pritchard
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
ISBN: 9781572336506
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

Since its inception in 1933, the Tennessee Valley Authority has played a dual role as federal agency and steward of the Tennessee River Valley. While known to most people today as an energy provider, the agency is also charged with managing and protecting the nation's fifth-largest river system, the Tennessee River, and vast tracts of land and resources encompassing Tennessee and portions of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Virginia. Included in TVA's mandate is the preservation of the archaeological record of the valley's prehistoric peoples-a record that would have been forever lost beneath floodwaters had TVA not demonstrated a commitment to minimize its impact on the valley and sought to protect its archaeological resources. In TVA Archaeology, fourteen contributors who have worked with TVA in its conservation effort discuss prehistoric excavations conducted at Tellico, Normandy, Jonathan's Creek, and many other sites. They explore TVA's role in the excavations and how the agency facilitated prehistoric investigations along proposed dam sites. They also delve into the history of TVA as it grew from a New Deal program to a federal corporation and reveal how, during the agency's formative years, the TVA board responded to prodding from archaeologists David DeJarnette and William Webb and molded TVA into the steward of a region it is today. TVA remains a mainstay of progress and conservation within an important region of the United States, and its safeguarding of the valley's prehistory cements its legacy as more than just an energy supplier. Students and researchers interested in prehistoric archaeology, the Tennessee Valley, and the history of TVA will find this volume an invaluable contribution to the study of the region. Erin E. Pritchard is an archaeologist with the Tennessee Valley Authority. Her work includes multiple archaeological site investigations, most notably Dust Cave in northern Alabama, and she has authored and coauthored numerous site reports for TVA.

Water from Stone

Author: Jason O'Donoughue
Publisher: Florida Museum of Natural Hist
ISBN: 1683400097
Release Date: 2017
Genre: History

This book investigates the archaeological significance of springs in the St. Johns River Valley of Florida. Archaeologists have long focused on springs' ecological capacities and have failed to recognize the importance of these places to ancient Floridians. Meanwhile, contemporary conservation narratives, rarely informed by archaeological knowledge, rely on a simplistic notion of eternal, pristine springs that likewise downplays their past significance. O'Donoughue develops an alternative approach that foregrounds springs as places of social interaction with deep historical import.

Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics

Author: David G. Anderson
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080554555
Release Date: 2011-07-28
Genre: Science

The Middle Holocene epoch (8,000 to 3,000 years ago) was a time of dramatic changes in the physical world and in human cultures. Across this span, climatic conditions changed rapidly, with cooling in the high to mid-latitudes and drying in the tropics. In many parts of the world, human groups became more complex, with early horticultural systems replaced by intensive agriculture and small-scale societies being replaced by larger, more hierarchial organizations. Climate Change and Cultural Dynamics explores the cause and effect relationship between climatic change and cultural transformations across the mid-Holocene (c. 4000 B.C.). Explores the role of climatic change on the development of society around the world Chapters detail diverse geographical regions Co-written by noted archaeologists and paleoclimatologists for non-specialists

Archaic Societies

Author: Thomas E. Emerson
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9781438427003
Release Date: 2012-02-01
Genre: Social Science

Essential overview of American Indian societies during the Archaic period across central North America.

Archaeology in America An Encyclopedia 4 volumes

Author: Linda S. Cordell
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313021893
Release Date: 2008-12-30
Genre: Social Science

The greatness of America is right under our feet. The American past—the people, battles, industry and homes—can be found not only in libraries and museums, but also in hundreds of archaeological sites that scientists investigate with great care. These sites are not in distant lands, accessible only by research scientists, but nearby—almost every locale possesses a parcel of land worthy of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in America is the first resource that provides students, researchers, and anyone interested in their local history with a survey of the most important archaeological discoveries in North America. Leading scholars, most with an intimate knowledge of the area, have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. Archaeology in America divides it coverage into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research.

Native American Interactions

Author: Kenneth E. Sassaman
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
ISBN: 0870498959
Release Date: 1995
Genre: History

While the early cultural clashes between Native Americans and Europeans have long engaged scholars, far less attention has been paid to interactions among indigenous peoples themselves prior to the contact period. The essays in this volume, derived largely from the 1992 meeting of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, mark a major step in correcting that imbalance. Long before Europeans sailed west in search of the East, Native Americans of various ethnic groups were encountering each other and interacting socially, both amicably and otherwise. Over the course of ten thousand years - from Paleoindian to Mississippian times - these interactions had a profound effect on the historical development of these societies and their material culture, social relations, and institutions of integration. In probing such encounters, the contributors reject reductive models and instead combine a variety of theoretical orientations - including world systems theory, Marxist analysis, and ecosystems approaches - with empirical evidence from the archaeological record.

Handbook of North American Indians

Author: Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publisher: US Government Printing Office
ISBN: 0160775116
Release Date: 2007-03
Genre: History

Encyclopedic summary of prehistory, history, cultures and political and social aspects of native peoples in Siberia, Alaska, the Canadian Arctic and Greenland.

Gathering at Silver Glen

Author: Zackary I. Gilmore
Publisher: Florida Museum of Natural Hist
ISBN: 0813062713
Release Date: 2016
Genre: History

"Gilmore's research focuses on the Archaic peoples who we call hunter-gatherers who lived in Northeastern Florida. It has broadened our understanding of Archaic period folks and their transition from a procurement lifestyle into a more sedentary one"--Provided by publisher.

The Woodland Southeast

Author: David G. Anderson
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 9780817311377
Release Date: 2002
Genre: History

This collection presents, for the first time, a much-needed synthesis of the major research themes and findings that characterize the Woodland Period in the southeastern United States. The Woodland Period (ca. 1200 B.C. to A.D. 1000) has been the subject of a great deal of archaeological research over the past 25 years. Researchers have learned that in this approximately 2000-year era the peoples of the Southeast experienced increasing sedentism, population growth, and organizational complexity. At the beginning of the period, people are assumed to have been living in small groups, loosely bound by collective burial rituals. But by the first millennium A.D., some parts of the region had densely packed civic ceremonial centers ruled by hereditary elites. Maize was now the primary food crop. Perhaps most importantly, the ancient animal-focused and hunting-based religion and cosmology were being replaced by solar and warfare iconography, consistent with societies dependent on agriculture, and whose elites were increasingly in competition with one another. This volume synthesizes the research on what happened during this era and how these changes came about while analyzing the period's archaeological record. In gathering the latest research available on the Woodland Period, the editors have included contributions from the full range of specialists working in the field, highlighted major themes, and directed readers to the proper primary sources. Of interest to archaeologists and anthropologists, both professional and amateur, this will be a valuable reference work essential to understanding the Woodland Period in the Southeast.