Author: Y. C. Fung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-03-14
The objective of this book remains the same as that stated in the first edition: to present a comprehensive perspective of biomechanics from the stand point of bioengineering, physiology, and medical science, and to develop mechanics through a sequence of problems and examples. My three-volume set of Bio mechanics has been completed. They are entitled: Biomechanics: Mechanical Properties of Living Tissues; Biodynamics: Circulation; and Biomechanics: Motion, Flow, Stress, and Growth; and this is the first volume. The mechanics prerequisite for all three volumes remains at the level of my book A First Course in Continuum Mechanics (3rd edition, Prentice-Hall, Inc. , 1993). In the decade of the 1980s the field of Biomechanics expanded tremen dously. New advances have been made in all fronts. Those that affect the basic understanding of the mechanical properties of living tissues are described in detail in this revision. The references are brought up to date.
Since the first edition of this comprehensive handbook was published ten years ago, many changes have taken place in engineering and related technologies. Now, this best-selling reference has been updated for the 21st century, providing complete coverage of classic engineering issues as well as groundbreaking new subject areas. The second edition of The CRC Handbook of Mechanical Engineering covers every important aspect of the subject in a single volume. It continues the mission of the first edition in providing the practicing engineer in industry, government, and academia with relevant background and up-to-date information on the most important topics of modern mechanical engineering. Coverage of traditional topics has been updated, including sections on thermodynamics, solid and fluid mechanics, heat and mass transfer, materials, controls, energy conversion, manufacturing and design, robotics, environmental engineering, economics and project management, patent law, and transportation. Updates to these sections include new references and information on computer technology related to the topics. This edition also includes coverage of new topics such as nanotechnology, MEMS, electronic packaging, global climate change, electric and hybrid vehicles, and bioengineering.
Author: Rolando Barbucci
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-05-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Integrated Biomaterials Science provides an intriguing insight into the world of biomaterials. It explores the materials and technology which have brought advances in new biomaterials, highlighting the way in which modern biology and medicine are synergistically linked to other key scientific disciplines-physics, chemistry, and engineering. In doing so, Integrated Biomaterials Science contains chapters on tissue engineering and gene therapy, standards and parameters of biomaterials, applications and interactions within the industrial world, as well as potential aspects of patent regulations. Integrated Biomaterials Science serves as a comprehensive guide to understanding this dynamic field, yet is designed so that chapters may be read and understood independently, depending on the needs of the reader. Integrated Biomaterials Science is attractive to a broad audience interested in a deeper understanding of this evolving field, and serves as a key resource for researchers and students of biomaterials courses, providing all with an opportunity to probe further.
Author: Cornelius T. Leondes
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2007
Dealing with the field of biomechanics, this book covers topics including dynamics of musculoskeletal systems, mechanics of hard and soft tissues, mechanics of bone remodeling, mechanics of blood and air flow, flow-prosthesis interfaces, mechanics of impact, and, dynamics of man-machine interaction.
Biomechanics is a component of Encyclopedia of Physical Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The enormous progress in the field of health sciences that has been achieved in the 19th and 20th centuries would have not been possible without the enabling interaction and support of sophisticated technologies that progressively gave rise to a new interdisciplinary field named alternatively as bioengineering or biomedical engineering. Although both terms are synonymous, the latter is less general since it limits the field of application to medicine and clinical practice, while the former covers semantically the whole field of interaction between life sciences and engineering, thus including also applications in biology, biochemistry or the many '-omics'. We use in this book the second, with more general meaning, recalling the very important relation between fundamental science and engineering. And this also recognizes the tremendous economic and social impacts of direct application of engineering in medicine that maintains the health industry as one with the fastest growth in the world economy. Biomechanics, in particular, aims to explain and predict the mechanics of the different components of living beings, from molecules to organisms as well as to design, manufacture and use of any artificial device that interacts with the mechanics of living beings. It helps, therefore, to understand how living systems move, to characterize the interaction between forces and deformation along all spatial scales, to analyze the interaction between structural behavior and microstructure, with the very important particularity of dealing with adaptive systems, able to adapt their internal structure, size and geometry to the particular mechanical environment in which they develop their activity, to understand and predict alterations in the mechanical function due to injuries, diseases or pathologies and, finally, to propose methods of artificial intervention for functional diagnosis or recovery. Biomechanics is today a very highly interdisciplinary subject that attracts the attention of engineers, mathematicians, physicists, chemists, material specialists, biologists, medical doctors, etc. They work in many different topics from a purely scientific objective to industrial applications and with an increasing arsenal of sophisticated modeling and experimental tools but always with the final objectives of better understanding the fundamentals of life and improve the quality of life of human beings. One purpose in this volume has been to present an overview of some of these many possible subjects in a self-contained way for a general audience. This volume is aimed at the following major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, and Research Personnel.
Author: Herbert Oertel jr.
Release Date: 2012-02-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Dieses Lehrbuch beschreibt anschaulich die Grundlagen der Bioströmungsmechanik und Biomechanik. Es behandelt deren Anwendung auf das Fliegen und Schwimmen von Lebewesen sowie auf die Blutzirkulation des Menschen. Aus den bioströmungsmechanischen Erkenntnissen werden technische Lösungen der Widerstandsreduzierung für die Luft- und Schifffahrt sowie Operationstechniken für den Menschen abgeleitet und dargestellt.
Author: Hans Gregersen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2003-02-12
Biomechanics of the Gastrointestinal Tract is an up-to-date book for researchers on the study of the mechanical properties and the motor system of the gastrointestinal tract. A well-illustrated book, it provides a comprehensive overview to relevant tissue geometry, morphology and biomechanical theory. Separate chapters cover smooth muscle and nerve function including the application to animal and human studies of motility, symptoms and pain, determination of the true resting state, history-dependent properties, and tissue remodelling in disease. Several methods and diagnostic applications such as determination of in vivo length-tension diagrams and multimodal pain testing are completely new but will undoubtedly be used by many in the future. New non-invasive imaging techniques based on ultrasound, MR- and CT-scanning in combination with balloon distension are emerging as the techniques for future in vivo studies.
Author: Jay D. Humphrey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Designed to meet the needs of undergraduate students, "Introduction to Biomechanics" takes the fresh approach of combining the viewpoints of both a well-respected teacher and a successful student. With an eye toward practicality without loss of depth of instruction, this book seeks to explain the fundamental concepts of biomechanics. With the accompanying web site providing models, sample problems, review questions and more, Introduction to Biomechanics provides students with the full range of instructional material for this complex and dynamic field.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Symposium on Surgery Simulation and Soft Tissue Modeling, IS4TM 2003, held in Juan-Les-Pins, France in June 2003. The 33 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on soft tissue models, haptic rendering, cardiac modeling, and patient specific simulators.
Author: Friedrich Pauwels
Release Date: 2013-11-09
Der vorliegende Band enthält fast ausschließlich rein anatomische Unter suchungen, die sich jedoch aus Fragestellungen der klinischen Praxis ergaben und letzten Endes auch für den Praktiker bestimmt sind. Ihre chronologische Anordnung läßt die schrittweise Entwicklung der theoretischen Grundlagen erkennen und die allmähliche Abwendung von den älteren Anschauungen. Speziell in der operativen Orthopädie ist ein verantwortungsbewußtes Handeln ohne gut fundierte anatomische Kenntnisse, insbesondere ohne Ein blick in die funktionellen Zusammenhänge nicht möglich. W. Roux hatte dies bereits betont und unter diesem Gesichtspunkt wollte er seine funktionell anatomischen Arbeiten gesehen wissen. Er hatte sich vor allem um eine einheit liche Theorie der funktionellen Anpassung bemüht und es ist verständlich, daß Roux' Lehre die Basis war, von der ausgegangen werden mußte. Die eigenen Untersuchungen schienen sich zunächst, wenigstens teilweise, mit Roux' Vorstellungen zu decken, wie noch in der Monographie über den Schenkelhalsbruch zum Ausdruck kommt. In der Folge zeigte sich dann, daß St. KROMPECHER in bezugauf die Chondrogenese insofern einen Schritt weiter gekommen war, als er den von Roux postulierten Schub aufgab und nur noch Druck als wirksamen Reiz für die Knorpelbildung angab. Die Untersuchung über die Frakturheilung stützt sich zum Teil noch auf diese damals neue Theorie KROMPECHERs. Schließlich mehrten sich jedoch die Befunde, die sich auch mit dieser gegenüber der alten Lehre (J. WoLFF, W. Roux, W. GEBHARDT, H. TRIEPEL, A. BENNINGHOFF) nur wenig abgeänderten Auffassung nicht mehr erklären ließen.
Mit dem Standardwerk gewinnen Leser einen umfassenden Einblick in die diagnostische und therapeutische Medizintechnik, in das Life Science Engineering und wichtige angrenzende Gebiete. Die 5. Auflage wurde u. a. um Themen wie sportorthopädische Medizintechnik, Blutpräparate und Textilien für Implantate ergänzt. Die Zertifizierung für Medizintechnik, Kosmetik, Pharma und Nahrungsmittel nimmt erstmals umfassenden Raum ein und berücksichtigt damit die verschiedenen nationalen Regelungen, die für das Inverkehrbringen der jeweiligen Produkte gelten.
Following on from the highly successful first edition, published in 2006, the second edition of Basic Orthopaedic Sciences has been fully updated and revised, with every chapter rewritten to reflect the latest research and practice. The book encompasses all aspects of musculoskeletal basic sciences that are relevant to the practice of orthopaedics and that are featured and assessed in higher specialty exams. While its emphasis is on revision, the book contains enough information to serve as a concise textbook, making it an invaluable guide for all trainees in orthopaedics and trauma preparing for the FRCS (Tr & Orth) as well as for surgeons at MRCS level, and other clinicians seeking an authoritative guide. The book helps the reader understand the science that underpins the clinical practice of orthopaedics, an often neglected area in orthopaedic training, achieving a balance between readability and comprehensive detail. Topics covered include biomechanics, biomaterials, cell & microbiology, histology, structure & function, immunology, pharmacology, statistics, physics of imaging techniques, and kinesiology.
Fluid mechanics, the study of how fluids behave and interact under various forces and in various applied situations-whether in the liquid or gaseous state or both-is introduced and comprehensively covered in this widely adopted text. Revised and updated by Dr. David Dowling, Fluid Mechanics, Fifth Edition is suitable for both a first or second course in fluid mechanics at the graduate or advanced undergraduate level. The leading advanced general text on fluid mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, 5e includes a free copy of the DVD "Multimedia Fluid Mechanics," second edition. With the inclusion of the DVD, students can gain additional insight about fluid flows through nearly 1,000 fluids video clips, can conduct flow simulations in any of more than 20 virtual labs and simulations, and can view dozens of other new interactive demonstrations and animations, thereby enhancing their fluid mechanics learning experience. Text has been reorganized to provide a better flow from topic to topic and to consolidate portions that belong together. Changes made to the book's pedagogy accommodate the needs of students who have completed minimal prior study of fluid mechanics. More than 200 new or revised end-of-chapter problems illustrate fluid mechanical principles and draw on phenomena that can be observed in everyday life. Includes free Multimedia Fluid Mechanics 2e DVD
Author: Jeffrey O. Hollinger
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2011-11-28
A practical road map to the key families of biomaterials and their potential applications in clinical therapeutics, Introduction to Biomaterials, Second Edition follows the entire path of development from theory to lab to practical application. It highlights new biocompatibility issues, metrics, and statistics as well as new legislation for intellectual property. Divided into four sections (Biology, Biomechanics, Biomaterials Interactions; Biomaterials Testing, Statistics, Regulatory Considerations, Intellectual Property; Biomaterials Compositions; and Biomaterials Applications), this dramatically revised edition includes both new and revised chapters on cells, tissues, and signaling molecules in wound healing cascades, as well as two revised chapters on standardized materials testing with in vitro and in vivo paradigms consistent with regulatory guidelines. Emphasizing biocompatibility at the biomaterial-host interface, it investigates cell-cell interactions, cell-signaling and the inflammatory and complement cascades, specific interactions of protein-adsorbed materials, and other inherent biological constraints including solid-liquid interfaces, diffusion, and protein types. Unique in its inclusion of the practicalities of biomaterials as an industry, the book also covers the basic principles of statistics, new U.S. FDA information on the biomaterials-biology issues relevant to patent applications, and considerations of intellectual property and patent disclosure. With nine completely new chapters and 24 chapters extensively updated and revised with new accomplishments and contemporary data, this comprehensive introduction discusses 13 important classes of biomaterials, their fundamental and applied research, practical applications, performance properties, synthesis and testing, potential future applications, and commonly matched clinical applications. The authors include extensive references, to create a comprehensive, yet manageable didactic work that is an invaluable desk references and instructional text for undergraduates and working professionals alike.