Paths to Property

Author: Karol Boudreaux
Publisher: Inst of Economic Affairs
ISBN: 0255365829
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Business & Economics

Sub-Saharan Africa has received tens of billions of dollars in foreign aid over the last fifty years, yet economic development has remained elusive. In many countries absolute poverty has increased and life expectancy has declined. Karol Boudreaux and Paul Aligica argue that instead of traditional approaches to development policy, the focus needs to be on adoption of sound political and legal institutions, with clearly defined and enforced private property rights to encourage entrepreneurship and economic growth. The authors examine several case studies of property rights reform in the developing world and suggest that universal policies applied regardless of local culture and tradition tend to fail. Reforms are more likely to succeed when they evolve gradually and are tailored to local norms and values rather than imposed from above by governments, aid agencies and supranational institutions.

Radicals for Capitalism

Author: Brian Doherty
Publisher: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 9780786731886
Release Date: 2009-04-28
Genre: Political Science

On Wall Street, in the culture of high tech, in American government: Libertarianism—the simple but radical idea that the only purpose of government is to protect its citizens and their property against direct violence and threat— has become an extremely influential strain of thought. But while many books talk about libertarian ideas, none until now has explored the history of this uniquely American movement—where and who it came from, how it evolved, and what impact it has had on our country. In this revelatory book, based on original research and interviews with more than 100 key sources, Brian Doherty traces the evolution of the movement through the unconventional life stories of its most influential leaders— Ludwig von Mises, F.A. Hayek, Ayn Rand, Murray Rothbard, and Milton Friedman—and through the personal battles, character flaws, love affairs, and historical events that altered its course. And by doing so, he provides a fascinating new perspective on American history—from the New Deal through the culture wars of the 1960s to today's most divisive political issues. Neither an exposé nor a political polemic, this entertaining historical narrative will enlighten anyone interested in American politics.

Economic Harmonies

Author: Frédéric Bastiat
Publisher:
ISBN: PSU:000049735710
Release Date: 1964
Genre: Business & Economics


Economic Sophisms

Author: Frédéric Bastiat
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 9783849648763
Release Date: 2017-03-30
Genre: Business & Economics

Bastiat's "Economic Sophisms”, translated by Dr. Patrick James Stirling, were eagerly welcomed by students of political economy who were not really familiar with French. His object in this work was, as he says, "to refute the fallacies of the Protectionist School, then predominant in France, and to clear the way for the establishment of what he maintained to be the true system of economic science, which he desired to find on a new and peculiar theory of value, afterwards fully developed by him in the Harmonies."

Grundrisse

Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 9780141194035
Release Date: 2005-11-24
Genre: Political Science

Written during the winter of 1857-8, the Grundrisse was considered by Marx to be the first scientific elaboration of communist theory. A collection of seven notebooks on capital and money, it both develops the arguments outlined in the Communist Manifesto (1848) and explores the themes and theses that were to dominate his great later work Capital. Here, for the first time, Marx set out his own version of Hegel's dialectics and developed his mature views on labour, surplus value and profit, offering many fresh insights into alienation, automation and the dangers of capitalist society. Yet while the theories in Grundrisse make it a vital precursor to Capital, it also provides invaluable descriptions of Marx's wider-ranging philosophy, making it a unique insight into his beliefs and hopes for the foundation of a communist state.

The Legal Foundations of Free Markets

Author: Stephen F. Copp
Publisher: Inst of Economic Affairs
ISBN: IND:30000124711379
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Business & Economics

Bringing together some of the world’s leading figures in the field of law and economics, this book discusses questions that are central to understanding how a free-market economy operates. Though most people accept that a free economy cannot exist in a legal vacuum, important questions about how systems of law come into being and what form they should take remain in dispute. The contributors shed light on some of these issues, such as whether common law systems are better than codified law systems; the relationship between natural law and government law; whether systems of law evolve within societies or are imposed from above by government; and the role of human rights as guaranteed by constitutions. After examining these questions, specific problems are examined that are frequently disputed by economists—such as the role of competition law; the relationship between law, regulation and economics; and, how the law can protect the environment without onerous regulation. This collection is an important contribution to the literature in the field of law and economics, both for economists who wish to understand more about the origins and purposes of law and regulation, and for lawyers who need to understand more about the economic foundations of sound legal systems. It contains contributions from Norman Barry, David Campbell, Richard A. Epstein, Samuel Gregg, Peter T. Leeson, Julian Morris, Anthony Ogus, and Cento Veljanovski.

The Law the State and Other Political Writings 1843 1850

Author: Frédéric Bastiat
Publisher:
ISBN: 0865978298
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Business & Economics

Frederic Bastiat (1801-1850) was a keen observer of political and economic problems and a passionate proponent of liberal economic theory. This book collects nineteen of Bastiat's articles, ranging from the theory of value and rent, public choice and collective action, government intervention and regulation, the balance of trade, education, and trade unions to price controls, capital and growth, and taxation. Throughout his articles, Bastiat demonstrates how the combination of careful logic, consistency of principle, and clarity of exposition is the instrument for solving most economic and social problems. In his famous essay "The Law" Bastiat explains that the law, far from being what it ought to be, "namely the instrument that enabled the state to protect individuals' rights and property", had become the means for what he termed "spoliation" (or plunder). From the article "The State" written at the height of the 1848 Revolution in June, comes perhaps his best-remembered quotation: "The state is the great fiction by which everyone endeavours to live at the expense of everyone else". In this volume readers will find extensive introductory material, including notes on the translation and on the editions of the oeuvres completes, a chronology of Bastiat's life and works, two maps of France showing the cities associated with Bastiat, annotations to the articles, and a bibliography. A special section provides charming, little-known anecdotes about Bastiat and his contemporaries, including his editor Prosper Paillottet, who became Bastiat's firm friend and eventually his executor. This section also includes discussions of key concepts such as individualism, laissez-faire, industry, plunder, and the right to work. Three glossaries explain persons, places, and subjects and terms.

The Failure of the New Economics

Author: Henry Hazlitt
Publisher: Ludwig von Mises Institute
ISBN: 9781610164504
Release Date: 1973
Genre: Economics

The distinguished economic journalist refutes the theorems found in Keynes' General Theory of Employment, Interest, and Money and cites briefly the contradictions and dangers of his national income approach.

The Collected Papers of Frederic William Maitland

Author: Frederic William Maitland
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107645066
Release Date: 2013-10-31
Genre: Law

Originally published in 1911, this book forms one of three volumes of the collected papers of legal historian Frederic William Maitland. The texts cover a broad range of areas, with some philosophical and biographical subject matter, but for the most part they relate to the spheres of legal and social history.

Freakonomics

Author: Steven D. Levitt
Publisher: Harper Collins
ISBN: 9780062132345
Release Date: 2011-09-20
Genre: Business & Economics

Which is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? How much do parents really matter? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask. But Steven D. Levitt is not a typical economist. He studies the riddles of everyday life--from cheating and crime to parenting and sports--and reaches conclusions that turn conventional wisdom on its head. Freakonomics is a groundbreaking collaboration between Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner, an award-winning author and journalist. They set out to explore the inner workings of a crack gang, the truth about real estate agents, the secrets of the Ku Klux Klan, and much more. Through forceful storytelling and wry insight, they show that economics is, at root, the study of incentives--how people get what they want or need, especially when other people want or need the same thing.

Economic Principles of Law

Author: Cento G. Veljanovski
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139464895
Release Date: 2007-05-31
Genre: Business & Economics

Economic Principles of Law, first published in 2007, applies economics to the doctrines, rules and remedies of the common law. In plain English and using non-technical analysis, it offers an introduction and exposition of the 'economic approach' to law - one of the most exciting and vibrant fields of legal scholarship and applied economics. Beginning with a brief history of the field, it sets out the basic economic concepts useful to lawyers, and applies these to assess the core areas of the common law - property, contract, tort and crime - with particular emphasis on their doctrinal structure and remedies. This is done using leading cases drawn from the birthplace of the common law (England & Wales) and other common law jurisdictions. The book serves as a primer to the wider use of economics which has become increasingly important for law students, lawyers, legislators, regulators and those concerned with our legal system generally.

Liberty Versus the Tyranny of Socialism

Author: Walter E. Williams
Publisher: Hoover Press
ISBN: 9780817949136
Release Date: 2013-09-01
Genre: Political Science

In this selected collection of his syndicated newspaper columns, Walter Williams offers his sometimes controversial views on education, health, the environment, government, law and society, race, and a range of other topics. Although many of these essays focus on the growth of government and our loss of liberty, many others demonstrate how the tools of freemarket economics can be used to improve our lives in ways ordinary people can understand.