Author: Miguel Leon-Portilla
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
Release Date: 2012-11-28
For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.
Author: Cecelia F. Klein
Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks
Release Date: 2001
Gender in Pre-Hispanic America offers rich opportunities for comprehending current trends and considering future directions in research. It is unique in that it puts social theory at the forefront of the discussion. The book has a special intellectual presence and contemporary relevance in its engagement with the social lives and constructs of its authors and readers alike. The consideration of the role of gender in our daily lives, including in our professions, becomes inescapable when reading this book. It is not simply a question of men's roles having been possibly overemphasized and overstudied to the detriment of women's. The fact that genders, as opposed to sexes, are socially constructed categories focuses our attention on the ways in which these and other social constructs have shaped our present understanding of the past and informed past peoples' understand of their present. In various articles in this book, the reader will not find unanimity in what is meant by "gender" or how to go about studying it. What will be found, however, is a collection of interesting, informed, thought-provoking, and often lively essays. It is hoped that this volume will mark a stage in an evolving study of this field and provoke new research in the future.
Author: Anita De Luna
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2002
This book places catechesis against the background of popular religion and makes a new connection among theology, spirituality, and catachesis. It examines six catechism formats, uncovering fascinating factors that made these faith formation texts effective or ineffective for Hispanics, from the inception of Hispanic Catholicism through the twentieth century.
Author: Elizabeth M. Brumfiel
Publisher: Harry N. Abrams
Release Date: 2008-10-01
Drawing on research from a team of international experts and tied to an exhibition at Chicago's Field Museum, a lavishly illustrated study discusses the world of the Aztecs, examining the civilization's art and architecture, cosmology, religion, practice of human sacrifice, agriculture, political history, the social status of women, and the effects of European conquest.