Author: Catherine Vanessa Anne Duke
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2007-10-01
Tackling environmental issues such as global warming, ozone depletion, acid rain, water pollution, and soil contamination requires an understanding of the underlying science and chemistry of these processes in real-world systems and situations. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences provides a student-friendly introduction to the basic chemistry used for the mitigation, remediation, and elimination of pollutants. Written and organized in a style that is accessible to science as well as non-science majors, this textbook divides its content into four intuitive chapters: Fire, Earth, Water, and Air. The first chapter explains classical concepts in chemistry that occur in nature such as atomic and molecular structures, chemical bonding and reactions, states of matter, phase transitions, and radioactivity. Subsequent chapters focus on the chemistry relating to the geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere—including the chemical aspects of soil, water, and air pollution, respectively. Chemistry for Environmental and Earth Sciences uses worked examples and case studies drawn from current applications along with clear diagrams and concise explanations to illustrate the relevance of chemistry to geosciences. In-text and end-of-chapter questions with complete solutions also help students gain confidence in applying concepts from this book towards solving current, real-world problems.
Author: Gerard V. Middleton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1994-08-26
The study of the Earth and the environment requires an understanding of the physical processes within and at the surface of the Earth. This book will allow the student to develop a broad working knowledge of mechanics and its application to the earth and environmental sciences. The mathematics are introduced at a level that assumes only an understanding of first-year calculus. The concepts are then developed to allow an understanding of the basic physics for a wide range of natural processes. These are illustrated by examples from many real situations, such as the application of the theory of flow through porous media to the study of groundwater, the viscosity of fluids to the flow of lava, and the theory of stress to the study of faults. The breadth of topics will allow students and professionals to gain an insight into the workings of many aspects of the Earth's systems.
Author: Stanley E. Manahan
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1997-08-26
This broad overview covers the four traditional spheres of the environment: water, air, earth, and life, and introduces a fifth sphere - the "anthrosphere" - which the author defines as the sphere of human activities, especially technology, that affect the earth. Environmental Science and Technology is organized into six major areas; one for each of the five spheres and one introductory section that explains the fundamentals of chemistry, biology, biochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Throughout the book, the relationships among the five spheres and their connections to the sciences are emphasized. For better or worse, technology is closely intertwined with the other four spheres. Humans utilize resources, manufacture goods, practice agriculture, and engage in other activities that have profound effects on the planet. This unique text/reference takes a realistic look at the environmental effects of human activities, and shows how constructively directed technology can have a beneficial effect on the Earth.
Author: Peter Ryan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-04-21
Environmental and Low-Temperature Geochemistry presentsconceptual and quantitative principles of geochemistry in order tofoster understanding of natural processes at and near theearth’s surface, as well as anthropogenic impacts on the natural environment. It provides the reader with theessentials of concentration, speciation and reactivity of elementsin soils, waters, sediments and air, drawing attention to boththermodynamic and kinetic controls. Specific featuresinclude: • An introductory chapter that reviews basic chemicalprinciples applied to environmental and low-temperaturegeochemistry • Explanation and analysis of the importance of minerals inthe environment • Principles of aqueous geochemistry • Organic compounds in the environment • The role of microbes in processes such asbiomineralization, elemental speciation and reduction-oxidationreactions • Thorough coverage of the fundamentals of importantgeochemical cycles (C, N, P, S) • Atmospheric chemistry • Soil geochemistry • The roles of stable isotopes in environmentalanalysis • Radioactive and radiogenic isotopes as environmentaltracers and environmental contaminants • Principles and examples of instrumental analysis inenvironmental geochemistry The text concludes with a case study of surface water andgroundwater contamination that includes interactions and reactionsof naturally-derived inorganic substances and introduced organiccompounds (fuels and solvents), and illustrates theimportance of interdisciplinary analysis in environmentalgeochemistry. Readership: Advanced undergraduate and graduate studentsstudying environmental/low T geochemistry as part of an earthscience, environmental science or related program. Additional resources for this book can be found at: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry"www.wiley.com/go/ryan/geochemistry/a.
Author: G. Nelson Eby
Publisher: Waveland Press
Release Date: 2016-04-20
Many geochemists focus on natural systems with less emphasis on the human impact on those systems. Environmental chemists frequently approach their subject with less consideration of the historical record than geoscientists. The field of environmental geochemistry combines these approaches to address questions about the natural environment and anthropogenic effects on it. Eby provides students with a solid foundation in basic aqueous geochemistry before discussing the important role carbon compounds, isotopes, and minerals play in environmental issues. He then guides students through how these concepts apply to problems facing our atmosphere, continental lands, and oceans. Rather than broadly discussing a variety of environmental problems, the author focuses on principles throughout the text, leading students to understand processes and how knowledge of those processes can be applied to environmental problem solving. A wide variety of case studies and quantitative problems accompany each chapter, giving each instructor the flexibility to tailor the material to his/her course. Many problems have no single correct answer, illustrating the analytical nature of solving real-world environmental problems.
Author: Ian Williams
Release Date: 2001-06-26
Provides a comprehensive, balanced introduction to this multi-disciplinary area of chemistry. Intended not only for chemists, but also for environmental and other science students, this text carefully introduces the chemistry needed to fully appreciate this subject, placing it in an applied and practical setting. Written in an accessible and readable style, the book assumes only a basic knowledge of chemistry, with the more advanced chemical concepts carefully introduced as needed. Opening with a general introduction to the subject and the practical skills that need to be known, the text then moves on to cover areas of specific interest to environmental chemists. Each chapter starts by covering the theory and concepts, and then describes a selection of experiments that can be undertaken. * Provides a comprehensive introduction to environmental chemistry covering all the key areas * Includes a balanced coverage of both theoretical and experimental aspects * Maintains a careful and logically-structured approach, with theory being covered first, followed by laboratory experiments and student problems * Assumes only a basic knowledge of chemistry, with more advanced concepts introduced as needed This book will be invaluable to students in the chemical and environmental sciences, as well as engineering, physical, life and earth science students interested in environmental chemistry.
Author: Günther Meinrath
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-09-18
Metrology and its applications e.g. in chemical or food analysis or in environmental monitoring are entering our daily life. This book provides a basic overview over the relevant metrological concepts like traceability, ISO uncertainties or cause-and-effect diagrams. The applications described in great detail range from progression-of-error type evaluation of the measurement uncertainty budget to complex applications like pH measurement or speciation calculations for aqueous solutions. The consequences of a measurement uncertainty concept for chemical data are outlined for geochemical modeling applied to transport in the subsurface and to nuclear waste disposal. Special sections deal with the deficits of existing thermodynamic data for these applications and with the current position of chemical metrology in respect to other quality assurance measures, e.g. ISO 900x, GLP, European and U.S.-American standards.
Author: Robin Gill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2015-01-27
Chemical principles are fundamental to the Earth sciences, and geoscience students increasingly require a firm grasp of basic chemistry to succeed in their studies. The enlarged third edition of this highly regarded textbook introduces the student to such ‘geo-relevant’ chemistry, presented in the same lucid and accessible style as earlier editions, but the new edition has been strengthened in its coverage of environmental geoscience and incorporates a new chapter introducing isotope geochemistry. The book comprises three broad sections. The first (Chapters 1–4) deals with the basic physical chemistry of geological processes. The second (Chapters 5–8) introduces the wave-mechanical view of the atom and explains the various types of chemical bonding that give Earth materials their diverse and distinctive properties. The final chapters (9–11) survey the geologically relevant elements and isotopes, and explain their formation and their abundances in the cosmos and the Earth. The book concludes with an extensive glossary of terms; appendices cover basic maths, explain basic solution chemistry, and list the chemical elements and the symbols, units and constants used in the book.
Author: Barker John R
Publisher: World Scientific
Release Date: 2016-12-15
The human race has altered the chemical composition of the atmosphere, as evidenced by the notorious London smog, photochemical air pollution, acid rain, stratospheric ozone depletion, and elevated greenhouse gas concentrations. The aim of this book series is to present invited summaries of important current research on atmospheric chemistry in a changing world. The summaries range from comprehensive scholarly reviews of major subject areas to more narrowly focused accounts of recent advances by individual research groups. The topics are tied to the important societal issues of air quality, stratospheric ozone depletion, acid deposition, the environmental fate of toxics, and climate change. By gathering these new Advances in one series, we aim to catalyze communication among the many researchers who are studying our changing, contemporary atmosphere.
Author: Jacinta Respondowska
Publisher: Hamilton Books
Release Date: 2008-11-10
Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit
Come Along is an attempt to respond to the contemporary crises in the world with the intention of discovering the path to peace and happiness, which every human heart craves. Since they are seen as a consequence of being true to our human nature, answers to the perennial questions of philosophy are of paramount importance. And since the latter are rooted in and stem from the heart of reality, which from time immemorial has received irreconcilable interpretations, inquiry into reality is the major undertaking of this volume.
The second edition of this innovative book provides 'geo-relevant' chemistry in a highly accessible format. The environmental, geological and topical relevance has been enhanced, providing the ideal text to explain the relevance of chemical fundamentals to geological and environmental processes.
Many controversial issues revolve around complex scientific arguments which can be better understood with at least a minimal knowledge and understanding of the chemical reactions and processes going on in the world around us. This textbook offers an accessible introduction to chemical principles and concepts, and applies them to relevant environmental situations and issues. Written for students who have not taken A' level chemistry, this book bridges the gap between GSCE chemistry and first year undergraduate level.