Biomedical Imaging

Author: Reiner Salzer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118271926
Release Date: 2012-04-11
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book presents and describes imaging technologies that can be used to study chemical processes and structural interactions in dynamic systems, principally in biomedical systems. The imaging technologies, largely biomedical imaging technologies such as MRT, Fluorescence mapping, raman mapping, nanoESCA, and CARS microscopy, have been selected according to their application range and to the chemical information content of their data. These technologies allow for the analysis and evaluation of delicate biological samples, which must not be disturbed during the profess. Ultimately, this may mean fewer animal lab tests and clinical trials.

Biomedical Imaging

Author: Karen M. Mudry
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203491409
Release Date: 2003-03-26
Genre: Medical

Comprised of chapters carefully selected from CRC’s best-selling engineering handbooks, volumes in the Principles and Applications in Engineering series provide convenient, economical references sharply focused on particular engineering topics and subspecialties. Culled from the Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Biomedical Imaging provides an overview of the main medical imaging devices and highlights emerging systems. With applications ranging from imaging the whole body to replicating cellular components, the imaging modalities discussed include x-ray systems, computed tomographic systems, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, MR microscopy, virtual reality, and more.

PACS Based Multimedia Imaging Informatics

Author: H. K. Huang
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781118795736
Release Date: 2019-01-14
Genre: Medical

Thoroughly revised to present the very latest in PACS-based multimedia in medical imaging informatics—from the electronic patient record to the full range of topics in digital medical imaging—this new edition by the founder of PACS and multimedia image informatics features even more clinically applicable material than ever before. It uses the framework of PACS-based image informatics, not physics or engineering principles, to explain PACS-based multimedia informatics and its application in clinical settings and labs. New topics include Data Grid and Cloud Computing, IHE XDS-I Workflow Profile (Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise Cross-enterprise Document Sharing for Imaging), extending XDS to share images, and diagnostic reports and related information across a group of enterprise health care sites. PACS-Based Multimedia Imaging Informatics is presented in 4 sections. Part 1 covers the beginning and history of Medical Imaging, PACS, and Imaging Informatics. The other three sections cover Medical Imaging, Industrial Guidelines, Standards, and Compliance; Informatics, Data Grid, Workstation, Radiation Therapy, Simulators, Molecular Imaging, Archive Server, and Cloud Computing; and multimedia Imaging Informatics, Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD), Image-Guide Decision Support, Proton Therapy, Minimally Invasive Multimedia Image-Assisted Surgery, BIG DATA. New chapter on Molecular Imaging Informatics Expanded coverage of PACS and eHR's (Electronic Health Record), with HIPPA compliance New coverage of PACS-based CAD (Computer-Aided Diagnosis) Reorganized and expanded clinical chapters discuss one distinct clinical application each Minimally invasive image assisted surgery in translational medicine Authored by the world's first and still leading authority on PACS and medical imaging PACS-Based Multimedia Imaging Informatics: Basic Principles and Applications, 3rd Edition is the single most comprehensive and authoritative resource that thoroughly covers the critical issues of PACS-based hardware and software design and implementation in a systematic and easily comprehensible manner. It is a must-have book for all those involved in designing, implementing, and using PACS-based Multimedia Imaging Informatics.

Molecular Imaging

Author: Ralph Weissleder
Publisher: PMPH-USA
ISBN: 1607950057
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Medical

The field of molecular imaging of living subjects have evolved considerably and have seen spectacular advances in chemistry, engineering and biomedical applications. This textbook was designed to fill the need for an authoritative source for this multi-disciplinary field. We have been fortunate to recruit over 80 leading authors contributing 75 individual chapters. Given the multidisciplinary nature of the field, the book is broken into six different sections: "Molecular Imaging technologies", "Chemistry", "Molecular Imaging in Cell and Molecular Biology", "Applications of Molecular Imaging", "Molecular Imaging in Drug Evaluation" with the final section comprised of chapters on computation, bioinformatics and modeling. The organization of this large amount of information is logical and strives to avoid redundancies among chapters. It encourages the use of figures to illustrate concepts and to provide numerous molecular imaging examples.

Medical Imaging

Author: Mostafa Analoui
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439871027
Release Date: 2012-11-08
Genre: Medical

The discovery of x-ray, as a landmark event, enabled us to see the "invisible," opening a new era in medical diagnostics. More importantly, it offered a unique undestanding around the interaction of electromagnetic signal with human tissue and the utility of its selective absorption, scattering, diffusion, and reflection as a tool for understanding the physiology, evolution of disease, and therapy. With contributions from world-class experts, Medical Imaging: Principles and Practices offers a review of key imaging modalities with established clinical utilization and examples of quantitative tools for image analysis, modeling, and interpretation. The book provides a detailed overview of x-ray imaging and computed tomography, fundamental concepts in signal acquisition and processes, followed by an overview of functional MRI (fMRI) and chemical shift imaging. It also covers topics in Magnetic Resonance Microcopy, the physics of instrumentation and signal collection, and their application in clinical practice. Highlights include a chapter offering a unique perspective on the use of quantitative PET for its applications in drug discovery and development, which is rapidly becoming an indispensible tool for clinical and research applications, and a chapter addressing the key issues around organizing and searching multimodality data sets, an increasingly important yet challenging issue in clinical imaging. Topics include: X-ray imaging and computed tomography MRI and magnetic resonance microscopy Nuclear imaging Ultrasound imaging Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) Emerging technologies for in vivo imaging Contrast-enhanced MRI MR approaches for osteoarthritis and cardiovascular imaging PET quantitative imaging for drug development Medical imaging data mining and search The selection of topics provides readers with an appreciation of the depth and breadth of the field and the challenges ahead of the technical and clinical community ofresearchers and practitioners.

Basics of Biomedical Ultrasound for Engineers

Author: Haim Azhari
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470561467
Release Date: 2010-03-25
Genre: Science

A practical learning tool for building a solid understanding of biomedical ultrasound Basics of Biomedical Ultrasound for Engineers is a structured textbook that leads the novice through the field in a clear, step-by-step manner. Based on twenty years of teaching experience, it begins with the most basic definitions of waves, proceeds to ultrasound in fluids and solids, explains the principles of wave attenuation and reflection, then introduces to the reader the principles of focusing devices, ultrasonic transducers, and acoustic fields, and then delves into integrative applications of ultrasound in conventional and advanced medical imaging techniques (including Doppler imaging) and therapeutic ultrasound. Demonstrative medical applications are interleaved within the text and exemplary questions with solutions are provided on every chapter. Readers will come away with the basic toolkit of knowledge they need to successfully use ultrasound in biomedicine and conduct research. Encompasses a wide range of topics within biomedical ultrasound, from attenuation and eflection of waves to the intricacies of focusing devices, transducers, acoustic fields, modern medical imaging techniques, and therapeutics Explains the most common applications of biomedical ultrasound from an engineering point of view Provides need-to-know information in the form of physical and mathematical principles directed at concrete applications Fills in holes in knowledge caused by ever-increasing new applications of ultrasonic imaging and therapy Basics of Biomedical Ultrasound for Engineers is designed for undergraduate and graduate engineering students; academic/research engineers unfamiliar with ultrasound; and physicians and researchers in biomedical disciplines who need an introduction to the field. This book is meant to be “my first book on biomedical ultrasound” for anyone who is interested in the field.

PACS and Imaging Informatics

Author: H. K. Huang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470560517
Release Date: 2010-02-12
Genre: Medical

The definitive guide to PACS — now with more clinically applicable material In recent years, the field of picture archiving and communications systems—PACS—and image informatics has advanced due to both conceptual and technological advancements. This edition of PACS and Imaging Informatics: Basic Principles and Applications addresses the latest in this exciting field. In contrast to the previous edition, this updated text uses the framework of image informatics, not physics or engineering principles, to explain PACS. It is the only resource that thoroughly covers the critical issues of hardware/software design and implementation in a systematic and easily comprehensible manner. To strengthen and update the book, the author: Emphasizes clinical applications of PACS and integrates clinical examples throughout the text Reflects the many changes in the field, with new chapters on Web-based PACS, security, integrating the healthcare enterprise, clinical management systems, and the electronic patient record Uses the framework of imaging informatics to explain PACS, making the book accessible to those without advanced knowledge of physics, engineering, math, or information technology Explains how PACS can improve workflow, therapy, and treatment With the most systematic and thorough coverage of practical applications available, this text is the complete guide for all those involved in designing, implementing, and using PACS. Professionals in medical and allied health imaging informatics; radiologists and their technical staff; surgeons and oncologists and their teams; medical and electronic engineers; medical informaticians; and fellows, graduate students, and advanced undergraduates will all benefit from this valuable resource. "An excellent book for people involved in the design, implementation, or simply the operations of PACS and an appropriate textbook." —From a review of the previous edition in IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology "The strength of the book lies in the vast experience of the author, who has implemented PACS at numerous institutions in the United States and abroad." —From a review of the previous edition in Radiology

Handbook of Biomedical Engineering

Author: Jacob Kline
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780323142687
Release Date: 2012-12-02
Genre: Medical

Handbook of Biomedical Engineering covers the most important used systems and materials in biomedical engineering. This book is organized into six parts: Biomedical Instrumentation and Devices, Medical Imaging, Computers in Medicine, Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Clinical Engineering, and Engineering in Physiological Systems Analysis. These parts encompassing 27 chapters cover the basic principles, design data and criteria, and applications and their medical and/or biological relationships. Part I deals with the principles, mode of operation, and uses of various biomedical instruments and devices, including transducers, electrocardiograph, implantable electrical devices, biotelemetry, patient monitoring systems, hearing aids, and implantable insulin delivery systems. Parts II and III describe the basic principle of medical imaging devices and the application of computers in medicine, particularly in the fields of data management, critical care, clinical laboratory, radiology, artificial intelligence, and research. Part IV focuses on the application of biomaterials and biomechanics in orthopedic and accident investigation, while Part V considers the major functions of clinical engineering. Part VI provides the principles and application of mathematical models in physiological systems analysis. This book is valuable as a general reference for courses in a biomedical engineering curriculum.

Fluorescence Lifetime Spectroscopy and Imaging

Author: Laura Marcu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439861677
Release Date: 2014-07-17
Genre: Technology & Engineering

During the past two decades, there has been an increasing appreciation of the significant value that lifetime-based techniques can add to biomedical studies and applications of fluorescence. Bringing together perspectives of different research communities, Fluorescence Lifetime Spectroscopy and Imaging: Principles and Applications in Biomedical Diagnostics explores the remarkable advances in time-resolved fluorescence techniques and their role in a wide range of biological and clinical applications. Broadly accessible, the book captures the state-of-the-art of fluorescence lifetime metrology and imaging and provides current perspectives on their applications to biomedical studies of intact tissues and medical diagnosis. The text introduces these techniques within the wider context of fluorescence spectroscopy and describes basic principles underlying current instrumentation for fluorescence lifetime imaging and metrology (FLIM). It also covers the wide range of methods, including single channel (point) spectroscopy, fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy, and single- and multi-photon excitation. Edited by pioneers in this field, with contributions from leading experts, the book includes an overview of complementary techniques that help researchers beginning FLIM research. It offers a comprehensive treatment of fundamental principles, instrumentation, analytical methods, and applications. It also provides an overview of the label-free contrast available from lifetime measurements of tissue autofluorescence and the prospects for exploiting this for clinical applications and biomedical research including drug discovery.

Biomedical Signals Imaging and Informatics

Author: Joseph D. Bronzino
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439825280
Release Date: 2014-12-16
Genre: Medical

Known as the bible of biomedical engineering, The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition, sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are measured. As such, it has served as a major resource for both skilled professionals and novices to biomedical engineering. Biomedical Signals, Imaging, and Informatics, the third volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in biosignal processing, medical imaging, infrared imaging, and medical informatics. More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including biomedical signal acquisition, thermographs, infrared cameras, mammography, computed tomography, positron-emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, hospital information systems, and computer-based patient records. The material is presented in a systematic manner and has been updated to reflect the latest applications and research findings.

The Physics of Medical Imaging

Author: S. Webb
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439822085
Release Date: 1988-01-01
Genre: Science

The Physics of Medical Imaging reviews the scientific basis and physical principles underpinning imaging in medicine. It covers the major imaging methods of x-radiology, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, and nuclear magnetic resonance, and considers promising new techniques. Following these reviews are several thematic chapters that cover the mathematics of medical imaging, image perception, computational requirements, and techniques. Throughout the book, the author encourages readers to consider key questions concerning imaging. This profusely illustrated and extensively indexed text is accessible to graduate physical scientists, advanced undergraduates, and research students. It logically complements books on applications of imaging techniques in medicine, making it useful for clinicians as well.

Fundamentals of Medical Imaging

Author: Paul Suetens
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781108211208
Release Date: 2017-05-11
Genre: Medical

This third edition provides a concise and generously illustrated survey of the complete field of medical imaging and image computing, explaining the mathematical and physical principles and giving the reader a clear understanding of how images are obtained and interpreted. Medical imaging and image computing are rapidly evolving fields, and this edition has been updated with the latest developments in the field, as well as new images and animations. An introductory chapter on digital image processing is followed by chapters on the imaging modalities: radiography, CT, MRI, nuclear medicine and ultrasound. Each chapter covers the basic physics and interaction with tissue, the image reconstruction process, image quality aspects, modern equipment, clinical applications, and biological effects and safety issues. Subsequent chapters review image computing and visualization for diagnosis and treatment. Engineers, physicists and clinicians at all levels will find this new edition an invaluable aid in understanding the principles of imaging and their clinical applications.

Physics and Engineering of Medical Imaging

Author: R. Guzzardi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400935372
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

The NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) on Physics and Engineering of Medical Imaging has addressed a subject which in the wide area of biomedical technology is one of those which are showing greater impact in the practice of medicine for the ability to picture both Anatomy and Physiology. The information and accuracy obtained by whatever imaging methodology is a complex result of a multidisciplinary effort of several sciences such as Physics, Engineering, Electronics, Chemistry, Medicine, etc ... Development has occurred through work performed in different environments such as basic and applied research laboratories, industries and clinical centers, with the aim of achieving an efficient transfer of know-how and technology for the improvement of both investigation possibilities and health care. On one hand, such an effort requires an ever-increasing committment of human and financial resources at research and industrial level, and, on the other, it meets serious difficulties in recruiting the necessary human expertise oriented to this technology which breaks with the tradi tiona I academic borders of the single disciplines. Furthermore, the scientific community is continually dealing with the problem of increasing the performance and, at the same time, complexity and costs of instruments, applying more and more sophisticated technology in an effort to meet the demand for more complete and accurate clinical information. The scientific program of this ASI and the qualification of the authors reveals the intrinsic complexity of the development process of the Imaging methodologies.

Biomedical Optical Imaging Technologies

Author: Rongguang Liang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642283901
Release Date: 2012-09-21
Genre: Science

This book provides an introduction to design of biomedical optical imaging technologies and their applications. The main topics include: fluorescence imaging, confocal imaging, micro-endoscope, polarization imaging, hyperspectral imaging, OCT imaging, multimodal imaging and spectroscopic systems. Each chapter is written by the world leaders of the respective fields, and will cover: principles and limitations of optical imaging technology, system design and practical implementation for one or two specific applications, including design guidelines, system configuration, optical design, component requirements and selection, system optimization and design examples, recent advances and applications in biomedical researches and clinical imaging. This book serves as a reference for students and researchers in optics and biomedical engineering.

Medical Infrared Imaging

Author: Mary Diakides
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439872505
Release Date: 2012-12-12
Genre: Medical

The evolution of technological advances in infrared sensor technology, image processing, "smart" algorithms, knowledge-based databases, and their overall system integration has resulted in new methods of research and use in medical infrared imaging. The development of infrared cameras with focal plane arrays no longer requiring cooling, added a new dimension to this modality. Medical Infrared Imaging: Principles and Practices covers new ideas, concepts, and technologies along with historical background and clinical applications. The book begins by exploring worldwide advances in the medical applications of thermal imaging systems. It covers technology and hardware including detectors, detector materials, un-cooled focal plane arrays, high performance systems, camera characterization, electronics for on-chip image processing, optics, and cost-reduction designs. It then discusses the physiological basis of the thermal signature and its interpretation in a medical setting. The book also covers novel and emerging techniques, the complexities and importance of protocols for effective and reproducible results, storage and retrieval of thermal images, and ethical obligations. Of interest to both the medical and biomedical engineering communities, the book explores many opportunities for developing and conducting multidisciplinary research in many areas of medical infrared imaging. These range from clinical quantification to intelligent image processing for enhancement of the interpretation of images, and for further development of user-friendly high-resolution thermal cameras. These would enable the wide use of infrared imaging as a viable, noninvasive, low-cost, first-line detection modality.