Biologically Inspired Design

Author: Ashok K Goel
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447152484
Release Date: 2013-07-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering

From simple cases such as hook and latch attachments found in Velcro to articulated-wing flying vehicles, biology often has been used to inspire many creative design ideas. The scientific challenge now is to transform the paradigm into a repeatable and scalable methodology. Biologically Inspired Design explores computational techniques and tools that can help integrate the method into design practice. With an inspiring foreword from Janine Benyus, Biologically Inspired Design contains a dozen chapters written by some of the leading scholars in the transdisciplinary field of bioinspired design, such as Frank Fish, Julian Vincent and Jeannette Yen from biology, and Amaresk Chakrabarti, Satyandra Gupta and Li Shu from engineering. Based in part on discussions at two workshops sponsored by the United States National Science Foundation, this volume introduces and develops several methods and tools for bioinspired design including: Information-processing theories, Natural language techniques, Knowledge-based tools, and Functional approaches and Pedagogical techniques. By exploring these fundamental theories, techniques and tools for supporting biologically inspired design, this volume provides a comprehensive resource for design practitioners wishing to explore the paradigm, an invaluable guide to design educators interested in teaching the method, and a preliminary reading for design researchers wanting to investigate bioinspired design.

Design Computing and Cognition 16

Author: John S. Gero
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319449890
Release Date: 2016-12-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book gathers the peer-reviewed and revised versions of papers from the Seventh International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition (DCC'16), held at Northwestern University, Evanston (Chicago), USA, from 27–29 June 2016. The material presented here reflects cutting-edge design research with a focus on artificial intelligence, cognitive science and computational theories. The papers are grouped under the following nine headings, describing advances in theory and applications alike and demonstrating the depth and breadth of design computing and design cognition: Design Creativity; Design Cognition - Design Approaches; Design Support; Design Grammars; Design Cognition - Design Behaviors; Design Processes; Design Synthesis; Design Activity and Design Knowledge. The book will be of particular interest to researchers, developers and users of advanced computation in design across all disciplines, and to all readers who need to gain a better understanding of designing.

Analogical Problem Evolution in Biologically Inspired Design

Author: Michael Helms
Publisher:
ISBN: OCLC:880942597
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Analogy

Biologically inspired design (BID) is a widespread and growing movement in modern design, pulled in part by the need for environmentally sustainable design and pushed partly by rapid advances in biology and the desire for creativity and innovation in design. Yet, our current understanding of cognition in BID is limited and at present there are few computational methods or tools available for supporting its practice. In this dissertation, I develop a cognitive model of BID, build computational methods and tools for supporting its practice, and describe results from deploying the methods and the tools in a Georgia Tech BID class. One key and novel finding in my cognitive study of BID is the surprisingly large degree to which biological analogues influence problem formulation and understanding in addition to generation of design solutions. I call the process by which a biological analogue influences the evolution of the problem formulation analogical problem evolution. I use the method of grounded theory to develop a knowledge schema called SR. BID (for structured representations for biologically inspired design) for representing design problem formulations. I show through case study analysis that SR. BID provides a useful analytic framework for understanding the two-way interaction between problems and solutions. I then develop two tools based on the SR. BID schema to scaffold the processes of problem formulation and analogue evaluation in BID. I deployed the two tools, the four-box method of problem specification and the T-chart method of analogical evaluation, in a Georgia Tech BID class. I show that with minimal training, the four-box method was used by students to complete design problem specifications in 2011 and 2012 with 75% of students achieving better than 80% accuracy. Finally I describe a web-based application for interactively supporting BID practice including problem formulation and analogue evaluation. Thus, my dissertation develops a cognitive model of analogical problem evolution in BID, a knowledge schema for representing problem formulations, a computational technique for evaluating biological analogues, and an interactive web-based tool for supporting BID practice. Through a better cognitive understanding of BID and computational methods and tools for supporting its practice, it also contributes to computational creativity.

Advances in Biologically Inspired Information Systems

Author: Falko Dressler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540726926
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Computers

Technology is taking us to a world where myriads of heavily networked devices interact with the physical world in multiple ways and at multiple scales, from the global Internet down to micro and nano devices. Many of these devices are highly mobile and must adapt to the surrounding environment in a totally unsupervised way. A fundamental research challenge is the design of robust decentralized computing systems that are capable of operating under changing environments and noisy input, and yet exhibit the desired behavior and response time, under constraints such as energy consumption, size, and processing power. Biological systems are able to handle many of these challenges with an elegance and efficiency still far beyond current human artifacts. The goal is to obtain methods on how to engineer technical systems, which have similar high stability and efficiency. With this book, we present a comprehensive overview of the most promising research directions in the area of bio-inspired computing. According to the broad spectrum addressed by the different book chapters, a rich variety of biological principles and their application to ICT systems are presented.

Biologically Inspired Artificial Intelligence for Computer Games

Author: Charles, Darryl
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 159140648X
Release Date: 2007-11-30
Genre: Computers

"This book examines modern artificial intelligence to display how it may be applied to computer games. It spans the divide that exists between the academic research community working with advanced artificial intelligence and the games programming community which must create and release new and interesting games, creating an invaluable collection supporting both technological research and the gaming industry"--Provided by publisher.

Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music Sound Art and Design

Author: Colin Johnson
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319164984
Release Date: 2015-03-14
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design, EvoMUSART 2015, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in April 2015, co-located with the Evo* 2015 events EuroGP, EvoCOP and Evo Applications. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 43 submissions. They cover a wide range of topics and application areas, including generative approaches to music, graphics, game content and narrative; music information retrieval; computational aesthetics; the mechanics of interactive evolutionary computation and the art theory of evolutionary computation.

Evolutionary and Biologically Inspired Music Sound Art and Design

Author: Penousal Machado
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783642369551
Release Date: 2013-03-14
Genre: Computers

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Biologically Inspired Music, Sound, Art and Design, EvoMUSART 2013, held in Vienna, Austria, in March 2013, colocated with the Evo* 2013 events EuroGP, EvoCOP, EvoBIO, and EvoApplications. The 11 revised full papers and 5 poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 36 submissions. They cover a wide range of topics and application areas, including: generative approaches to music, graphics, game content, and narrative; robot gait creation; music information retrieval; computational aesthetics; the mechanics of interactive evolutionary computation; and the art theory of evolutionary computation.

Biologically Inspired Optimization Methods

Author: Mattias Wahde
Publisher: WIT Press
ISBN: 9781845641481
Release Date: 2008-08-14
Genre: Mathematics

Biologically inspired optimization methods constitute a rapidly expanding field of research, with new applications appearing on an almost daily basis, as optimization problems of ever-increasing complexity appear in science and technology. This book provides a general introduction to such optimization methods, along with descriptions of the biological systems upon which the methods are based. The book also covers classical optimization methods, making it possible for the reader to determine whether a classical optimization method or a biologically inspired one is most suitable for a given problem.

Biologically Inspired Approaches to Advanced Information Technology

Author: Auke Jan Ijspeert
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540233398
Release Date: 2004-10-22
Genre: Computers

The evolution of the Internet has led us to the new era of the information infrastructure. As the information systems operating on the Internet are getting larger and more complicated, it is clear that the traditional approaches based on centralized mechanisms are no longer meaningful. One typical example can be found in the recent growing interest in a P2P (peer-to-peer) computing paradigm. It is quite different from the Web-based client-server systems, which adopt essentially centralized management mechanisms. The P2P computing environment has the potential to overcome bottlenecks in Web computing paradigm, but it introduces another difficulty, a scalability problem in terms of information found, if we use a brute-force flooding mechanism. As such, conventional information systems have been designed in a centralized fashion. As the Internet is deployed on a world scale, however, the information systems have been growing, and it becomes more and more difficult to ensure fau- free operation. This has long been a fundamental research topic in the field. A complex information system is becoming more than we can manage. For these reasons, there has recently been a significant increase in interest in biologically inspired approaches to designing future information systems that can be managed efficiently and correctly.

Design Computing and Cognition 12

Author: John S. Gero
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789401791120
Release Date: 2014-09-03
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Design thinking, the label given to the acts of designing, has become a paradigmatic view that has transcended the discipline of design and is now widely used in business and elsewhere. As a consequence there is an increasing interest in design research. This is because of the realization that design is part of the wealth creation of a nation and needs to be better understood and taught. The continuing globalization of industry and trade has required nations to re-examine where their core contributions lie if not in production efficiency. Design is a precursor to manufacturing for physical objects and is the precursor to implementation for virtual objects. At the same time, the need for sustainable development requires the design of new products and processes, which feeds a movement towards design innovations and inventions. The papers in this volume are from the Fifth International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition (DCC’12) held at Texas A & M University, USA. They represent the state-of-the-art of research and development in design computing and design cognition. They are of particular interest to researchers, developers and users of advanced computation in design and those who need to gain a better understanding of designing.

Werkstoff Glas

Author: Helmut A. Schaeffer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642372315
Release Date: 2013-11-12
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Was ist Glas? Wie wird es hergestellt? Wo wird Glas eingesetzt? Hat Glas eine Zukunft? Die Autoren sind Experten ihres Faches. Trotzdem gelingt es ihnen, informativ und doch unterhaltsam Antworten auf diese Fragen zu geben. An ausgewählten Beispielen erläutern sie die vielfältigen Anwendungen von Glas. Und sie vermitteln, wie die physikalischen und chemischen Eigenschaften dieses Werkstoffes zur Entwicklung technischer, industriell gefertigter Produkte führen. So ermöglicht etwa die bis ins Extrem gesteigerte Lichtdurchlässigkeit einer Glasfaser die heutige Telekommunikation und das Internet. Besonders dünnes Glas, das zusätzlich verfestigt ist, wird für Bildschirme von Fernsehern, Laptops und Mobiltelefonen eingesetzt, Glaswerkstoffe mit thermischer Nullausdehnung sind der Werkstoff der Wahl für Teleskopspiegelträger und Kochflächen.

Fueling the future

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy
Publisher: Not Avail
ISBN: STANFORD:36105050412225
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Technology & Engineering


Nature Inspired Algorithms for Optimisation

Author: Raymond Chiong
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642002663
Release Date: 2009-04-28
Genre: Mathematics

Nature-Inspired Algorithms have been gaining much popularity in recent years due to the fact that many real-world optimisation problems have become increasingly large, complex and dynamic. The size and complexity of the problems nowadays require the development of methods and solutions whose efficiency is measured by their ability to find acceptable results within a reasonable amount of time, rather than an ability to guarantee the optimal solution. This volume 'Nature-Inspired Algorithms for Optimisation' is a collection of the latest state-of-the-art algorithms and important studies for tackling various kinds of optimisation problems. It comprises 18 chapters, including two introductory chapters which address the fundamental issues that have made optimisation problems difficult to solve and explain the rationale for seeking inspiration from nature. The contributions stand out through their novelty and clarity of the algorithmic descriptions and analyses, and lead the way to interesting and varied new applications.

Design Computing and Cognition 08

Author: John S. Gero
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402087288
Release Date: 2008-09-27
Genre: Computers

The importance of research and education in design continues to grow. For example, government agencies are gradually increasing funding of design research, and increasing numbers of engineering schools are revising their curricula to emphasize design. This is because of an increasing realization that design is part of the wealth creation of a nation and needs to be better understood and taught. The continuing globalization of industry and trade has required nations to re-examine where their core contributions lie if not in production efficiency. Design is a precursor to manufacturing for phy- cal objects and is the precursor to implementation for virtual objects. At the same time, the need for sustainable development is requiring design of new products and processes, and feeding a movement towards design - novations and inventions. There are now three sources for design research: design computing, design cognition and human-centered information technology. The foun- tions for much of design computing remains artificial intelligence with its focus on ways of representation and on processes that support simulation and generation. Artificial intelligence continues to provide an environm- tally rich paradigm within which design research based on computational constructions can be carried out. Design cognition is founded on concepts from cognitive science, an even newer area than artificial intelligence. It provides tools and methods to study human designers in both laboratory and practice settings.

Biologisches Design

Author: Werner Nachtigall
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783540273691
Release Date: 2006-05-31
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Mit diesem Nachschlagewerk wird eine systematische Katalogisierung der Lösungen angeboten, die dem Designer oder Konstrukteur einen großen Fundus zur kreativen Umsetzung in der Technik liefert.