Assessing Systematic Evidence In Crime And Justice

Author: David Weisburd
Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: STANFORD:36105112875062
Release Date: 2003-05-01
Genre: Law

What are the factors that shape crime and justice policy? Long-term traditions-steeped in politics, ideology, values, ethics, and faith-along with clinical experience have served as the primary guides for policymakers. However, many contemporary scholars, practitioners, and policymakers encourage heavier reliance on scientific research to form crime and justice policy. Along with this shift toward evidence-based crime prevention, it becomes crucial for practitioners to accurately identify and understand which programs and practices have been the most effective in the past. So relying on systematic reviews of prior research and evaluation is central to the movement toward a more scientific approach to policymaking. The surge of research and evaluation in crime and justice raises a myriad of methodological concerns. This special issue of The ANNALS, which sprang from the Second Annual Jerry Lee Crime Prevention Symposium held at the University of Maryland in April 2002, identifies and addresses those methodological concerns and also presents substantive empirical outcomes of specific studies. Developed by the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, which continues to focus on issues of evidence, this journal provides valuable insights to researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in the promotion and development of an evidence-based approach to crime and justice policy and practice.

Assessing Systematic Evidence in Crime and Justice

Author: David L. Weisburd
Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: 0761928545
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science

What are the factors that shape crime and justice policy? Long-term traditions-steeped in politics, ideology, values, ethics, and faith-along with clinical experience have served as the primary guides for policymakers. However, many contemporary scholars, practitioners, and policymakers encourage heavier reliance on scientific research to form crime and justice policy. Along with this shift toward evidence-based crime prevention, it becomes crucial for practitioners to accurately identify and understand which programs and practices have been the most effective in the past. So relying on systematic reviews of prior research and evaluation is central to the movement toward a more scientific approach to policymaking. The surge of research and evaluation in crime and justice raises a myriad of methodological concerns. This special issue of The ANNALS, which sprang from the Second Annual Jerry Lee Crime Prevention Symposium held at the University of Maryland in April 2002, identifies and addresses those methodological concerns and also presents substantive empirical outcomes of specific studies. Developed by the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, which continues to focus on issues of evidence, this journal provides valuable insights to researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in the promotion and development of an evidence-based approach to crime and justice policy and practice.

Assessing Systematic Evidence In Crime And Justice

Author: David Weisburd
Publisher: Sage Publications, Incorporated
ISBN: STANFORD:36105112875062
Release Date: 2003-05-01
Genre: Law

What are the factors that shape crime and justice policy? Long-term traditions-steeped in politics, ideology, values, ethics, and faith-along with clinical experience have served as the primary guides for policymakers. However, many contemporary scholars, practitioners, and policymakers encourage heavier reliance on scientific research to form crime and justice policy. Along with this shift toward evidence-based crime prevention, it becomes crucial for practitioners to accurately identify and understand which programs and practices have been the most effective in the past. So relying on systematic reviews of prior research and evaluation is central to the movement toward a more scientific approach to policymaking. The surge of research and evaluation in crime and justice raises a myriad of methodological concerns. This special issue of The ANNALS, which sprang from the Second Annual Jerry Lee Crime Prevention Symposium held at the University of Maryland in April 2002, identifies and addresses those methodological concerns and also presents substantive empirical outcomes of specific studies. Developed by the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, which continues to focus on issues of evidence, this journal provides valuable insights to researchers, practitioners, and policymakers in the promotion and development of an evidence-based approach to crime and justice policy and practice.

High School Dropout Graduation and Completion Rates

Author: National Academy of Education
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309163071
Release Date: 2011-04-17
Genre: Education

High school graduation and dropout rates have long been used as indicators of educational system productivity and effectiveness and of social and economic well being. While determining these rates may seem like a straightforward task, their calculation is in fact quite complicated. How does one count a student who leaves a regular high school but later completes a GED? How does one count a student who spends most of his/her high school years at one school and then transfers to another? If the student graduates, which school should receive credit? If the student drops out, which school should take responsibility? High School Dropout, Graduation, and Completion Rates addresses these issues and to examine (1) the strengths, limitations, accuracy, and utility of the available dropout and completion measures; (2) the state of the art with respect to longitudinal data systems; and (3) ways that dropout and completion rates can be used to improve policy and practice.

Evidence Based Policy

Author: Ray Pawson
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781847878199
Release Date: 2006-04-07
Genre: Social Science

In this important new book, Ray Pawson examines the recent spread of evidence-based policy making across the Western world. Few major public initiatives are mounted these days in the absence of a sustained attempt to evaluate them. Programmes are tried, tried and tried again and researched, researched and researched again. And yet it is often difficult to know which interventions, and which inquiries, will withstand the test of time. The evident solution, going by the name of evidence-based policy, is to take the longer view. Rather than relying on one-off studies, it is wiser to look to the 'weight of evidence'. Accordingly, it is now widely agreed the most useful data to support policy decisions will be culled from systematic reviews of all the existing research in particular policy domains. This is the consensual starting point for Ray Pawson's latest foray into the world of evaluative research. But this is social science after all and harmony prevails only in the first chapter. Thereafter, Pawson presents a devastating critique of the dominant approach to systematic review - namely the 'meta-analytic' approach as sponsored by the Cochrane and Campbell collaborations. In its place is commended an approach that he terms 'realist synthesis'. On this vision, the real purpose of systematic review is better to understand programme theory, so that policies can be properly targeted and developed to counter an ever-changing landscape of social problems. The book will be essential reading for all those who loved (or loathed) the arguments developed in Realistic Evaluation (Sage, 1997). It offers a complete blueprint for research synthesis, supported by detailed illustrations and worked examples from across the policy waterfront. It will be of especial interest to policy-makers, practitioners, researchers and students working in health, education, employment, social care, criminal justice, regeneration and welfare.

Perspectives On Evaluating Criminal Justice and Corrections

Author: Erica Bowen
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780526454
Release Date: 2012-06-20
Genre: Social Science

A comprehensive and authoritative overview of issues relating to the evaluation of criminal justice/corrections 'interventions', this book draws on a range of theoretical, cultural and epistemological perspectives with authors from a range of disciplines and countries, and provides a unique reference for academics, practitioners and policy-makers.

The New Jim Crow

Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 9783956141591
Release Date: 2016-10-19
Genre: Political Science

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Angstst rungen bei Kindern und Jugendlichen

Author: Franz Borgwald
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 9783640968985
Release Date: 2011-07-27
Genre: Psychology

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Psychologie - Entwicklungspsychologie, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Angst ist ein Gefühlszustand, der gekennzeichnet ist durch negative Emotionen und körperliche Symptome von Anspannung. Der Begriff Angst leitet sich von dem lateinischen Wort „anxius“ ab und definiert einen Zustand von Erregung und Belastung.“ (ESSAU, Cecilia A., 2003) In der Wissenschaft wird die Angst in ihrer Ursache und Wirkung, sowohl gegenwärtig als auch zukunftsorientiert als eine komplexe Erfahrung verstanden. Sie äußert sich körperlich, kognitiv und im Verhalten. Angststörungen bei Kindern und Jugendlichen sind ernstzunehmende Störungen. Es gibt unterschiedliche Risikofaktoren auf der familiären Ebene, der kognitiven Ebene und im Bereich unterschiedlicher Lebensereignisse. Mit Lebensereignissen sind Augenblicke gemeint, in denen das Kind oder der Jugendliche eine extreme negative Erfahrung gemacht hat. Aufgrund dieser unterschiedlichsten Risikofaktoren gilt es als Lehrer, eine Sensibilität für Symptome möglicher Angstreaktionen zu entwickeln. Kinder werden ihre Gefühle je nach Alter direkt oder indirekt beschreiben können. In jedem Fall gilt es, Beobachtungen mit den Eltern bzw. anderen Lehrern abzugleichen und eventuell einen Therapeuten zur Behandlung aufzusuchen. Durch die Klassifikationsmöglichkeiten nach DSM-III und ICD-10 ist es heute möglich, nach einer genauen Diagnose und einer dazu passenden Behandlung weitere Folgen und eine Verfestigung der jeweiligen Angststörung zu verhindern.

M glichkeiten der Gewaltpr vention

Author: Manfred Cierpka
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 3525462093
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

Ziel: Gewaltverzicht Gewalttätigen Entwicklungen von Kindern und Jugendlichen vorzubeugen, heißt Kinder und Familien in ihren verschiedenen Lebenszusammenhängen gezielt zu unterstützen. Die Diskussion über eine zunehmende Gewaltbereitschaft von Kindern und Jugendlichen ist allgegenwärtig. Wie sind die ganz unterschiedlichen Phänomene von Gewalt in dieser Altersgruppe zu erklären und wie lässt sich dem langfristig entgegensteuern? Die Beiträge des Buches beschäftigen sich einleitend mit den Entstehungsbedingungen von Gewalt in Familien und den Folgen frühkindlicher Belastung durch erfahrene Gewalt und deren Auswirkungen auf die seelische und körperliche Entwicklung. Das Hauptgewicht der folgenden Beiträge liegt in der Darstellung, wissenschaftlichen Bewertung und Diskussion verschiedener familien- und kindbezogenen Präventionskonzepte und -ansätze im deutschsprachigen Raum. Vorgestellt werden Elternseminare, Beratungsangebote für Familien mit Säuglingen und Kleinkindern, frühe Hilfen zur Förderung der kindlichen Resilienz, Möglichkeiten der Zusammenarbeit von Elternhaus, Kindergarten und Schule, schulische Präventionsprogramme gegen Gewalt sowie Konzepte, die die Erziehungskompetenz von Eltern stärken.

Wut und Hass

Author: Otto F. Kernberg
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608917438
Release Date: 1997
Genre:


Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall
Publisher:
ISBN: STANFORD:36105113577501
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Sociology

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.