Author: Formerly Head of Chemical Physics Mark Ladd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2016-01-28
This book provides the reader with an introductory study in Bonding, Structure and Solid State Chemistry, starting from first principles. It is based on lecture courses given over several years, but is not directed at any particular degree course. Thus, it will find a place in all three-year degree courses in chemistry and in those subjects for which chemistry forms a significant part. It will also prepare readers for more intensive study in the title topics.Pre-knowledge is assumed in mathematics and physical sciences at about A-level standard, and additional mathematical and other topics are presented where necessary as appendices, so as not to disturb theflow of the main text.
This unique book shows how chemistry and physics come together in the solid state and on surfaces. Using a lively, graphic, descriptive approach, it teaches chemists the language that is necessary to understand the electronic structure of extended systems. And, at the same time, it demonstrates how a chemical, frontier-orbital, approach to solid state and surface bonding and reactivity may be constructed. The book begins with the language of crystal orbitals, band structures and densities of states. The tools for moving back from the highly delocalized orbitals of the solid are then built up in a transparent manner; they include decompositions of the densities of states and crystal orbital overlap populations. Using these tools, the book shapes a meeting ground between detailed quantum mechanical calculations and a chemical frontier orbital perspec- tive. Applications include a general picture of chemisorption, bond-breaking and making in the solid state, bonding in metals, the electronic structure of selected conducting and supercon- ducting structures, dissociation, migration and coupling on surfaces and the forces controlling deformation of extended systems.
Author: Anthony R. West
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-03-17
Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is an extensive update and sequel to the bestselling textbook Basic Solid State Chemistry, the classic text for undergraduate teaching in solid state chemistry worldwide. Solid state chemistry lies at the heart of many significant scientific advances from recent decades, including the discovery of high-temperature superconductors, new forms of carbon and countless other developments in the synthesis, characterisation and applications of inorganic materials. Looking forward, solid state chemistry will be crucial for the development of new functional materials in areas such as energy, catalysis and electronic materials. This revised edition of Basic Solid State Chemistry has been completely rewritten and expanded to present an up-to-date account of the essential topics and recent developments in this exciting field of inorganic chemistry. Each section commences with a gentle introduction, covering basic principles, progressing seamlessly to a more advanced level in order to present a comprehensive overview of the subject. This new Student Edition includes the following updates and new features: Expanded coverage of bonding in solids, including a new section on covalent bonding and more extensive treatment of metallic bonding. Synthetic methods are covered extensively and new topics include microwave synthesis, combinatorial synthesis, mechano-synthesis, atomic layer deposition and spray pyrolysis. Revised coverage of electrical, magnetic and optical properties, with additional material on semiconductors, giant and colossal magnetoresistance, multiferroics, LEDs, fibre optics and solar cells, lasers, graphene and quasicrystals. Extended chapters on crystal defects and characterisation techniques. Published in full colour to aid comprehension. Extensive coverage of crystal structures for important families of inorganic solids is complemented by access to CrystalMaker® visualization software, allowing readers to view and rotate over 100 crystal structures in three dimensions. Solutions to exercises and supplementary lecture material are available online. Solid State Chemistry and its Applications, 2nd Edition: Student Edition is a must-have textbook for any undergraduate or new research worker studying solid state chemistry.
Author: H. V. Keer
Publisher: New Age International
Release Date: 1993-01-01
Genre: Solid state physics
Uses an integrated, scientists' approach to the principles regulating the synthesis, structure and physical characteristics of crystalline solids. Mathematical derivations are kept to a minimum. Covers electrical properties of metals and band semiconductors, superionic conductors, ferrites and solid electrolytes. Features end-of-chapter problem sets.
Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-01-05
Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.
Author: Jeremy K. Burdett
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Chemical Bonding in Solids examines how atoms in solids are bound together and how this determines the structure and properties of materials. Over the years, diverse concepts have come from many areas of chemistry, physics, and materials science, but often these ideas have remained largely within the area where they originated. One of the goals of this text is to bring some of these ideas together and show how a broader picture exists once some of the prejudices which isolate one area from another are removed. This book will be ideal for students taking courses in solid state chemistry, materials chemistry, and solid state physics.
Building a foundation with a thorough description of crystalline structures, Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, Fourth Edition presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. Going beyond basic science, the book explains and analyzes modern techniques and areas of research. The book covers: A range of synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids Bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties STEM, ionic conductivity, nanotubes and related structures such as graphene, metal organic frameworks, and FeAs superconductors Biological systems in synthesis, solid state modeling, and metamaterials This largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes basic crystallography and structure determination, as well as practical examples of applications and modern developments to offer students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course. New in the Fourth Edition Coverage of multiferroics, graphene, and iron-based high temperature superconductors, the techniques available with synchrotron radiation, and metal organic frameworks (MOFs) More space devoted to electron microscopy and preparative methods New discussion of conducting polymers in the expanded section on carbon nanoscience
Author: Bernhard Kramer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2002-08-07
The 2002 Spring Meeting of the "Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft" was held in Regensburg from March 25th to 29th, 2002. The number of conference attendees has remained remarkably stable at about 2800, despite the decreas ing number of German PhD students. This can be taken as an indication that the program of the meeting was very attractive. The present volume of the "Advances in Solid State Physics" contains the written versions of most of the invited talks, also those presented as part of the Symposia. Most of these Symposia were organized by several divisions in collaboration and they covered fascinating selection of topics of current interest. I trust that the book reflects this year's status of the field in Germany. In particular, one notes a slight change in paradigms: from quantum dots and wires to spin transport and soft matter systems in the broadest sense. This seems to reflect the present general trend in physics. Nevertheless, a large portion of the invited papers as well as the discussions at the meeting concentrated on nanostrnctured matter.
Author: James B. Veliotti
Publisher: Nova Publishers
Release Date: 2007
This book on solid state chemistry presents studies of chemical, structural, thermodynamic, electronic, magnetic, and optical properties and processes in solids. Research areas include: bonding in solids, crystal chemistry, crystal growth mechanisms, diffusion epitaxy, high-pressure processes, magnetic properties of materials, optical characterisation of materials, order-disorder, phase equilibria and transformation mechanisms, reactions at surfaces, statistical mechanics of defect interactions, structural studies and transport phenomena.
Author: Gregory S. Rohrer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2001-07-19
One of the motivating questions in materials research today is, how can elements be combined to produce a solid with specified properties? This book is intended to acquaint the reader with established principles of crystallography and cohesive forces that are needed to address the fundamental relationship between the composition, structure and bonding. Starting with an introduction to periodic trends, the book discusses crystal structures and the various primary and secondary bonding types, and finishes by describing a number of models for predicting phase stability and structure. Containing a large number of worked examples, exercises, and detailed descriptions of numerous crystal structures, this book is primarily intended as an advanced undergraduate or graduate level textbook for students of materials science. It will also be useful to scientists and engineers who work with solid materials.
Author: Aaron Wold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
The subject matterofsolid state chemistry lies within the spheres ofboth physical and inorganic chemistry. In addition, there is a large overlap with solid state physics and materials engineering. However, solid state chemistry has still to be recognized by the general body ofchemists as a legitimate subfield ofchemistry. The discipline is not even well defined as to content and has many facets that make writing a textbook a formidable task. The early studies carried out in the United States by Roland Ward and his co workers emphasized the synthesisofnew materials and the determination oftheir structure. His work on doped alkaline earth sulfides formed the basis for the development of infrared phosphors and his pioneering studies on oxides were important in understanding the structural features of both the perovskite oxides as well as the magnetoplumbites. In 1945, A. F. Wells published the first edition of Structural Inorganic Chemistry. This work attempts to demonstrate that the synthesis, structure, and properties of solids form an important part of inorganic chemistry. Now, after almost 50 years during which many notable advances have been made in solid state chemistry, it is still evident that the synthesis, structure determination, and properties of solids receive little attention in most treatments of inorganic chemistry. The development of the field since the early studies of Roland Ward (early 1940s) has been rapid.
Author: David G. Pettifor
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 1995
This book explains the observed trends in the bonding and structure of molecules and solids within the framework of simple but predictive models of the electronic structure. It is directed at final year undergraduates and first uear postgraduates in physics, chemistry, and materials science.
Author: Susan Mary Kauzlarich
Release Date: 1996
This book presents recent advances in selected topics on the chemistry, structure, and bonding of Zintl phases and Zintl ions. A number of different research areas are presented, including the use of Zintl phases as precursors to novel solid state compounds, electrochemical synthesis of novel Zintl phases, Zintl phases at the metal-insulator border, reactivity of Zintl phases, structure and bonding of novel Zintl compounds. Representing the current research of a number of the world's greatest experts in Zintl science, this book presents a balance between the solution chemistry and solid state chemistry related to Zintl phases and ions.