Mouse Models in the Study of Genetic Neurological Disorders

Author: Brian Popko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461548874
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

The number of mouse models that are available for the study of human genetic neurological disorders is large and growing rapidly. Therefore, it was difficult to select the models that were reviewed in this volume. Clearly, there are important models that are not discussed, and perhaps a volume twice this size would have been more appropriate. Moreover, the pace at which new models are being developed and analyzed is rapid. As this volume goes to press, I am sure that additional mouse genes responsible for naturally occurring neurological disorders are being discovered and that many new transgenic and mutant mouse strains are being developed. Therefore, this volume should not be viewed as a comprehensive compendium, but rather as an update of work in progress. It is exhilarating to witness the fast pace at which these models are being established as important tools in the study of basic neuroscience and neurological disorders. It will be even more exciting to see their utilization in the development and testing of therapeutic interventions for these diseases. I would like to thank each of the authors who have contributed to this volume for their time and their expertise. I would also like to thank Drs. Timothy Coetzee and Joshua Corbin for their advice in the selection of the topics covered. I am deeply indebted to Dr. Kunihiko Suzuki, who first approached me with the idea for this volume, for his guidance throughout its preparation.

Pathology and Pathogenesis of Human Viral Disease

Author: John E. Craighead
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080538488
Release Date: 2000-03-15
Genre: Medical

Pathology and Pathogenesis of Human Viral Disease is a comprehensive reference that examines virus-induced clinical disease of humans in the context of the responsible virus and its epidemiology. Encompassing everything from cold and flu viruses to sexually transmitted diseases, this important resource describes the cellular and tissue pathological changes attributable to infection in the context of the pathogenic mechanisms involved. The author provides a comprehensive review of the older and contemporary literature, considering both the common and much rarer complications of infection. Pathology and Pathogenesis of Human Viral Disease is written from the unique perspective of the clinical pathologist. It will help clinicians and pathologists gain a better understanding of changes that occur in viral infected cells, tissues, and organs. It will also serve as a pathology source book for virologists, internists, and pediatricians. Key Features * Provides a comprehensive, worldwide perspective of viral disease pathology * Bridges the fields of pathology and virology; integrating clinical disease with cell and tissue pathology * Addresses topics from the perspective of the clinical pathologist * Illustrates unique, viral induced pathological lesions * Considers common and uncommon complications of infection

Histology and Cell Biology An Introduction to Pathology E Book

Author: Abraham L Kierszenbaum
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323085885
Release Date: 2011-04-12
Genre: Medical

Histology and Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology uses a wealth of vivid, full-color images to help you master histology and cell biology. Dr. Abraham L. Kierszenbaum presents an integrated approach that correlates normal histology with cellular and molecular biology, pathology, and clinical medicine throughout the text. A unique pictorial approach—through illustrative diagrams, photomicrographs, and pathology photographs—paired with bolded words, key clinical terms in red, and clinical boxes and "Essential Concepts" boxes that summarize important facts give you everything you need to prepare for your course exams as well as the USMLE Step 1. Access to studentconsult.com, with USMLE-style multiple-choice review questions, downloadable images, and online only references. Easily find and cross-reference information through a detailed table of contents that highlights clinical examples in red. Review material quickly using pedagogical features, such as Essential Concept boxes, bolded words, and key clinical terms marked in red, that emphasize key details and reinforce your learning. Integrate cell biology and histology with pathology thanks to vivid descriptive illustrations that compare micrographs with diagrams and pathological images. Apply the latest developments in pathology through updated text and new illustrations that emphasize appropriate correlations. Expand your understanding of clinical applications with additional clinical case boxes that focus on applying cell and molecular biology to clinical conditions. Effectively review concepts and reinforce your learning using new Concept Map flow charts that provide a framework to illustrate the integration of cell-tissue-structure-function within a clinical-pathology context.

Pathology Reviews 1990

Author: Ivan Damjanov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461204855
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

Rubin and Damjanov's latest volume of Pathology Reviews highlights the latest progress in the interface of biology and disease. Forefront techniques and experimental models that were once considered exotic or esoteric, are explored here in the context of understanding more fully the processes involved in human disease. Topics include: regulation of liver growth • contractile cells in lungs • mineral formation in bone • folate metabolism • the "riddle of the mast cell" • HLA antigens • interleukin 6 • IgA nephropathy • Goodpasture syndrome • anti-basement membrane glomerulonephropathy • molecular mechanisms of oncogenesis • molecular diagnosis of cancer • inhibition of intercellular communication in carcinogenesis • DNA repair and its pathogenetic implications • human and rat mammary tumorigenesis. Pathology Reviews • 1990 is essential reading for everyone concerned with the mechanisms of disease.

Epithelia

Author: C.J. Jones
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401139052
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Science

Epithelial cells probably constitute the most diverse group of cells found in the body. In addition to serving as interfaces between external and internal environments, their functions include ion and fluid secretion and reabsorp tion, protein exocytosis, hormone secretion, recognition, surface protection and the control of ciliary movement. By their very exposure on the surfaces of the body, epithelial cells are subjected to wide-ranging assault, by micro organisms and by chemical and physical forces. They are the targets for abrasion, infection and malignant transformation. Some epithelial cells show altered behaviour in inherited syndromes, such as cystic fibrosis, characterized by serious pancreatic and pulmonary disease. In view of the importance of epithelia and the fact that their function can be altered by environmental and inherited factors, they are the subject of intensive research, particularly so in the case of cancer where most tumours are of epithelial origin. The use of animal tissues in epithelial research continues to provide important advances and this, coupled with the need to focus more on human tissues, has prompted a greater research emphasis on accessible human epithelia and on the establishment of cell cultures from animal and human sources. For primary cell cultures and cell lines to be of value, they need to express properties appropriate to their progenitors and relevant to the study in progress.

Treatise on Pulmonary Toxicology

Author: Richard A. Parent
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439805407
Release Date: 1992-02-21
Genre: Medical

Comparative Biology of the Normal Lung is the first volume in a series entitled "A Comprehensive Treatise on Pulmonary Toxicology." The book is divided into four sections that deal with morphology and morphometry, respiratory physiology, biochemistry, and pulmonary defense. A special index lists and cross indexes all comparative data included in the text, which provides readers with easy access to a broad spectrum of pulmonary data for a number of different species. Over 50 internationally respected authors have contributed to this cutting -edge scientific study designed for all scientists concerned with the pulmonary system, including research scientists in medicine, veterinary medicine, zoology, and toxicology.

Ultrastructure of the Extraparietal Glands of the Digestive Tract

Author: Allessandro Riva
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461308690
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

This volume, the sixth of the series, represents the natural counterpart of the previous volume, Ultra structure of the Digestive Tract. Unlike the latter, however, whose contents fell entirely within the domains of gastroenterology, Ultrastructure of the Extraparietal Glands of the Digestive Tract encom passes a few cognate sciences, such as hepatology, pancreatology, and even oral biology, which are usually dealt with separately. This allows, starting from cell biology, embryology, and comparative anatomy, a comprehensive survey of organs that have much in common both structurally and functionally. The chapters of this book have been compiled by well-known experts in the field with the aim not only of reviewing and pointing out the state of the art of the subject covered, but also of giving directions for future work. Furthermore, through the integration of electron microscopy with immunocytochemistry, autoradiography, freeze fracture, maceration, enzymatic digestion, etc., and by providing superb illus trative material, the authors substantiate the pivotal role played by modern morphology in under standing human physiology and pathology. In fact, it must be stressed, that a consistent part of the tissues studied here are from human origin. We believe that this volume should be read, not only by scientists and teachers active in the field, but also by a larger audience of students and professionals interested in knowing the scientific foundations of biomedicine.

Cutaneous Neural Neoplasms

Author: Zsolt Argenyi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1603275827
Release Date: 2011-02-04
Genre: Medical

As a result to the recent significant developments, both in the field of cutaneous pathology and clinical dermatology, many cutaneous neural tumors are now being diagnosed by specialists like dermatopathologists, and treated by dermatologists or dermatologic surgeons. Cutaneous Neural Neoplasms: A Practical Guide provides an essential aid in diagnosis by discussing the cardinal clinico-pathologic features of cutaneous tumors relevant to these specialists. It covers detailed pathologic features, and their differential diagnosis. Applicable special diagnostic techniques are extensively illustrated. Whenever relevant, key therapeutic recommendations are provided. The authors approach each entity by presenting clinical and/or gross photographs when relevant with discussion of the clinical features, followed by the tabulated list of key pathologic features with corresponding histopathologic illustrations. Therapeutic recommendations are summarized. Cutaneous Neural Neoplasms: A Practical Guide is an important new volume that fills a major gap in the currently available resources for practicing physicians, and provides them with an appropriate knowledge base to handle these challenging tumors in the most up-to-date fashion.

Application of Monoclonal Antibodies in Tumor Pathology

Author: Dirk J. Ruiter
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789400932999
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Medical

The development of monoclonal antibodies to human tumor associated antigens has greatly facilitated the application of immunohistochemical techniques to analyze surgically removed tissues. During the last few years this approach has been utilized by a progressively increasing number of investigators to analyze malignant cells. Although monoclonal antibodies to tumor associated antigens have not become yet routine reagents in immunopathology, they have provided new information which could not be obtained with conventional antisera or histochemical procedures. The following are representative examples. TUmor associated antigens have been identified which display a restricted distribution in normal tissues and therefore may represent useful markers for radio imaging and appropriate targets for immunotherapy. In spite of undetec table differences with conventional histopathological approaches hetero geneity has been found in the antigenic profile of tumor cells within a lesion, in autologous lesions removed from different anatomic sites from a given patient and in lesions removed from different patients. Phenotypes of tumor cells have been identified which correlate with the biology of tumor cells and with the clinical course of the disease. From a practical view point the use of monoclonal antibodies in immunopathology has enhanced interactions between pathologists and immunologists, as exemplified by the present book. Such interactions have contributed to the application of basic research to clinical problems. The chapter of this book discuss investigations performed with monoclonal antibodies to antigens expressed by various types of normal and malignant human cells.

MacSween s Pathology of the Liver E Book

Author: Stefan G Hubscher
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780702047541
Release Date: 2011-08-30
Genre: Medical

MacSween’s Pathology of the Liver delivers the expert know-how you need to diagnose all forms of liver pathology using the latest methods. Updated with all the most current knowledge and techniques, this medical reference book will help you more effectively evaluate and interpret both the difficult and routine cases you see in practice. Compare the specimens you encounter in practice to thousands of high-quality images that capture the appearance of every type of liver disease. Efficiently review all the key diagnostic criteria and differential diagnoses for each lesion.

Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery Vol 35

Author:
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211994818
Release Date: 2010-02-13
Genre: Medical

S. Price: Advances in imaging low grade gliomas - M. J. Riemenschneider, G. Riefenberger: Molecular neuropathology of low grade gliomas and its clinical impact - I . Whittle: What is the place of conservative management for adult supratentorial low grade glioma - D. Kurzwelly, U. Herrlinger, M. Simon: Seizures in patients with low grade gliomas -- incidence, pathogenesis, surgical management, and pharmacotherapy - L. Bello et al: Present day's standards in microsurgery of low grade gliomas - B. Baumert: Is there a place for radiotherapy in low grade gliomas - F. W. Kreth, N. Thon, J.-C. Tonn.

Rosai and Ackerman s Surgical Pathology E Book

Author: Juan Rosai
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 9780323088046
Release Date: 2011-06-20
Genre: Medical

Rosai and Ackerman’s Surgical Pathology delivers the authoritative guidance you need to overcome virtually any challenge in surgical pathology. Recognized globally for his unmatched expertise, preeminent specialist Juan Rosai, MD brings you state-of-the-art coverage of the latest advancements in immunohistochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, prognostic/predictive markers, and much more - equipping you to effectively and efficiently diagnose the complete range of neoplastic and non-neoplastic entities. Efficiently review the clinical presentation, gross and microscopic features, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical findings, differential diagnosis, therapy, and prognosis for virtually every pathologic entity. Compare your findings to more than 3,300 outstanding illustrations that capture the characteristic presentation of every type of lesion. Avoid diagnostic pitfalls using Dr. Rosai's expert observations on what to look for, what to be careful about, and which presentations can be misleading. Find quick answers on tumor staging, quality control procedures, and the handling of gross specimens through valuable appendices. Make optimal use of all the very latest advances including our increased understanding of the genetic basis of inherited and acquired disease, the newest molecular genetic and immunohistochemical techniques, and the most recent WHO disease classification schemes.