Bismarck s Institutions

Author: Beatrice Scheubel
Publisher: Mohr Siebrek Ek
ISBN: 3161522729
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Law

The decline in birth rates in advanced economies is not a new phenomenon. Between 1880 and 1900 birth rates dropped from 5.5 children per woman to 2.5 children per woman. A further decline from 2.5 to 1.5 or even 1.3 children took much longer - about 80 years. One of the most apparent causes apart from access to contraceptives or an increasing level of education is, however, widely ignored. In this book, Beatrice Scheubel analyses the effects of the first comprehensive system of social security, which was introduced between 1883 and 1891 in Germany. She shows the link between social security and the demographic transition and above all raises the awareness for the link between social security and fertility from a longer-term perspective, which is a prerequisite for dealing with the effects of demographic change.

The Psychology of Money and Public Finance

Author: G. Schmölders
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9780230625112
Release Date: 2006-09-05
Genre: Business & Economics

This book features the main papers of Günter Schmölders (1903-1991), a pioneer in economic psychology, for the first time in English. Schmölders' research on 'fiscal psychology' is of particular and lasting interest, impacting greatly on continental economics.

The German Economy

Author: E. Owen-Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134924240
Release Date: 2012-10-12
Genre: Business & Economics

Germany is clearly the dominant economic force in Europe. It occupies the pivotal position of being at the centre of both the EC and of attempts to rebuild the economies of East Central Europe. The German Economy traces the various aspects of German policy and growth, concentrating in particular on the last two decades. These include: the German economy in perspective the regional dimension fiscal policy monetary policy social policy the labour market banking and finance industry, trade and economic policy. In The German Economy Eric Owen Smith has produced the only comprehensive account of the contemporary German economy currently available in English.

Behemoth

Author: Franze Neumann
Publisher: Ivan R. Dee
ISBN: 9781615780129
Release Date: 2009-05-16
Genre: History

Franz Neumann's classic account of the governmental workings of Nazi Germany, first published in 1942, is reprinted in a new paperback edition with an introduction by the distinguished historian Peter Hayes. Neumann was one of the only early Frankfurt School thinkers to examine seriously the problem of political institutions. After the rise of the Nazis to power, his emphasis shifted to an analysis of economic power, and then after the war to political psychology. But his contributions in Behemoth were groundbreaking: that the Nazi organization of society involved the collapse of traditional ideas of the state, of ideology, of law, and even of any underlying rationality. The book must be studied, not simply read, Raul Hilberg wrote. The most experienced researchers will tell us that the scarcest commodity in academic life is an original idea. If someone has two or three, he is rich. Franz Neumann was a rich man. Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

The Philosophy of the Austrian School

Author: Raimondo Cubeddu
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415086479
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Business & Economics

In recent years, the Austrian School has been an influential contributor to the social sciences. Yet most of the attempts to understand this vital school of thought have remained locked into a polemical frame. The Philosophy of the Austrian School challenges this approach through a philosophically grounded account of the Schools methodological, political, and economic ideas. Raimondo Cubeddu acknowledges important differences between the key figures in the School-Menger, Mises and Hayek- but also finds important parallels between these thinkers. The theory of subjective value and the theory of spontaneous order, which both rest on ideas about the limitations of human knowledge, are the most important of these parallels. Drawn together, these theories represent one of the most original avenues of research in the social sciences and a major reformulation of liberal ideology.

A Programming Approach to Computability

Author: A.J. Kfoury
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461257493
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

Computability theory is at the heart of theoretical computer science. Yet, ironically, many of its basic results were discovered by mathematical logicians prior to the development of the first stored-program computer. As a result, many texts on computability theory strike today's computer science students as far removed from their concerns. To remedy this, we base our approach to computability on the language of while-programs, a lean subset of PASCAL, and postpone consideration of such classic models as Turing machines, string-rewriting systems, and p. -recursive functions till the final chapter. Moreover, we balance the presentation of un solvability results such as the unsolvability of the Halting Problem with a presentation of the positive results of modern programming methodology, including the use of proof rules, and the denotational semantics of programs. Computer science seeks to provide a scientific basis for the study of information processing, the solution of problems by algorithms, and the design and programming of computers. The last 40 years have seen increasing sophistication in the science, in the microelectronics which has made machines of staggering complexity economically feasible, in the advances in programming methodology which allow immense programs to be designed with increasing speed and reduced error, and in the develop ment of mathematical techniques to allow the rigorous specification of program, process, and machine.

Volkswirtschaftliche Schriften

Author: Nicholas W. Balabkins
Publisher: Duncker & Humblot
ISBN: 3428464508
Release Date: 1988-01-01
Genre: Business & Economics

Not by Theory alone ... The Economics of Gustav von Schmoller and Its Legacy to America.

Empirical Studies in Institutional Change

Author: Lee J. Alston
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521557437
Release Date: 1996-07-28
Genre: Business & Economics

Empirical Studies in Institutional Change is a collection of nine empirical studies by fourteen scholars. Dealing with issues ranging from the evolution of secure markets in seventeenth-century England to the origins of property rights in airport slots in modern America, the contributors analyze institutions and institutional change. To make the papers accessible to a wide audience, the editors have written an introduction to each study and added three theoretical essays to the volume, including Douglass North's Nobel Prize address, that reflect their collective views as to the present and future status of institutional analysis.

Origins of Law and Economics

Author: Heath Pearson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521023866
Release Date: 2005-11-17
Genre: Business & Economics

This work analyzes the centrality of law in nineteenth century economics and serves as a prehistory to the new institutional economics of the late twentieth century.

The German Historical School and European Economic Thought

Author: José Luís Cardoso
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317378792
Release Date: 2015-10-30
Genre: Business & Economics

The financial crisis of 2008 has revived interest in economic scholarship from a historical perspective. The most in depth studies of the relationship between economics and history can be found in the work of the so-called German Historical School (GHS). The influence of the GHS in the USA and Britain has been well documented, but far less has been written on the rest of Europe. This volume studies the interconnection between economic thought and economic policy from the mid-nineteenth century to the interwar period. It examines how the School’s ideas spread and was interpreted in different European countries between 1850 and 1930, analysing its legacies in these countries. In doing so, the book is able to trace the interconnection between economic thought and economic policy, adding new voices to the debate on the diffusion of ideas and flow of knowledge. This book identifies issues related to topics such as nationalism and cosmopolitanism in the history of ideas and clarifies themes in policy making that are still currently debated. These include monetary policy and benefits of free trade for all parties involved in international exchanges. This book will be of a great interest to those who study history of economic thought, economic theory and political economy.

Carl Menger

Author: Mark Blaug
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
ISBN: STANFORD:36105002323595
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Business & Economics


Economics as a Process

Author: Richard Langlois
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 0521378591
Release Date: 1989-02-24
Genre: Business & Economics

The essays in Economics as a Process are all concerned with exploring theoretical approaches alternative to the conventional or 'neoclassical' paradigm. Among the schools of thought represented are transaction-cost economics: evolutionary theories: modern 'Austrian' economies: law and economics: reliability theory: and the game-theory approach to the economics of social institutions. The essays are united not by a single topic but by a coherent set of themes - themes best described under the heading of the New Institutional Economics. These include an interest in economic processes as well as in states of equilibrium: a sensitivity to the limits and contours of human rationality: and an emphasis on the various sorts of social institutions that aid and inform economic action. But the essays are not solely methodological or critical. They also include substantive essays that illustrate the New Institutional Economics in practice.

The Dictionary of Health Economics Third Edition

Author: Anthony J. Culyer
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781781001998
Release Date: 2014-07-31
Genre: Political Science

This third edition of Anthony Culyer�s authoritative The Dictionary of Health Economics brings the material right up to date as well as adding plentiful amounts of new information, with a number of revised definitions. There are now nearly 3,000 entrie