Carbohydrate Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies

Author: Zhongwu Guo
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470473276
Release Date: 2009-06-17
Genre: Science

The fundamental science and the latest developments in carbohydrate-based vaccines The relatively new field of glycoimmunology has emerged from the marriage of glycobiology and immunology, in recognition of the important role carbohydrates play as antigenic determinants. Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies comprehensively reviews the state of this exciting field, offering a single source for both the fundamental science and the latest developments. With contributions by leading experts, this resource covers the design, synthesis, evaluation, and applications of various carbohydrate-based vaccines, including polysaccharides, neoglycoproteins, and neoglycolipids. The text approaches vaccine design from a chemical and molecular focus, staying in line with current advances. Key topics covered by Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies include: Recent developments towards clinically useful vaccines against bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi Using adjuvants to improve immunogenicity and/or immunological properties of vaccines Choosing and designing proper adjuvants for specific targets Abnormal carbohydrates expressed by tumors Carbohydrate-based therapeutic cancer vaccines or cancer immunotherapy Clinical trials results for synthetic cancer vaccines Glycoengineering of cell surface carborhydrates and its anticancer applications Using cell surface carbohydrates for disease diagnosis A single, convenient source of state-of-the-art information from leading authorities in the field, Carbohydrate-Based Vaccines and Immunotherapies is an essential reference for organic chemists and biochemists, academic researchers, and other students and professionals involved in vaccine design.

Synthesis and Vaccine Evaluation of the Tumor Associated Carbohydrate Antigen RM2 from Prostate Cancer

Author: Hong-Yang Chuang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783662468487
Release Date: 2015-04-23
Genre: Science

This thesis focuses on the synthesis and vaccine evaluation of the prostate tumor- associated carbohydrate antigen RM2. The author first presents the use of the [1+2+3] one-pot sequential strategy to successfully synthesise the RM2 antigen and its analogues as single stereoisomers in every glycosylation step, producing good yields and stereoselectivity. He then introduces the conjugation of the synthetic RM2 antigen to the carrier protein CRM197 in an average number of 1–10 to create the prostate cancer vaccine candidate, which is combined with α-galactosylceramide C1, its analogue C34, or Alu. The results of the vaccination studies in mice are also described and indicate that the strongest anti-RM2 antigen titer is exhibited when one molecule of diphtheria toxin (DT) is conjugated with an average of 4.7 molecules of RM2 antigen (DT-RM4.7) and adjuvanted with the glycolipid C34. More importantly, the induced mouse antibodies mediate the effective complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) against the prostate cancer cell line LNCap. The study presented in this thesis is the first ever to successfully synthesize this complex glycan molecule. Owing to the steric hindrance of the adjacent sialyl moiety, the introduction of two sialic acid units to the compact and rigid 3,4 di branched galactoside unit is very challenging and the β-selective and efficient glycosylation of the galactosamine moiety at the 4-position of di branched galactose is also problematic.

Carbohydrate Recognition

Author: Binghe Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118017579
Release Date: 2011-09-09
Genre: Medical

This book contains contributions from interdisciplinary scientists to collectively address the issue of targeting carbohydrate recognition for the development of novel therapeutic and diagnostic agents. The book covers (1) biological problems involving carbohydrate recognition, (2) structural factors mediating carbohydrate recognition, (3) design and synthesis of lectin mimics that recognize carbohydrate ligands with high specificity and affinity, and (4) modulation of biological and pathological processes through carbohydrate recognition.

Drug Delivery

Author: Binghe Wang
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118833308
Release Date: 2016-03-09
Genre: Science

Following its successful predecessor, this book covers the fundamentals, delivery routes and vehicles, and practical applications of drug delivery. In the 2nd edition, almost all chapters from the previous are retained and updated and several new chapters added to make a more complete resource and reference. • Helps readers understand progress in drug delivery research and applications • Updates and expands coverage to reflect advances in materials for delivery vehicles, drug delivery approaches, and therapeutics • Covers recent developments including transdermal and mucosal delivery, lymphatic system delivery, theranostics • Adds new chapters on nanoparticles, controlled drug release systems, theranostics, protein and peptide drugs, and biologics delivery

Engineered Carbohydrate Based Materials for Biomedical Applications

Author: Ravin Narain
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118002247
Release Date: 2011-03-01
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book addresses the need for a comprehensive book on the design, synthesis, and characterization of synthetic carbohydrate-based polymeric materials along with their biological applications. The first two chapters cover the synthesis and self-assembly of glycopolymers and different techniques for creating these synthetic polymers. Subsequent chapters account for the preparation of block copolymers, branched glycopolymers, glycosurfaces, glycodendrimers, cationic glycopolymers, bioconjugates, glyconanoparticles and hydrogels. While these chapters comprehensively review the synthetic and characterization methods of those carbohydrate-based materials, their biological applications are discussed in detail.

Drug Discovery

Author: Walter Sneader
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470015520
Release Date: 2005-10-31
Genre: Science

Written by a leading authority with an excellent reputation and ability for writing a good narrative, Drug Discovery: A History is a far cry from simply a list of chemical structures. This lively new text considers the origins, development and history of medicines that generate high media interest and have a huge social and economic impact on society. Set within a wide historical, social and cultural context, it provides expanded coverage of pre-twentieth century drugs, the huge advances made in the twentieth century and the latest developments in drug research. Hallmark features: Up-to-the-minute information in drug research Vignettes of special and unusual information, and anecdotes Discusses drug prototypes from all sources More comprehensive than other volumes on history of drug discovery From the reviews: "...an excellent bibliographic resource for those interested in the background papers that serve as the foundation for discovery of specific drug entities." JOURNAL OF MEDICAL CHEMISTRY, June 2006 "...a very comprehensive overview of drug development. It should be on the shelf on any aspiring pharmacist, medicinal chemist, or person interested in the history of therapeutic agents." JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL EDUCATION, February 2006 "...a very readable and closely researched book..." CHEMISTRY & INDUSTRY, October 2005

Drugs

Author: Rick Ng
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118907191
Release Date: 2015-04-28
Genre: Science

The third edition of this best-selling book continues to offer a user-friendly, step-by-step introduction to all the key processes involved in bringing a drug to the market, including the performance of pre-clinical studies, the conduct of human clinical trials, regulatory controls, and even the manufacturing processes for pharmaceutical products. Concise and easy to read, Drugs: From Discovery to Approval, Third Edition quickly introduces basic concepts, then moves on to discuss target selection and the drug discovery process for both small and large molecular drugs. The third edition incorporates the latest developments and updates in the pharmaceutical community, provides more comprehensive coverage of topics, and includes more materials and case studies suited to college and university use. Biotechnology is a dynamic field with changes across R&D, clinical trials, manufacturing and regulatory processes, and the third edition of the text provides timely updates for those in this rapidly growing field.

Strategies for Organic Drug Synthesis and Design

Author: Daniel Lednicer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470399597
Release Date: 2009-03-04
Genre: Science

This book examines and evaluates the strategies utilized to design and synthesize pharmaceutically active agents. Significant updates over the last 10 years since the publication of the 1st edition include synthesis of enantiomerically pure isomers, novel chemical methodologies, and new pharmaceutical agents targeted at novel biological endpoints. Written by an experienced successful author, this book meets the needs of a growing community of researchers in pharmaceutical R &D, as well as medical professionals, by providing a useful guide for designing and synthesizing pharmaceutical agents. Additionally, it is a useful text for medicinal chemistry students.

Immunogenomics and Human Disease

Author: Andras Falus
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470033241
Release Date: 2006-03-30
Genre: Science

This book provides an overview of key conceptual and molecular technologies being deployed in immunogenomics, followed by detailed evaluations of the impact of genomics and systems biology on important areas such as cancer immunology, autoimmunity, allergy and the response to infection.

Therapeutic Delivery Solutions

Author: Chung Chow Chan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118903490
Release Date: 2014-06-27
Genre: Science

Provides a comprehensive review of all types of medical therapeutic delivery solutions from traditional pharmaceutical therapy development to innovative medical device therapy treatment to the recent advances in cellular and stem cell therapy development • Provides information to potentially allow future development of treatments with greater therapeutic potential and creativity • Includes associated regulatory requirements for the development of these therapies • Provides a comprehensive developmental overview on therapeutic delivery solutions • Provides overview information for both the general reader as well as more detailed references for professionals and specialists in the field

Carbohydrate based Drug Discovery

Author: Chi-Huey Wong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527605781
Release Date: 2006-03-06
Genre: Science

To exploit the full potential of this diverse compound class for the development of novel active substances, this handbook presents the latest knowledge on carbohydrate chemistry and biochemistry. While it is unique in covering the entire field, particular emphasis is placed on carbohydrates with pharmaceutical potential. Topics include the following: > Chemical Synthesis of Carbohydrates > Carbohydrate Biosynthesis and Metabolism > Carbohydrate Analysis > Cellular Functions of Carbohydrates > Development of Carbohydrate-based Drugs A premier resource for carbohydrate chemists and drug developers, this comprehensive two-volume work contains contributions by more than 50 of the world's leading carbohydrate chemists.

Novel Delivery Systems for Transdermal and Intradermal Drug Delivery

Author: Ryan F. Donnelly
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118734513
Release Date: 2015-09-15
Genre: Science

This research book covers the major aspects relating to the use of novel delivery systems in enhancing both transdermal and intradermal drug delivery. It provides a review of transdermal and intradermal drug delivery, including the history of the field and the various methods employed to produce delivery systems from different materials such as device design, construction and evaluation, so as to provide a sound background to the use of novel systems in enhanced delivery applications. Furthermore, it presents in-depth analyses of recent developments in this exponentially growing field, with a focus on microneedle arrays, needle-free injections, nanoparticulate systems and peptide-carrier-type systems. It also covers conventional physical enhancement strategies, such as tape-stripping, sonophoresis, iontophoresis, electroporation and thermal/suction/laser ablation Discussions about the penetration of the stratum corneum by the various novel strategies highlight the importance of the application method. Comprehensive and critical reviews of transdermal and intradermal delivery research using such systems focus on the outcomes of in vivoanimal and human studies. The book includes laboratory, clinical and commercial case studies featuring safety and patient acceptability studies carried out to date, and depicts a growing area for use of these novel systems is in intradermal vaccine delivery. The final chapters review recent patents in this field and describe the work ongoing in industry.

Carbohydrate Drug Design

Author: Anatoliĭ Alekseevich Klesov
Publisher: Amer Chemical Society
ISBN: 0841239460
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Medical

It is becoming more obvious in recent years that carbohydrates present a new dimension in drug design for targeting specific diseases. Carbohydrates birthed a whole new vocabulary into chemistry, biochemistry and related disciplines -- a new language in the form of distinct characters and images providing professional chemists not in the area of carbohydrates to become familiar and knowledgeable on the topic. Carbohydrate Drug Design provides the indispensable understanding of the mutual challenge between carbohydrate-based drugs and the deadly diseases which they target. Carbohydrate Drug Design discusses pre-clinical studies and clinical trials of carbohydrate-based drugs, drug delivery and pain managements, biocompatibility, clearance and metabolic pathways of carbohydrate drugs, and actual medical devices employing carbohydrates. The invasion of cancer cells, protein-glycan interactions and their inhibitors, new carbohydrate-based therapeutics, crystal structure of antibodies with unusually high affinity for carbohydrates, and a number of other features of carbohydrate drugs are also comprehensively covered. Galactomannans and hyaluronans, as well as thio-, imino- and carba-sugars are particularly considered in respect to their structural and functional impacts.

Glycochemical Synthesis

Author: Shang-Cheng Hung
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119006473
Release Date: 2016-09-12
Genre: Science

This book is a comprehensive and concise review on principles, strategies, and crucial advances in glycochemistry. It focuses on synthesis and practical applications and emphasizes state-of-the-art approaches to the assembly and design of sugars. • Provides detailed discussion on specific topics like oligosaccharide assembly and design of sugars, techniques in glycoconjugate preparation, multivalency, and carbohydrate-based drug design • Uses notable examples, like solution-based one-pot methods and automated methods for sugar assembly, to illustrate important concepts and advances in a rapidly emerging field • Discusses practical applications of carbohydrates, like medicine, therapeutics, drug and vaccine development