Process Science and Engineering for Water and Wastewater Treatment is the first in a new series of distance learning course books from IWA Publishing. The new series intends to help readers become familiar with design, operation and management of water and wastewater treatment processes without having to refer to any other texts. Process engineering is considered fundamental to successful water and wastewater treatment and Process Science and Engineering for Water and Wastewater Treatment provides the fundamental chemistry, biology and engineering knowledge needed to learn and understand the underlying scientific principles directly relevant to water and wastewater treatment processes. Units in the text covering chemistry and biology include: fundamentals of water chemistry; chemical kinetics and equilibria; colloid and surface chemistry; fundamentals of microbiology; fundamentals biochemistry and microbial kinetics. The concept of Process Engineering is introduced through units on: mass and heat balances; mass and heat transfer; reactor design theory; engineering hydraulics and particle settlement. The text is designed for individual study at the learner?s own pace. Each section contains multiple features to aid learning, including: boxes highlighting key learning points exercises and problems with fully worked solutions to help the reader test their understanding as they progress through the text a comprehensive set of self-assessment questions (with answers) at the end of each unit Designed as a starting point for the other books in the Water and Wastewater Process Technologies Series, this book also provides a self-contained course of learning in the science and engineering for water and wastewater treatment processes. It forms part of the Masters degree programme taught in the School of Water Sciences at Cranfield University, UK.
Author: Adrianus C. van Haandel
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Handbook of Biological Wastewater Treatment: Second Edition deals with the optimized design of biological and chemical nutrient removal. It presents the state-of-the-art theory concerning the various aspects of the activated sludge system and develops procedures for optimized cost based design and operation.
'Water and Energy' creates an awareness of the important couplings between water and energy. It shows how energy is used in all the various water cycle operations and demonstrates how water is used and misuese in all kinds of energy production and generation.
Author: V. K. Gupta
Release Date: 2012
The world is facing a drinking water crisis. Besides continuous population growth, uneven distribution of water resources and periodic droughts have forced scientists to search for new and effective water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies. Therefore, there is a great need for the development of suitable, inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment and reuse or conservation methods. This title discusses different types of wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling techniques, like adsorption, membrane filtration and reverse osmosis. It also provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies or their combinations for specific applications so that one can select the exact and accurate technology without any problem. The book comprises detailed discussion on the application of various technologies for water treatment, remediation and recycling technologies and provides an update on the development in water treatment, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, bridging the current existing information gap. Each chapter is also documented by references and updated citations. Provides guidance for the selection of the appropriate technologies to industrialists and government authorities for the selection of exact, inexpensive technologies for specific problem solving Discusses the developments of inexpensive and rapid wastewater treatment, remediation and recycling Gives information on the application of analytical techniques, such as GC, LC, IR, and XRF for analysing and measuring water Provides an updated development in water treatment technologies, detailed analysis of their features and economic analysis, enabling to choose a problem-specific solution Completely updates the current knowledge in this field, bridging the current existing information gap
Author: Chris Binnie
Publisher: Thomas Telford
Release Date: 2002-02-01
Presenting not only the basics of water treatment, but also the theoretical support necessary for the student and specialist, this text includes data on water quality standards, as well as discussion of carbon absorption, membrane processes, disinfection, water demands and waste stream disposal.
Industrial Water Treatment Process Technology begins with a brief overview of the challenges in water resource management, covering issues of plenty and scarcity-spatial variation, as well as water quality standards. In this book, the author includes a clear and rigorous exposition of the various water resource management approaches such as: separation and purification (end of discharge pipe), zero discharge approach (green process development), flow management approach, and preservation and control approach. This coverage is followed by deeper discussion of individual technologies and their applications. Covers water treatment approaches including: separation and purification—end of discharge pipe; zero discharge approach; flow management approach; and preservation and control approach Discusses water treatment process selection, trouble shooting, design, operation, and physico-chemical and treatment Discusses industry-specific water treatment processes
Author: Helena Guasch Anna M. Romani
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-01-15
Biofilms in aquatic ecosystems colonize various surfaces (sand, rocks, leaves) and play a key role in the environment. Aquatic biofilms supply energy and organic matter to the food chain, they are important in recycling organic matter and contribute to water quality. This book is a concise review of the current knowledge on aquatic biofilms with an emphasis on the characteristics and ecology of biofilms in natural ecosystems and a focus on biofilm applications linked to water pollution problems. The volume is divided into three sections: Biofilms Mode of Life; Biofilms and Pollution; and New Technologies using Biofilms. In the first section the aquatic biofilm mode of life is described and reviewed. Key aspects covered include the three-dimensional structure and cell to cell communication of biofilms, their dynamic prokaryotic diversity and their vital role in biogeochemical cycles. In the second part of the book the use of biofilms in water quality is comprehensively covered. Chapters discuss biofilms in water quality, environmental risk assessment, monitoring and ecotoxicological approaches. Further topics include biofilm development in sewage pipes and the potential for microbial transformations in these systems. The final section focuses on important examples of novel technologies based on biofilms for water treatment, including the biodegradation of pollutants, the application of bioelectrogenic biofilms, and the biofilm capacity for nitrogen removal. With contributions from ecologists, engineers and microbiologists this book presents scientists and technicians with up-to-date knowledge and a clear understanding of aquatic biofilms from different and complementary points of view. An essential reference book for anyone working with biofilms.
Author: American Water Works Association
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date: 2012-07-10
Genre: Technology & Engineering
THE MOST TRUSTED AND UP-TO-DATE WATER TREATMENT PLANT DESIGN REFERENCE Thoroughly revised to cover the latest standards, technologies, regulations, and sustainability practices, Water Treatment Plant Design, Fifth Edition, offers comprehensive guidance on modernizing existing water treatment facilities and planning new ones. This authoritative resource discusses the organization and execution of a water treatment plant project--from planning and permitting through design, construction, and start-up. A joint publication of the American Water Works Association (AWWA) and the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), this defi nitive guide contains contributions from renowned international experts. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Sustainability Master planning and treatment process selection Design and construction Intake facilities Aeration and air stripping Mixing, coagulation, and flocculation Clarification Slow sand and diatomaceous earth filtration Oxidation and disinfection Ultraviolet disinfection Precipitative softening Membrane processes Activated carbon adsorption Biological processes Process residuals Pilot plant design and construction Chemical systems Hydraulics Site selection and plant arrangement Environmental impacts and project permitting Architectural design HVAC, plumbing, and air supply systems Structural design Process instrumentation and controls Electrical systems Design reliability features Operations and maintenance considerations during plant design Staff training and plant start-up Water system security and preparedness Construction cost estimating
Author: Valerie Ann Worwood
Publisher: New World Library
Release Date: 2016-10-14
Genre: Health & Fitness
Completely updated, the best book on the topic available anywhere has just gotten better! A necessary resource for anyone interested in alternative approaches to healing and lifestyle, this new edition contains more than 800 easy-to-follow recipes for essential oil treatments. No one has provided more thorough and accurate guidance to the home practitioner or professional aromatherapist than Valerie Ann Worwood. In her clear and positive voice, Worwood provides tools to address a huge variety of health issues, including specific advice for children, women, men, and seniors. Other sections cover self-defense against microbes and contaminants, emotional challenges, care for the home and workplace, and applications for athletes, dancers, travelers, cooks, gardeners, and animal lovers. Worwood also offers us her expertise in the use of essential oils in beauty and spa treatments, plus profiles of 125 essential oils, 37 carrier oils, and more. Since the publication of the first edition of this book 25 years ago, the positive impact of essential oil use has become increasingly recognized, as scientific researchers throughout the world have explored essential oils and their constituents for their unique properties and uses.
This book details the technologies used in water and wastewater management today, including standard practice and state of the art. Its main focus is on the mechanics of processes to treat water or wastewater.
Water is arguably the most critical and least understood of the foundation elements in brewing beer. Water: A Comprehensive Guide for Brewers, third in Brewers Publications’ Brewing Elements series, takes the mystery out of water’s role in the brewing process. The book leads brewers through the chemistry and treatment of brewing water, from an overview of water sources, to adjusting water for different beer styles, and different brewery processes, to wastewater treatment. The discussions include how to read water reports, understanding flavor contributions, residual alkalinity, malt acidity, and mash pH.