Written from a neo-Marxist point of view by a prominent Italian architecturalhistorian, Architecture and Utopia leads the reader beyond architectural form into a broaderunderstanding of the relation of architecture to society and the architect to the workforce and themarketplace. It discusses the Garden Cities movement and the suburban developments it generated, theGerman-Russian architectural experiments of the 1920s, the place of the avant-garde in the plasticarts, and the uses and pitfalls of seismological approaches to architecture, and assesses theprospects of socialist alternatives.
There are more than 450 Moshavim settlements and about 270 kibbutzim in Israel. Placing the kibbutz within the wider context of utopian social ideals and how they have historically been physically and architecturally constructed, this book discusses the form of the 'ideal settlement' as an integral part and means for realising a utopian doctrine.
Author: Michael Chyutin
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Proposes a reconstruction of the Temple, which differs from conventional descriptions in Jewish literary sources during the First and Second Temple eras. This book examines the individual descriptions of the Temple and considers the influence of the descriptions on subsequent ones.
Architect of the French revolution, Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (1736 1806) was also one of the most revolutionary architects of the eighteenth century. His famous guard and customs houses are familiar to every traveler to Paris, and his Saltworks at Chaux an important architectural pilgrimmage site. His concept of an architecture parlante, or "speaking architecture," one that clearly symbolizes its function, has in uenced generations of architects. This concept has served as a source of inspiration for unusual designs, especially since the 1930s, when Ledoux was rediscovered by Emil Kaufmann in his famous study "From Ledoux to Le Corbusier." Claude-Nicolas Ledoux is an accessible portrait of the forerunner of modernity by the great architectural theorist and historian Anthony Vidler.
Author: Nathaniel Coleman
Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated
Release Date: 2011
Although the association between architecture and utopia might appear obvious from within the domain of utopian studies, architects have long attempted to dissociate themselves from utopia. This collection interrogates the metatheoretical problematic for ongoing intellectual work on architecture and utopia.
Author: Antoine Picon
Release Date: 2003
During the first half of the 19th century, Saint-Simonianism was one of the most influent utopian movements in France. From 1825 to 1835 approximately, hundreds of engineers, physicians and lawyers joined the movement. This book focuses on the Saint-Simonian approach to territories, cities and architecture, proposing a re-examination of the relations between space and utopia in the 19th century.
Critical Architecture examines the relationship between critical practice in architecture and architectural criticism. Placing architecture in an interdisciplinary context, the book explores architectural criticism with reference to modes of criticism in other disciplines - specifically art criticism - and considers how critical practice in architecture operates through a number of different modes: buildings, drawings and texts. With forty essays by an international cast of leading architectural academics, this accessible single source text on the topical subject of architectural criticism is ideal for undergraduate as well as post graduate study.
Utopian thought, though commonly characterized as projecting a future without a past, depends on golden models for re-invention of what is. Through a detailed and innovative re-assessment of the work of three architects who sought to represent a utopian content in their work, and a consideration of the thoughts of a range of leading writers, Coleman offers the reader a unique perspective of idealism in architectural design. With unparalleled depth and focus of vision on the work of Le Corbusier, Louis I Kahn and Aldo van Eyck, this book persuasively challenges predominant assumptions in current architectural discourse, forging a new approach to the invention of welcoming built environments and transcending the limitations of both the postmodern and hyper-modern stance and orthodox modernist architecture.
Author: Karin Bradley
Release Date: 2014-03-21
Genre: Social Science
Utopian thought and experimental approaches to societal organization have been rare in the last decades of planning and politics. Instead, there is a widespread belief in ecological modernization, that sustainable societies can be created within the frame of the current global capitalist world order by taking small steps such as eco-labeling, urban densification, and recycling. However, in the context of the current crisis in which resource depletion, climate change, uneven development, and economic instability are seen as interlinked, this belief is increasingly being questioned and alternative developmental paths sought. This collection demonstrates how utopian thought can be used in a contemporary context, as critique and in exploring desired futures. The book includes theoretical perspectives on changing global socio-environmental relationships and political struggles for alternative development paths, and analyzes micro-level practices in co-housing, alternative energy provision, use of green space, transportation, co-production of urban space, peer-to-peer production and consumption, and alternative economies. It contributes research perspectives on contemporary green utopian practices and strategies, combining theoretical and empirical analyses to spark discussions of possible futures.
Author: Dr Clint Jones
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release Date: 2015-03-28
Genre: Social Science
Interdisciplinary in scope and bringing together work from around the world, The Individual and Utopia enquires after the nature of the utopian as citizen, demonstrating the inherent value of making the individual central to utopian theorizing and highlighting the methodologies necessary for examining the utopian individual. The various approaches employed reveal what it is to be an individual yoked by the idea of citizenship and challenge the ways that we have traditionally been taught to think of the individual as citizen. As such, it will appeal to scholars with interests in social theory, philosophy, literature, cultural studies, architecture and feminist thought, whose work intersects with political thought, utopian theorizing, or the study of humanity or human nature.
“Modern Italy”may sound like an oxymoron. For Western civilization,Italian culture represents the classical past and the continuity of canonical tradition,while modernity is understood in contrary terms of rupture and rapid innovation. Charting the evolution of a culture renowned for its historical past into the 10 modern era challenges our understanding of both the resilience of tradition and the elasticity of modernity. We have a tendency when imagining Italy to look to a rather distant and definitely premodern setting. The ancient forum, medieval cloisters,baroque piazzas,and papal palaces constitute our ideal itinerary of Italian civilization. The Campo of Siena,Saint Peter’s,all of Venice and San Gimignano satisfy us with their seemingly unbroken panoramas onto historical moments untouched by time;but elsewhere modern intrusions alter and obstruct the view to the landscapes of our expectations. As seasonal tourist or seasoned historian,we edit the encroachments time and change have wrought on our image of Italy. The learning of history is always a complex task,one that in the Italian environment is complicated by the changes wrought everywhere over the past 250 years. Culture on the peninsula continues to evolve with characteristic vibrancy. Italy is not a museum. To think of it as such—as a disorganized yet phenomenally rich museum unchanging in its exhibits—is to misunderstand the nature of the Italian cultural condition and the writing of history itself.