Attrition in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Author: Alexander Alex
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118914342
Release Date: 2015-10-26
Genre: Medical

With a focus on case studies of R&D programs in a variety of disease areas, the book highlights fundamental productivity issues the pharmaceutical industry has been facing and explores potential ways of improving research effectiveness and efficiency. • Takes a comprehensive and holistic approach to the problems and potential solutions to drug compound attrition • Tackles a problem that adds billions of dollars to drug development programs and health care costs • Guides discovery and development scientists through R&D stages, teaching requirements and reasons why drugs can fail • Discusses potential ways forward utilizing new approaches and opportunities to reduce attrition

Value Creation in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Author: Alexander Schuhmacher
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527339136
Release Date: 2016-04-11
Genre: Science

This practical guide for advanced students and decision-makers in the pharma and biotech industry presents key success factors in R&D along with value creators in pharmaceutical innovation. A team of editors and authors with extensive experience in academia and industry and at some of the most prestigious business schools in Europe discusses in detail the innovation process in pharma as well as common and new research and innovation strategies. In doing so, they cover collaboration and partnerships, open innovation, biopharmaceuticals, translational medicine, good manufacturing practice, regulatory affairs, and portfolio management. Each chapter covers controversial aspects of recent developments in the pharmaceutical industry, with the aim of stimulating productive debates on the most effective and efficient innovation processes. A must-have for young professionals and MBA students preparing to enter R&D in pharma or biotech as well as for students on a combined BA/biomedical and natural sciences program.

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Author: R E Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781782622345
Release Date: 2015-08-27
Genre: Science

Medicines play an important role in the treatment and prevention of disease in humans and animals, but residues from these medicines can be released into the environment through a number of routes during their manufacture, use and disposal. It is only recently that the potential environmental impacts of this exposure to pharmaceuticals are being considered. The book explores where pharmaceutical residues can be found, e.g. in surface waters, drinking water, sediments and the marine environment; the sources of these residues, from manufacture through to disposal of unused medicines; how these residues break down; and how this all impacts on wildlife and human health. In reviewing the current position and examining further possible impacts, this book is an important reference for researchers working in the pharmaceutical industry, as well as for environmentalists, policy makers and students on pharmacy and environmental science courses wanting to better understand the impacts of pharmaceuticals on the environment.

Regulating Pharmaceuticals In Europe Striving For Efficiency Equity And Quality

Author: Mossialos, Elias
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 9780335226559
Release Date: 2004-06-01
Genre: Education

The rising cost of pharmaceutical expenditures in many European countries is of concern to governments required to make effective use of health care budgets. Taking a broad perspective that encompasses institutional, political and supranational aspects of pharmaceutical regulation, this book examines approaches used to manage pharmaceutical expenditure across Europe and what impact these strategies have had on efficiency, quality, equity and cost of pharmaceutical care. Regulating Pharmaceuticals in Europe is an important book for students of health policy, regulation and management, and for health managers and policy makers.

Real World Drug Discovery

Author: Robert M. Rydzewski
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080914888
Release Date: 2010-07-07
Genre: Medical

Drug discovery increasingly requires a common understanding by researchers of the many and diverse factors that go into the making of new medicines. The scientist entering the field will immediately face important issues for which his education may not have prepared him: project teams, patent law, consultants, target product profiles, industry trends, Gantt charts, target validation, pharmacokinetics, proteomics, phenotype assays, biomarkers, and many other unfamiliar topics for which a basic understanding must somehow be obtained. Even the more experienced scientist can find it frustratingly difficult to get an overview of the many factors involved in modern drug discovery and often only after years of exploring does a whole and integrated picture emerge in the mind of the researcher. Real World Drug Discovery: A Chemist’s Guide to Biotech and Pharmaceutical Research presents this kind of map of the landscape of drug discovery. In a single, readable volume it outlines processes and explains essential concepts and terms for the recent science graduate wondering what to expect in pharma or biotech, the medicinal chemist seeking a broader and more timely understanding of the industry, or the contractor or collaborator whose understanding of the commercial drug discovery process could increase the value of his contribution to it. Interviews with well-known experts in many of the fields involved, giving insightful comments from authorities on many of the sub-disciplines important to cutting edge drug discovery. Helpful suggestions gleaned from years of experience in biotech and pharma, which represents a repository drug discovery "lore" not previously available in any book. "Periodic Table of Drugs" listing current top-selling drugs arranged by target and laid out so that structural similarities and differences are plain and clear. Extensive use of diagrams to illustrate concepts like biotech startup models, preteomic profiling for target identification, Gantt charts for project planning, etc.

The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa

Author: Agnes Soucat
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821395585
Release Date: 2013-04-26
Genre: Business & Economics

Sub-Saharan Africa has only 12 percent of the global population, yet this region accounts for 50 percent of child deaths, more than 60 percent of maternal deaths, 85 percent of malaria cases, and close to 67 percent of people living with HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa, however, has the lowest number of health workers in the world-significantly fewer than in South Asia, which is at a comparable level of economic development. The Labor Market for Health Workers in Africa uses the analytical tools of labor markets to examine the human resource crisis in health from an economic perspective. Africa's labor markets are complex, with resources coming from governments, donors, the private sector, and households. Low numbers of health workers and poor understanding of labor market dynamics are major impediments to improving health service delivery. Yet some countries in the region have developed innovative solutions with new approaches to creating a robust health workforce that can respond to the continent's health challenges. As Africa grows economically, the invaluable lessons in this book can help build tomorrow's African health systems.

Computer Applications in Pharmaceutical Research and Development

Author: Sean Ekins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470037225
Release Date: 2006-07-11
Genre: Medical

A unique, holistic approach covering all functions and phases of pharmaceutical research and development While there are a number of texts dedicated to individual aspects of pharmaceutical research and development, this unique contributed work takes a holistic and integrative approach to the use of computers in all phases of drug discovery, development, and marketing. It explains how applications are used at various stages, including bioinformatics, data mining, predicting human response to drugs, and high-throughput screening. By providing a comprehensive view, the book offers readers a unique framework and systems perspective from which they can devise strategies to thoroughly exploit the use of computers in their organizations during all phases of the discovery and development process. Chapters are organized into the following sections: * Computers in pharmaceutical research and development: a general overview * Understanding diseases: mining complex systems for knowledge * Scientific information handling and enhancing productivity * Computers in drug discovery * Computers in preclinical development * Computers in development decision making, economics, and market analysis * Computers in clinical development * Future applications and future development Each chapter is written by one or more leading experts in the field and carefully edited to ensure a consistent structure and approach throughout the book. Figures are used extensively to illustrate complex concepts and multifaceted processes. References are provided in each chapter to enable readers to continue investigating a particular topic in depth. Finally, tables of software resources are provided in many of the chapters. This is essential reading for IT professionals and scientists in the pharmaceutical industry as well as researchers involved in informatics and ADMET, drug discovery, and technology development. The book's cross-functional, all-phases approach provides a unique opportunity for a holistic analysis and assessment of computer applications in pharmaceutics.

Drug and Biological Development

Author: Ronald Evens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387329789
Release Date: 2007-08-14
Genre: Medical

The book is a complete discussion of product development in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries from discovery, to product launch, and through life cycle management. Format is optimized for education and training of health care professionals, especially fellows in training (MD, PharmD, PhD), at universities. Format of the book is a set of figures, tables and lists, that can become power-point style slides as well, and the detailed narrative descriptions, including real-life examples, illustrations, controversies in industry, and references. Industry and research experts (multidisciplinary ' MD, PharmD, and PhD) are editors and authors. An added CD-ROM (slides only) enhances utility and marketability of book to course directors, providing the highly sought after slides for lectures.

Pharmacokinetics and Metabolism in Drug Design

Author: Dennis A. Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527645299
Release Date: 2012-09-13
Genre: Medical

In this new edition of a bestseller, all the contents have been brought upto-date by addressing current standards and best practices in the assessment and prediction of ADMET properties. Although the previous chapter layout has been retained, substantial revisions have been made, with new topics such as pro-drugs, active metabolites and transporters covered in detail in a manner useful to the Drug Discovery scientist. The authors discuss the parameters and processes important for the absorption, distribution and retention of drug compounds in the body, plus the potential problems created by their transformation into toxic byproducts. While aimed at all those dealing professionally with the development and application of pharmaceutical substances, the readily comprehensible style makes this book equally suitable for students of pharmacy and related subjects. Uniquely comprehensive, the book relates physicochemistry and chemical structure to pharmacokinetic properties and ultimately drug efficacy and safety.

Systems Biology in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Daniel L. Young
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118016428
Release Date: 2011-09-23
Genre: Medical

The first book to focus on comprehensive systems biology as applied to drug discovery and development Drawing on real-life examples, Systems Biology in Drug Discovery and Development presents practical applications of systems biology to the multiple phases of drug discovery and development. This book explains how the integration of knowledge from multiple sources, and the models that best represent that integration, inform the drug research processes that are most relevant to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. The first book to focus on comprehensive systems biology and its applications in drug discovery and development, it offers comprehensive and multidisciplinary coverage of all phases of discovery and design, including target identification and validation, lead identification and optimization, and clinical trial design and execution, as well as the complementary systems approaches that make these processes more efficient. It also provides models for applying systems biology to pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and candidate biomarker identification. Introducing and explaining key methods and technical approaches to the use of comprehensive systems biology on drug development, the book addresses the challenges currently facing the pharmaceutical industry. As a result, it is essential reading for pharmaceutical and biotech scientists, pharmacologists, computational modelers, bioinformaticians, and graduate students in systems biology, pharmaceutical science, and other related fields.

Drug Discovery Handbook

Author: Shayne Cox Gad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471728771
Release Date: 2005-07-08
Genre: Science

The Drug Discovery Handbook gives professionals a tool to facilitate drug discovery by bringing together, for the first time in one resource, a compendium of methods and techniques that need to be considered when developing new drugs. This comprehensive, practical guide presents an explanation of the latest techniques and methods in drug discovery, including: Genomics, proteomics, high-throughput screening, and systems biology Summaries of how these techniques and methods are used to discover new central nervous system agents, antiviral agents, respiratory drugs, oncology drugs, and more Specific approaches to drug discovery, including problems that are encountered, solutions to these problems, and limitations of various methods and techniques The thorough coverage and practical, scientifically valid problem-solving approach of Drug Discovery Handbook will serve as an invaluable aid in the complex task of developing new drugs.

Drug Discovery

Author: Tamas Bartfai
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080919232
Release Date: 2010-07-26
Genre: Medical

Everyone expects something from the drug industry. Physicians and patients, investors, regulators and administrators all have an active interest. Everyone wants to know what makes drugs ‘work’ medically and economically. Why are drugs so expensive? Is it the drug companies or investors who demand high profits? What governs the pharmacoeconomics? Why are so few diseases treatable? This book opens the windows and doors of the industry telling the story of drug development by using real stories from inside the process. * Co-written by Graham Lees and Tamas Bartfai who has been involved in the development of drugs taken by more that 20 million people every day * Opens the windows and doors of the most regulated industry in the world, the pharmaceutical industry * Tells the story of drug development by using real examples based on current research and events * Provides an objective, lucid account of the successes and failures, shortcomings and constraints of the pharmaceutical and biotech industries * Gives insights into the development of new drugs to combat multiple conditions including cancer and pain * Balanced, unbiased account of how better to translate basic science into drug discovery

Technology Adaptation and Exports

Author: Vandana Chandra
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821365083
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Social Science

The literature on technological change and growth has mainly used econometric models to establish that factors such as the degree of openness, skills, research and development expenditures, number of patents etc. are critical determinants of innovation and its effect on growth. However, this approach fails to explain the role of institutions and policies that created the environment for innovation. Using 10 case studies from developing countries, this book examines how governments fostered technological adaptation through public-private partnerships to develop world-class exporters in high-growth, non-traditional industries.

Pharmaceuticals in the Environment

Author: R. E. Hester
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 9781782621898
Release Date: 2015-09-15
Genre: Drugs

An important reference for researchers in the pharmaceutical industry, environmentalists and policy makers wanting to better understand the impacts of pharmaceuticals on the environment.

Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309142397
Release Date: 2009-07-29
Genre: Law

Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.