Author: Margit Rowell
Publisher: Vilo Publishing
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Art museums
When Marcel Duchamp arrived in New York in October 1926 with a consignment of Brancusi sculptures for a one-man exhibition of the sculptor's work, a series of events began which resulted in a new definition of art in America. The American Customs authorities denied Brancusi's sculptures the duty-free entry which normally applied to works of art, on the grounds that the works did not appear to be sculpture. Duchamp appealed on Brancusi's behalf, and the resulting trial, Brancusi vs. United States, became famous as the moment at which the legal definition ora work of art changed to embrace the modern. The trial focussed around the 1923 work, Bird in Space. Slender, tapered and bronze in color, with a mirror-like surface, to the authorities it appeared to be some kind of industrial object, certainly not one with the characteristics of art: Q: Why do you regard Exhibit I as not a work of art? A: It is too abstract and a misuse of the form of sculpture... I don't think it has the sense of beauty. Q: ... If it had been given a head to it would that have aroused that sense of beauty in you to designate it as art? Now, for the first time, the complete minutes of the trial are available -- reprinted from the original transcript preserved in the Museum of Modern Art Library, New York.
Author: Caroline Levine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-04-15
Genre: Literary Criticism
A provocative and compelling book that explores the complex relationship between democracy and avant-garde art, offering a surprising new perspective on the critical role that the arts play in democratic governance at home and abroad. Covers a broad range of topics, from disputes over public art, copyright, and obscenity, to the operations of the House Un-American Activities Committee during the Cold War Highlights detailed and at times shocking debates over the role of the rebellious artist within society
Author: John E. Semonche
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release Date: 2007-07-20
In this gracefully written, accessible and entertaining volume, John Semonche surveys censorship for reasons of sex from the nineteenth century up to the present. He covers the various forms of American media—books and periodicals, pictorial art, motion pictures, music and dance, and radio, television, and the Internet. The tale is varied and interesting, replete with a stock of colorful characters such as Anthony Comstock, Mae West, Theodore Dreiser, Marcel Duchamp, Opie and Anthony, Judy Blume, Jerry Falwell, Alfred Kinsey, Hugh Hefner, and the Guerilla Girls. Covering the history of censorship of sexual ideas and images is one way of telling the story of modern America, and Semonche tells that tale with insight and flair. Despite the varieties of censorship, running from self-censorship to government bans, a common story is told. Censorship, whether undertaken to ward off government regulation, to help preserve the social order, or to protect the weak and vulnerable, proceeds on the assumption that the censor knows best and that limiting the choices of media consumers is justified. At various times all of the following groups were perceived as needing protection from sexually explicit materials: children, women, the lower classes, and foreigners. As social and political conditions changed, however, the simple fact that someone was a woman or a day laborer did not support stereotyping that person as weak or impressionable. What would remain as the only acceptable rationale for censorship of sexual materials was the protection of children and unconsenting adults. For each mode of media, Semonche explains via abundant examples how and why censorship took place in America. Censoring Sex also traces the story of how the cultural territory contested by those advocating and opposing censorship has diminished over the course of the last two centuries. Yet, Semonche argues, the censorship of sexual materials that continues in the United States poses a challenge to the free speech that is part of the foundation upon which the nation is built. Indeed, in an era in which sexual images are pervasive and the need for reliable information about sex and sexuality is growing, he questions the remaining rationales for censorship and the justification for placing obscenity outside the protection of the U. S. Constitution.
Forms offers a powerful new answer to one of the most pressing problems facing literary, critical, and cultural studies today—how to connect form to political, social, and historical context. Caroline Levine argues that forms organize not only works of art but also political life—and our attempts to know both art and politics. Inescapable and frequently troubling, forms shape every aspect of our experience. Yet, forms don't impose their order in any simple way. Multiple shapes, patterns, and arrangements, overlapping and colliding, generate complex and unpredictable social landscapes that challenge and unsettle conventional analytic models in literary and cultural studies. Borrowing the concept of "affordances" from design theory, this book investigates the specific ways that four major forms—wholes, rhythms, hierarchies, and networks—have structured culture, politics, and scholarly knowledge across periods, and it proposes exciting new ways of linking formalism to historicism and literature to politics. Levine rereads both formalist and antiformalist theorists, including Cleanth Brooks, Michel Foucault, Jacques Rancière, Mary Poovey, and Judith Butler, and she offers engaging accounts of a wide range of objects, from medieval convents and modern theme parks to Sophocles's Antigone and the television series The Wire. The result is a radically new way of thinking about form for the next generation and essential reading for scholars and students across the humanities who must wrestle with the problem of form and context.
Author: Frederik Swennen
Publisher: ASP / VUBPRESS / UPA
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Cultural property
This essay is a shot across the bow of public and private actors, encouraging them to show their colours on public-private partnerships (PPP) on cultural heritage. Encounters between public and private partners on cultural heritage have not yet come of age; as such, an exploration into the means to develop the current one-way shifts of resources between public and private actors towards full-grown PPP-projects is necessary. This essay contains a short exploration from a legal and a managerial perspective, and focuses on art collections, art storage and artists' archives as representative examples of creative entrepreneurship in the field of movable cultural heritage. It concludes that after both public and private partners have reached the right mindset, tax and legal measures must be improved to serve as leverage for PPP projects.
Author: Mary V. Dearborn
Release Date: 2004-09-15
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
The life story of the bohemian socialite who rebelled against her famous family and became a renowned art collector. Peggy Guggenheim was the ultimate self-invented woman, a cultural mover and shaker who broke away from her poor-little-rich-girl origins to shape a life for herself as the enfant terrible of the art world. Her visionary Art of This Century gallery in New York, which brought together the European surrealist artists with the American abstract expressionists, was an epoch-shaking “happening” at the center of its time. In Mistress of Modernism, Mary V. Dearborn draws upon her unprecedented access to the Guggenheim family, friends, and papers to craft a “thorough biography . . . [that] will appeal to art lovers interested in more than the paint” (Publishers Weekly). “With drive and clarity, Dearborn charts Guggenheim’s peripatetic life,” offering rich insight into Peggy’s traumatic childhood in German-Jewish “Our Crowd” New York, her self-education in the ways of art and artists, her caustic battles with other art-collecting Guggenheims, and her legendary sexual appetites (her lovers included Max Ernst, Samuel Beckett, and Marcel Duchamp, to name just a few) (Booklist). Here too is a poignant portrait of Peggy’s last years as l’ultima dogaressa—the last (female) doge—in her palazzo in Venice, where her collection still draws thousands of visitors every year. Mistress of Modernism is the first definitive biography of Peggy Guggenheim, whose wit, passion, and provocative legacy Dearborn brings compellingly to life.
Several years ago on a whim, Culleton requested James Joyce's FBI file. Hoover had Joyce under surveillance as a suspected Communist, and the chain of cross-references that Culleton followed from Joyce's file lead her to obscenity trials and, less obviously, to a plot to assassinate Irish labour leader James Larkin. Hoover devoted a great deal of energy to keeping watch on intellectuals and considered literature to be dangerous on a number of levels. Joyce and the G-Men explores how these linkages are indicative of the culture of the FBI under Hoover, and the resurgence of American anti-intellectualism.
Author: Kunstverein in Hamburg
Publisher: Christoph Keller Revolver Verlag
Release Date: 2006
A plea for public institutions to be open fields of learning, as formal education has its agenda set by notions of free market productivity. An "academy" can help to articulate incoherent dissatisfaction, and help to point us towards knowledge as yet unknown.
Author: Valentina Vadi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2014-01-27
In the age of economic globalisation, do art and heritage matter? Once the domain of elitist practitioners and scholars, the governance of cultural heritage and the destiny of iconic artefacts have emerged as the new frontier of international law, making headlines and attracting the varied interests of academics and policy-makers, museum curators and collectors, human rights activists and investment lawyers and artists and economists, just to mention a few. The return of cultural artefacts to their legitimate owners, the recovery of underwater cultural heritage and the protection and promotion of artistic expressions are just some of the pressing issues addressed by this book. Contemporary intersections between art, cultural heritage and the market are complicated by a variety of ethical and legal issues, which often describe complex global relations. Should works of art be treated differently from other goods? What happens if a work of art, currently exhibited in a museum, turns out to have originally been looted? What is the relevant legal framework? What should be done with ancient shipwrecks filled with objects from former colonies? Should such objects be kept by the finders? Should they be returned to the country of origin? This book addresses these different questions while highlighting the complex interplay between legal and ethical issues in the context of cultural governance. The approach is mainly legal but interdisciplinary aspects are considered as well.
Author: Pierre Cabanne
Publisher: Pierre Terrail
Release Date: 2002
Brancusi est avec Rodin le plus grand sculpteur du XXe siècle. D'origine roumaine, né au pied des Carpates en 1876, venu à Paris en 1904, il y rencontre Modigliani et se lie d'amitié avec Marcel Duchamp. Quelques années plus tard, il s'installe dans la pittoresque et vétuste cité de l'impasse Ronsin qu'il ne quittera plus jusqu'à sa mort, en 1957. Il y élaborera dans le bois, le marbre et la pierre, une œuvre dont les formes épurées, partant de la nature, aboutissent souvent à l'abstraction. Têtes, femmes ou muses, oiseaux et animaux, ovoïdes aux contours caressants, grands élancements raffinés en composent l'essentiel. L'Amérique le révèle au fameux Armory Show de 1913. La France, où il fait d'abord scandale, le consacre ensuite et bientôt la Roumanie le célèbre en lui commandant l'ensemble monumental de Tirgu-Jiu où se dresse la légendaire " Colonne sans fin " haute de trente mètres. Patriarche solitaire, il polit, peaufine, répète, déplace et photographie sans cesse sculptures et socles qu'il lèguera à l'Etat français. Ses ateliers ont été entièrement reconstruits devant le Centre Georges Pompidou.
Publisher: Guggenheim Museum Publications
Release Date: 2003
Essays by Jan Avgikos, Bridget Alsdorf, Daniel Abadie, Ivy Barsky, Jennifer Blessing, Marek Bartelik, Tracey Bashkoff, Susan Cross, Matthew Drutt, Cornelia Lauf, Ingrid Schaffner, Fiona J. Ragheb, Nancy Spector, Joan Young, et al.