Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Benjamin Blass
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780124115255
Release Date: 2015-04-24
Genre: Medical

Basic Principles of Drug Discovery and Development presents the multifaceted process of identifying a new drug in the modern era, providing comprehensive explanations of enabling technologies such as high throughput screening, structure based drug design, molecular modeling, pharmaceutical profiling, and translational medicine, all areas that have become critical steps in the successful development of marketable therapeutics. The text introduces the fundamental principles of drug discovery and development, also discussing important drug targets by class, in vitro screening methods, medicinal chemistry strategies in drug design, principles in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, animal models of disease states, clinical trial basics, and selected business aspects of the drug discovery process. It is designed to enable new scientists to rapidly understand the key fundamentals of drug discovery, including pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and intellectual property." Provides a clear explanation of how the pharmaceutical industry works Explains the complete drug discovery process, from obtaining a lead, to testing the bioactivity, to producing the drug, and protecting the intellectual propertyIdeal for anyone interested in learning about the drug discovery process and those contemplating careers in the industry Explains the transition process from academia or other industries

Smith and Williams Introduction to the Principles of Drug Design and Action Fourth Edition

Author: H. John Smith
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203304152
Release Date: 2005-10-10
Genre: Medical

Advances in knowledge and technology have revolutionized the process of drug development, making it possible to design drugs for a given target or disease. Building on the foundation laid by the previous three editions, Smith and Williams’ Introduction to the Principles of Drug Design and Action, Fourth Edition includes the latest information on topics such as gene therapy, computer-aided design, and molecular techniques including proteomics. Using real-world examples that illustrate the principles of drug design, the author explores the discovery of lead compounds and their manipulation in the production of non-toxic, metabolically stable drug candidates that will interact with target receptors in a predicted fashion. See what’s new in the Fourth Edition: Fully updates and expands the contents Coverage of agonists and antagonists of neuro-transmitters Information on the design of stable peptide-like drugs The human genome and its impact on drug discovery and development Advances in therapy and pharmacokinetics Adopting a from-the-bench-to-the-marketplace approach, the book provides a thorough grounding in rational drug design. It emphasizes principles and elucidates a framework for basic drug design into which current and, more importantly, future drugs will fit.

Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Ronald D. Schoenwald
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420010084
Release Date: 2002-03-06
Genre: Medical

Pharmacokinetics has evolved from its origin into a complex discipline with numerous subspecialties and applications in patient management, drug development, and regulatory issues. This expansion has made it difficult for any one individual to become a full-fledged expert in all areas. Fulfilling the need for a wide-ranging guide to the many existing subspecialties in this field, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development details the different areas in the field providing the ideal comprehensive, quick access text and reference. After an introduction of basic principles, the book is divided into sections that cover industrial and regulatory applications, clinical applications, and research applications. The following sections cover such topics as PK/PD approaches, clinical pharmacokinetic monitoring, population pharmacokinetics, linear systems approaches, and more. Fourteen authors, each an expert in his/her area of expertise, provide an extensive background into the subspeciality with emphasis on the section's theme. Covering the many sub-disciplines and providing pharmacokinetic concepts, terminology, and approaches, Pharmacokinetics in Drug Discovery and Development serves as a resource for professionals throughout this field.

Chemical Biology

Author: Natanya Civjan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118434505
Release Date: 2012-08-07
Genre: Science

An authoritative look at the application of chemical biology in drug discovery and development Based on the award-winning Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology published in 2008, this book explores the role of chemical biology in drug discovery and development. The first part of the book reviews key principles and techniques used in the design and evaluation of drug candidates. The second part elucidates biological mechanisms of certain diseases, illuminating approaches to investigate and target these diseases. Comprising carefully selected reprints from the Encyclopedia as well as new contributions from leading scholars in the field, this book provides researchers in academia and industry with important information to aid in the development of novel agents to treat disease. Self-contained articles cover a variety of essential topics, including: The design, development, and optimization of drug candidates The pharmacokinetics and properties of drugs Drug transport and delivery Natural products and natural product models as pharmaceuticals Biological mechanisms underlying health and disease Treatment strategies for a range of diseases, from HIV to schizophrenia Chemical Biology is a top-notch guide and reference for anyone working in the areas of drug discovery and development, including researchers in chemical biology and other fields such as biochemistry, medicine, and pharmaceutical sciences.

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Author: C. Robin Ganellin
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123977700
Release Date: 2013-05-07
Genre: Science

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development

Principles of Clinical Pharmacology

Author: Arthur J. Atkinson
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123854711
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Medical

Principles of Clinical Pharmacology is a successful survey covering the pharmacologic principles underlying the individualization of patient therapy and contemporary drug development. This essential reference continues to focus on the basics of clinical pharmacology for the development, evaluation, and clinical use of pharmaceutical products while also addressing the most recent advances in the field. Written by leading experts in academia, industry, clinical and regulatory settings, the third edition has been thoroughly updated to provide readers with an ideal reference covering the wide range of important topics impacting clinical pharmacology as the discipline plays an increasingly significant role in drug development and regulatory science. * Includes new chapters on imaging and the pharmacogenetic basis of adverse drug reactions. * Offers an expanded regulatory section that addresses US and international issues and guidelines. * Provides extended coverage of earlier chapters on transporters, pharmacogenetics and biomarkers and also illustrates the impact of gender on drug response. * Presents a broadened discussion of clinical trials from Phase 1 to incorporate Phases II and III.

Molecular Cancer Therapeutics

Author: George C. Prendergast
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471432024
Release Date: 2004-04-02
Genre: Medical

Offers an up-to-date overview of the different phases of drug discovery and preclinical development of new experimental cancer principles. Covers the discovery and validation of drug targets, drug screening, animal models, preclinical testing, pharmacology issues, and clinical concerns.

Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Dimitri Semizarov
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470409763
Release Date: 2008-11-03
Genre: Medical

Early characterization of toxicity and efficacy would significantly impact the overall productivity of pharmaceutical R&D and reduce drug candidate attrition and failure. By describing the available platforms and weighing their relative advantages and disadvantages, including microarray data analysis, Genomics in Drug Discovery and Development introduces readers to the biomarker, pharmacogenomic, and toxicogenomics toolbox. The authors provide a valuable resource for pharmaceutical discovery scientists, preclinical drug safety department personnel, regulatory personnel, discovery toxicologists, and safety scientists, drug development professionals, and pharmaceutical scientists.

Drug Discovery and Development E Book

Author: Raymond G Hill
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780702053160
Release Date: 2012-07-20
Genre: Medical

The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Flow Cytometry in Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Virginia Litwin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470922781
Release Date: 2011-04-20
Genre: Medical

This book covers the unique application of flow cytometry in drug discovery and development. The first section includes two introductory chapters, one on flow cytometry and one on biomarkers, as well as a chapter on recent advances in flow cytometry. The second section focuses on the unique challenges and added benefits associated with the use of flow cytometry in the drug development process. The third section contains a single chapter presenting an in depth discussion of validation considerations and regulatory compliance issues associated with drug development.

Drug Discovery and Development Volume 2

Author: Mukund S. Chorghade
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470085215
Release Date: 2007-02-16
Genre: Science

From first principles to real-world applications-here is the first comprehensive guide to drug discovery and development Modern drug discovery and development require the collaborative efforts of specialists in a broadarray of scientific, technical, and business disciplines-from biochemistry to molecular biology, organic chemistry to medicinal chemistry, pharmacology to marketing. Yet surprisingly, until now, there were no authoritative references offering a complete, fully integrated picture of the process. The only comprehensive guide of its kind, this groundbreaking two-volume resource provides an overview of the entire sequence of operations involved in drug discovery and develop-?ment-from initial conceptualization to commercialization to clinicians and medical practitioners. Volume 1: Drug Discovery describes all the steps in the discovery process, including conceptualizing a drug, creating a library of candidates for testing, screening candidates for in vitro and in vivo activity, conducting and analyzing the results of clinical trials, and modifying a drug as necessary. Volume 2: Drug Development delves into the nitty-gritty details of optimizing the synthetic route, drug manufacturing, outsourcing, and marketing-including drug coloring and delivery methods. Featuring contributions from a world-class team of experts, Drug Discovery and Development: Features fascinating case studies, including the discovery and development of erythromycin analogs, Tagamet, and Ultiva (remifentanil) Discusses the discovery of medications for bacterial infections, Parkinson's disease, psoriasis, peptic ulcers, atopic dermatitis, asthma, and cancer Includes chapters on combinatorial chemistry, molecular biology-based drug discovery, genomics, and chemogenomics Drug Discovery and Development is an indispensable working resource for industrial chemists, biologists, biochemists, and executives who work in the pharmaceutical industry.

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery

Author: Stephen Neidle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123972286
Release Date: 2013-09-30
Genre: Medical

Cancer Drug Design and Discovery, Second Edition is an important reference on the underlying principles for the design and subsequent development of new anticancer small molecule agents. New chapters have been added to this edition on areas of particular interest and therapeutic promise, including cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents and more. This book includes several sections on the basic and applied science of cancer drug discovery and features those drugs that are now approved for human use and are in the marketplace, as well as those that are still under development. By highlighting some of the general principles involved in taking molecules through basic science to clinical development, this book offers a complete and authoritative reference on the design and discovery of anticancer drugs for translational scientists and clinicians involved in cancer research. Provides a clinical perspective on the development of new molecularly targeted anticancer agents with the latest and most promising chemotherapeutic approaches Offers a broad view of where the field is going, what tools drug discovery is using to produce new agents and how they are evaluated in the laboratory and clinic Features 6 new chapters devoted to advances in technology and successful anticancer therapies, such as cancer genomics and personalized medicine, DNA-targeted agents, B-Raf inhibitors and more Each chapter includes extensive references to the primary and review literature, as well as to relevant web-based sources

Applying Genomic and Proteomic Microarray Technology in Drug Discovery

Author: Robert S. Matson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0203491130
Release Date: 2004-12-28
Genre: Medical

Microarrays play an increasingly significant role in drug discovery. Written by a leader in the field, Applying Genomic and Proteomic Microarray Technology in Drug Discovery highlights, describes, and evaluates current scientific research using microarray technology in genomic and proteomic applications. The author addresses the drawbacks, helping you avoid unnecessary pitfalls, and provides practical tips on how to employ the technology in drug discovery and development. The book details the commercial landscape, covering the many issues surrounding the future adoption of gene expression and protein microarrays for pharmacogenomic and pharmacoproteomic applications. The author critically assesses those studies that have helped define applications in genomics and proteomics, explains gene expression microarray applications, and examines the utility of the protein microarray. He covers alternative substrates and the preparation of various surface chemistries together with their suitability for immobilization of nucleic acids and proteins. He delineates the mechanics of microarraying including environmental conditions, printer and pin performance, as well as discussion regarding setting up the print run. The book supplies protocols for printing nucleic acids and proteins and an in-depth discussion of other important parameters such as print buffers (inks) and factors influencing print quality. An understanding of the making of a microarray is fundamentally important to those interested in producing "spotted" arrays and their proper use. As this technology expands in popularity and usefulness, industry experts must grasp the fundamental principles behind it, its strengths, and its limitations. A basic reference for users of microarray technology in drug discovery, this book offers a detailed perspective and insight into the present and future uses of this technology.

Peptide Drug Discovery and Development

Author: Miguel Castanho
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527636747
Release Date: 2011-10-24
Genre: Medical

Filling a real knowledge gap, this handbook and ready reference is both modern and forward-looking in its emphasis on the "bench to bedside" translational approach to drug development. Clearly structured into three major parts, the book stakes out the boundaries of peptide drug development in the preclinical as well as clinical stages. The first part provides a general background and focuses on the characteristic strengths and weaknesses of peptide drugs. The second section contains five cases studies of peptides from diverse therapeutic fields, and the lessons to be learned from them, while the final part looks at new targets and opportunities, discussing several drug targets and diseases for which peptide drugs are currently being developed.