On a hot July day in 1361, 1,300 poorly armed men stood their ground to defend their city of Wisby against the pressure of King Waldemar. Unfortunately, the defenders were slaughtered. It was three days before the besieged city capitulated and the defenders were finally able to come out to bury the dead. Putrifying in the hot sun, pits were dug in the peat bogs and the bodies hurriedly cast in and buried. In the 1920s, Bengt Thordeman and a team of archeologists excavated at the site of the burial and produced a work that has stood the test of time. The 900+ photographs and illustrations record in great detail the coat of plate cote armours, brigandine finger gauntlets, dress accessories and wound pathology for many of the victims.Reproduced for the first time since 1939 with a new introduction by Techniques of Medieval Armour Reproduction author Brian R. Price, this elegantly printed single volume version of the original 2 volumes is a must for any library on medieval knighthood, arms and armour, archeology or warfare.
Author: Matthew Strickland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1996-12-12
This is the first detailed study of the behavior in war of the military aristocracy in England and Normandy from the Norman Conquest to the reign of King John (1066-1217). Though methods of warfare are integral to the book, the emphasis is on conduct in battle and siege rather than with tactics and strategy. It explores ideas of ransom and the treatment of prisoners, the extent to which there was a "brotherhood in arms" among noble opponents, and how the knights treated the peasantry and churchmen in wartime.
Author: Maria G. Parani
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science
This examination of realia in Byzantine religious painting provides valuable information on Byzantine dress, household effects and implements, while introducing at the same time an alternative, literally 'objective', approach to the study of the formative processes of Byzantine art.
Author: Simon John
Release Date: 2016-04-22
This volume has been created by scholars from a range of disciplines who wish to show their appreciation for Professor John France and to celebrate his career and achievements. For many decades, Professor France’s work has been instrumental in many of the advances made in the fields of crusader studies and medieval warfare. He has published widely on these topics including major publications such as: Victory in the East: A Military History of the First Crusade (1994) and Western Warfare in the Age of the Crusades (1999). This present volume mirrors his interests, offering studies upon both areas. The fifteen essays cover a wide variety of topics, spanning chronologically from the Carolingian period through to the early fourteenth century. Some offer new insights upon long-contested issues, such as the question of whether a new form of cavalry was created by Charles Martel and his successors or the implications of the Mongol defeat at Ayn Jalut. Others use innovative methodologies to unlock the potential of various types of source material including: manuscript illuminations depicting warfare, Templar graffiti, German crusading songs, and crusading charters. Several of the articles open up new areas of debate connected to the history of crusading. Malcolm Barber discusses why Christendom did not react decisively to the fall of Acre in 1291. Bernard Hamilton explores how the rising Frankish presence in the Eastern Mediterranean during the central medieval period reshaped Christendom’s knowledge and understanding of the North African cultures they encountered. In this way, this work seeks both to advance debate in core areas whilst opening new vistas for future research.
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Archaologie, Note: 1.7, Technische Universitat Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, Veranstaltung: Archaologie im Grenzbereich, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die Schlachten des Mittelalters uben eine besonders grosse Faszination auf uns moderne Menschen aus. Dies wird immer dann besonders deutlich, wenn Filme zum Thema grosse Erfolge feiern. Oder dann, wenn ein altes Schlachtfeld entdeckt wird. Die mittelalterliche Kriegfuhrung steht gerade durch ihre Andersartigkeit und Brutalitat oft im Mittelpunkt sowohl des Forschungs- als auch des Offentlichkeitsinteresses. Wenn dann auch noch Zeitkapseln entdeckt werden, in denen Zeugnisse dieser Vergangenheit zu finden sind, kann aus einem Fund schnell eine Sensation werden. So wie es in der Nahe der auf Gotland gelegenen Stadt Visby geschah. Die Schlacht von Visby im Jahr 1361 zwischen der Armee des danische Konigs Waldemar Atterdag und gotlandischen Bauern war zwar ein Ereignis mit nicht ubermassig grosser historischer Bedeutung, ist aber aus archaologischer Sicht eine Sensation. Anders als bei anderen gefundenen Massengrabern in der Nahe von ehemaligen Schlachtfeldern des Mittelalters wurden bei Visby neben den zahlreichen Skeletten auch Rustungen gefunden. Dies ist insoweit bedeutend, als dass im Regelfall die Gefallenen komplett geplundert wurden. Was war also an der Schlacht von Visby so bedeutend im Gegensatz zu vergleichbaren Ereignissen des Mittelalters? Die schriftlichen Quellen alleine geben daruber keine Auskunft. Daher sind die Ausgrabungen in der Nahe von Visby von Bedeutung. Was fanden die Forscher bei der Offnung der Graber? Wie bewaltigten sie die grosse Zahl an Funden? Und welche Schlusse zogen sie daraus? Daruber hinaus werde ich mich auch der Frage annahern, ob die Archaologie in diesem Fall einen sinnvollen Beitrag zu der Geschichtsforschung leisten konnte."
Author: Stephen Morillo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-04-03
This clear, readable introduction to the popular field of military history is now available in a refreshed and updated second edition. It shows that military history encompasses not just accounts of campaigns and battles but includes a wide range of perspectives on all aspects of past military organization and activity. In concise chapters it explains the fundamental features of the field, including: The history of military history, showing how it has developed from ancient times to the present; The key ideas and concepts that shape analysis of military activity; it argues that military history is as methodologically and philosophically sophisticated as any field of history; The current controversies about which military historians argue, and why they are important; A survey of who does military history, where it is taught and published, and how it is practiced; A look at where military history is headed in the future. The new edition of What is Military History? provides an up-to-date bibliography and cutting edge new case studies, including counterinsurgency, and as such continues to be ideal for classes in military history and in historiography generally, as well as for anyone interested in learning more about the dynamics of a rich and growing area of study.
Hono sapiens, homo pugnans, and so it has been since the beginning of recorded history. In the Middle Ages, especially, armed conflict and the military life were so much a part of the political and cultural development that a general account of this period is, in large measure, a description of how men went to war.